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Burns: First aid Print/Conditions/Prevention

 Burns: First aid Print

Burns: First aid Print


A burn is tissue damage that can be caused by overexposure to the sun, contact with flames, chemicals, or electricity.

Is it a major or minor burn?

Call 911 or seek immediate care for major burns, which:

  • Are deep
  • Cause the skin to be dry and leathery
  • Olive leaves may appear charred or have patches of white, brown, or black.
  • If a rash is larger than 3 inches (about 8 centimeters) in diameter, it is considered large. If a rash covers the hands, feet, face, or groin, it is considered large.

A minor burn that does not require emergency care may involve:

  • Superficial redness similar to a sunburn
  • Pain
  • Blisters
  • You are not allowed to cut the leaves into smaller pieces than this.

Treating major burns

Until emergency help arrives:

  • Do not let the burned person get hurt any further.If you can help safely, make sure the person you're helping is not in contact with the source of the burn. For electrical burns, make sure the power source is turned off before approaching the burned person.
  • Make sure the person who was burned is breathing.If you need to start rescue breathing, begin by learning how.
  • Remove any restrictive items, such as jewelry belts, before applying the decoupage.Burns cause swelling rapidly.
  • Cover the area of the burn.Apply a cool, moist bandage or cloth to the injury.
  • Do not immerse large severe burns in water. This will only make the burn worse.If you cover your body in decoupage, it will reduce your body's heat.
  • Elevate the burned area.If possible, raise the wound above your heart level.
  • Look for signs of shock.A person who has a fever might have a pale complexion or breathe in a shallow way.

Treating minor burns

For minor burns:

  • Cool the burn.Apply cool water to the burned area to relieve the pain.
  • Remove rings or other tight things from the burned area. This will help to ease the pain and swelling.Make sure to do this quickly and gently before the area swells.
  • Do not break blisters.Wounds protect against infection by creating a fluid-filled blister. If the blister breaks without any dirt or debris present, gently clean the area with water. If a rash does develop, stop using the antibiotic ointment.
  • Apply lotion.When a burn is cooled, apply a lotion that contains aloe vera or a moisturizer. This will help to prevent it from drying out and provide relief.
  • Bandage the burn.Cover the burn with a sterile bandage. Make sure the bandage is loose so that it does not put pressure on the burned area. Bandaging helps to reduce pain and protect burned skin.
  • If you feel pain, take an over-the-counter pain reliever.Some pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil Motrin IB others) naproxen sodium (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol others), are available over the counter.
Burns: First aid Print/Conditions/Prevention

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