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Cuts and scrapes: First aid /Conditions/Prevention

 Cuts and scrapes: First aid

Cuts and scrapes: First aid

If you get a small cut or scrape, follow these guidelines to care for it:

  1. Wash your hands. This helps avoid infection.
  2. Stop the bleeding.If a cut or scrape does not stop bleeding on its own, gently apply pressure with a clean bandage or cloth. If bleeding persists, raise the wound until it stops.
  3. Clean the wound. Wash the wound with water. Gently pour water over the wound and keep it under running tap water to reduce the risk of infection. Soap can be used to wash around the wound, but do not get soap in it. And do not use hydrogen peroxide or iodine, which can cause irritation. Remove any dirt or debris with a pair of tweezers that have been cleaned with soap. If all of the debris is not removed after using alcohol, see a doctor.
  4. Apply an antibiotic or petroleum jelly.Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment to keep the surface moist. Certain ingredients in ointments can cause a mild skin rash in some people. If a rash appears, stop using the ointment.
  5. Cover the wound.Put a bandage on the wound. This will keep the area clean and stop it from becoming infected. If the injury is just a small scrape or scratch, leave it uncovered.
  6. Change the dressing.Make sure to change the bandage at least once a day, even if it seems dry or clean.
  7. Get a tetanus shot.If you haven't had a tetanus shot in the past five years and the wound is deep or dirty, get one.
  8. Look for signs of infection.If you experience any signs of infection such as redness, increase in pain, drainage, warmth, or swelling, see a doctor.
Cuts and scrapes: First aid /Conditions/Prevention

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