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De Quervain's tenosynovitis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is De Quervain's tenosynovitis?

If you have de Quervain's tenosynovitis, it will probably hurt when you turn your wrist or make a fist.

What is De Quervain's tenosynovitis?
De Quervain's tenosynovitis

De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a condition that is not known to be caused by any one specific thing, but it can get worse if you do something that involves repetitive hand or wrist movement, such as working in the garden, playing sports, or lifting your child.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

  1. Human skeleton

  2. Joints

  3. Ligaments

  4. Muscular system

  5. Tendons

Medical terms

De Quervain’s tendinosis may be a painful swelling (inflammation) of specific tendons of the thumb. The condition is additionally referred to as DE Quervain tendonitis or DE Quervain’s synovitis. DeQuervain’s was named when the Swiss medico UN agency 1st delineated the condition in 1895.

  • Tendons area unit bands of tissue that attach muscles to bones. Typically tendons slide simply through a tunnel of tissue known as a sheath. The sheath keeps the tendons in situ next to the bones of the thumb. Tendons that simply slide through their sheaths enable the thumb to maneuver basically or pain. The pain might extend from the forearm to the thumb base.
  • Any swelling of the tendons and/or thickening of the sheaths cause friction. The tendons will not simply slide through their sheaths. Once this happens, bound thumb and radiocarpal joint motions become harder to try to do.
  • De Quervain's synovitis affects the abductor pollicis longus (APL) and also the extensor muscle pollicis brevis (EPB). These are unit 2 of the most tendons to the thumb that assist with conveying the thumb out from the index (APL) and straightening the joints of the thumb (EPB). These 2 tendons arise from muscles within the forearm and so run together during a sheath that keeps them getting ready to the bone as they cross over from the thumb facet of the radiocarpal joint into the hand.
  • Tendons are unit rope-like structures that attach muscle to bone, permitting the muscle to drag on and move the bone. Tendons are an area unit coated by a slippery and skinny soft-tissue layer known as tissue layer. This layer provides nutrients to the tendons and permits them to slip simply through the sheath that surrounds them.
  • Any swelling of the tendons and/or thickening of the sheath may result during a scenario where the tendons do not work well within the sheath. This leads to exaggerated friction and pain with bound thumb and radiocarpal joint movements.

Symptoms De Quervain's tenosynovitis

The symptoms of de Quervain's tenosynovitis include:

  • Pain near the base of your thumb

  • Swelling near the base of your thumb

  • If you have difficulty gripping or pinching something, your thumb and wrist may be stiff.

  • If you experience a sticking or stop-and-go sensation in your thumb when you move it, it means you have a thumb sprain.

If the pain goes untreated, it may spread to other parts of your thumb or hand. Pinching, grasping, and other movements that affect your thumb and wrist can make the pain worse.

When to see a doctor

If you are still having pain or difficulty performing activities and you have already tried the following, consult your doctor: taking ibuprofen, resting, and cooling the area.

  • Not using your affected thumb

  • Applying cold to the affected area

  • Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (Advil Motrin IB others) and naproxen (Aleve) can relieve pain.

Causes De Quervain's tenosynovitis

Chronic wrist use is often associated with de Quervain's tenosynovitis.

Tendons are rope-like structures that attach muscle to bone. When you squeeze something in your hand, tendons in your wrist and lower thumb slide smoothly through the small tunnel that connects them to the base of your thumb. You can do this motion again and again. It is possible that wearing the bandage all day might irritate the sheath around the tendon, causing it to thicken and swell, which would restrict its movement.

Other causes of de Quervain's tenosynovitis can include: -Trauma to the ball and socket joint -Rheumatoid arthritis -Neuropathy -Inflammatory diseases of the tendons and joints

  • If you injure your wrist or tendon, scar tissue can form and restrict movement.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis.

Risk factors De Quervain's tenosynovitis

Some risk factors for de Quervain's tenosynovitis include:

  • Age.People over the age of 30 and 50 are more likely to develop de Quervain's tenosynovitis than other age groups, including children.

  • Sex. The condition is more common in women.

  • Being pregnant.Pregnancy may cause the condition.

  • Baby care.Lifting your child repeatedly can be done using your thumbs as leverage, and it may be associated with the condition.

  • Occupations or hobbies that involve repeated hand and wrist motions.These things may contribute to de Quervain's tenosynovitis.

How long does it take for de Quervain's tenosynovitis to go away?

When you suffer from de Quervain\'s tenosynovitis a pain and inflammation of the tendons that connect your thumb to your wrist most people think it will go away on its own Not so fast This condition can be chronic and often requires longer periods of healing time than you might imagine after minimal use.

Will De Quervain go away on its own?

De Quervain Tenosynovitis is a condition in which the tendons of the thumb become inflamed When this happens they can swell and press on the first joint of your thumb It usually affects women between 30 to 50 years of age and is caused by an anatomical change that occurs during pregnancy In rare cases it may be caused by trauma or repetitive stress over time Write a paragraph about : How to Repair Stainless Steel Sinks.

What happens if De Quervain's goes untreated?

De Quervain's is caused by repetitive motion If left untreated it can lead to permanent changes in the tendons connecting your thumb and wrist area Eventually doctors say you may develop a condition called Trigger Thumb or Gamekeeper's Thumb where two of the tendons begin rubbing against each other causing pain with simple movements like lifting a cup or buttoning up a shirt.

How long does tenosynovitis take to heal?

Tenosynovitis is a painful inflammation of the sheath covering the tendons Symptoms include pain tenderness and stiffness in the wrist or hand that typically worsen with movement Localized redness and swelling may also be observed Tenosynovitis caused by tendon sheath infections can lead to bone deterioration at affected joints as well as permanent deformity If tenosynovitis is not treated. promptly it can become chronic and lasting for months or even years In most cases no treatment is required for mild cases which usually resolves within two weeks when the underlying cause is identified and corrected accordingly.

How do you wrap your wrist for de Quervain's tenosynovitis?

In order to wrap your wrist for de Quervain's tenosynovitis you will need a large bandage and either tape or an athletic support Start with the bandage and make a pad that is wide enough to cover the area of pain Adjustable sport braces are also used in place of elastic wraps The next step is to secure this pad so it offers you the maximum amount of padding possible You can secure your wrapper with athletic support or tape whichever works best for you.

What is the best splint for de Quervain's tenosynovitis?

Truth is there is no one best splint for de Quervain\'s tenosynovitis Let me explain: if your doctor determines that splinting is the best treatment for you then he or she will often recommend a certain type of brace based on what it was that caused your case of de Quervain\'s tenosynovitis in the first place In fact the most widely used treatment for tendon sheath inflammation is immobilization That's why there are so many different types of braces available on the market today!.

Is heat good for tenosynovitis?

Heat can be used to treat most tenosynovitis-related conditions Heat helps reduce pain swelling and discomfort by increasing blood flow to the affected area It also loosens tight or stiff muscles and joints Mild heat treatments are very effective in treating mild cases of tenosynovitis but more severe cases may need additional help such as through medications and physical therapy.

How do you massage De Quervain?

Massaging the soft tissue between your thumb and index finger is helpful for relieving pain caused by De Quervain disease Avoid self-treatment of this ailment as it can cause more harm than good if the condition isn't diagnosed properly Treatments may include anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections to ease symptoms until they resolve on their own.

Complications De Quervain's tenosynovitis

If you have untreated de Quervain's tenosynovitis, it might be hard for you to use your hand and wrist properly, limiting your range of motion.

Diagnosis De Quervain's tenosynovitis

Your doctor will examine your hand to see if you experience pain when pressure is applied to the thumb side of your wrist.

Your doctor will check your thumb for inflammation by making it bend in several places. Then he or she will test the thumb's ability to resist pain by bending it in several places. If this causes pain on the thumb side of your wrist, you likely have de Quervain's syndrome. Tenosynovitis is a condition in which the tendons in your wrist become inflamed.

X-rays aren't generally needed to diagnose de Quervain's tenosynovitis.

Treatment De Quervain's tenosynovitis

Treatment for de Quervain's tenosynovitis is designed to reduce inflammation and preserve movement in the thumb.

If you get treatment early, your symptoms should improve within four to six weeks. If your de Quervain's tenosynovitis starts during pregnancy, symptoms may end around the end of either your pregnancy or breastfeeding.


If your doctor prescribes painkillers such as ibuprofen (Advil Motrin IB others) and naproxen (Aleve), you can use them to reduce pain and swelling.

Your doctor may prescribe injections of corticosteroid medications into the tendon sheath to reduce swelling. If treatment begins within the first six months of symptoms, most people recover completely after receiving corticosteroid injections. However, if treatment begins after six months, the person may require multiple injections.


Initial treatment of de Quervain's tenosynovitis may include: - Resting the arm and keeping it elevated - Applying ice to the area to reduce inflammation and pain - Taking pain medication as prescribed by a doctor

  • Hold your thumb and wrist in the same position with a splint or brace to help rest your tendons.

  • Make sure to avoid repetitive thumb movements as much as possible.

  • Do not pinch your thumb when moving your wrist from side to side.

  • Applying ice to the affected area

A physical therapist may review your wrist use and provide suggestions on how to make adjustments to reduce stress. Your therapist may also teach you exercises to strengthen your muscles and reduce pain. To reduce tendon irritation, be gentle and limit the amount of friction you experience.


If your injury is more serious, your doctor may recommend having the surgery done outside of the hospital. Surgery involves a procedure in which your doctor inspects the sheath surrounding the involved tendon or tendons and then removes the sheath, allowing the tendon to glide freely.

Your doctor will talk to you about how to rest and rehabilitate your body after surgery. A physical therapist or occupational therapist may meet with you after surgery to teach you new exercises and help you adjust your daily routine to prevent future problems.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you want to care for your condition, preventing it is much the same as needing surgery:

  • Do not move your wrists in the same way repeatedly.

  • If your doctor recommends it, wear a brace or splint.

  • Make sure to follow through with the recommended exercises.

  • If you experience pain, swelling, or numbness in your thumb or wrist, try to avoid the activity that is causing it. Tell your doctor if you notice this happening.

Preparing for your appointment

If you are having hand or wrist pain and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding activities that cause pain, aren't helping, you should make an appointment with your doctor. After an initial exam, your doctor may refer you to an orthopedist (a doctor who specializes in bones and joints), rheumatologist (a doctor who specializes in diseases of the immune system), or occupational therapist (someone who helps people with disabilities learn how to do their own daily living). Therapist.

Here is some information on what to expect during your appointment.

What you can do

  • Write down key medical information,Tell the doctor about all of the other conditions you have and all of the medications and supplements you're taking.

  • Be aware of hobbies and activities that may strain your hand or wrist.Excessive work or playing activity can lead to injuries. These include things like knitting, gardening, playing an instrument, or participating in other sports or activities that require a lot of physical activity.

  • Note any recent injuries to your hand or wrist.

  • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

If you are experiencing wrist or hand symptoms, here are some questions you can ask your doctor.

  • What are the most likely reasons for my symptoms?

  • Are there other possible causes?

  • Can I trust the diagnosis without tests?

  • What treatment do you recommend?

  • I have other health problems. What can I do to manage them best together?

  • Will I need surgery?

  • What should I do to avoid getting the condition again?

  • What else can I do on my own to improve my health?

Feel free to ask more questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask you a lot of questions, including:

  • Can you tell me what are your symptoms and when did they start?

  • Has your health been deteriorating or staying the same?

  • What does it seem like it causes your symptoms?

  • Can you think of any hobbies or sports that involve repetitive hand or wrist movements?

  • What tasks do you perform at work?

  • Are you injured, or have you recently had an injury to your hand or wrist?

  • Can you avoid the activities that make you sick?

  • Have you tried using over-the-counter pain relievers at home? If they don't help, what else might work?

What is the outlook for de Quervain’s tendinosis?

De Quervain’s tendinosis typically responds o.k. to treatment. Many folks don't like surgery. Treatment with braces, medication medications and rest usually corrects the condition. Cases that need surgery have a high success rate. However, American state Quervain’s tendinosis ought to be treated. If it's not treated, the condition can still become a lot more severe over time.

General summary

  • De Quervain's tenosynovitis also known as stenosing tenosynovitis or ulnar tenosynovitis is a condition of the wrist characterized by inflammation of the sheath (the synovium) surrounding tendons in the thumb causing pain and tenderness The exact cause of De Quervain's Tension Extensor is unknown though it may be caused by repetitive motion such as grasping with the thumb and fingers (as when holding a ladder rung or squeezing under a table); lifting; or twisting motions It typically affects women aged 30 to 50 years old but has been reported in.

  • De Quervain’s tenosynovitis also called De Quervain’s disease is an inflammation of the tendons in the thumb near where they attach to the wrist It's caused by excessive movement and pressure at that specific point of attachment which can wear away part of a protective lining surrounding one or more tendons The condition may occur at any age but it tends to develop gradually over time in middle-aged people who do repetitive activities like using tools or playing sports.

De Quervain

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