Electrical shock : First aid-Conditions-Prevention

What is Electrical shock: First aid ?

Electrical shock is a potentially dangerous situation that can occur when an individual comes into contact with an electric current. It can result in a wide range of injuries, ranging from mild tingling sensations to severe burns and heart disturbances. In order to provide proper first aid for electrical shock, it is important to understand the basics of this condition and how to respond effectively. By following the right steps, it is possible to mitigate the damage caused by electrical shock and improve the chances of a positive outcome for the affected individual.

The danger of an electrical shock depends on the type of current, the voltage, how high it is, how the current traveled through the body, the person's overall health, and how quickly they are treated.

Electricity can cause burns or leave no visible mark on the skin. In either case, an electrical current passing through the body can cause internal damage such as cardiac arrest or other injury. Even a small amount of electricity can be fatal under certain circumstances.

Signs and Symptoms of an Electric Shock

The bodily outcomes of an electric surprise at the frame rely particularly on 4 factors:

  • The amount of modern that flows via the body

  • The route the cutting-edge takes through the body

  • The amount of time the current remains flowing via the frame, and

  • The frequency of the cutting-edge

When to contact your doctor

If you have been injured by contact with electricity, see a doctor.


  • If the person who is injured is still in contact with the electrical current, do not touch them.

  • If you get burned by something that is connected to a high-voltage wire or lightning, call 911 or your local emergency number. Don't get too close to the wires until the power has been turned off. Even if the wires are not insulated, stay at least 20 feet (about 6 meters) away — farther if there are wires nearby. The leaves are jumping and sparking.

  • Do not move someone who has been injured with an electrical current unless they are in danger.

When to seek emergency care

If you see someone who is injured, call 911 or your local emergency number.

  • Severe burns

  • Confusion

  • Having difficulty breathing.

  • Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)

  • Cardiac arrest

  • Muscle pain and contractions

  • Seizures

  • Loss of consciousness

Do these things right away while you are waiting for medical help:

  • If you can, turn off the electricity before beginning. If not, move the source of electricity away from you and the person using a cardboard or wood object that is not electrically conductive.

  • If the person does not show any signs of life, such as breathing, coughing, or movement, start CPR immediately.


  • Cover any burned areas with a sterile bandage if available or a clean cloth. Do not use a blanket or towel.

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