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Electrical shock: First aid /Conditions/Prevention

 Electrical shock: First aid

The danger of an electrical shock depends on the type of current, the voltage, how high it is, how the current traveled through the body, the person's overall health, and how quickly they are treated.

Electricity can cause burns or leave no visible mark on the skin. In either case, an electrical current passing through the body can cause internal damage such as cardiac arrest or other injury. Even a small amount of electricity can be fatal under certain circumstances.

Electrical shock: First aid

When to contact your doctor

If you have been injured by contact with electricity, see a doctor.


  • If the person who is injured is still in contact with the electrical current, do not touch them.
  • If you get burned by something that is connected to a high-voltage wire or lightning, call 911 or your local emergency number. Don't get too close to the wires until the power has been turned off. Even if the wires are not insulated, stay at least 20 feet (about 6 meters) away — farther if there are wires nearby. The leaves are jumping and sparking.
  • Do not move someone who has been injured with an electrical current unless they are in danger.

When to seek emergency care

If you see someone who is injured, call 911 or your local emergency number.

  • Severe burns
  • Confusion
  • Having difficulty breathing.
  • Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Muscle pain and contractions
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness

Do these things right away while you are waiting for medical help:

  • If you can, turn off the electricity before beginning. If not, move the source of electricity away from you and the person using a cardboard or wood object that is not electrically conductive.
  • If the person does not show any signs of life, such as breathing, coughing, or movement, start CPR immediately.
  • Cover any burned areas with a sterile bandage if available or a clean cloth. Do not use a blanket or towel, as they could stick to the burns.sed January 22, 2018.
Electrical shock: First aid /Conditions/Prevention

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