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Foodborne illness/Conditions/Prevention

 Foodborne illness

Foods naturally contain small amounts of bacteria. If food is not handled properly, this can lead to bacteria multiplying and causing illness. Parasites, viruses, and toxins can also contaminate food, leading to illness.

Foodborne illness


Food poisoning can have different signs and symptoms, depending on the source of contamination and whether you are dehydrated or have low blood pressure. They may include:

  • Diarrhea, which may be bloody
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Low-grade fever (sometimes)

If your plant is significantly dehydrated, you might notice:

  • Sometimes when you stand up, you might feel lightheaded or faint.
  • Fatigue
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Urinating less often.
  • Excessive thirst

The extent to which you become ill after eating contaminated food depends on the type of organism you were exposed to and your age and health. High-risk groups include:

  • Older adults.As you get older, your immune system may not respond as quickly and effectively to infectious organisms.
  • Infants and young children.Their immune systems are not fully developed.
  • People with chronic diseases.Chronic conditions such as diabetes or AIDS or receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy significantly reduce your immune system.
  • Pregnant women.During pregnancy, your immune system changes to make it more difficult to fight off infections. This could affect you and the baby you are carrying.

If you develop food poisoning:

  • Sip liquids,Drinking fluids can help prevent dehydration. gradually drinking more water or a sports drink over a couple of hours will help to prevent nausea and vomiting.
  • Be aware of when you urinate. You should be urinating regularly and your urine should be clear. If you are not passing urine frequently, this is a sign of dehydration. Dizziness and feeling lightheaded may also be symptoms of dehydration. If any of these symptoms occur and you can't drink enough fluids, see a doctor. Pay attention.
  • Avoid anti-diarrheal medications.Taking probiotics may help to slow the elimination of organisms or toxins from your system. If you are unsure, please consult with your doctor about your specific situation.

Do not give anti-diarrheal medications to infants or young children because of the potential for serious side effects.

Foodborne illness often improves on its own within a few days.

If any of the following apply to you, call your doctor:

  • If you vomit for more than two days, it could be a sign of something serious.
  • If diarrhea persists for more than a few days, it is a sign that there is something wrong.
  • Diarrhea turns bloody, black or tarry
  • Fever is 101 F (38.3 C) or higher
  • When you stand up quickly, you may feel lightheaded or faint.
  • Confusion develops
  • Worrisome abdominal pain develops

Seek emergency medical assistance if:

  • You are experiencing severe symptoms such as severe abdominal pain or bloody diarrhea that occurs within 24 hours.
  • You belong to a high-risk group.
  • You think you may have eaten something that made you sick, caused by a toxin formed by certain spores in food. The most common food to contain this toxin is home-canned green beans or tomatoes. Symptoms of botulism usually begin 12 to 18 hours after eating the contaminated food. After eating food that has been contaminated with a virus, people may experience a headache, blurred vision, muscle weakness, and eventual paralysis. Some people also may experience nausea and vomiting, constipation, urinary retention, difficulty breathing, and a dry mouth. These symptoms require immediate medical attention.
Foodborne illness/Conditions/Prevention

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