Heat exhaustion : First aid-Conditions-Prevention

What is Heat exhaustion: First aid?

Heat exhaustion is a condition that occurs when the body overheats and is unable to properly cool itself down. It is often caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures and can be exacerbated by physical activity. Symptoms of heat exhaustion may include excessive sweating, dizziness, nausea, and weakness. If left untreated, heat exhaustion can lead to more severe heat-related illnesses, such as heat stroke.

  • Heat exhaustion is one of the heat-related conditions. Symptoms can vary from mild cramps to heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heatstroke. Heat exhaustion can start suddenly or gradually after working or playing in the heat, sweating heavily or becoming dehydrated.

Heat exhaustion symptoms can include:

  • When it is hot out, cool your skin by making goose bumps.

  • Heavy sweating

  • Faintness

  • Dizziness

  • Fatigue

  • Weak, rapid pulse

  • Low blood pressure upon standing

  • Muscle cramps

  • Nausea

  • Headache

If you suspect heat exhaustion

If you suspect heat exhaustion, take these steps immediately: 1. Remove any heavy clothing and begin to sweat. 2. Get cool and drink plenty of fluids. 3. Rest in a cool place.

  • Take the person out of the sun and into a shaded or air-conditioned area.

  • Move the person so that their legs and feet are elevated slightly.

  • Remove tight or heavy clothing.

  • Drink water or another nonalcoholic beverage without caffeine.

  • If the person is cool, spray or sponge them with cool water.Fanning someone can help cool them down.

  • Monitor the person carefully.

If your symptoms get worse or do not improve within an hour, see a doctor.

If the person's condition deteriorates, such as if they become unconscious or have a severe headache, call 911 or your local emergency number.

  • Fainting

  • Agitation

  • Confusion

  • Seizures

  • Inability to drink

  • If your body temperature is over 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius), you may have heatstroke.

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