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Heat exhaustion: First aid/Conditions/Prevention

 Heat exhaustion: First aid

Heat exhaustion is one of the heat-related conditions. Symptoms can vary from mild cramps to heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heatstroke. Heat exhaustion can start suddenly or gradually after working or playing in the heat, sweating heavily or becoming dehydrated.

Heat exhaustion: First aid

Heat exhaustion symptoms can include:

  • When it is hot out, cool your skin by making goose bumps.
  • Heavy sweating
  • Faintness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Weak, rapid pulse
  • Low blood pressure upon standing
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea
  • Headache

If you suspect heat exhaustion

If you suspect heat exhaustion, take these steps immediately: 1. Remove any heavy clothing and begin to sweat. 2. Get cool and drink plenty of fluids. 3. Rest in a cool place.

  • Take the person out of the sun and into a shaded or air-conditioned area.
  • Move the person so that their legs and feet are elevated slightly.
  • Remove tight or heavy clothing.
  • Drink water or another nonalcoholic beverage without caffeine.
  • If the person is cool, spray or sponge them with cool water.Fanning someone can help cool them down.
  • Monitor the person carefully.

If your symptoms get worse or do not improve within an hour, see a doctor.

If the person's condition deteriorates, such as if they become unconscious or have a severe headache, call 911 or your local emergency number.

  • Fainting
  • Agitation
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Inability to drink
  • If your body temperature is over 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius), you may have heatstroke.
Heat exhaustion: First aid/Conditions/Prevention

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