Hemorrhoids : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment


What is Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum. They can develop either inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or on the outside of the anus (external hemorrhoids).

What is Hemorrhoids?

Almost three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time.Hemorrhoids can be caused by many things, but often the cause is unknown.

There are many effective treatments for hemorrhoids. Many people get relief by using home treatments and lifestyle changes.

  1. Arteries

  2. Veins

  3. Blood vessels

Medical terms

  • Hemorrhoids are a common medical condition that can cause a great deal of discomfort. They are essentially varicose veins in the rectum, and they can cause pain, bleeding, and itching. While hemorrhoids often go away on their own, there are treatments available that can provide relief. Some people choose to treat their hemorrhoids with over-the-counter medications, while others may require surgery.

  • Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum. They're often caused by straining during a bowel movement or from pregnancy. Hemorrhoids can be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids don't cause any pain but external hemorrhoids can be painful and itchy.

  • Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum. They can be itchy and uncomfortable, and sometimes they bleed. Hemorrhoids can be caused by pregnancy, straining during bowel movements, or sitting for long periods of time. They can be treated with over-the-counter medications or home remedies, or they may require surgery.

  • There are a few things you can do to try and prevent hemorrhoids, including: – avoiding sitting for long periods of time – avoiding straining when going to the bathroom – eating a high-fiber diet – drinking plenty of water – using cold compresses on the area.

Hemorrhoids bleeding

Bleeding hemorrhoids can be a sign that they are becoming thrombosed. This happens when the blood vessels in the hemorrhoid become blocked and the hemorrhoid swells up. The blood vessels can also burst, causing even more bleeding. If you are experiencing severe bleeding, go to the hospital or call your doctor right away.

Most people don't know this, but hemorrhoids are a common culprit of bleeding. In fact, hemorrhoids are the most common cause of anal bleeding. This is because the veins in and around the anus can become swollen and irritated, which can lead to bleeding. Other causes of anal bleeding include: fissures, fistulas, polyps, and cancer. If you're experiencing any symptoms of anal bleeding, it's important to seek medical attention right away.

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus. They can bleed, often producing bright red blood on toilet paper, stool, or in the toilet bowl. Hemorrhoids may result from straining to have a bowel movement, from long periods of sitting on the toilet, or from childbirth. They are also more common in people who are obese and in those who eat a high-fat diet.

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Many women experience hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus, and they can be very painful. They are caused by increased pressure on the veins in the pelvic area, which is common during pregnancy. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do to help relieve the pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids:

Many women experience hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus, and they can be extremely painful. They are caused by increased pressure on the veins in the pelvic area, and they can often be worsened by constipation. Fortunately, there are a few things you can do to help relieve the pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids during pregnancy:

Most pregnant women experience some degree of hemorrhoids, but they usually go away after delivery. If you’re one of the unlucky few who experience hemorrhoids during pregnancy, however, there are a few things you can do to make them more comfortable.

Symptoms Hemorrhoids

There are a few common symptoms of hemorrhoids that you should be aware of. The first is bleeding. You may notice bright red blood on the toilet paper after wiping, or in the stool itself. This is usually the most obvious sign that you have hemorrhoids. Other common symptoms include pain, itching, and swelling around the anus. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s best to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

The most common symptoms of hemorrhoids are itching, pain, and bleeding. However, not all people with hemorrhoids will experience these symptoms. In fact, some people may not realize they have hemorrhoids until they see blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement.

There are a few common hemorrhoids symptoms that you may experience if you have this condition. One of the most common is bleeding, which can occur both externally and internally. You may also experience pain, itching, or burning sensations around the anus. In some cases, you may also notice swelling or protrusion in the area.

Some signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids depend on the type of hemorrhoid.

External hemorrhoids

These are things that are located around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include: discomfort when you go to the bathroom, a discharge from your penis or female genitalia, or an itching sensation.

  • You may be experiencing itching or irritation in your anal region.

  • Pain or discomfort

  • Swelling around your anus

  • Bleeding

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum. They are usually difficult to see or feel, and seldom cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause them to swell and bleed.

  • Bleeding during bowel movements is painless. You might see a small amount of red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet.

  • A hemorrhoid that has prolapsed or protruded through the anus causes pain and irritation.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids

If blood accumulates in an external hemorrhoid and forms a clot, it can lead to:

  • Severe pain

  • Swelling

  • Inflammation

  • A hard lump near your anus

When to see a doctor

If you are having trouble with bowel movements or hemorrhoids, and they have not improved after a week of home care, please talk to your doctor.

Be sure to check for other causes of rectal bleeding before assuming it is due to hemorrhoids. This can include diseases such as colorectal cancer and anal cancer, even if your bowel habits or stools change.

If you have a lot of rectal bleeding, feeling lightheaded, or dizziness, go to the emergency room.

Causes Hemorrhoids

The veins around your anus may stretch under pressure, and this may cause them to bulge or swell.This can lead to hemorrhoids, which are caused by increased pressure in the lower rectum.

  • Straining during bowel movements

  • You should not sit on the toilet for a long time.

  • Having chronic diarrhea or constipation

  • Being obese

  • Being pregnant

  • Having anal intercourse

  • Eating a diet with few fiber sources

  • Regular heavy lifting

Can hemorrhoids cause constipation and bloating?

There is some evidence that hemorrhoids may be a contributing factor to constipation and bloating. If you are experiencing these symptoms, it is important to speak with your doctor to rule out any other potential causes. If hemorrhoids are the root of your problems, there are a few treatment options available that can help provide relief.

Yes, hemorrhoids can cause constipation and bloating. When the hemorrhoids become inflamed, they can block the rectum and interfere with the normal passage of stool. This can lead to constipation and bloating. In addition, the inflammation from the hemorrhoids can cause gas and abdominal pain. If you are experiencing these symptoms, please see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

There is a strong correlation between hemorrhoids and constipation. Hemorrhoids are veins in the rectum or anus that have become swollen and inflamed, and one of the most common symptoms of hemorrhoids is constipation. In addition, constipation can cause bloating, which may lead some people to mistakenly believe that they have hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids internal

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. Internal hemorrhoids are usually painless, but they may bleed. External hemorrhoids may cause pain, itching, and bleeding.Hemorrhoids are a common problem. They often go away without treatment. But sometimes they need surgery.

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus. They may be caused by straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, childbirth, or obesity.There are two types of hemorrhoids - internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful but can bleed.External hemorrhoids can be painful and may bleed.

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the rectum or anus. They can be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids are usually not painful, but external hemorrhoids can be very painful. Hemorrhoids are a common problem. They can often be treated with home remedies, such as ice packs, warm baths, and over-the-counter medications.

Risk factors Hemorrhoids

As you get older, your risk of getting hemorrhoids increases. This is because the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus can weaken and stretch. It can also happen when you're pregnant, as the weight of the baby puts pressure on the anal region.

Complications Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are rare but can cause complications, including:

  • Anemia.If you have hemorrhoids, you may experience chronic blood loss, which can lead to anemia in which you don't have enough healthy red blood cells to transport oxygen to your cells.

  • Strangulated hemorrhoid.If the blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may die and cause intense pain.

  • Blood clot.Occasionally a clot can form in a hemorrhoid. If this happens, it can be very painful and sometimes a doctor needs to lance and drain the clot.

Prevention Hemorrhoids

To prevent hemorrhoids, you should keep your stools soft. This will make them pass easily and reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Follow these tips to help you do this:

  • Eat high-fiber foods.Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to help soften your stool and make it easier to pass. Eat these foods slowly to avoid problems with gas.

  • Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.Drink a lot of water and other liquids each day to keep your stools soft.

  • Consider fiber supplements.People don't usually get enough fiber in their diet. Studies have shown that taking over-the-counter supplements such as psyllium (Metamucil) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) can improve overall symptoms and bleeding from hemorrhoids.
    If you are taking fiber supplements, drink at least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day. Otherwise the supplements may cause or worsen constipation.

  • Don't strain.Straining when trying to pass a stool causes greater pressure in the veins near the rectum.

  • Go as soon as you feel the urgeIf you wait to have a bowel movement and the urge goes away, your stool might be harder to pass because it has dried out.

  • Exercise.Regular exercise can help prevent constipation and reduce pressure on your veins, which might cause hemorrhoids. In addition, staying active will help you lose excess weight, which could be contributing to your hemorrhoids.

  • Avoid long periods of sitting.Sitting on the toilet for a long time can increase the pressure on the veins in your anus.

Diagnosis Hemorrhoids

Your doctor might be able to see external hemorrhoids. He or she might also examine your anal canal and rectum to diagnose internal hemorrhoids.

  • Digital examination.Your doctor inserts a gloved finger into your rectum to feel for anything unusual. If they find something, they will remove it.

  • Visual inspection.If your doctor suspects you have internal hemorrhoids, he or she might examine the lower portion of your colon and rectum with an anoscope or sigmoidoscope. This type of exam is done with a special type of telescope.

If your doctor thinks it is necessary, he or she might want to do a colonoscopy on you. This involves passing a long, thin tube through your anus and into your rectum to look for abnormalities.

  • Based on your symptoms, it seems like you may have a different digestive system disease.

  • You have things in your life that increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer.

  • You are middle-aged and haven't had a recent colonoscopy because you are too old.

Treatment Hemorrhoids

There are many different ways to treat hemorrhoids, both at home and in a doctor’s office. Some people opt for over-the-counter medications or supplements, while others choose to undergo more invasive procedures. Whatever route you decide to take, it’s important to consult with a doctor before starting any kind of treatment.

There are a few key things you can do to help treat hemorrhoids and keep them from coming back. One is to make sure you’re getting enough fiber in your diet – this will help keep things moving through your system and reduce the chances of constipation, which is a common cause of hemorrhoids. You should also make sure to drink plenty of fluids, especially water, as dehydration can aggravate hemorrhoids. And finally, try to avoid sitting or standing for long periods of

There are a few different ways to treat hemorrhoids, depending on the severity of the condition. For mild cases, over-the-counter creams and ointments may be effective.In more serious cases, surgery may be necessary. There are a few different surgical procedures available, each with its own risks and benefits. Some common procedures include hemorrhoidectomy, stapling, and banding.

Home remedies

Some home treatments can relieve the mild pain and swelling caused by hemorrhoids.

  • Eat high-fiber foods.Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to soften your stool and make it thicker. This will help you avoid straining and worsen symptoms from hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid problems with gas.

  • Apply topical treatments.Apply an over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads that contain witch hazel or a numbing agent.

  • Soak your feet regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath.Wash your anus with warm water twice a day or use a sitz bath, which fits over the toilet.

  • Take oral pain relievers.You can use over-the-counter painkillers (such as acetaminophen or aspirin) or ibuprofen to relieve your discomfort for a short time.

If you are experiencing hemorrhoid symptoms, try the following treatments: see your doctor in a week if you do not improve, or sooner if you have severe pain or bleeding.


If your hemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, your doctor might suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories, or pads. These products contain ingredients such as witch hazel or hydrocortisone and lidocaine which can temporarily relieve pain and itching.

Do not use an over-the-counter steroid cream for more than a week unless directed by your doctor because it can thin your skin.

External hemorrhoid thrombectomy

If a painful blood clot has formed within an external hemorrhoid, your doctor can remove the hemorrhoid using surgery. This procedure is done under local anesthesia and is most effective if it is done within 72 hours of developing the clot.

Minimally invasive procedures

If you are having persistent bleeding or severe hemorrhoids, your doctor might recommend one of the other minimally invasive procedures that are available without anesthesia.These treatments can be done in a doctor's office or other outpatient setting.

  • Rubber band ligation is a process that uses rubber bands to tie off blood vessels.Your doctor places a few tiny rubber bands around the base of an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply. This will cause the hemorrhoid to shrink and eventually fall off.
    Hemorrhoid banding can be uncomfortable, but it rarely causes severe bleeding. Occasionally more serious complications can occur.

  • Injection (sclerotherapy).Your doctor will inject a chemical solution into the hemorrhoid tissue to make it smaller. This might not be as effective as using a rubber band to seal the opening.

  • The laser or bipolar treatment causes coagulation.Bleeding from internal hemorrhoids is treated with coagulation techniques. These methods use laser or infrared light or heat, which cause the hemorrhoids to harden and shrink. Coagulation usually has few side effects and causes little discomfort.

Surgical procedures

Some people with hemorrhoids may require surgery. However, if other measures haven't worked or you have large hemorrhoids your doctor may recommend one of the following:

  • Hemorrhoid removal (hemorrhoidectomy).Your surgeon may use one of several techniques to remove excessive tissue that causes bleeding. These procedures can be done with local anesthesia, combined with sedation or general anesthesia.
    Hemorrhoidectomy is the most effective and complete way to treat severe or recurring hemorrhoids. Complications can include temporary difficulty emptying your bladder, which can lead to urinary tract infections. This complication occurs mainly after receiving spinal anesthesia.
    After the surgery, most people experience some pain. Medications may relieve this pain. Alternatively, soaking in a warm bath might help.

  • Hemorrhoid stapling. This procedure, called stapled hemorrhoidopexy, blocks blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue. It is typically used only for internal hemorrhoids.
    Stapling generally causes less pain than having a hemorrhoidectomy, but it has a greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse. In comparison, hemorrhoidectomy has been associated with a greater risk of recurrence and rectal protrusion, but it is less painful than stapling.
    Complications can include urinary retention and pain, as well as a life-threatening blood infection (sepsis). Talk with your doctor about the best course of action for you.

  • Hemorrhoids surgery, also known as hemorrhoidectomy, is a surgical procedure that is used to remove hemorrhoids. This type of surgery is usually recommended for people who have large or very painful hemorrhoids.

  • There is no one definitive answer to the question of whether or not to have surgery for hemorrhoids. Some people choose surgery because it is a relatively minor procedure that can be performed in a doctor’s office, and offers a quick return to normal activities. Others may feel that surgery is the best option because it offers a high success rate in curing hemorrhoids. Still others may choose surgery because it is less expensive than other treatments such as rubber band ligation.

  • There are a few different types of hemorrhoid surgery, but all of them aim to remove the hemorrhoids and reduce the risk of them coming back. The most common type of surgery is called a hemorrhoidectomy, and it involves removing the hemorrhoids from the anus with surgical scissors or a laser. There are also less invasive procedures, such as stapling and banding, which involve using medical instruments to put pressure on the hemorrhoids and cut off their blood supply.

You can get the latest health information from Mayo Clinic by subscribing to their newsletter.

Sign up for our free newsletter and receive a guide to digestive health as well as the latest news on health innovations. You can unsubscribe at any time.

Please enter your first name.

We will use your email and website usage information to provide you with the most relevant and helpful information. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could include protected health information. We will combine this information with your protected health information, and we will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of privacy practices. You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the link in the email we send you. There is a link in the e-mail that will let you unsubscribe from the mailing list.

Making sure you are prepared for your appointment

If you have signs or symptoms of hemorrhoids, see your regular doctor. If needed, your doctor might refer you to one or more specialists, including a doctor with expertise in the digestive system (gastroenterologist) or a colon and rectal surgeon. Treatment

Here are some things you can do to prepare for your appointment.

What you can do

Be aware of any restrictions that may be in place before your appointment. When you make your appointment, ask if there are any requirements that must be met in advance.

Make a list of:

  • Your symptoms and how long you've noticed them

  • Key personal information,The doctor will want to know about your usual bowel habits and diet, especially your intake of fiber.

  • All medications, vitamins or supplements you take, including doses

  • Questions to ask your doctor

Some questions you may want to ask your doctor if you have hemorrhoids include:

  • What do you think may be the cause of my symptoms?

  • How long will my condition last?

  • Can I expect any complications from this condition?

  • What would you recommend for treatment?

  • If our first treatments don't work, what other options do we have?

  • Will I need surgery? Why or why not?

  • What else can I do to take care of myself?

  • Can I manage my other medical problems while having hemorrhoids?

Do not hesitate to ask more questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor might ask you questions, including:

  • How uncomfortable are your symptoms?

  • What are your typical bowel habits?

  • How much fiber does your diet contain?

  • What can help improve your symptoms?

  • What if anything seems to worsen your symptoms?

  • Are any members of your family history of hemorrhoids or cancer of the colon rectum or anus?

  • Have you had any changes in how often you go to the bathroom?

  • During a bowel movement, have you noticed blood on the toilet paper or in your bowel movements?

What you can do in the meantime

Before your appointment, make sure to eat high-fiber foods and take an over-the-counter fiber supplement such as Metamucil or Citrucel. Drinking plenty of water can also help relieve symptoms.

General summary

  1. Hemorrhoids are a common clinical situation that may cause a first-rate deal of pain. They are basically varicose veins inside the rectum, and they can purpose ache, bleeding, and itching. While hemorrhoids regularly go away on their very own, there are treatments to be had that could provide remedy.

Next Post Previous Post