Strep throat : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

What is Strep throat?

Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and itchy. However, it is only a small percentage of sore throats.

If strep throat is not treated, it can lead to complications such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can cause painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, or heart valve damage.

What is Strep throat?
Strep throat

Strep throat is most common in children, but it can affect people of all ages. If you or your child have any signs or symptoms of strep throat, see your doctor as soon as possible for testing and treatment.

  1. Mouth

  2. Teeth

  3. Tongue

  4. Lips

  5. Salivary glands

  6. Parotid glands

  7. Submandibular glands

  8. Sublingual glands

Medical terms

  • Their square measures 2 totally different germs that cause sore throats: viruses and bacteria. Most sore throats square measure caused by viruses. The one that comes on suddenly is caused by a bacterium (germs) known as “strep,” short for streptococci (strep toe KAW ki). If untreated, it will result in complications and be unfolding to others.

  • Strep throat is contagious (can be unfolding to others). The strep bacteria hang around within the nose and throat. Once the infected person coughs, sneezes or talks, the germs move into the air. The germs square measure then breathed in or caught by touching one thing that the germs square measure on (contaminated). streptococcus tonsilitis is most typical at school age youngsters however anyone will be infected with strep.

  • Antibiotic drugs should tend as presently as attainable to stop the strep germs from spreading within the body. The bacterium will cause injury to the kidneys or to the guts (Rheumatic fever). infectious disease will cause painful and swollen joints, a selected variety of rash, or hurt the guts.

There square measure some individuals with strep UN agency mustn't tend antibiotics. Strep bacteria will typically continue to exist in children's throats while not inflicting unhealthiness. As several as one in five youngsters square measure “strep carriers.” this suggests that they need no symptoms, they're not contagious and their throat strep stays positive even once taking antibiotics. If your kid gets a raw throat and you recognize that he or she could be a strep carrier, the doctor can treat it as sort of a virus.

Symptoms Strep throat

Some signs and symptoms of strep throat may include:

  • Pain in the throat that usually comes on quickly

  • Painful swallowing

  • Tonsils can be red and swollen, with white patches or streaks of pus.

  • Some people have red spots on the back of the roof of their mouth (soft palate).

  • Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck

  • Fever

  • Headache

  • Rash

  • Some children experience nausea or vomiting when they are younger.

  • Body aches

It's possible for you or your child to have these symptoms but not have strep throat. The cause of these symptoms could be a viral infection or another illness. That's why your doctor generally tests for strep throat specifically.

You can be exposed to strep bacteria if you come into contact with someone who is carrying the bacteria. However, if the person shows no symptoms, they are not contagious.

When to see a doctor

If you or your child experiences any of the following symptoms, please call your doctor:

  • A sore throat is accompanied by tender swollen lymph glands.

  • A sore throat that lasts more than 48 hours is a sign that something is wrong. See a doctor to find out what is causing the sore throat.

  • A fever

  • A sore throat accompanied by a rash

  • Problems breathing or swallowing

  • If strep has been diagnosed, the doctor wants to check to see if the infection has cleared up on its own after taking antibiotics for 48 hours.

Causes Strep throat

Strep throat is caused by an infection with a bacterium known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also called group A streptococcus.

Streptococcal bacteria are contagious. They can be spread through droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth, or eyes.

Risk factors Strep throat

Several things can increase your risk of getting strep throat infection, including: -Being sick -Having a cold or other respiratory infection -Not washing your hands regularly -Smoking

  • Young age.Strep throat is most often seen in children.

  • Time of year.Strep throat is most likely to occur in winter and early spring, when the strep bacteria are most active.

Complications Strep throat

If someone has strep throat, it can lead to serious complications. Antibiotics can reduce the risk of these complications.

Spread of infection

Strep bacteria may cause infection in:

  • Tonsils

  • Sinuses

  • Skin

  • Blood

  • Middle ear

Inflammatory reactions

A strep infection may cause an inflammatory illness, including:

  • A Scarlet fever rash is caused by a strep infection.

  • Kidney inflammation (poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis)

  • Rheumatic fever is a serious inflammatory condition that can affect the heart, joints, nervous system, and skin.

  • Poststreptococcal reactive arthritis is an illness that causes inflammation of the joints.

A relationship has been suggested between strep infection and a rare condition called pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with group A streptococci (PANDAS). Children with PANDAS often experience worse symptoms of neuropsychiatric conditions, such as depression. There is currently no proof that obsessive-compulsive disorder or tic disorders are related to strep. This is an open question that is still being debated.

Prevention Strep throat

To prevent strep infection:

  • Wash your hands. The best way to prevent infections is by washing your hands regularly. That's why it's important to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. You can also teach your children how to wash their hands properly using soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. If you do not have soap and water available, try using a cloth or paper towel.

  • Cover your mouth.If your child coughs or sneezes, have them cover their mouth with an elbow or tissue.

  • Don't share personal items.Do not share drinking glasses or eating utensils. Washing dishes in hot soapy water or in a dishwasher is the best way to keep them clean.

Can strep throat go away on its own?

If you have strep throat it'll likely run its course in 10 to 14 days If left untreated however there can be serious complications such as rheumatic fever and kidney disease Fortunately treatment is easy with a prescription for antibiotics While waiting for the medicine to work – don't self-treat by taking over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen and ibuprofen that could mask your fever or other symptoms.

How do you cure strep throat fast?

Strep throat is an infection caused by streptococcal bacteria which are spread through direct contact with infected people A sore throat and fever often accompany the illness and in some cases it can lead to rheumatic fever The quickest way to get rid of a sore throat from strep is to take penicillin G or amoxicillin but if you're pregnant or allergic to penicillin you should see your doctor or healthcare provider for other treatment options.

Diagnosis Strep throat

Your doctor will look for signs and symptoms of strep throat and may order one or more of the following tests:

  • Rapid antigen test.Your doctor may perform a rapid antigen test on a swab sample from your throat. This test can detect strep bacteria within minutes by looking for substances (antigens) in your throat. If the test is negative but your doctor still suspects strep he or she might do a throat culture.

  • A molecular test is used to determine if something is Genetically modified.A throat swab is also used to test for strep.

  • Throat culture.A sterile swab is rubbed over the back of the throat and tonsils to collect a sample of secretions. It may be slightly painful, but it shouldn't cause intense gag reflexes. The sample will then be cultured in a laboratory for the presence of bacteria, but results can take several days to come back.

Treatment Strep throat

There are medications available to cure strep throat and relieve its symptoms. This will prevent the complication and spread of strep throat.


If you or your child are diagnosed with strep throat, your doctor will likely prescribe an oral antibiotic. Taking the antibiotic as soon as possible after diagnosis reduces the duration and severity of symptoms as well as the risk of complications and the likelihood that infection will develop. Share the message.

If you or your child is feeling better after taking antibiotics, there's no need to call your doctor. However, if the symptoms do not improve after 48 hours, you should call your doctor.

If you are taking an antibiotic and are feeling well, you can usually return to school or child care after 24 hours. But be sure to finish all of the medicine. Stopping early may lead to a recurrence and serious illness. Rheumatic fever and kidney inflammation can occur as complications from the polio vaccine.

Symptom relievers

If you are having pain in your throat or have a fever, try over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

Don't give aspirin to children or teenagers who are not adults. Even though aspirin is approved for use by adults, it can be dangerous for children and teenagers who have chickenpox or flu-like symptoms. This is because aspirin has been linked to a rare but serious condition called Reye's syndrome. A potentially life-threatening condition can occur in children with this condition.

There are lifestyle and home remedies that might help.

Antibiotics usually kill the bacteria that is causing the infection quickly. In the meantime, try to relieve symptoms by following these tips:

  • Get plenty of rest.If you have strep throat, stay home from work. If your child is ill, keep him or her at home until there's no sign of fever and he or she has taken an antibiotic for at least 24 hours.

  • Drink plenty of water.Swallowing a sore throat can be difficult if it is dry and painful. So lubricate the throat and keep it moist to ease the process.

  • Eat soothing foods. foods that are easy to swallow include broths, soups, applesauce, cooked cereal, mashed potatoes, soft fruits, yogurt, and eggs. You can puree these foods in a blender to make them easier to eat. Cold foods such as sherbet, frozen yogurt, or frozen fruit pops may also be soothing. Avoid spicy food or drinks. Acidic foods such as orange juice can cause problems.

  • Gargle with warm salt water.Gargling several times a day can relieve throat pain in older children and adults.Mix 1/4 teaspoon of the powder with some water.5 grams) of table salt in 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of warm water. After gargling, tell your child to spit out the liquid.

  • Honey.Honey can be used to soothe sore throats. Don't give honey to children younger than 12 months, as it might not be safe for them.

  • Use a humidifier.Adding moisture to the air can help ease symptoms. Choose a cool-mist humidifier and clean it regularly to avoid bacteria and mold growth. Nasal sprays that contain saline also help keep the mucous membranes moist.

  • Stay away from irritants.Smoke from cigarettes can irritate a sore throat and increase the risk of infections such as tonsillitis. Avoid fumes from paint or cleaning products, which could irritate the throat and lungs.

What you can do

When you make the appointment, be sure to ask if there are any preparations you need to do in advance, such as fasting. Make a list of what you will need before the test, such as fasting clothes.

  • Symptoms you or your child hasPlease bring any materials that seem unrelated to your appointment.

  • Key personal informationA health check includes considering major stresses in recent life, such as family medical history and possible sources of infection, such as the flu.

  • All medications, vitamins or other supplementsYou and/or your child will need to take the prescribed doses.

  • Questions to ask your doctor

Make sure to bring someone along who can help you remember what you are being taught.

Some basics you should ask your doctor if you have strep throat include:

  • What might be causing these signs and symptoms?

  • What are other possible causes?

  • What tests are needed?

  • What would you suggest for treating this problem?

  • How rapidly will the symptoms improve with treatment?

  • Is this contagious? When can I return to school or work?

  • What self-care steps might help?

  • Can I get a generic version of the medicine you're prescribing?

If you have any questions, don't hesitate to ask.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor will likely ask a number of questions, including:

  • When did the symptoms begin?

  • Have the symptoms changed over time?

  • How severe are the symptoms?

  • Is there anybody in your family or your child's class who has strep throat?

  • What do you think might help or worsen the symptoms?

  • Have you or your child ever had strep throat before? When was it diagnosed? How was it treated?

  • Do you or your child have any other medical conditions?

What you can do in the meantime

If you think you may have strep infection, take steps to relieve symptoms and avoid spreading the infection.

  • Keep your hands clean,When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and do not share personal belongings with others.

  • GargleAdd 1/4 teaspoon (1.5 grams) of table salt to 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of warm water.

  • It is important to drink fluids, eat soft foods, and take pain relievers in order to rest.If you are experiencing symptoms, such as headaches or fever, you can take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to ease them.

General summary

  1. symptoms in adults A sore throat can be a sign of many ailments including strep throat While the vast majority of sore throats are caused by viruses and will get better on their own some can result from bacterial infections (like strep) If you experience a sore throat along with other symptoms like swollen glands headache or a fever it's best to talk to your doctor about the cause Here's more information on what to expect from strep throat in adults

  2. : An acute infection of the lining of the throat Streptococcus bacteria are present on the skin and in the nose and mouth but it is most often found in the back of the throat This type of infection is contagious but not very common It's easily treated with antibiotics if you get medical help right away If left untreated this infection can spread to other parts of your body including your heart valves and joints In rare cases it may be deadly.

  3. symptoms and signs Learn how to tell if you or your child has strep throat a bacterial infection usually treated with antibiotics Also known as "strep," this contagious throat infection causes fever swollen glands in the neck and pain when swallowing Typically caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci it's spread through direct contact with nasal secretions from an infected person such as sharing food or drink or kissing It can also be transmitted through saliva Symptoms of strep throat vary by age In babies under age 1 the disease looks like Scarlet Fever with a bright red rash instead of spots on the skin.

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