Soft palate cancer : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Soft Palate Cancer?

The palate is made up of two parts: the hard bony palate in front and the soft fleshy palate (called the velum) in the back of the mouth.The hard palate is part of the mouth and the soft palate is part of the throat.

The hard palate, which is a tough layer of tissue at the back of the mouth, helps to protect the nasal cavity from infection and disease. A natural opening in the palate (near the third molar) makes it easier for tumors to spread into the nasal cavity.

What is Soft Palate Cancer?
Soft Palate Cancer

During swallowing, the soft palate closes the nasal passage to prevent food from entering the nose. It also helps create speech sounds. If the palate does not work correctly during speech, air escapes through the nose and the speech sounds have a nasal sound. When sneezing, the soft palate closes the nasal passage to help cleanse it. The sneeze guard protects the mouth. The expelled substances from the sneeze go into the mouth.

  1. Mouth

  2. Teeth

  3. Tongue

  4. Lips

  5. Salivary glands

  6. Parotid glands

  7. Submandibular glands

  8. Sublingual glands

  9. Pharynx

Medical terms

  • Soft palate cancer begins within the cells of the soft palate. Your soft palate is found on the higher portion of the rear of your mouth, behind your teeth.

  • Mouth cancer is a kind of throat cancer. Doctors treat soft palate cancer equally to the method they treat different styles of throat cancers — usually with a mixture of surgery, actinotherapy associated with degreed chemotherapy.

  • roof of the mouth cancer could be a cancer on the roof of the mouth. Most cancer of the palate is considered epithelial cell carcinomas. it always seems 1st as an ulcer, that then develops further.

  • consistent with the yank Cancer Society, ninety p.c of all oral and cavity ( the rear a part of the mouth) cancers are epithelial cell carcinomas. epithelial cell carcinomas are a kindred} of cancer that affects the skin and tissues' prime and mid-level layers. This suggests that palate-based cancer typically starts on the surface of the tissues.

epithelial cell carcinomas can grow quickly, so if you notice scaly bumps or tiny tumors on the roof of your mouth, it's essential to speak to your health care supplier immediately. lower than five percent of oral willcers are verrucous carcinomas, that grow slowly however can penetrate deeper layers of skin and unfold to different areas.

The voice box or larynx sits in the neck and contains the vocal cords Due to its location there is little chance that a malignant tumor will spread beyond this part of the body However it can cause problems by growing into nearby structures like the esophagus and spinal cord as well as surrounding nerves While it may be difficult to detect cancerous growths within the larynx there are ways to identify symptoms associated with them Signs you have throat cancer include.

A cancerous tumor on the soft part of a person's palate which is not part of the nasal cavity or sinuses This tumor develops when cells in the hollow space where food goes after being chewed start multiplying uncontrollably forming a growth that can be felt as a lump in the throat and is sometimes seen as white patches on an endoscopy.

Types of Palate Cancer

Palate cancer is of two types – hard palate cancer and soft palate cancer.

  • Hard Palate Cancer begins within the bony half on the roof of the mouth. though it' set in the front a part of the mouth, it' truly thought-about a cancer of the top and neck.

  • Soft Palate Cancer starts within the tongue cells that are on the higher portion of the rear of your mouth, right behind your teeth. Unlike surface cancer, soft palate cancer may be a sort of throat cancer.

Symptoms Soft palate cancer

Most cancer of the surface is squamous cell. Cancer of the palate sometimes is detected first as AN ulceration within the mouth. initially the ulcer is painless, however it later becomes painful. alternative symptoms:

  • Bleeding

  • Difficulty swallowing

  • Difficulty speaking

  • Bad breath

  • Mouth pain

  • Sores in your mouth that won't heal

  • Loose teeth

  • Pain when you swallow

  • Weight loss

  • Ear pain

  • Swelling in your neck that may hurt

  • White patches in your mouth that won't go away

symptoms of throat cancer

Cancer of the palate is most often caused by squamous cells. At first, an ulcer may develop in the mouth. The ulcer may become painful and other symptoms may include:

  • As the mass grows it can bleed.

  • A foul odor in the mouth.

  • Loose teeth or dentures no longer fit.

  • Changes in speech.

  • Difficulty swallowing.

  • Inability to open the jaw (trismus).

  • A lump in the neck.

When to see a doctor

Talk to your doctor or dental practitioner concerning any persistent signs and symptoms that worry you.

Causes Soft palate cancer

Soft palate cancer occurs once a chromosomal mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a collection rate, eventually dying at a set time. Abnormal cells grow and multiply out of control, and that they don't die. The accumulating abnormal cells form a mass (tumor). Cancer cells invade close tissues and may cut loose an initial tumor to unfold (metastasize) to different components of the body.

Tobacco and alcohol use increase the risk of cancer of the soft palate.

Smoking cigarettes the wrong way increases your risk of cancer of the hard palate. When you Smoke a cigarette this way, the lit end is placed in your mouth, which generates intense heat.

Risk factors Soft palate cancer

Things that may increase the risk of soft palate cancer.

Reverse smoking may be a risk factor for cancer of the onerous palate. In reverse smoking, the lit finish of the fag is placed within the mouth. Intense heat is generated throughout this type of smoking

Oral cancers are sometimes the results of life-style and habits, and palate cancer is not any different. the subsequent are a number of the chance factors that may cause palate cancer:


  • Using tobacco

  • Drinking alcohol

  • Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV)

  • Taking medications that suppress your immune system

If you use tobacco and drink alcohol, your risk is even higher.

What is cancer of the soft palate?

Cancer of the soft palate also known as oropharyngeal cancer is a rare form of head and neck cancer The primary cause of this condition is tobacco use Other risk factors include excessive alcohol consumption and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).

What is the last stage of mouth cancer?

Head and neck cancers are often grouped as a single cancer type They can affect any part of the head and neck including the nose sinuses throat (pharynx) larynx (voice box or voice box) or salivary glands The most common head and neck cancers include: Lung cancer Prostate cancer Breast cancer Cervical cancer in women Cervical cancer is rare compared with breast or lung cancers.

How do you know if you have cancer on the roof of your mouth?

Do you feel any lumps, sores or ulcers on your mouth? Do you have difficulty moving your jaw and pain when you chew? Are there changes to the tissue of your mouth roof that worry you? These are all warning signs of oral cancer If these symptoms persist for more than two weeks see a doctor without delay.

What problems can the soft palate cause?

The soft palate is located at the top of the back of your mouth where it joins your throat The upper portion of the soft palate contains taste buds and helps you inhale air through your nose when you swallow When this area does not close properly during swallowing food or liquids can be regurgitated into your nasal cavity This condition known as a nasal reflux disease causes chronic sinus infections and post-nasal drip that causes throat irritations and ear infections The constant irritation to your throat also increases risk for cancer in the nasum area A doctor can perform surgery to tighten the parts of the soft palate.

Where does mouth cancer usually start?

The most common site of origin for mouth cancer is on the tongue It can also start in soft tissues inside the cheek gums and lips or on structures at the back of your throat near your tonsils People with a history of tobacco use have a greater likelihood of developing mouth cancer than those who don't smoke Heavy drinking and radiation from marijuana and tobacco products are also risk factors for developing oral cavity cancers.

Is the first stage of mouth cancer curable?

Stage 1 mouth cancer is curable because it has not spread to the lymph nodes or beyond according to Cancer Research UK At this stage there may be only one small tumor in the mouth and it's contained within a single tissue layer The five-year survival rate for stage I oral cavity cancer is 86 percent.

Are mouth cancers painful?

Cancer of the mouth or oral cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the tissues of the mouth lips and throat As opposed to other cancers it is generally painless as it originates in an area where there are few pain receptors However if the tumor has spread and begun to grow into bones or nerves patients may experience toothache In more advanced stages of cancer when it begins to grow outwards into areas such as the nose or palate people tend to experience increased difficulty with swallowing and weight loss due to the inability to eat This indicates signs of extensive cancer growth Although many cases can.

Prevention Soft palate cancer

Ways to reduce your risk of soft palate cancer include:

  • Don't use tobacco. If you don't use tobacco, don't start. If you presently use tobacco of any kind, speak along with your doctor regarding ways to assist you quit.

  • Limit alcohol if you choose to drink. If you decide on drinking alcohol, do so in moderation. For healthy adults, meaning up to at least one drink each day for girls and up to 2 drinks a day for men.

  • Get regular dental care. During your appointment, your dentist will check your mouth for signs of cancer and precancerous changes.

  • Consider the HPV vaccine. Receiving a vaccination to stop HPV infection could cut back your risk of HPV-related cancers, love palate cancer. raise your doctor whether or not associate degree HPV vaccinum is acceptable for you.

Diagnosis Soft palate cancer

The surgeon will look in a mirror or with a small flexible scope to examine the palate. A tissue sample (biopsy) may be taken from any areas that seem abnormal. The pathologist will then examine the sample under a microscope.

If you are diagnosed with palate cancer, the treatment is very successful if it is detected early. The doctor may order tests to see if the cancer has spread beyond the palate (for example, an MRI or CT scan).

  • Blood tests

  • A x-ray or CT scan will be used to determine if the tumor has spread to the lung.

  • A thin needle is inserted into the mouth. Cells are collected using a syringe and then examined under a microscope to see if the lump is cancerous.

  • Doctors will perform imaging studies in order to determine if the tumor has spread beyond the original area.

    • Orthopantomography (Panorex) is an X-ray of the upper and lower jaw that shows a view from one ear to the other. This information can be used to determine if a tumor has grown into the jawbone.

    • A CT scan is a special type of X-ray that makes a series of detailed pictures inside the mouth and neck. A computer is linked to the X-ray machine, and a dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed in a pill to make the images more visible. CT scans are also called computerized tomography (CT), computerized axial tomography (CAT), and computed tomography (CT).

    • An MRI machine uses a magnet and a computer to make pictures of areas inside the mouth and neck. This is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging.

    • A PET scan is a test that uses radioactive sugar to see inside the body. Cancer cells absorb more of the radioactive sugar than normal cells, so the tumor will be clearly visible on the scan. Pictures.

Treatment Soft palate cancer

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy, including intensity-modulated radiation therapy, stops cancer cells from dividing and reduces the growth of the tumor. Radiation also damages and destroys cancer cells, which may result in the elimination or shrinking of the tumor. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy allows for more effective radiation doses. Radiotherapy techniques have fewer side effects than conventional methods.

Radiation therapy involves getting treatments every day for five to six weeks.


Chemotherapy is prescribed for different reasons, such as to treat cancer.

  • Radiation therapy and surgery are both options for treating cancer.

  • After surgery to decrease the risk of cancer returning, you may feel tired and have a headache.

  • When cancer cannot be cured, palliative treatment is used to slow the growth of the tumor and control symptoms.


This is a type of cancer treatment that combines radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Radiation therapy is the primary treatment for moderate or advanced cancers that involve the soft palate, in order to preserve its function.

Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used in combination.

Treatments for Cancer of the Soft Palate

Laser surgery is used to remove small and medium-sized tumors from the soft palate. The surgeon looks at the soft palate through the mouth and nose using a special instrument. After locating the tumor, a laser is used to cut it into sections. The sections are then removed and the tumor destroyed. A pathologist looks at the cells to see if they have cancer.

Laser microsurgery can preserve normal tissues and reduce pain. This procedure can also help maintain speech and swallowing.

Treatments for Cancer of the Hard Palate

Cancer of the hard palate is usually treated with surgery. The tumor's bone nearby may contain cancer cells, so part of it may need to be removed. If the tumor is small, the removed area can be closed after surgery.

If the tumor is large, the excised area cannot be closed with stitches and a prosthetic device must be used to cover the opening in the roof of the mouth. The prosthesis looks similar to a denture plate.

If the lymph nodes in the neck are swollen, they may need to be removed.

Key points

  • The front of the palate (the bony hard palate) and the back of the palate (the velum) are different parts of the mouth.

  • Cancer of the palate often first appears as an ulcer in the mouth. At first, the ulcer is painless but later becomes painful.

  • Smoking and drinking increase the risk of cancer of the soft palate.

  • Cancer of the palate can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Next steps

Here are some tips to help make your visit to the doctor as productive as possible:

  • Be prepared for your visit and what you want to happen.

  • Before your visit, write down some questions you would like answered.

  • Take someone with you when you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.

  • When you visit, make a list of the new diagnosis and any new treatments or tests your provider has given you. Also record any new instructions they give you.

  • Be aware of why a new medicine or treatment is being prescribed and what it will do for you. Also be aware of any potential side effects.

  • Talk to your doctor about other ways to treat your condition.

  • Be sure to understand why a test or procedure is recommended and what the potential results could be.

  • If you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure, there may be some side effects. Be prepared for what to expect.

  • If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose of that visit in advance.

  • If you have any questions about your care, be sure to contact your provider.

This information is not intended as a replacement for professional medical care.You should always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

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  1. Psychological rehabilitation for cancer

Preparing for your appointment

Make a briefing along with your doctor or medical practitioner if you have got any signs or symptoms that worry you.

If your doctor or dentist feels you will have palate cancer, you may be said a dentist who makes a speciality of diseases of the gums and connected tissue within the mouth (periodontist) or to a doctor who specializes in diseases that have an effect on the ears, nose and throat (ENT specialist or otorhinolaryngologist).

As a result, appointments will be brief, and since there's often plenty of ground to cover, it's a decent plan to be prepared. Here's some data to assist you get ready.

What you can do

  • Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. At the time you create the appointment, make certain to raise it if there's something you would like to try to do in advance, resembling limiting your diet.

  • Write down symptoms you're experiencing, including any that will appear unrelated to the explanation that you regular the appointment.

  • Write down key personal information, including major stresses or recent life changes.

  • Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements you're taking.

  • Take a family member or friend along. Sometimes it will be tough to recollect all the knowledge provided throughout an associate appointment. somebody who accompanies you'll remember one thing that you just incomprehensible or forgot.

  • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

Your time along with your doctor is limited, thus making a list of queries will assist you create the foremost of it slowly together. List your questions from most significant to least important just in case time runs out. For mouth cancer, some basic inquiries to raise your doctor include:

  • What is the stage of my cancer?

  • What other tests do I need?

  • What are my treatment options?

  • Is there one treatment that's best for my type and stage of cancer?

  • What are the potential side effects for each treatment?

  • Should I seek a second opinion? Can you give me names of specialists you recommend?

  • Am I eligible for clinical trials?

  • Are there brochures or other printed material that I can take with me? What websites do you recommend?

  • What will determine whether I should plan for a follow-up visit?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is probably going to raise you a variety of questions. Being able to answer them might permit time later to hide points you would like to address. Your doctor may ask:

  • When did you begin experiencing symptoms?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Cancer of the palate is a type of cancer that begins in the tissues lining the inside of the mouth It can occur on the hard palate which is located at the top and front part of your mouth between your teeth or it can affect your soft palates (velum) which are located just behind your hard palates The main types of treatment for cancer of the palate include surgery radiation therapy chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy Surgery may be used to remove any cancerous tissue and most often includes reconstruction of your jaw using bone from other areas of your body Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to destroy cancer.

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