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Stomach polyps : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

 What is a Stomach polyp?

A stomach polyp is an unusual growth of tissue within the inner lining of the stomach. Depending on its type, it may appear in bunches within specific areas of the stomach. The location of the polyp can help to identify its type.

Most stomach polyps are not cancerous, but some types are more likely to develop into cancer.

 

What is a Stomach polyp



Explanation of medical terms and concept Stomach polyps

Stomach polyps — conjointly known as viscus polyps — are lots of cells that type on the liner within your stomach. These polyps are rare and typically don't cause any signs or symptoms.

abdomen polyps are most frequently discovered once your doctor is examining you for a few alternative reasons.

Most stomach polyps don't become willcerous. However, certain varieties can increase your risk of stomach cancer. Looking at the kind of stomach polyp you have, treatment may involve removing the polyp or observing it for changes.

Polyps are small growths that commonly appear on the walls of your large intestines according to the National Institutes of Health They usually don't cause any symptoms and aren't dangerous by themselves However they can sometimes indicate a more serious problem such as an inflammation or cancerous tumor Therefore it is important to monitor polyps to see whether they change in size or appearance over time because these changes may be a sign of serious disease.

Types of stomach polyps

Most stomach polyps fall into two categories: non-cancerous and cancerous. Within those categories, gastric epithelial polyps are the most common polyps. Gastric epithelial polyps include fundic gland polyps hyperplastic polyps and adenomatous polyps.

  • Fundic gland polyps
    Polyps in the fundus (upper part) of the stomach are the most common type. They look like small, smooth bumps and occur during an endoscopy. Rarely, these polyps may turn into cancer. Proton pump inhibitors are often prescribed together with other medications. If you stop taking the proton pump inhibitor, your doctor may recommend that you stop taking the other medications too.

  • Hyperplastic polyps
    Hyperplastic polyps are found in bunches and are often located near a stomach ulcer. These polyps are also associated with disorders that cause stomach inflammation or irritation, such as chronic gastritis, H. pylori gastritis, and pernicious anemia. If you have anemia, your body does not absorb enough of the vitamin B-12. This can cause a decrease in the number of red blood cells. If the H. pylori bacteria is present and is successfully treated, most patients will heal from their hyperplastic polyps. However, the cancer risk associated with hyperplastic polyps is minor. There is a risk of developing cancer within the stomach lining if a person has chronic gastritis. The doctor may take multiple biopsies of the area surrounding the polyp in order to determine the cause of this increased risk.

  • Adenomatous polyps
    Polyps are a type of neoplastic polyp that is the most common in the stomach area. They are usually an early sign of stomach cancer. The doctor will also need to check for polyps elsewhere in the body, if they appear. After diagnosing and treating the condition, you should do additional tests to make sure the treatment was successful. Because of the increased risk of cancer, all adenomatous polyps (a type of tumor) must be removed. This can usually be done with an endoscope. If the cancer has spread, surgery may be recommended. Cover.

Who is affected by stomach polyps?

Stomach polyps occur in both adults and children of all ages. They are more common as the person gets older, and they especially affect those over the age of 65. Some types of polyps, such as fundic gland polyps, are commonly found in middle-aged women.

symptoms stomach polyps

Most stomach polyps do not cause symptoms. They are usually found when a person is examined for another issue with their stomach.

If polyps are larger, they may cause internal bleeding or abdominal pain. If the bleeding continues, the patient may become anemic (low iron levels). Occasionally, polyps can block the stomach and intestines.

But as a abdomen polyp enlarges, open sores (ulcers) will develop on its surface. Rarely, the polyp can block the gap between your stomach and your tiny intestine.

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain or tenderness when you press your stomach

  • Nausea

  • Blood in your stool

  • Anemia

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if you've got persistent blood in your stool or different signs or symptoms of abdomen polyps.

Causes Stomach polyps 

A link has been found between the Helicobacter pylori bacteria and stomach polyps. This bacteria can lead to an infection that may over time cause stomach ulcers.

People who use proton pump inhibitors to treat gastritis and acid reflux are at greater risk for developing stomach polyps.Stomach acid can be reduced by proton pump inhibitors.

Stomach polyps form in response to damage to your stomach lining. The most common causes of stomach polyps are:

  • Chronic stomach inflammation. Also referred to as gastritis, this condition will cause the formation of hyperplastic polyps and adenomas. Hyperplastic polyps are unlikely to become cancerous, though those larger than regarding 2/5 in. (1 centimeter) carries a bigger risk.
    Adenomas are the smallest common form of abdomen polyp however the sort presumably to become cancerous. For that reason, they're typically removed.

  • Familial adenomatous polyposis. This rare, transmitted syndrome causes bound cells on the stomach' inner lining to create a particular sort of polyp referred to as fundic secretor polyps. Once related to this syndrome, fundic gland polyps are removed as a result of them becoming cancerous. Familial adenomatous polyposis can even cause adenomas.

  • Regular use of certain stomach medications. Fundic gland polyps are common among people that often take nucleon pump inhibitors to cut back abdomen acid. These polyps are usually small and aren't a cause for concern.
    Fundic gland polyps with a diameter larger than regarding 2/5 in. (1 centimeter) carry atiny low risk of cancer, therefore your doctor may advocate discontinuing proton pump inhibitors or removing the polyp or both.

Risk factors Stomach polyps

Factors that increase your chances of developing stomach polyps include:

  • Age. Stomach polyps are additional common among individuals in mid adulthood to late adulthood.

  • Bacterial stomach infection. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacterium are a standard explanation for the rubor that contributes to hyperplastic polyps and adenomas.

  • Familial adenomatous polyposis. This rare, heritable syndrome will increase the chance of carcinoma and different conditions, as well as abdomen polyps.

  • Certain medications. Long-term use of nucleon pump inhibitors, that are medications accustomed to treat reflux disease, has been joined to fundic secreter polyps.

Diagnosis Stomach polyps 

Stomach polyps are usually found during an endoscopy for another reason. An endoscopy is a procedure in which a flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the mouth and down into the stomach to examine it.

Most stomach polyps (more than 90%) do not lead to cancer, but if an abnormal area is found during a regular exam, tissue samples may be taken while the endoscope is still in the stomach. If cancer cells are found, further examination is needed to make sure they are not present. Tissue samples are examined in the laboratory to look for cancer cells.

Tests and procedures used to diagnose stomach polyps include:

  • Endoscopy, to view the inside of your stomach with a scope

  • Tissue sample (biopsy), which can be removed during endoscopy and analyzed in the laboratory

Treatment Stomach polyps 

If necessary, polyps in the stomach can be removed with an endoscope. During an endoscopy a biopsy of one or more of the polyps will be taken to make sure that the tissue is not cancerous. If the polyps are large or look different from the other polyps, they may be removed entirely. A doctor might use an endoscope to look for polyps in the stomach if several are found. If surgery is recommended, it will be because of this.

Gastritis may be accompanied by polyps, and additional diagnosis and treatment may be necessary.

Treatment depends on the type of stomach polyps you have:

  • Small polyps that aren't adenomas. These polyps won't need treatment. They generally don't cause signs and symptoms and solely seldom become cancerous. Your doctor would possibly advocate periodic observance in order that growing polyps or ones that cause signs and symptoms may be removed.

  • Large stomach polyps. These may ought to be removed. Most abdomen polyps are removed through endoscopy.

  • Adenomas. These polyps will become cancerous and are sometimes removed throughout endoscopy.

  • Polyps associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. These are removed because they can become cancerous.

Your doctor will likely recommend follow-up endoscopy to check for recurring polyps.

Treating H. pylori infection

If you have got redness caused by bacteria in your stomach, your doctor can doubtless suggest treatment with a mixture of medications, together with associated antibiotics. Treating an H. pylori infection will create hyperplastic polyps and may also stop polyps from recurring.

Prevention

Patients who take proton pump inhibitors for gastritis or other stomach problems may be at greater risk for developing stomach polyps.

The presence of the H. pylori bacteria within the patient’s stomach may also increase the risk of developing stomach polyps. All patients should be tested for active H. pylori infection; if present, the infection should be treated.

Living With

How do I follow up with stomach polyps?

If a doctor detects a polyp on the stomach, they may recommend an endoscopy within one year to look for any new polyps. For patients who have had cancerous polyps, the follow-up endoscopy should take place every six months for the first three years.

If the doctor suspects that the patient has stomach cancer, he or she may recommend regular endoscopies.

If you are under 40 and have several polyps, your doctor may also recommend additional tests in the intestine (large intestine) besides the stomach.

If the proton pump inhibitors seem to be causing the polyps, the doctor may recommend stopping using this medication.

Preparing for your appointment

You might begin by seeing your medical aid doctor, otherwise you can be noticed by a doctor who specializes in the systema digestorium (gastroenterologist).

Here's some data to assist you make preparations for your appointment.

What you can do

When you build the appointment, raise if there's something you wish to try to do in advance, corresponding to abstinence before having a selected test. build an inventory of:

  • Your symptoms, including any that appear unrelated to the explanation for your appointment, and after they began

  • Key personal information, including major stresses, recent life changes and family medical history

  • All medications, vitamins or other supplements you take, including the doses

  • Questions to ask your doctor

Take a friend or friend along, if possible, to assist you keep in mind the knowledge you're given.

For stomach polyps, some questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What's likely causing my symptoms?

  • What tests do I need?

  • What's the best course of action?

  • I have these other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?

  • Are there restrictions I need to follow?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • Are there brochures or other printed material I can have? What websites do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you questions about your symptoms, such as:

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, seems to worsen your symptoms?

  • Do you have a personal or family history of colon cancer, polyps or familial adenomatous polyposis?

  • Do you take medications to reduce stomach acid?

General summary

These growths usually do not cause problems and they don't always require treatment If the polyps are small and pose no symptoms your doctor may suggest keeping a close watch on them with regular checkups to make sure they are not growing over time or causing any significant discomfort Although most polyps appear benign (not cancerous) specialists may recommend surgery if you have large amounts of bleeding that lead to anemia or if you develop severe ulceration at the site of one of the polyps Rarely stomach polyps can become malignant (cancerous) For this reason monitoring is important even though malignancy is.

Can stomach polyps cause problems?

Stomach polyps are fleshy growths that grow in the stomach They occur due to a malfunction of the body's immune system and they are benign This means that they don't spread or invade surrounding tissues but instead remain contained in the stomach Stomach polyps might cause problems when they become irritated or infected especially if food remains trapped within their cavity Eating less spicy foods eating smaller meals and avoiding wearing tight-fitting clothes will help you avoid irritation and infection of stomach polyps.

Can polyps cause gas and bloating?

Yes Polyps as well as cancers of the colon or rectum and inflammatory bowel diseases can cause gas and bloating in their early stages As they grow larger they can push on the intestines causing them to protrude into the abdominal cavity The result is that food moves more slowly through your digestive tract resulting in flatulence.

Is Turmeric Good for polyps?

Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use; the spice is used to treat everything from diarrhea and cancer to muscle pain and heart disease Turmeric contains powerful antioxidants called curcuminoids particularly curcumin which may have anti-inflammatory effects in the body Many people with polyps take turmeric supplements or drink turmeric tea to see if it can help manage their condition While there haven't been any large studies conducted on turmeric for polyps specifically smaller studies suggest that it may be somewhat effective at reducing colon polyp symptoms—but more research is needed to confirm these results Talk with your healthcare.

Can polyps affect bowel movements?

Polyps are small growths that develop in the large intestine According to Dr Michael Rodriguez a primary care physician at Banner Boswell Medical Center in Sun City Ariz. polyps can block the rectum and change the frequency and consistency of bowel movements Noncancerous polyps generally do not cause serious health problems however they affect digestive function if they press against nearby nerves or organs.

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Stomach polyps : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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