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Uterine polyps : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What are uterine polyps?

Uterine polyps are growths that occur in the inner lining of the uterus (the organ in which a fetus grows). They are attached to the endometrium by a thin stalk or a broad base and extend into the uterus. Uterine polyps can sometimes cause problems with fertility or childbirth. Menstruation or fertility is a natural process.

Uterine polyps are growths that occur in the uterus' inner lining. They are sometimes called endometrial polyps because they can resemble endometrial tumors.

Uterine polyps are growths on the endometrium. They are attached to the endometrium by a thin stalk or a broad base, and they extend inward into the uterus. Polyps can be round or oval, and they range in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters. A pap smear should be taken from the inside of your lower vagina (the size of a (golf ball) or larger. There may be one or several polyps present. Uterine polyps are usually benign (noncancerous), but they can cause problems with periods (menstruation) or the ability to have children (fertility).

Who is affected by uterine polyps?

Women between 40 and 50 years old are more likely to develop uterine polyps than younger women. Uterine polyps may occur after menopause, but they are more rare in women under 20 years old.

If you are overweight or obese, your chances of developing uterine polyps may increase. This is because having high blood pressure or taking tamoxifen (a drug used to treat breast cancer) can increase your risk.


What are uterine polyps

Explanation of medical terms and concept Uterine polyps

Uterine polyps are growths hooked up to the inner wall of the womb that reach into the uterine cavity. Overgrowth of cells within the lining of the uterus (endometrium) results in the formation of uterine polyps, conjointly referred to as mucous membrane polyps. These polyps are typically noncancerous (benign), though some are willcerous or can eventually transform to cancer (precancerous polyps).

female internal reproductive organ polyps direct size from many millimeters — no larger than a flavoring — to many centimeters — golf-ball-size or larger. They attach to the uterine wall by an outsized base or a skinny stalk.

you'll have one or several female internal reproductive organ polyps. they sometimes remain contained in your womb, however occasionally, they slip down through the gap of the uterus (cervix) into your vagina. female internal reproductive organ polyps most typically occur in women who are surfing or have completed menopause, though young women can get them, too.

and fibroids A uterine polyp is an outgrowth of the endometrium that protrudes into or through the uterine cavity and most of them are benign (noncancerous) They can be as small as a pinhead or grow to nearly three inches in diameter Uterine fibroids are typically noncancerous growths made up primarily of muscle cells smooth muscle and connective tissue that arise from the uterus lining (endometrial layer of myometrium) in women who have started their menstrual cycle by puberty Small fibroids typically cause little change in size or shape of the uterus when.

Most uterine polyps are fairly small ranging from less than a centimeter (0.4 inches) to 1 or 2 centimeters (0.4-0.8 inches) Most of these growths are benign and can be removed by a procedure called hysteroscopy during which the doctor inserts a small telescope into the patient's vagina and then guides it through the opening at the bottom of the cervix using narrow tubes that allow for lighting and instrument access in order to view his or her internal pelvic organs If cancer is suspected in any part of the uterus more testing may need to be done to further investigate this possibility.

symptoms Uterine polyps 

The symptoms of uterine polyps include the following: 1) Having a change in menstrual bleeding, either more or less than usual; 2) Pain during sexual intercourse; 3) A feeling that the uterus is too big or too small; 4) Difficulty having a baby.

  • Irregular menstrual periods

  • If you have an unusually heavy flow during your menstrual periods, it might be because there is something wrong with your uterus.

  • Bleeding or spotting between periods

  • After menopause, women may experience vaginal spotting or bleeding.

  • Infertility

The most common symptom of uterine polyps is having irregular or unpredictable menstrual periods. A woman's period usually lasts four to seven days. A woman's cycle may range from 21 days to 35 days. Approximately half of women with uterine polyps have periods that last this long. Polyps have irregular periods.

Some symptoms of this condition include prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding, bleeding between periods, and abnormal bleeding after the end of menstruation or sex. In about 25 percent of cases, uterine polyps are the cause.

If you are unable to become pregnant or carry a pregnancy to term, it may be because you have uterine polyps.

Signs and symptoms of uterine polyps include:

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding — for example, having frequent, unpredictable periods of variable length and heaviness

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods

  • Excessively heavy menstrual periods

  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause

  • Infertility

When to see a doctor

Seek medical care if you have:

  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause

  • Bleeding between menstrual periods

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding

Causes Uterine polyps

Hormonal factors seem to play a role. Female internal reproductive organ polyps are estrogen-sensitive, that means they grow in response to current estrogen.

We don't know exactly why polyps form, but it may be related to swings in hormone levels. Estrogen, which plays a role in causing the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) to thicken each month, may also contribute to the growth of uterine polyps.

Risk factors Uterine polyps

Risk factors for developing uterine polyps include:

  • Being perimenopausal or postmenopausal

  • Having high blood pressure (hypertension)

  • Being obese

  • Taking tamoxifen, a drug therapy for breast cancer


Uterine polyps could be related to infertility. If you have got female internal reproductive organ polyps and you're unable to possess children, removal of the polyps may permit you to become pregnant, however the information is inconclusive.

Diagnosis Uterine polyps

Your doctor will want to know about your menstrual history, including how long your periods last and how often they occur. They will also inquire about any symptoms that are stressing you out such as excessive bleeding or spotting between periods. The doctor will want to know if you have had any unusual experiences in the past, such as severe bleeding or irregular periods. It is difficult to get pregnant.

The doctor will perform a gynecological exam and may also order additional tests or procedures. You should ask your doctor if any treatments such as antibiotics, pain medications, or medication to ease dilation of the cervix are recommended before the procedure.

These tests may include the following:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound:Ultrasound is a procedure that uses a handheld device to produce images of the inside of the uterus. Any abnormalities can be seen this way.

  • Sonohysterography: After the transvaginal ultrasound, a sterile fluid may be introduced into the uterus to provide a clearer image of any growths within the uterine cavity. The process of decoupage is described here.

  • Hysteroscopy: This procedure is used to either diagnose or treat uterine polyps. A doctor will insert a long, thin tube through your vagina and cervix into your uterus. This tube has a lighted telescope (hysteroscope) on the end, which allows the doctor to look inside your uterus. Hysteroscopy is a very important procedure because it can help diagnose uterine polyps. Polyps can be removed using surgery in combination with olive oil. See the image below for an example.

  • Endometrial biopsy:The doctor uses a soft, plastic instrument to collect tissue from the inside of the uterus. The sample is sent to the laboratory for testing in order to determine if there are any abnormalities.

  • Curettage: This procedure is used in an operating room to both diagnose and treat polyps. The doctor uses a long metal instrument called a curette to collect tissue from the inside walls of the uterus.The curette has a small loop on the end that helps the doctor scrape tissue or polyps. If cancer cells are found on the leaves that have been removed, they may be sent to the laboratory for testing.

Treatment Uterine polyps

If the polyps do not cause any symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. However, if polyps are causing heavy bleeding during periods or if they are suspected to be precancerous or cancerous, they should be removed. If polyps are causing problems during pregnancy, such as giving birth prematurely, treatment may be necessary. If a polyp is discovered after the menopause, it should be removed. Miscarriage or infertility may occur in women who are trying to conceive. If a polyp is found after this time, it should be removed.

There are various methods of treatment for the flu. These include taking medication, resting, drinking fluids, and avoiding sick people.

  • Medications:Some medications that help regulate the hormonal balance may be used to relieve symptoms temporarily. However, the symptoms usually return after the medication is stopped.

  • Hysteroscopy:This tool can be used to remove polyps from the uterus. If polyps are found, surgery may be performed using the hysteroscope.

  • Curettage: After using the hysteroscope to look inside the uterus, the doctor may remove polyps with a curette. If the polyps are found to be benign, they will not be harmful, but if they are found to be cancerous, they will be sent to a laboratory for evaluation. Polyps are smaller when treated with this medication.

  • If a polyp cannot be removed using other methods, additional surgery may be necessary. A hysterectomy, which is a surgical procedure that removes the entire uterus, may be necessary in cases where cancer cells are found in the polyps.


There is no way to prevent uterine polyps. Checkups are important to keep track of your health. Risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, or taking tamoxifen (a medication used to treat breast cancer) may increase the chance of developing polyps. Polyps can sometimes return after treatment is complete. Additional treatment may be necessary in order to get the best results.

I can get helpful health and wellness information that is relevant to me.

Preparing for your appointment

Your 1st appointment can doubtless be with either your medical aid supplier or a gynecologist.

What you can do

  • Write down your symptoms and when they began. Include all of your symptoms, although you don't suppose they're related.

  • Make a list of medications, vitamins and supplements you take. Write down doses and how often you take them.

  • Have a family member or friend accompany you, if possible. He or she can help you remember the information you receive.

  • Take a notebook or notepad with you. Use it to jot down important information during your visit.

  • List questions to ask your doctor. This will help you remember what you want to know.

For uterine polyps, some basic questions to ask include:

  • What could be causing my symptoms?

  • What tests might I need?

  • Are medications available to treat my condition?

  • What side effects can I expect from medication use?

  • Under what circumstances do you recommend surgery?

  • Could uterine polyps affect my ability to become pregnant?

  • Will treatment of uterine polyps improve my fertility?

  • Can uterine polyps be cancerous?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Some questions your doctor might ask include:

  • When did your symptoms start?

  • How often do you have these symptoms?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?

  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms worse?

  • Have you been treated for uterine polyps or cervical polyps before?

  • Have you had fertility problems? Do you want to become pregnant?

  • Does your family have a history of breast, colon or endometrial cancer?

General summary

Yes polyps in the uterus need to be removed because they can grow and lead to more serious problems According  uterine polyps can be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) Benign growths typically do not require treatment because they are easily taken care of with a hysterectomy — the surgical removal of the uterus where such growths tend to occur Malignant growths however need to be completely removed as soon as possible due to their invasive nature and ability to spread quickly throughout the body Uterine polyp symptoms include heavy bleeding between.

Should I be worried about a uterine polyp?

Uterine polyps are growths that form in or on the wall of the uterus They are often small and asymptomatic but they can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and pain during intercourse if they grow large enough to press against the cervix or womb The majority of uterine polyps contain muscle tissue but some consist only of blood vessels and a fibrous connective tissue membrane A uterine polyp is different from a fibroid tumor in that it continues to form throughout life while a fibroid tumor grows quickly then remains static when it reaches maturity.

Can uterine polyps be cured naturally?

Uterine polyps are non-cancerous growths or bumps that appear on the surface of your uterus Uterine polyps generally occur in older women and can result in symptoms such as bleeding and a change in your menstrual cycle In most cases uterine polyps do not require treatment and will go away on their own; however if they cause you discomfort you may want to consider surgery There's also an option for treating uterine polyps naturally with herbs Some herbs doctors recommend include black cohosh and red clover You can read more about these herbs and other treatments for uterine polyp here.

Are uterine polyps painful?

According to the “Mayo Clinic Health Letter,” non cancerous uterine polyps are painless The most common symptom of a fibroid is abnormal vaginal bleeding but those having them usually don't experience any pain Pain occurs when the fibroids grow so big that they press against nearby organs or cause internal pressure as they expand under the bladder and rectum.

How do you feel after uterine polyp removal?

The type of anesthesia used during the procedure depends on the size and location of the polyp You may have general anesthesia if the polyp is large or you might be given local anesthesia with sedation if it is small and located in a less sensitive area of your uterus After you wake up from surgery you will be taken to a recovery room where vital signs are monitored until you are awake enough to go home The doctor will let you know when it's safe for you to return to normal activity Often this can be as soon as 1-2 days after a non-surgical treatment or about 3 weeks.

What is worse, fibroids or polyps?

Fibroids and polyps are two common female problems Both of these growths can occur in the womb or in the reproductive tract but they present different symptoms Fibroids usually cause heavy menstrual bleeding pelvic pain and bladder pressure while polyps create a constant urge to urinate and a frequent need to go as well as blood in your urine The symptoms worsen during pregnancy because of increased hormone levels which can result in fibroids growing.

What are the first signs of polyps?

Polyps are growths that develop from the lining of the colon or rectum These tiny growths do not have blood vessels so they cannot bleed However if the lining of a polyp becomes damaged it can bleed and produce mucus If you notice bright red blood in your stool or mucus in your stool it may be an indication of a developing polyp or other cause of bleeding such as hemorrhoids Painful bowel movements may also indicate bleeding in the colon Contact your doctor right away if you begin to experience any new symptoms.

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Uterine polyps : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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