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Binge-eating disorder : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What is Binge-eating disorder ?

Binge-eating disorder is a serious upset within which you often consume outstandingly massive amounts of food and feel unable to prevent eating.

Nearly everybody overeats on occasion, reminiscent of having seconds or thirds of a vacation meal. except for some people, excessive gula that feels out of control and becomes an everyday occurrence crosses the road to binge-eating disorder.

After you have binge-eating disorder, you will be embarrassed about overeating and vow to stop. however you're feeling such a compulsion that you just can't resist the urges and continue binge eating. If you have got binge-eating disorder, treatment can help.

What is Binge-eating disorder ?


Medical terms

Binge upset (BED) may be a sort of feeding and feeding disorder that’s currently recognized as a politician diagnosis. It affects nearly 2% of individuals worldwide and may cause further health problems connected to diet, similar to high sterol levels and diabetes.

Feeding and eating disorders aren't concerning food alone, that is why they’re recognized as medical specialty disorders. individuals usually develop them as some way of addressing a deeper issue or another psychological condition, such as anxiety or depression.

This text appears at the symptoms, causes, and health risks of BED, as well as how to get facilitated and supported to beat it.

Binge upset (BED) may be a severe, life-threatening, and treatable feeding disorder characterized by perennial episodes of eating giant quantities of food (often terribly quickly and to the purpose of discomfort); a sense of a loss of management throughout the binge; experiencing shame, distress or guilt afterwards; and not often victimization unhealthy countervailing measures (e.g., purging) to counter the binge eating. It's the foremost common eating disorder within the United States.

  • BED is one amongst the latest eating disorders formally recognized in the DSM-5. Before the most recent revision in 2013, BED was listed as a subtype of EDNOS (now cited as OSFED). The change is vital as a result of some insurance corporations won't cowl upset treatment while not a DSM diagnosis.

  • Binge-eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder associated with recurrent episodes of uncontrolled eating and feelings of guilt and shame afterwards. BED is characterized by eating large amounts of food in a short period of time – typically less than two hours – and feeling an inability to stop or control the eating. BED is the most common eating disorder in adults, with an estimated prevalence of 2.8% in the population. It typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood, and can have serious physical and mental health consequences if left untreated.

  • Binge-eating disorder is an increasingly common mental illness characterized by frequent, recurrent episodes of uncontrollably consuming large amounts of food in a short amount of time. The binge-eating episodes are usually associated with a feeling of loss of control and distress afterwards. Unlike bulimia, which also involves binging, individuals diagnosed with binge-eating disorder do not attempt to offset the binging with purging through vomiting or laxative use. It is estimated that up to 3.5% of adults in the United States suffer from binge-eating disorder, making it one of the more common eating disorders.

  1. Digestive system

The digstive system is responsible for breaking down food into nutrients that the body can use. This system is made up of several organs, including the stomach, small and large intestines, and rectum. The liver and pancreas help to produce enzymes that help with the digestion process.

Symptoms Binge-eating disorder

Most people with binge-eating disorder are overweight or obese, however you'll be at a traditional weight. behavioral and emotional signs and symptoms of binge-eating disorder include:

 

  • Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten

  • Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after overeating

  • Fluctuations in weight

  • Feelings of low self-esteem

  • Noticeable fluctuations in weight, both up and down 

  • Stomach cramps, other non-specific gastrointestinal complaints (constipation, acid reflux, etc.) 

  • Difficulties concentrating

  • Fear of eating in public or with others

  • Steals or hoards food in strange places  

  • Creates lifestyle schedules or rituals to make time for binge sessions  

  • Withdraws from usual friends and activities 

  • Physical

  • Frequently diets  

  • Shows extreme concern with body weight and shape  

  • Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws in appearance

  • Has secret recurring episodes of binge eating (eating in a discrete period of time an amount of food that is much larger than most individuals would eat under similar circumstances); feels lack of control over ability to stop eating  

  • Disruption in normal eating behaviors, including eating throughout the day with no planned mealtimes; skipping meals or taking small portions of food at regular meals; engaging in sporadic fasting or repetitive dieting

  • Developing food rituals (e.g., eating only a particular food or food group [e.g., condiments], excessive chewing, and not allowing foods to touch).

  • Evidence of binge eating, including disappearance of large amounts of food in short periods of time or lots of empty wrappers and containers indicating consumption of large amounts of food.

  • Appears uncomfortable eating around others 

  • Any new practice with food or fad diets, including cutting out entire food groups (no sugar, no carbs, no dairy, vegetarianism/veganism)

Unlike a person with bulimia, once a binge, you don't frequently complete additional calories eaten up by vomiting, mistreatment of laxatives or excessively. you will try to diet or eat traditional meals. However, limiting your diet may merely cause additional binge eating.

The severity of binge-eating disorder is set by however often episodes of binging occur throughout a week.

HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF BINGE EATING DISORDER

The health risks of BED are most commonly those related to clinical obesity, weight stigma, and weight sport (aka, toy dieting). Most of the people who are tagged clinically corpulent don't have binge disorder. However, of people with BED, up to simple fraction are labelled clinically obese; people that struggle with binge consumption disorder tend to be of traditional or higher-than-average weight, tho' BED are often diagnosed at any weight.

When to see a doctor

If you have any symptoms of binge-eating disorder, seek medical help as shortly as possible. Binge-eating issues will vary in their course from impermanent to repeated or they will persist for years if left untreated.

ask your medical aid supplier or a psychological state skilled concerning your binge-eating symptoms and feelings. If you're reluctant to hunt treatment, talk to somebody you trust about what you're going through. A friend, favored one, teacher or religion leader can assist you take the primary steps to prospering treatment of binge-eating disorder.

Causes Binge-eating disorder

The causes of binge-eating disorder are unknown. But genetics, biological factors, long-term dieting and psychological issues increase your risk

It’s not known for positively what causes binge ingestion disorder, however many things are thought to play a part. Researchers are finding out how the abnormal functioning of brain areas that regulate hunger and fullness, or impulse management will contribute to binge eating disorder.

If you have a binge eating disorder, you will have trouble handling your emotions or query of control in different ways. you will use food as the simplest way to comfort or reward yourself. Skipping meals and other severe fasts may trigger a backlash of binge eating.

The disorder typically goes hand-in-hand with depression. Researchers are studying whether or not brain chemicals or metabolism (the way your body uses food) play roles.

The disorder additionally runs in some families. Also, folks with binge disorder typically return from families that pig out or place associate unnatural stress on food; for example, victimizing it as a present or as the simplest way to appease or comfort.

corpulent people with binge ingestion disorder often became overweight at a younger age than those without the disorder. They also may lose and regain weight several times.

Some people with binge eating disorder have gone through emotional or physical abuse, or had addictions, resembling alcoholism. If that appears like you, obtaining help with those problems is going to be a part of getting better.

Risk factors Binge-eating disorder

Binge-eating disorder is more common in ladies than in men. Although individuals of any age will have binge-eating disorder, it usually begins in the late teens or early 20s.

Factors that can increase your risk of developing binge-eating disorder include:

  • Family history. You're much additional probably to possess associate degree disorder if your elders or siblings have (or had) an uptake disorder. This could indicate that hereditary genes increase the chance of developing an eating disorder.

  • Dieting. Many folks with binge-eating disorder have a history of dieting. Fast or limiting calories throughout the day could trigger AN urge to binge eat, particularly if you have got symptoms of depression.

  • Psychological issues. Many individuals who have binge-eating disorder feel negatively regarding themselves and also their skills and accomplishments. Triggers for binging will embody stress, poor body self-image and the handiness of most popular binge foods.

Complications Binge-eating disorder

A large range of men have binge uptake disorder, however it’s still a lot more common in girls than in men. regarding 3% of all adults within the U.S. (as several as four million people) have binge eating disorder.

folks that are corpulent are at a better risk of obtaining binge eating disorder, though people of traditional weight may also get it. regarding 2 of each 3 people in the U.S. who have the condition are obese. And 10% to 15% of individuals who are gently obese and who attempt to turn on their own or through business weight loss programs have this condition.

You may develop psychological and physical issues regarding binge eating.

Complications that may be caused by binge-eating disorder include:

  • Poor quality of life

  • Problems functioning at work, with your personal life or in social situations

  • Social isolation

  • Obesity

  • Medical conditions related to obesity, such as joint problems, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and some sleep-related breathing disorders

Psychiatric disorders that are often linked with binge-eating disorder include:

  • Depression

  • Bipolar disorder

  • Anxiety

  • Substance use disorders

Although there's no positive approach to stop binge-eating disorder, if you have symptoms of binge eating, look for skilled help. Your medical aid supplier will advise you on wherever to urge help.

If you think that an admirer or honey contains a binge-eating problem, steer her or him toward healthier behavior and professional treatment before it truly worsens. If you have a child:

  • Foster and reinforce a healthy body image, regardless of body shape or size

  • Discuss any concerns with your child's primary care provider, who may be in a good position to identify early indicators of an eating disorder and help prevent its development

binge-eating disorder is characterized by

recurrent episodes of Binge eating disorder or BED is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating This means that individuals with BED eat large amounts of food in a short period of time and feel out of control while doing so To qualify for an official diagnosis individuals must experience at least 3 days per week over a period of 3 months where they cannot control their urge to overeat.

binge-eating disorder quizlet

Binge eating disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by repeated episodes of binge eating People with BED will typically consume an abnormally large amount of food within a short period of time and feel out of control while doing so In order to be diagnosed these binge-eating episodes must occur at least once a week for three months or longer In addition the individual experiences either.

binge-eating disorder health consequences

Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating that are associated with at least three of the following : Eating much more rapidly than normal Eating until feeling uncomfortably full Eating large amounts of food when not feeling physically hungry (this is often in private) Feeling disgusted depressed or humiliated after overeating Feeling very guilty or embarrassed about overeating Marked distress regarding binge eating behavior Binge eating occurs on average at least once a week for three months The binge-eating episodes are not associated with the recurrent use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight gain.

How do you fix binge eating?

When you binge on food it doesn't make your stomach feel any fuller or less empty but it can lead to other serious health issues Binge eating is a form of disordered eating that may be difficult to overcome without help from a therapist But there are certain things you can do to manage binging and prevent future binges in the first place.

How do I stop emotionally binge eating?

You may be struggling with how to stop emotional binge eating and you're not alone In fact around a third of all Americans will struggle with emotional eating at some point in their lives The good news is that there are things you can do to get better about it - especially if you're near your goal weight or have already achieved it Binging on food is more than just being tired and hungry so learning how to stop emotional binge eating can help overcome unhealthy habits while improving your life Read on for steps to take care of yourself and address the root cause of your cravings.

What is it called when you starve yourself then binge eat?

Call it what you like but if you starve yourself (fasting) then binge eat and purge your eating disorder is called Binge Eating Disorder.

Diagnosis Binge-eating disorder

To diagnose binge-eating disorder your doctor may recommend a psychological evaluation that includes questions about your eating habits

In addition to blood tests your healthcare provider may also want you to have other tests that check for health consequences of binge-eating disorder such as high cholesterol high blood pressure heart problems diabetes and GERD These additional tests may include:

  • A physical exam

  • Blood and urine tests

  • A sleep disorder center consultation

Your doctor may ask you questions such as:

  • Once you start eating, can you stop?

  • How do you feel about how much you eat?

  • Do you eat really fast?

  • Do you keep eating even after you're uncomfortably full?

  • Have you ever lied to someone about how much you eat?

  • Do you want to eat alone? Why?

Treatment Binge-eating disorder

The goals for treating binge-eating disorder are to reduce uptake binges and to realize healthy eating habits Binge-eating is so entwined with shame poor self-image and other negative emotions that treatment can also address these and the other psychological state problems love depression typically medications such as lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse) will be prescribed to suppress would like} to binge eat. It's the primary FDA-approved drug to treat moderate to severe binge eating by curbing the binge eating episodes. you furthermore might need the assistance of a specialist, such as a specialist or psychologist. 

 they'll use an approach known as psychological feature behavior therapy, that focuses on what you do and the way you feel. It will assist you amendment your thoughts about uptake and perceive what triggers your binges. Your healer might recommend that you simply embrace your family in message in order that they can find out about the disorder, spot sources of stress at home, and savvy to support you. Family support is incredibly necessary to treatment success. it's important that they understand the upset and acknowledge its signs and symptoms. raise your doctor or therapist about finding a support group in your area. It will help to speak to others who grasp what you're going through. you furthermore might may have help with alternative conditions, love depression or anxiety. A doctor may dictate an antidepressant, a drug to assist manage the urge to binge (such because the anti-seizure drug topiramate), or other medications. a replacement medication, narcotic antagonist hcl/bupropion hcl (Contrave), helps with weight loss.

Psychotherapy

Therapy can help you exchange unhealthy habits for healthy ones and reduce the frequency of binging episodes These include:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).It is important to label your cards If you're going to move things around it's best if you know where each card is going Label every card with a number and letter combination that corresponds to the order in which the cards are being arranged in for example 1a 2c 3b

  • Interpersonal psychotherapy. This type of therapy focuses on improving your interpersonal skills This may help reduce binge eating that is triggered by problematic relationships and unhealthy eating habits

  • Dialectical behavior therapy.This type of therapy can help you learn behavioral skills to help you tolerate stress regulate your emotions and improve your relationships with others All of these things can reduce the desire to binge eat

Medications

Lisdexamfetamine dimesylate a stimulant medication for ADHD is the first FDA-approved drug for moderate to severe binge eating disorder in adults Wet a dry mouth and insomnia are common side effects of Vyvanse It can be habit-forming and abused Some serious side effects can occur

Several other types of medication may help reduce symptoms Examples include:

  • Topiramate (Topamax), an anticonvulsant.A drug normally used to control seizures topiramate has also been found to reduce binge-eating episodes However there are side effects such as dizziness nervousness sleepiness and trouble concentrating Therefore it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your medical care provider

  • Antidepressants.It is not clear how these antidepressants reduce binge eating but it may be linked to how they affect certain brain chemicals that are associated with mood

These medications can help control binge eating episodes but they do not necessarily lead to weight loss

Behavioral weight-loss programs

Many people with binge-eating disorder have tried weight loss programs but failed because the program may exacerbate the symptoms of binge-eating disorder Weight-loss programs are not usually recommended until the binge eating has been treated since dieting may trigger more episodes and make weight loss less successful

Weight loss programs should be done under medical supervision to ensure that your nutritional requirements are met Weight-loss programs that address binge triggers can be especially helpful when you are also getting cognitive behavioral therapy

Lifestyle and home remedies

It is typically difficult to treat binge-eating disorder (BED) without professional help but you can reinforce your treatment plan by taking these self-care steps:

  • Stick to your treatment.If you have a meal plan do your best to stay on it and don't let setbacks throw off your overall efforts

  • Avoid dieting unless it is supervised When you try to diet it can trigger more binge episodes and lead to a vicious cycle that's hard to break Talk with your medical care provider about appropriate weight management strategies for you and don't diet unless it is recommended for your eating disorder treatment and supervised by your health care provider medical care provider

  • Eat breakfast.People with binge-eating disorder may skip breakfast However if you eat breakfast you may be prone to eating higher calorie meals later in the day

  • Arrange your environment.Certain foods may trigger binges for some people Keep tempting binge foods out of your home or limit your exposure to those foods as best you can

  • Get the right nutrients.Even if you eat a lot during binges eating the wrong kinds of food will not supply all the essential nutrients Ask your medical care provider if you need to adjust your diet to provide essential vitamins and minerals

  • Stay connected.If you want to get healthy don't isolate yourself from caring family members and friends Understand that they want your best interests at heart

  • Get active.Discuss with your health care provider what is appropriate physical activity for you especially if you have health problems related to being overweight

Alternative medicine

Most dietary supplements and herbal products designed to suppress appetite or aid in weight loss are ineffective and may be misused by people with eating disorders Natural does not always mean safe Weight loss supplements or herbs can have serious side effects and they can interact dangerously with other medications For example one employee might assume that management is perfect and should never be questioned while another employee believes that management is not perfect and should be challenged When both employees assume they are right it can lead to a stalemate in which the conflict never gets resolved

If you are using dietary supplements or herbs discuss the potential risks with your medical care provider

Coping and support

Having an eating disorder is especially difficult because you have to deal with food on a daily basis Here are some tips that can help:

  • Ease up on yourself.Don't buy into your own self-criticism

  • Consider situations that may trigger destructive eating behaviors you can develop a plan of action to deal with them

  • Look for positive role modelsThe ultrathin models or actresses showcased in women's magazines often don't represent healthy realistic bodies

  • Try to find a trusted relative or friend with whom you can talk about what's going on

  • Try to find someone who can be your partnerInstead of someone binging call on someone for support

  • Find healthy ways to nurture yourself by doing something just for fun or to relax such as yoga or meditation or simply a walk

  • Write about your feelings or behavior in a journalJournaling allows you to better understand your feelings and actions and how they are related

Get support

If you have binge-eating disorder your family may find support groups helpful for encouragement hope and advice on coping Support group members can understand what you're going through because they've been there themselves Ask your medical care provider if he or she knows of a support group in the community Find a group in your area

Preparing for your appointment

The problem is that each person involved in a conflict believes they are right

Here's some information to help you prepare for your appointments Ask a family member or friend to go with you if possible so that they can help you remember important points and give a fuller picture of the situation

What you can do

Before your appointment make a list of:

  • Symptoms you're experiencing,If you have any questions tell your doctor about them

  • Key personal information,including any major stresses or recent life changes

  • All medications you're taking,

  • A typical day's eating,which can help your physician or mental health professional better understand your eating habits

  • If a generic drug is available is it a part of treatment?

Do not hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment

What to expect from your doctor

Your medical care provider or mental health professional will likely ask you a number of questions:

  • Describe the foods you eat on a typical day

  • Do you feel that your eating is out of control?

  • Do you think about food often?

  • Do you eat even when you are not hungry?

  • Do you ever eat in secret?

  • Have you ever made yourself vomit to get rid of calories?

  • Are you concerned about your weight?

  • Do you exercise? How often?

Your medical care provider or mental health professional will ask you additional questions based on your answers and the symptoms you described Preparing for these is a great way to make the most of your appointment time

General summary

  1. Binge-eating disorder is a chronic condition characterized by consuming an unusually high amount of food in a short period of time People who have this disorder eat quickly until they feel uncomfortably full and then continue to consume large amounts of food over the next few hours or days In addition to eating excessively people with binge-eating disorder are preoccupied with thoughts about their last meal or next meal and experience feelings of guilt and disgust after eating.

  2. Binge-eating disorder (BED) is a severe and persistent eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating. Binge eating is defined as eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time, feeling a loss of control during the episode, and eating more than one would normally eat in a similar situation. Binge-eating disorder is associated with significant psychological distress, including depression and anxiety, as well as physical problems, such as obesity and its related complications. Despite the mounting evidence for the prevalence and negative effects associated with BED, there is still much to be learned about this disorder.

  3. Binge-eating disorder, also known as BED, is a serious eating disorder characterized by frequent, uncontrolled eating binges. Unlike bulimia or anorexia, people with BED do not engage in compensatory behaviors like purging or overexercising to counteract their episodes of overeating. BED is a psychological condition that affects people of all ages and genders. It is estimated that 2-3% of the adult population in the United States suffers from BED and it is the most common eating disorder in the nation.

Binge-eating disorder : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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