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Broken hand : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

 Broken hand

A broken hand is a break or crack in one or more of the bones of your hand This injury can be caused by direct blows or falls Motor vehicle crashes can cause hand bones to break into many pieces and often require surgical repair

You may be at higher risk of a broken hand if you participate in contact sports like football or hockey or if you have a condition in which bones become thinner and more fragile (osteoporosis)

It is important to treat a broken hand as soon as possible Otherwise the bones may not heal properly which may affect your ability to do daily activities such as writing or buttoning a shirt Early treatment will also help minimize pain and stiffness

Broken hand

Explanation of medical terms and concepts  Broken hand

A broken hand happens when one or additional bones in your hand break as a result of associate degree accident, fall, or contact sports. The metacarpals (long bones of the palm) and therefore the phalanges (finger bones) conjure the bones in your hand.This injury is additionally referred to as a broken hand. Some individuals may additionally talk over with it as a prospect or crack. To be diagnosed as a broken hand, the bone should be affected — one in every of the bones is also broken into multiple pieces, or many bones may be affected. this can be different from a sprained hand, that is the results of an injury to the muscle, tendon, or ligament.  If you believe you have got a broken hand, see a doctor immediately. they'll diagnose and treat your injury. the earlier you get medical attention, the higher your hand can heal.

Symptoms Broken hand

A broken hand might cause these signs and symptoms:

  • Severe pain that might worsen when gripping or squeezing or moving your hand
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Bruising
  • A crooked finger has obvious deformity
  • If you cannot move your fingers or thumb it is stiff
  • Numbness in your hand or fingers

When to call a doctor

Visit a doctor as soon as you think you’ve broken your hand.

It’s especially important to see a doctor if you have:

  • difficulty moving your fingers
  • swelling
  • numbness

If you think you might have a broken hand see a doctor immediately Especially if you have numbness swelling or trouble moving your fingers A delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to poor healing decreased range of motion and decreased grip strength

Causes Broken hand

There are many things that will result in a broken hand, however most broken hands come back from 3 distinct mechanisms of injury: 

 Breaking a fall with an extended hand blooming a vehicle or bicycle whereas hands are holding a handwheel or handlebars Punching a tough surface In most cases, a broken hand refers to a fracture of the metacarpals, that are the bones that connect the bottom of the fingers to the wrist. These are the bones of the palm. In some cases, it refers to a fracture of the phalanges (finger bones), with or without a dislocation.

Hand fractures can be caused by a direct blow or crushing injury and motor vehicle crashes can cause hand bones to break into many pieces Sometimes these injuries require surgical repair

Risk factors Broken hand

But till you will look for medication attention, there are stuff you can do to worry for your hand. These embrace the subsequent tending procedures:  Avoid moving your hand. attempt your best to immobilize your hand. If a bone has bumped off of place, don’t plan to aline it. Apply ice. to cut back pain and swelling, fastidiously apply an ice pack or cold compress to your injury. continuously wrap the ice pack in an exceedingly clean fabric or towel first. Stop the bleeding. The goal of broken bone first aid is to limit more injury. It can additionally facilitate minimize pain and improve your recovery outlook. If you’re haemorrhage, you probably have an open fracture, which means a bone is sticking out out. during this case, visit the ER right away. till you'll get help, you can stop the bleeding by applying pressure and employing a clean fabric or bandage.

You may be more likely to break a hand if you participate in sports like football soccer rugby or hockey Osteoporosis can also increase your risk of breaking a hand


Complications from a broken hand are rare but they may include:

  • Ongoing stiffness, aching or disability. Pain in the affected area generally goes away after your cast is removed or after surgery Some people have permanent pain Be patient with your recovery and talk to your doctor about exercises that might help or for a referral to physical or occupational therapy Occupational therapy is a way to help people with disabilities
  • Osteoarthritis.Fractures that extend into a joint can cause arthritis years later If your hand starts to hurt or swell long after a break see your doctor for an evaluation
  • Nerve or blood vessel damage.If you have a cut or injury to your hand seek immediate medical attention if you begin to feel numbness or if your circulation is affected


It's impossible to prevent the unforeseen events that often cause a broken hand However these tips might offer some protection

Build bone strength

To build strong bones:

  • Eat a nutritious diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D
  • Walk briskly for exercise Get plenty of exercise by walking briskly
  • Quit smoking if you're a smoker

Prevent falls

To prevent hand fractures people should not fall forward onto an outstretched hand

  • Wear sensible shoes
  • Remove things that could trip you in your home such as throw rugs
  • Light up your living space
  • Have your eyes checked and if needed corrected
  • Install grab bars in your bathroom
  • Install handrails on your stairways
  • Avoid slippery surfaces, if possible, such as snow- or ice-covered walkways

Diagnosis Broken hand

The diagnosis of a broken hand includes a physical exam and X-rays

Physical examination A doctor will check your hand for swelling, bruising, and different signs of damage. They would possibly additionally examine the encircling areas, like your gliding joint and arm. this may facilitate them confirm the severity of your injury. 

 anamnesis this enables the doctor to find out regarding any underlying conditions you will have. For example, if you have got pathology or a previous hand injury, they will perceive what may have contributed to your injury.  If you latterly been during a crash, they’ll raise about what happened and the way your hand was injured. 

 X-ray A doctor will have you get an X-ray. they'll use this imaging take a look at to spot the situation and direction of the break. -- It also can facilitate the rule out different potential conditions, sort of a sprain.

Treatment Broken hand

If the broken ends of the bone are not aligned there will be gaps between the pieces of bone or fragments might overlap Your doctor will need to manipulate the pieces back into position a procedure known as a reduction Depending on your pain and swelling you may need an injection in the area You may feel a slight sting or tingling before this procedure

Whatever your treatment it is important to move your fingers regularly while the fracture is healing Ask your doctor about the best ways to move them If you smoke quit smoking Smoking can delay or prevent bone healing


Restricting movement of a broken bone in your hand is critical to proper healing To do this you'll likely need a splint or cast You'll be advised to keep your hand above heart level as much as possible to reduce swelling and pain


Your doctor might recommend an over-the-counter pain reliever If your pain is severe you may need an opioid medication such as codeine

If you have an open fracture in which you have a wound or break in the skin near the wound site you will likely be given an antibiotic to prevent infection that could reach the bone


After your cast or splint is removed you will likely need rehabilitation exercises or physical therapy to reduce stiffness and restore movement in your hand Rehabilitation can help but it can take several months or longer for complete healing

Surgical and other procedures

You might need surgery to implant pins, plates, rods or screws to hold your bones in place while they heal. A bone graft might be used to help healing. These options might be necessary if you have:

  • An open fracture
  • A broken bone that does not heal
  • Loose bone fragments that could enter a joint
  • Damage to the ligaments nerves or blood vessels around the area
  • Fractures that extend into a joint

When bones are reduced and immobilized with a cast or splint they can shift Your doctor likely will monitor your progress with X-rays If your bones move you might then need surgery

Preparing for your appointment

If the pieces of broken bone aren't lined up properly to allow healing you might be referred to a doctor specializing in orthopedic surgery

What you can do

You may want to write a list that includes:

  • A description of your symptoms and the place and time when you were injured
  • Information about your family's medical history
  • You must take all the medications and dietary supplements you take including doses
  • Questions you want to ask the doctor

For a broken hand ask your doctor:

  • What tests do I need?
  • What's the best course of action?
  • Will I need surgery?
  • Will I need to wear a cast? If so how long will it take?
  • Will I need physical therapy when the cast comes off?
  • There are certain rules that I need to follow
  • Should I see a specialist?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor might ask:

  • What is your occupation?
  • When the decoupage dries it becomes a clear glue
  • Are you right-handed or left-handed?
  • Where does it hurt and which movements make it hurt more or less?
  • Have you had previous hand injuries or surgery?

General summary

Hand injuries are common because of the delicate and intricate movements involved in everyday hand work When a hand injury does occur you should clean the wound thoroughly with soap and water apply antibiotic ointment to prevent infection and cover it with sterile gauze Bandaging will help keep the injured area from moving around and further injuring itself If an object cuts your finger or punctures your skin you may need stitches to close up the wound - typically within two days of its occurrence If you don't get stitches right away ask your doctor about how to care for a hand injury at home until you can get treated by him

Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment-A/Z

Broken hand : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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