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Eating disorders : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What is Eating disorders?

Eating disorders are serious conditions connected to persistent uptake behaviors that negatively impact your health, your emotions and your ability to operate in vital areas of life. The foremost common eating disorders are eating disorder nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.

 Most eating disorders involve focusing an excessive amount on your weight, body form and food, resulting in dangerous eating behaviors. These behaviors will considerably impact your body' ability to induce applicable nutrition. uptake disorders can damage the heart, organic process system, bones, teeth and mouth, and result in alternative diseases.

 uptake disorders typically develop in the teen and young adult years, though they will develop at alternative ages. With treatment, you'll be able to come back to healthier uptake habits and typically reverse serious complications caused by the eating disorder.


What is Eating disorders?


Medical terms

Although the term intake is within the name, upsets are concerned over food. They’re complicated psychological state conditions that usually need the intervention of medical and psychological consultants to change their course.

These disorders are represented in the yank psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and applied mathematics Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5).

 Within the US alone, a calculable twenty million ladies and ten million men have or have had an eating disorder at some purpose in their life .

 This text describes half-dozen of the foremost common sorts of eating disorders and their symptoms.

  • Eating disorders are mental disorders characterized by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. They include binge eating disorder, anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa.  People with eating disorders often have a distorted view of themselves and their bodies. This can lead to severe weight loss or gain and other serious health problems.

  • According to the National Institute of Mental Health, eating disorders are mental disorders defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. The most common types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. Eating disorders typically develop during adolescence or young adulthood, but can develop at any age.  Eating disorders are serious mental disorders that can have devastating physical and emotional effects.

  1. Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal's or human's body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body. The nervous system detects environmental changes that impact the organism, then it works in tandem with the endocrine system to respond to these changes. Nervous tissue first originated in wormlike animals about 550 to 600 million years ago. In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS).

  1. Brain

  2. Cerebral hemispheres

  3. Diencephalon or interbrain

  4. Thalamus

  5. Hypothalamus

  6. Midbrain

  7. Cerebellum

  8. Pons

  9. Medulla oblongata

  10. The spinal cord

  11. The ventricular system

  12. Choroid plexus

  1. Peripheral nervous system

The nervous system is an important part of the human body. It controls and coordinates all the activities of the body. The nervous system is divided into the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS includes the brain and the spinal cord.


  1. Nerves

  2. Cranial nerves

  3. Spinal nerves

  4. Ganglia

  5. Enteric nervous system

Symptoms Eating disorders

Symptoms vary, depending on the sort of uptake disorder. Eating disorder nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder are the foremost common eating disorders. different eating disorders embody rumination disorder and avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder.

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia will be known by unco low weight and an intense need to not gain weight or eat too abundant, if at all.

An eating disorder is characterized by behavior meant to avoid gaining any weight at all, usually to the purpose of malnourishment. With anorexia, an individual might also see themselves as overweight, although their weight is way below normal.

 Eating disorders are most common among young women. Up to one % of ladies within the u. s. have anorexia, in step with the National feeding Disorders Association. It’s much less common among men, who only build up 5-10 % of individuals with associate degree orexia.

Eating disorder nervosa — often merely referred to as anorexia — could be a probable grievous upset characterized by an abnormally low body weight, intense worry of gaining weight, and a distorted perception of weight or shape. folks with anorexia use extreme efforts to manage their weight and shape, which regularly considerably interferes with their health and life activities.

 Once you have anorexia, you overly limit calories or use different strategies to lose weight, akin to excessive exercise, victimization laxatives or diet aids, or disgorgement when eating. Efforts to reduce your weight, even once underweight, will cause severe health problems, typically to the purpose of deadly self-starvation.

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia occurs once you experience episodes of binge uptake followed by purging. With bulimia, you'll feel guilty or helpless once eating giant amounts of food and take a look at vomiting the food back up. you'll use laxatives to quickly get the food through your organic process system. you would possibly additionally exercise too to stop the food from inflicting weight gain.

With bulimia, you may believe that you’re overweight though your weight is normal, slightly on top of normal, or maybe below a healthy weight.

The prevalence of bulimia among young girls within the u. s. is around 1-2 p.c. This disorder is most common throughout the late immature years and early adulthood. solely twenty percent of individuals with bulimia are men.

Bulimia (boo-LEE-me-uh) nervosa — ordinarily known as bulimia — may be a serious, probably grave uptake disorder. Once you have bulimia, you've got episodes of binging and purging that involve feeling a scarcity of management over your eating. Many of us with bulimia additionally limit their eating during the day, which regularly results in additional binge eating and purging.

 Throughout these episodes, you usually eat an oversized quantity of food in a very short time, associate degreed then try to rid yourself of the additional calories in an unhealthy way. As a result of guilt, shame and an intense concern of weight gain from overeating, you'll force regurgitation otherwise you may exercise an excessive amount of or use different methods, appreciate laxatives, to induce elimination of the calories.

If you've got bulimia, you're most likely preoccupied together with your weight and body shape, and should decide yourself severely and raspingly for your self-perceived flaws. you'll be at a traditional weight or maybe a small amount overweight.

Binge-eating disorder

Binge ingestion disorder (or BED) happens after you eat an excessive amount on a daily basis. you'll conjointly feel guilty concerning binging or desire your binging is out of control.

With BED, you may continue eating long once you are feeling full, typically to the purpose of discomfort or nausea. BED will happen to individuals of all sizes and weights.

Within the United States, BED affects more people than any other eating disorder, together with 3.5 % of women, two percent of men, and 1.6 percent of adolescents.

After you have binge-eating disorder, you regularly eat too much food (binge) and feel an absence of management over your ingestion. you'll eat quickly or eat additional food than intended, even once you're not hungry, and you may continue eating even longer once you're uncomfortably full.

Once you binge, you may feel guilty, fed up or hung dog by your behavior and therefore the quantity of food eaten. however you don't try to catch up on this behavior with excessive exercise or purging, as somebody with bulimia or eating disorder might. Embarrassment will result in eating alone to cover your binging.

a replacement spherical of binging usually happens at least once a week. you'll be traditional weight, overweight or obese.

Rumination disorder

Rumination disorder occurs once you regurgitate food from your abdomen often while not having another medical or gi condition. After you regurgitate the food, you'll chew and swallow it additional} or spit it out.

The prevalence of rumination disorder is unknown. However, it appears to be more common among folks with intellectual disabilities.

Rumination disorder is repeatedly and persistently regurgitating food once eating, however it' undue to a medical condition or another disorder like anorexia, bulimia or binge-eating disorder. Food is brought duplicate into the mouth without nausea or gagging, and regurgitation may not be intentional. generally regurgitated food is rechewed ANd swallowed or spit out.

The disorder could end in deficiency disease if the food is spit out or if the person chow considerably less to stop the behavior. The prevalence of rumination disorder is also additional common in infancy or in those who have an intellectual disability.

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder

This disorder is characterized by failing to meet your minimum daily nutrition necessities as a result of you not having an interest in eating; you avoid food with bound sensory characteristics, reminiscent of color, texture, smell or taste; or you're involved concerning the results of eating, such as the worry of choking. Food isn't avoided as a result of fear of gaining weight.

The disorder may result in vital weight loss or failure to achieve weight in childhood, likewise as biological process deficiencies which will cause health problems.

When to see a doctor

If you believe somebody you recognize might need AN disorder, check with them regarding it. These conversations will be troublesome as a result of ingestion disorders will trigger negative emotions or create someone feeling defensive about their eating habits. However, taking note of their issues or showing that you just care and perceive can encourage someone to hunt for help or treatment.

AN eating disorder can be difficult to manage or overcome by yourself. Ingestion disorders can nearly take over your life. If you're experiencing any of those problems, or if you think that you will have an eating disorder, seek medical help.

Urging a loved one to seek treatment

Unfortunately, many individuals with disorders might not suppose they have treatment. If you're troubled by a couple of deer, urge him or her to speak to a doctor. Although your loved one isn't able to acknowledge having difficulty with food, you'll open the door by expressing concern and a need to listen.

Be alert for intake patterns and beliefs which will signal unhealthy behavior, moreover as peer pressure that may trigger eating disorders. Red flags that may indicate an eating disorder include:

  • Excessive exercise

  • Calluses on the knuckles from inducing vomiting

  • Problems with loss of tooth enamel that may be a sign of repeated vomiting

  • Leaving during meals to use the toilet

  • Eating much more food in a meal or snack than is considered normal

  • Expressing depression, disgust, shame or guilt about eating habits

  • Eating in secret

  • Skipping meals or making excuses for not eating

  • Adopting an overly restrictive vegetarian diet

  • Excessive focus on healthy eating

  • Making own meals rather than eating what the family eats

  • Withdrawing from normal social activities

  • Persistent worry or complaining about being fat and talk of losing weight

  • Frequent checking in the mirror for perceived flaws

  • Repeatedly eating large amounts of sweets or high-fat foods

  • Use of dietary supplements, laxatives or herbal products for weight loss

If you're worried that your kid could have an ingestion disorder, contact his or her doctor to discuss your concerns. If needed, you'll get a referral to a professional mental state professional knowledgeableise|expertly|like an expert} in eating disorders, or if your insurance permits it, contact an expert directly.

Causes Eating disorders

The exact cause of eating disorders is unknown. As with other mental illnesses, there may be many causes, such as:

  • Genetics and biology. Certain folks might have genes that increase their risk of developing intake disorders. Biological factors, such as changes in brain chemicals, may play a task in eating disorders.

  • Psychological and emotional health. People with feeding disorders might have psychological and emotional issues that contribute to the disorder. They may have low self-esteem, perfectionism, impulsive behavior and troubled relationships.

Risk factors Eating disorders

Teenage ladies and young women are more likely than immature boys and young men to have eating disorders or bulimia, however males will have uptake disorders, too. Though eating disorders can occur across a broad age range, they typically develop within the teens and early 20s.

Pica could be a disorder during which you eat objects or alternative non-nutritious substances uncommon to your culture. Pica happens over the course of a minimum of one month, and also the substances you eat could include:

  • dirt

  • cloth

  • hair

  • chalk

  • rocks

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing an eating disorder, including:

  • Family history. Eating disorders are significantly more likely to occur in people who have parents or siblings who've had an eating disorder.

  • Other mental health disorders. People with an eating disorder often have a history of an anxiety disorder, depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

  • Dieting and starvation. Dieting is a risk issue for developing associate disorder. Starvation affects the brain and influences mood amendments, rigidity in thinking, anxiety and reduction in appetite. There's sturdy proof that several of the symptoms of an ingestion disorder are literally symptoms of starvation. Starvation and weight loss may change the manner the brain works in vulnerable individuals, which can preserve restrictive eating behaviors and build it tough to come back to traditional eating habits.

  • Stress. Whether it's heading off to college, moving, landing a replacement job, or a family or relationship issue, amendment will bring stress, which can increase your risk of an intake disorder.

Complications Eating disorders

Eating disorders cause a wide type of complications, a number of them life-threatening. The additional severe or long lasting the uptake disorder, the more doubtless you're to expertise serious complications, such as:

  • Social and relationship problems

  • Substance use disorders

  • Work and school issues

  • Death

  • Serious health problems

  • Depression and anxiety

  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior

  • Problems with growth and development

Prevention Eating disorders

Although there's no sure way to prevent eating disorders, here are some strategies to help your child develop healthy-eating behaviors:

  • Avoid dieting around your child. Family dining habits might influence the relationships kids develop with food. Feeding meals alone provides you a chance to show your kid concerning the pitfalls of fasting and encourages eating a diet in cheap portions.

  • Talk to your child. For example, there are numerous websites that promote dangerous ideas, such as viewing eating disorders as a way of life selection instead of an ingestion disorder. It's crucial to correct any misperceptions like this and to speak to your kid concerning the risks of unhealthy eating choices.

  • Cultivate and reinforce a healthy body image in your kid, whatever his or her form or size. speak to your child regarding self-image and supply support that body shapes will vary. Avoid criticizing your own body before your child. Messages of acceptance and respect can facilitate building healthy shallowness and resilience which will carry youngsters through the rocky periods of the teenage years.

  • Enlist the help of your child's doctor. At well-child visits, doctors may be ready to determine early indicators of an uptake disorder. they will raise youngsters questions on their eating habits and satisfaction with their look throughout routine medical appointments, for instance. These visits ought to embrace checks of height and weight percentiles and body mass index, which might warn you and your child' doctor of any vital changes.

If you notice a family member or friend who seems to point out signs of associate upset, take into account reprimand that person about your concern for his or her well-being. Though you will not be ready to forestall a consumption disorder from developing, reaching out compassionately may encourage the person to hunt treatment.

Loss of appetite

It is sometimes common for people to lose their appetite when they have cancer.If you or a loved one are experiencing this symptom, it could be a sign of many different things.However, it’s important that you remember that weight loss and loss of appetite are only symptoms and not the disease itself.Even though losing your appetite might seem like a simple thing, it could actually be a number of serious medical problems, including some forms of cancer. If you find yourself not wanting to.

loss of appetite and nausea

A loss of appetite and nausea are common side effects of chemotherapy.These symptoms can occur on a temporary basis or be more severe, lasting for days or weeks.The nausea is usually caused by the drugs being used to kill cancer cells while they’re in the stomach and intestines.Patients often describe this type of nausea as feeling like they have food poisoning or a stomach bug such as gastroenteritis (also known as ‘stomach flu’).

loss of appetite depression

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and memory loss Many people develop an aversion to eating certain foods and lose their appetite while they’re depressed.It can be difficult to eat when you’re feeling down, but try to force yourself to eat at least one meal a day.If you are suffering from depression and also having memory problems, make sure to get enough sleep and try not to exert yourself too much physically.

During pregnancy, some women lose their appetite

The reason for the loss of appetite during pregnancy is due to hormonal changes and weight gain.The hormone progesterone is responsible for these changes in your body, which can affect your moods as well.During pregnancy, there are many internal and external changes happening in your body that you may not be fully aware of or take into consideration when it comes to the symptoms you are experiencing.

A woman's appetite is a little lower than usual during pregnancy, which is not surprising because many women feel nauseous, especially in the first trimester.In addition, nausea in pregnancy may cause a loss of appetite.The lack of appetite can also be due to food cravings, which are common during pregnancy.Some women have very strong cravings for unusual foods such as ice cream or pickles and others crave for salty foods such as nuts or chips. If you can't eat at

My name is Jami.I have a 19 year old daughter, who has just had to have a hysterectomy due to endometriosis and adenomyosis.I am also 37 years old and have 2 children, an 8 and 9 year old. I was suffering from really low energy levels, as well as painful, heavy periods that lasted 2 weeks at a time ! My doctor put me on the pill which made things worse ! After 6 months.

loss of appetite and tiredness

I feel so weak and tired that I can't eat or drink anything.I've lost 5 pounds in a week and a half, and 30 pounds total over the last 4 months.My blood pressure is high enough that my doctor is concerned with my health.This happened to me twice before when pregnant with my husband's children. The first time it went away when the baby was born, but this time it has been 3 weeks since the baby was born and I am still so.

For most people, the biggest side effect of quitting smoking is the loss of appetite that comes with kicking the habit.When you smoke cigarettes, you are consuming nicotine and Carbon Monoxide (CO) in every puff.The CO binds to hemoglobin in your bloodstream and interferes with oxygen absorption.This can cause headaches and might make you feel tired when you quit. In order to replace the lost nicotine, some people begin to eat more than they normally would when they stop smoking.

After a few weeks of not feeling great and having no appetite, I saw my doctor who ordered further blood tests.The test results showed that my TSH had risen to 17 (normal is less than 5).My doctor suggested I take a break from the tablets for two weeks.

If you don't feel like eating, it is called loss of appetite

(1)Loss of appetite can be caused by physical or mental illness.Many patients suffering from chronic diseases such as tuberculosis, gastritis, and typhoid fever show loss of appetite.(2)Emotional factors may also lead to loss of appetite.Fear, tension, depression, and excessive worry are some examples of emotional factors that can cause loss of appetite.The patient becomes unable to swallow food or drink because nausea and vomiting will develop immediately after eating or drinking.

There are many reasons why a person might lose their appetite.For instance, a fever or the flu can cause one to lose their appetite temporarily.Nausea, stress, and depression are also common causes of loss of appetite.Other times, it can indicate something more serious such as a tumor or an aneurysm in the brain. More commonly though, eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa cause people to lose their appetite at various times and.

Loss of appetite is a symptom that can have any number of causes.Most commonly, people lose their appetite when they are about to get sick.This is because the body begins to preserve its energy in anticipation that it will need extra strength later.Other causes of loss of appetite include depression, which can cause some people to not want to eat much food at all, as well as stress and anxiety. Because you have already lost your appetite for a day or two, you should consult your doctor.

How can a loss of appetite be cured?

Loss of appetite is a common symptom with many different causes.It can be caused by an underlying condition, or it can also be a symptom of an underlying condition.This makes the diagnosis difficult, and sometimes invasive tests are required to determine the cause.Avoiding loss of appetite involves treating any medical conditions that may be causing it.This includes avoiding tobacco use and medications that might be contributing to it.

Try not to consume large meals.Just eat small meals during the day which will be able to keep your appetite full and satisfied.Instead of eating a small meal, you may want to take a healthy snack such as nuts or fruits in between meals, if it is possible for you.

Loss of appetite due to disease is actually a symptom of several different illnesses.When an illness causes you to lose your appetite, it's usually an indication that the body isn't functioning properly.While loss of appetite isn't necessarily life-threatening, if it continues for extended periods of time, lack of nutrition can be very serious.

What qualifies you to have an eating disorder?

Do you obsess over calories? Do you feel drawn to dieting and fasting? Have you ever passed out from low blood sugar or experienced chest pains? If so it’s important that you talk to a doctor as soon as possible You may have an eating disorder Eating disorders are serious medical conditions in which people develop abnormal unhealthy behaviors around food and weight control Although each type of eating disorder has unique characteristics many of them all involve one thing—extreme fear of gaining weight This fear can cause sufferers to starve themselves or binge eat on a regular basis People with eating disorders often fixate on.

Common Types of Eating Disorders (and Their Symptoms

Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses that involve an unhealthy relationship with food These conditions can have severe life-threatening consequences — and even cause death But people with eating disorders can get better and help is available In fact treatment for eating disorders often involves a collaborative effort between the person affected and his or her medical team.

Signs of an Eating Disorder

in Women Women and men of any age can suffer from eating disorders but the photo-driven society we live in promotes a distorted view of how our bodies should look The pressure to be thin causes many women to develop various forms of disordered eating For example muscle dysmorphia is an often overlooked disorder that affects primarily men especially those involved in contact sports Muscle dysmorphia leads sufferers to have a distorted perception of their body image due to unsuccessful attempts at gaining weight leading them to obsess over increasing their muscle size and leanness Some symptoms associated with muscle dysmorphia include: increased irritability when unable to.

Signs of Anorexia Nervosa

There are several telltale signs of anorexia If you think you or someone you know may have an eating disorder look for these symptoms: Excessive weight loss without trying or dieting Obsession with weight food and calories Abnormally slow heart rate Lowered blood pressure Fainting or feeling dizzy when standing up after sitting or lying down a long time Chronic constipation vomiting (not due to a medical condition) using laxatives frequently to "cleanse" the body; strong desire for sugary foods even though they are often vomited up or.

Why do babies eat sand?

Because they want to While it’s true that babies from different cultures partake in sand and at different stages of life all babies start eating sand for the same reason They’re curious about their world and everything in it The bottom line is that your little one is doing his or her best to learn about the world around them – including whatever happens to be ground into the carpet.

Diagnosis Eating disorders 

Eating disorders are diagnosed based on signs and symptoms If your doctor suspects you have an eating disorder he or she will likely perform an examination and request tests to help pinpoint a diagnosis You may see both your primary care provider and a mental health professional for a diagnosis Diagnosis

Assessments and tests generally include:

  • Physical exam.Your doctor will likely examine you to rule out other medical causes for your eating issues He or she may also order lab tests

  • Psychological evaluation.A doctor or mental health professional will likely ask about your thoughts feelings and eating habits You may also be asked to complete psychological self-assessment questionnaires

  • Other studies.Additional tests may be done to check for any complications related to your eating disorder

Your mental health professional may use the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published by the American Psychiatric Association

Treatment Eating disorders

Women are affected by ingestion disorders a lot of often, however men aren't immune. ResearchTrusted supply conjointly suggests that men with eating disorders are underdiagnosed Associate in Nursing undertreated. They’re less likely to be diagnosed with an eating disorder, even after they exhibit similar (or even the same) symptoms as a woman. 

Some men suffer from a condition referred to as muscle dysmorphia, an extreme need to become more muscular. whereas most girls with eating disorders would like to thin and become thinner, men with this disorder see themselves as too tiny and wish to realize weight or increase muscle mass. They may have interaction in dangerous behaviors, such as steroid use, and should conjointly use alternative styles of medicine to extend muscle mass a lot.

Analysis suggests that several young men with ingestion disorders don’t get treatment as a result if they take into account stereotypically feminine disorders.

Treatment of an eating disorder includes a team approach The team typically includes primary care providers mental health professionals and dietitians

Your eating disorder will be treated based on your specific condition But in general it may include nutrition education psychotherapy and medication if you are at risk of harming yourself

Healthy eating

No matter what your weight, the members of your team can work with you to design a plan to help you achieve healthy eating habits.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy can help you learn how to replace unhealthy habits with healthy ones This may include:

  • Family-based therapy (FBT).FBT is an evidence-based treatment for youngsters and teenagers with intake disorders. The family is concerned in ensuring that the kid or alternative friend follows healthy-eating patterns and maintains a healthy weight. 

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).CBT is commonly used in eating disorder treatment especially for bulimia and binge-eating disorders You learn how to monitor your eating habits how to develop problem-solving skills and how to cope with stressful situations

Medications

Medication can't help an eating disorder However certain medications may treat your urges to binge eat or purge or to manage excessive preoccupations with food and diet For example antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications may help you with symptoms of depression or anxiety

Hospitalization

If you have serious health problems, equivalent to anorexia that has resulted in severe malnutrition, your doctor could advocate hospitalization. Some clinics focus on treating individuals with disorders. Some may provide day programs, instead of full hospitalization. specialized uptake disorder programs may offer additional intensive treatment over longer periods of time.

Lifestyle and home remedies

You should practice these steps every day:

  • Stick to your treatment plan— don't skip therapy sessions and try not to stray from meal plans Follow your doctor's recommendations on physical activity and exercise

  • Talk to your doctorVitamins and minerals found in whole foods are typically recommended as supplements If you're not eating well chances are your body isn't getting all of the nutrients it needs However most people obtain most of their vitamins and minerals from food

  • Resist urges to weigh yourselfSometimes you may feel the need to check yourself in the mirror frequently This may simply fuel your drive to maintain unhealthy habits

  • Don't isolate yourself from caring family members and friends who want to see you get healthy and have your best interests at heart. 

Alternative medicine

Alternative medicine is the use of a nonconventional approach rather than standard medicine. Complementary or integrative medicine may be a nonconventional approach used together with conventional medicine. 

 Usually, once folks address various or medicine it' to enhance their health. However, dietary supplements and flavorer products designed to suppress the craving or aid in weight loss could also be unsafe and abused by people with ingestion disorders. Such products will have doubtless dangerous interactions with alternative medications.

Weight-loss and other dietary supplements don't want approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to travel on the market. The FDA maintains an on-line list of tainted weight-loss products, a number of which might cause serious harm, corresponding to irregular heartbeats, augmented blood pressure, stroke and even death. 

 speak together with your doctor before trying any various or complementary medicine. Natural doesn't forever mean safe. Your doctor can assist you perceive attainable risks and advantages before you are trying a treatment.

Reduce stress and anxiety

Some complementary treatments and approaches may help reduce stress and anxiety, promote relaxation, and increase a sense of well-being in people with eating disorders. Examples include:

  • Acupuncture

  • Massage

  • Yoga

  • Meditation

Coping and support

It is difficult to cope with an eating disorder when you are confronted with mixed messages or even criticism by the media such as what's portrayed in movies and on TV Ask your doctor or mental health professional for advice on coping and emotional support

It is important to learn effective coping strategies and to get the support you need from family and friends

Preparing for your appointment

Here are some things to think about and questions you might ask your doctor depending on the reason for your appointment

You may want to ask a family member or friend to come with you Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot A family member may also be able to give your doctor a fuller picture of your home life

What you can do

Before your appointment, make a list of:

  • Any symptoms you're experiencing,including any questions you may have at this time that are unrelated to your appointment

  • Key personal information,Stress can exacerbate symptoms of depression Recent life changes (like moving illness or divorce) may cause depression to worsen

  • All medications,Vitamins or other supplements that you are taking and the doses of them

  • Questions to askAsk your doctor to help you remember the things you need to cover during your visit

Ask someone to come with you if possible Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot A family member may also be able to give your doctor a fuller picture of your home life

Some questions you might want to ask your doctor or other health care provider include:

  • What kinds of tests do I need? How do I prepare for these tests? What are some possible results from these tests?

  • Is this problem permanent or short-term?

  • What treatments are available and which do you recommend?

  • How will treatment affect my weight?

  • Do you have any brochures or other printed material that I can have? What websites do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask additional questions

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor or mental health professional may ask you a number of questions including:

  • How long have you been concerned about your weight?

  • Do you exercise? How often do you exercise and for how long?

  • Do you have any other ideas for losing weight?

  • Are you having any physical symptoms?

  • Have you ever experienced a stomach ache because your stomach was full?

  • Have you expressed concerns about your weight?

  • Do you think about food often?

  • Do you ever eat in secret?

  • Have any of your family members ever had symptoms of and/or been diagnosed with an eating disorder?

Let's take a moment to review anything you want to focus on

General summary

  1. What is an eating disorder? The Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder can include : 1. Preoccupation with dieting food calories or fat grams 2. Losing weight when not trying to do so Excessive dieting in a short period of time such as over a week or two 4. Daily weigh-ins and episodes involving binge eating or purging that causes the person to lose control over what they eat (bulimia) or The consumption of an excessive amount of food within a

  2. and the female athlete triad Eating disorders and Disordered Eating (DE) are not exclusive to females While DE occurs in both male and female athletes it far more prevalent among women especially those involved in sports with a strong body-image focus such as gymnastics running swimming diving and figure skating Because of the skewed gender ratio found within many types of sport; women may develop DE from their colleagues or coaches on their own team A significant amount of pressure is placed on young female athletes to maintain near perfect physical appearance while training year round Maintaining this image can trigger body image concerns which become disordered

  3. Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder that causes those affected to lose their appetite for food and fear gaining weight Anorexics generally maintain a low body weight by refusing to eat more than necessary and exercising excessively though some also purging (self-induced vomiting) or abusing diuretics and laxatives As they become thinner they feel better about themselves as they perceive themselves as being successful at losing weight They also tend to take great pains in hiding the truth of their problem from others around them.

Eating disorders : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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