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Polyhydramnios : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

What is Polyhydramnios? 

Polyhydramnios may be a condition that affects the female internal reproductive organ of a pregnant woman. During this condition, an excessive amount of humor (the liquid that surrounds the baby within the womb) collects in the uterus. Once this happens, the uterus becomes larger than normal.

 

humor contains a vital role in the baby’s growth. Typically, amniotic fluid is engulfed by the baby in utero then urinated out. This steadies the quantity of fluid in the uterus.

This condition will ensue as shortly as sixteen weeks into the pregnancy. However, a lot usually shows as the physiological condition progresses into later weeks.

  1. What are Vaginal Fluids?


What is Polyhydramnios


Medical terms

Polyhydramnios is a condition in which the mother has too much amniotic fluid which surrounds the baby in the uterus during pregnancy Polyhydramnios occurs in about 1 to 2 percent of pregnancies The condition causes labor complications and usually occurs because the baby hasn’t grown enough to fill the space left by the extra fluid Not all women who have polyhydramnios will go into labor because some do not develop any symptoms or complications but some

If you are diagnosed with polyhydramnios your health care provider will carefully monitor your pregnancy to help prevent complications Treatment depends on the severity of the condition Mild polyhydramnios may go away on its own Severe polyhydramnios may require closer monitoring.

  1. Polyhydramnios is a pregnancy complication that occurs when the amniotic sac of a pregnant woman has too much amniotic fluid. It affects up to two percent of pregnancies, and though it's not typically a life-threatening issue, it can cause complications if it's not monitored carefully. This condition can make it difficult for the baby to move in the womb and can lead to preterm labor and birth, as well as other problems. Additionally, the doctor may order further tests or ultrasounds to monitor the baby's development and health if polyhydramnios is diagnosed.

  2. Polyhydramnios is a condition in which an expectant mother has too much amniotic fluid. It is a rare complication that can occur during a pregnancy. The exact cause of this condition is not yet understood, but the symptoms typically include abdominal discomfort and difficulty breathing. Polyhydramnios can be detected through ultrasound, and if left untreated, it can lead to increased risks to both the mother and baby.

  1. Female Reproductive System


The female reproductive system is a series of organs primarily located inside of the pelvis, that contribute to the human reproductive process. The main functions of the female reproductive system are to: 1) produce eggs; 2) protect and nurture the fertilized egg or fetus; and 3) channel away body wastes. Externally, the main functions are: 4) to attract a mate; and 5) to provide sexual pleasure. The organs of the female reproductive system include: the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus, cervix, pelvic floor muscles, and vagina.


  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

polyhydramnios diet

Polyhydramnios (pă lī' hī dräm' niŏs) is an abnormally excessive amount of amniotic fluid which results in the enlarging the uterus The fluid can put pressure on a woman's bladder and cause frequent urination Polyhydramnios may also cause anxiety because of its unpredictability.

Why too much amniotic fluid?

There are certain symptoms that can alert you to the possibility of too much amniotic fluid But why does this happen? The amniotic sac is filled with a clear sticky substance called amniotic fluid This fluid enables your baby's limbs to move freely as well as helping him communicate by making sounds Some necessary functions include cushioning between the baby and mother's bones protection from physical trauma and warmth So when do you have too much amniotic fluid? If there is any fluid surrounding the baby other than in the womb then it is considered an excess amount of amniotic fluid Here are some.

How do you know if you have too much amniotic fluid?

One of the most unpleasant surprises for a pregnant woman is an excess amount of amniotic fluid in her uterus This condition known as polyhydramnios often occurs without any signs or symptoms and rarely leads to any serious medical problems for mom or baby In fact only about 3 to 4 percent of all babies born have polyhydramnios at birth treatment.

Polyhydramnios is a condition in which there is an excess of amniotic fluid It can pose some risks to your unborn child so you should seek treatment if it occurs during your pregnancy The first step to treating polyhydramnios is determining the cause Then if there are no complications for your baby or you your doctor may recommend pelvic rest bed rest or medication Your doctor may also recommend surgery to help reduce the amount of fluid collecting around the fetus and placenta Doctors perform amniocentesis by inserting a needle into the uterus through a pregnant woman's abdomen and removing some amn.

Symptoms Polyhydramnios

Symptoms of polyhydramnios include pressure on the womb and surrounding organs

Mild polyhydramnios may cause few — if any — signs or symptoms Severe polyhydramnios may cause many signs or symptoms

  • Shortness of breath or the inability to breathe

  • If swelling is detected in the lower extremities and abdominal wall it is likely due to hydrocele or varicose veins If so they should be treated

  • Uterine discomfort or contractions

  • Fetal malposition can be difficult to resolve

Your health care professional may also suspect polyhydramnios if the uterus is enlarged and he or she has trouble feeling the baby within it

Causes Polyhydramnios

For most women, the reason for their polyhydramnios condition remains a mystery. girls with delicate cases possibly have symptoms thanks to the increasing quantity of fluid in their uterus. Moderate to severe polyhydramnios can be caused by the following:

  • The first experiment in my biology lab I placed two beakers on a scale The one with the bucket of water weighed less but I forgot to put the bucket and lid back on. The second experiment was more successful: I found out that adding salt to water made it float!

  • Maternal diabetes

  • Twin-twin transfusion — is a complication of identical twin pregnancies in which the one twin receives too much blood and the other too little

  • A baby with anemia has a lack of red blood cells

  • Blood incompatibilities between mother and baby

  • Infection during pregnancy

Most people do not consider the consequences of their actions paraphrased:

Complications Polyhydramnios

Polyhydramnios is associated with:

  • Premature birth

  • Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) can happen when your water breaks early

  • It’s pretty hard to resolve a conflict

  • It’s pretty hard to resolve a conflict when everyone assumes that they are right

  • C-section delivery

  • Stillbirth

  • Premature delivery is the result of a lack of uterine muscle tone following delivery

Diagnosis Polyhydramnios

If your health care providers suspects polyhydramnios he or she will do a fetal ultrasound which uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the fetus on the monitor

If the initial ultrasound shows that you have polyhydramnios (an increase in fluid volume with your pregnancy) your health care provider may do a more detailed ultrasound to estimate the amniotic fluid volume The largest depth of fluid around your baby is called an amniotic fluid volume (AFV) A value of 8 centimeters or more indicates that you have Polyhydramnios Polyhydramnios is when a baby has more than the normal amount of amniotic fluid

In addition to measuring the largest pocket in four specific parts of your uterus the sum of these measurements is another measurement known as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) An AFI in excess of 25 centimeters indicates polyhydramnios Your health care provider will also use a detailed ultrasound exam to make sure that your baby is growing normally and that there are no other problems ultrasound is used to diagnose or rule out birth defects and other complications

  • Blood tests.Blood tests for infectious diseases associated with polyhydramnios may be offered

  • Amniocentesis.Amniocentesis is a procedure in which a sample of amniotic fluid — which contains fetal cells and various chemicals produced by the baby — is removed from the uterus for testing Testing may include a karyotype analysis used to screen the baby’s chromosomes for abnormalities

If you are diagnosed with polyhydramnios your health care provider will closely monitor your pregnancy This may include the following:

  • Nonstress test. This test checks how your baby’s heart rate reacts when you move during the test You'll wear a special device on your abdomen to measure the baby’s heartbeat You may be asked to eat or drink something to make the baby active A buzzer-like device also can be used to wake the baby which is useful if it's sleeping through an exam and you want to see its response In some cases special sensors are attached above and below the umb Baby’s movements can encourage the use of their hands and fingers

  • Biophysical profile.This test is based on ultrasound which provides information about breathing tone and movement as well as the volume of amniotic fluid in your uterus This test may be combined with a nonstress test

Treatment Polyhydramnios

Mild cases of polyhydramnios seldom need treatment and will escape on their own. Even cases that cause discomfort will typically be managed while not intervention. In different cases, treatment for an underlying condition — admire polygenic disorder — may facilitate polyhydramnios. If you expertise preterm labor, shortness of breath or abdominal pain, you will want treatment — probably within the hospital. Treatment may include:

  • Drainage of excess amniotic fluid.Your health care provider may use amniocentesis to drain excess amniotic fluid from your uterus This procedure carries a small risk of complications including preterm labor and abruption or premature rupture of the membranes

  • Medication. Your health care provider may prescribe the oral medication Indomethacin (Indocin) to help reduce fetal urine production and amniotic fluid volume Indomethacin isn't recommended beyond 31 weeks of pregnancy Due to the risk of fetal heart problems your baby's heart may need to be monitored Other side effects include nausea and vomiting acid reflux and inflammation of the lining of the stomach (gastritis)

After treatment your doctor wants to monitor you at least once a week for the next 6 months

If you have mild polyhydramnios a doctor may induce labor now If you have severe polyhydramnios your health care provider will discuss the appropriate timing of delivery to avoid complications for you and your baby

Polyhydramnios can be a worrisome finding during pregnancy When Polyhydramnios is found it is important to work with your pregnancy care provider to ensure that you and your baby receive the best possible care

Preparing for your appointment

The doctor will want to talk with you your partner and the father before starting treatment Here is some information to help you get ready for your appointment and what to expect from your doctor

What you can do

Before your appointment:

  • Write down any symptoms you are experiencingThe process of history is a series of changes

  • Write down key personal information,It should include those for which you are being treated as well as any other medical conditions you have

  • Make a list of all medications,The best way to get a good deal is to go to the store

  • If possible please join us for this appointment Having someone else there will help us remember anything you might have forgotten or missed

  • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

Preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your appointment with your doctor For polyhydramnios some basic questions to ask include:

  • What kinds of tests do I need? What should I expect when the test is done?

  • What treatment approach do you recommend?

  • Do I need to follow any activity restrictions?

  • What emergency signs and symptoms should I watch for at home?

  • How could this condition affect my baby?

  • Will this pregnancy happen again?

  • Can I take some printed information with me? What websites do you recommend for more information?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and run some tests including an ultrasound exam He or she may also ask you a number of questions such as:

  • When did you first begin experiencing symptoms?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional? If they have been constant then it’s probable that you have celiac disease

  • Do you have shortness of breath?

  • Are you experiencing any lightheadedness or dizziness?

  • Have you noticed increased swelling? Has it seemed like you have more fluid than usual?

  • What if anything seems to make your symptoms better?

  • What causes your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Polyhydramnios is a condition that means too much amniotic fluid surrounds the baby in the womb It's considered a high-risk condition because of the possibility of umbilical cord compression which can cut off oxygen to the baby Babies with polyhydramnios also have an increased risk for problems such as meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) MAS refers to inhaling meconium during labor Meconium is the first stool or "poop" made by your baby inside his uterus With MAS your baby becomes.

  2. is defined as? Polyhydramnios is a condition in which there is excess amniotic fluid. It causes problems for the woman and her fetus.

  3. Polyhydramnios is a condition in which there's too much amniotic fluid.The amniotic (say: uh-muh-NEE-ihk) sac surrounds the growing fetus and contains the amniotic fluid As the baby grows so does the amount of amniotic fluid In normal pregnancies the amount of amniotic fluid begins to decrease at about 34 weeks gestation (when babies are typically born) If it decreases more than is expected near term a woman might have polyhydramnios Too little or too much can be a sign that something's wrong with your baby or.

  4. Many women experience minor vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy as well as some cramping This is a normal part of the process and occurs in approximately 20 percent of all pregnancies In most cases you can expect to see your symptoms disappear around week 12 or 13 when the baby has fully implanted in the uterine lining However a woman may need treatment if she experiences heavy bleeding associated with foreign-body sensation.

  5. Maternal complications such as hypertension and diabetes can lead to polyhydramnios A common cause is a lack of amniotic fluid Women who have experienced previous pregnancies with polyhydramnios are at greater risk of developing it in subsequent pregnancies Fetal malformations and fetal anomalies may contribute to polyhydramnios if the umbilical cord is compressed or pinched thus restricting blood flow from the placenta Hydrocephalus (water on the brain) placental abruption (when part of the placenta separates before delivery) and uterine rupture are other known causes.

Polyhydramnios : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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