Trigger finger : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Trigger finger ?

Trigger finger could be a condition that has an effect ons one or additional of the hand' sinews, creating it troublesome to bend the affected finger or thumb. If a tendon or the tunnel a tendon runs through (called the tendon sheath) becomes swollen and inflamed, the tendon gets irritated and might "catch" within the tendon sheath. This may build it difficult to maneuver the affected finger or thumb and can end in a clicking sensation.

What is Trigger finger ?
Trigger finger

Trigger finger is additionally referred to as stenosing synovitis or stenosing tenovaginitis. It can affect the thumb and any finger. One or more fingers are affected and also the drawback might/8 develop in each hand.

  1. Human skeleton

  2. Joints

  3. Ligaments

  4. Muscular system

  5. Tendons

Medical terms

  • Trigger finger could be a condition within which one {in all|one amongst|one in every of} your fingers gets stuck in a bent position. Your finger could bend or straighten with a snap — sort of a trigger being forced and released. Trigger finger is additionally referred to as stenosing synovitis (stuh-NO-sing ten-o-sin-o-VIE-tis). It happens once inflammation narrows the area within the sheath that surrounds the sinew within the affected finger. 

  • If the trigger finger is severe, your finger may become fastened in a bent position. folks whose work or hobbies need repetitive riveting actions are at higher risk of developing trigger finger. The condition is additionally common in girls and in anyone with diabetes. Treatment of trigger finger varies betting on the severity.

Symptoms Trigger finger

symptoms of trigger finger will embrace pain at the bottom of the affected finger or thumb after you move it or continue it, and stiffness or clicking once you move the affected finger or thumb, significantly very first thing within the morning. If the condition gets worse, you'll have pain in your hand even when it's still. you may conjointly get a lump in your palm and your finger may bog down in a very bent position then suddenly pop straight. Eventually, it should not totally bend or straighten. See your GP if you think you'll have a trigger finger. They'll examine your hand and advise you concerning acceptable treatments. 

Signs and symptoms of trigger finger may progress from mild to severe and include:

  • Finger stiffness, particularly in the morning

  • A popping or clicking sensation as you move your finger

  • Tenderness or a bump (nodule) in the palm at the base of the affected finger

  • Finger catching or locking in a bent position, which suddenly pops straight

  • Finger locked in a bent position, which you are unable to straighten.

Trigger finger can affect any finger including the thumb and more than one finger may be affected at a time often simultaneously Triggering is usually pronounced in the morning while firmly grasping an object or when straightening your finger

When to see a doctor

Seek immediate treatment if your finger joint is hot associate degreed inflamed, as these signs could indicate an infection. If you have any stiffness, catching, symptoms or pain during a finger joint, or if you can't straighten or bend a finger, create a rendezvous together with your doctor. 

Causes Trigger finger

Tendons are robust cords that are a part of bone to muscle. They move the bone once the muscle contracts. Within the hand, tendons lie the front and back of the bones in the fingers and are hooked up to the muscles in the forearm. The tendons on the palm facet of the hand (flexor tendons) are commanded in situ by sturdy bands of tissue, called ligaments, that are formed in arches over the tendon. The tendons are lined by a protecting sheath which produces atiny low quantity of fluid to stay the tendons lubricated. This permits them to move freely and swimmingly within the sheath once the fingers are bent and straightened. Trigger finger happens if there's a tangle with the connective tissue or sheath, adore inflammation and swelling. If the tendon will not slide simply through the sheath it can bunch up to make atiny low lump (nodule). This makes bending the affected finger or thumb difficult. If the tendon gets caught within the sheath, the finger can click painfully as it's straightened. The precise reason why these issues occur isn't known, however many factors could increase the probability of trigger finger developing. For example, it's a lot common in women, individuals over forty years old, and people with bound medical conditions. Another hand-related condition referred to as Dupuytren' muscle contraction may also increase your risk of developing trigger finger. In Dupuytren' contracture, the animal tissue within the palm of the hand thickens, inflicting one or more fingers to bend into the palm of the hand. semi permanent conditions, adore polygenic disease and rheumy arthritis, are related to trigger finger.

Risk factors Trigger finger

Factors that put you at risk of developing trigger finger include:

  • Repeated gripping. Occupations and hobbies that involve repetitive hand use and prolonged gripping may increase your risk of trigger finger.

  • Certain health problems. People who have diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis are at higher risk of developing trigger finger.

  • Your sex. Trigger finger is more common in women.

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome surgery. Trigger finger may be a complication associated with surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome surgery, especially during the first six months after surgery.

Trigger finger exercises

To relieve your finger pain Trigger finger is often caused by repetitive injury or the accumulation of calcium in tendons The condition can result in pain and limited mobility which often interfere with work or recreation activities Treatments include resting to allow the trigger finger to heal along with physical therapy exercises for the affected finger joint.

Trigger finger surgery

Trigger Finger is a condition where the finger joint swells causing it to become stuck in place The finger can't straighten out or bend easily This usually occurs when the sheath (protein capsule) around the tendon that attaches to your bones and muscles becomes blocked by swollen tissue called synovium When this happens that particular finger won’t move normally or may get stuck in a bent position People who are overweight smokers have rheumatoid arthritis of diabetes are more likely than others to develop trigger fingers because these conditions make it difficult for blood vessels and tissue to maintain proper function and elasticity.

Trigger finger test

No matter what your age it's safe to assume that you're at risk for developing trigger finger The condition occurs when tendons around the fingers become inflamed and contract abnormally This can make it difficult or impossible to move your fingers or bend them without effort In severe cases finger movement may be limited entirely You might feel a clicking sensation in the affected hand when moving your wrist bending a finger or extending your thumb Doctors usually diagnose trigger fingers using the "posit" test: Your doctor will press on your fingertip and base of thumb while you squeeze his whole finger between yours If this maneuver triggers pain.

Can trigger finger heal on its own?

A Trigger Finger is a condition in which the finger gets "stuck" or catches on the end of the finger The result is pain inability to straighten out the finger and sometimes swelling A Trigger Finger occurs when there is inflammation in one of three tendons that control the straightening of your fingers The most common Trigger Finger is called stenosing tenosynovitis (sten-o-sing ten-oh-syn-oh-VIE-tis) meaning clicking or catching on tendon sheath.

How do you release a trigger finger at home?

Trigger finger is a recurring condition in which the middle joint of your finger becomes stuck in an extended position It can make it difficult to move that joint opening and closing your hand as well as other tasks such as picking up keys If you have trigger finger you cannot flex the affected finger's middle knuckle against its neighboring knuckle without pain or movement restriction A doctor may prescribe rest splints or physical therapy to help treat trigger finger.

What will happen if a trigger finger is not treated?

Trigger finger occurs when a band of tissue on the end of the finger gets stuck in the joint causing irritating symptoms It usually affects one or two fingers at a time but more than two isn't uncommon either The condition is caused by repetitive movement and pressure on the tendons that control your finger joints These tendons run through small tunnels called sheaths and trigger finger can occur due to injury infection lack of exercise or a family history of it If you suffer from this condition don't try to work around it! Your doctor will make sure there aren't any underlying causes and then treat your trigger.

Trigger finger is a fairly common condition that causes the finger to catch or lock into place when straightened (when the palm is facing up) The condition can be painful but usually isn't disabling However if you have trigger fingers in multiple fingers and are experiencing pain use of your hand may become limited What Causes Trigger Finger.

Diagnosis Trigger finger 

Trigger finger is identified by a physical exam Your doctor or health care provider makes the diagnosis based on your medical history and a physical exam During the physical exam your doctor will ask you to open and close your hand checking for areas of pain and smoothness

  1. Percussion

Your doctor will check your palm to see if there is a lump If the lump is associated with trigger finger the lump will move as your finger moves because this area of swelling in part of the tendon that moves your finger

Treatment Trigger finger 

Trigger finger treatment varies according to how severe it is and the duration of its pain


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication — love NSAID (Advil, Motrin IB) or NSAID drug (Aleve) — may relieve the pain but are unlikely to alleviate the swelling constricting the sinew sheath or trappings the sinew


Conservative noninvasive treatments may include:

  • Rest. Avoid activities that require repetitive gripping, repeated grasping or the prolonged use of vibrating hand-held machinery until your symptoms improve. If you can't avoid these activities altogether, padded gloves may offer some protection.

  • A splint. Your doctor may have you wear a splint at night to keep the affected finger in an extended position for up to six weeks. The splint helps rest the tendon.

  • Stretching exercises. Your doctor may also suggest gentle exercises to help maintain mobility in your finger.

Surgical and other procedures

If your symptoms are severe or if conservative treatments haven't helped, your doctor might suggest:

  • Steroid injection. Associate injection of a steroid medication close to or into the connective tissue sheath might cut back inflammation and permit the tendon to glide freely again. This is often the foremost common treatment, and it's typically effective for a year or a lot in the general public. however generally it takes over one injection. 
    For people with diabetes, steroid injections tend to be less effective.

  • Percutaneous release. when desensitizing your palm, your doctor inserts a durable needle into the tissue around your affected connective tissue. Moving the needle and your finger helps break apart the constriction that blocks the sleek motion of the tendon. This treatment is also done beneath ultrasound control, therefore the doctor will see wherever the tip of the needle is under the skin to make sure it opens the tendon sheath while not damaging the tendon or near nerves. This procedure is typically wiped out in the doctor' workplace or in an office procedure room.

  • Surgery. Working through a small incision near the base of your affected finger, a surgeon can cut open the constricted section of tendon sheath. This procedure is usually done in an operating room.

Preparing for your appointment

You'll probably start by seeing your primary care doctor to determine what could be causing your symptoms.

What you can do

Make sure to bring a list of all the medications and supplements you take regularly. You might also want to write down some questions for your doctor in advance. Examples may include:

  • What's causing my symptoms?

  • Is this condition temporary or long lasting?

  • What treatments are available?

  • Are there complications associated with this condition or its treatments?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor or health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over important information a second time.

Questions your doctor might ask include:

  • What symptoms are you experiencing?

  • How long have you been experiencing these symptoms?

  • Do your symptoms seem to come and go, or do you always have them?

  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms better?

  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms worse?

  • Are your symptoms worse in the morning or at any particular time of the day?

  • Do you perform repetitive tasks on the job or for hobbies?

  • Have you recently experienced any injury to your hand?

General summary

  1. Causes and symptoms Trigger finger causes a snapping sensation in the finger which is caused by inflammation of the sheath that surrounds each tendon in the finger. The snapping generally occurs when you bend your finger or thumb. Pain accompanies the snapping but it should go away shortly after it occurs.

  2. causes a catch or locking of the finger in extension Trigger finger is a condition in which the flexor tendon sheath does not have full range of motion so that when the affected finger is straightened it catches or locks and remains fixed in this position The flexor tendon itself can swell up slightly such that it sticks to its groove on the bone This may be accompanied by some pain and swelling at the base of the little finger but usually no symptoms are present until straightening attempts cause locking to occur Once locked treatment should commence immediately because rest alone will not reduce swelling sufficiently; most systems require surgical intervention within 24.

Next Post Previous Post