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Broken foot : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

 What is Broken foot?

Broken bones (also known as fractures) within the foot area unit are quite common. In fact, concerning one out of each ten broken bones happens within the foot. Here's why.


The pedal extremity has twenty six bones.

Divide the foot into three parts: the foot, the midfoot, and also the animal foot.

There area unit a pair of bones within the foot. These areas unit the talus, that is wherever the foot attaches to the leg, and also the os tarsi fibulare, that forms the heel.

Five smaller bones known as the navicular, cuboid, and three cuneiforms compose the midfoot.

The long part of the foot is named the animal foot and contains nineteen bones. there's a metatarsal for every of the five toes, the massive toe is formed of a pair of phalanges, and also the alternative toes every have three phalanges.

In addition, the foot generally has some tiny pebble-like bones known as sesamoid bones. These bones don't perform any necessary operations and area units typically known as accent bones.


What is Broken foot


Explanation of medical terms and concepts Broken foot

A foot fracture may be a broken foot injury that happens from trauma to the bone. Several sorts of trauma will cause a foot fracture, as well as automobile accidents, falls, etc., whereas risk factors like associate degree unhealthy manners or a separate medical condition will create a broken foot additional possible to occur. Fractures are generally straightforward to spot, whereas others would require many sorts of testing to get an identification.

There are many different kinds of foot fractures, every with its own variety of causes, symptoms, and treatment choices. The seriousness of this injury can vary widely counting on however the bone was broken. A foot fracture is a little crack during a toe bone or a broken bone that pierces the skin. As a result, treatment choices for a broken foot can even vary, some requiring surgery and implant plates et al. requiring a brace and temporary crutches.

A broken foot is an associate degree injury to the bone. you'll experience a broken foot throughout an automobile crash or from a straightforward blunder or fall.

The seriousness of a broken foot varies. Fractures will vary from small cracks in your bones to breaks that pierce your skin.

Treatment for a broken foot depends on the precise web site and severity of the fracture. A severely broken foot might need surgery to implant plates, rods or screws into the broken bone to keep up the correct position throughout healing.

Symptoms Broken foot

A broken foot is often terribly troublesome to diagnose without the assistance of a Dr.. Knowing the distinction between a bruise and a break, or a broken foot and a sprain, is troublesome, particularly if you haven’t practiced either within the past. The symptoms of those conditions overlap, and whereas breaks and fractures tend to be additional painful for an extended amount, most foot injuries can have the subsequent symptoms.

If you have a broken foot, you may experience some of the following signs and symptoms:

  • Immediate, throbbing pain

  • Pain that increases with activity and decreases with rest

  • Swelling

  • Bruising

  • Tenderness

  • Deformity

  • Difficulty in walking or bearing weight

When to see a doctor

See a doctor if there's obvious deformity, if the pain and swelling do not get higher with self-care, or if the pain and swelling gets worse over time. Also, see a doctor if the injury interferes with walking.

Causes Broken foot

A broken foot will have a range of causes and risk factors. The foremost obvious cause is acute physical trauma. This will happen because of the results of an automotive accident, a fall, a misstep, or impact from an important weight. Sometimes, this trauma can lead to a foot crush injury, a probably serious condition that needs immediate medical attention.

That said, trauma doesn't need to be acute to cause a broken foot. Overuse may be a common cause for sure enough foot injuries, like stress fractures. These occur once repetitive force, like running long distances, causes tiny cracks over time. collaborating in high-impact and endurance sports will place athletes at a larger risk for developing this sort of broken foot.

There is conjointly a spread of things that place people at the next risk of breaking a foot. In addition to collaborating in high-impact and endurance sports, mistreatment associates improper technique throughout a sport, or mistreatment instrumentation that's not properly fitted, will contribute to worry fractures and falls. In addition, the subsequent fashion changes and experiences will increase a person’s risk of breaking a foot.

The most common causes of a broken foot include:

  • Car accidents. The crushing injuries common in car accidents may cause breaks that require surgical repair.

  • Falls. Tripping and falling will break bones in your feet, as will landing on your feet when jumping down from simply a small height. 

  • Impact from a heavy weight. Dropping something heavy on your foot is a common cause of fractures.

  • Missteps. Sometimes just putting your foot down wrong can result in a broken bone. A toe can get broken from stubbing your toes on furniture.

  • Overuse. Stress fractures are common within the weight-bearing bones of your feet. These little cracks are sometimes caused over time by repetitive force or overuse, like running long distances. however they will additionally occur with traditional use of a bone that has been weakened by a condition like pathology. 

Risk factors Broken foot

You may be at higher risk of a broken foot or ankle if you:

  • Participate in high-impact sports. The stresses, direct blows and twisting injuries that occur in sports such as basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis and soccer can cause foot fractures.

  • Use improper technique or sports equipment. Faulty instrumentation, like shoes that are too worn or not properly fitted, will contribute to fret fractures and falls. Improper coaching techniques, like not warming up and stretching, can also cause foot injuries. 

  • Suddenly increase your activity level. Whether you are a trained jock or somebody who's simply started exercise, suddenly boosting the frequency or length of your exercise sessions will increase your risk of a fracture. 

  • Work in certain occupations. Certain work environments, such as a construction site, put you at risk of falling from a height or dropping something heavy on your foot.

  • Keep your home cluttered or poorly lit. Walking around in a house with too much clutter or too little light may lead to falls and foot injuries.

  • Have certain conditions. Having decreased bone density (osteoporosis) can put you at risk of injuries to your foot bones.

Complications

Complications of a broken foot are uncommon but may include:

  • Arthritis. Fractures that extend into a joint can cause arthritis years later. If your foot starts to hurt long after a break, see your doctor for an evaluation.

  • Bone infection (osteomyelitis). If you have an open fracture, meaning one end of the bone protrudes through the skin, your bone may be exposed to bacteria that cause infection.

  • Nerve or blood vessel damage. Trauma to the foot will injure adjacent nerves and blood vessels, typically really tearing them. get immediate attention if you notice any symptom or circulation issues. Lack of blood flow will cause a bone to die and collapse. 

Prevention

These basic sports and safety tips may help prevent a broken foot:

  • Wear proper shoes. Use hiking shoes on rough terrain. Wear steel-toed boots in your work environment if necessary. Choose appropriate athletic shoes for your sport.

  • Replace athletic shoes regularly. Discard sneakers as presently because the tread or heel wears out or if the shoes are carrying inconsistently. If you are a runner, replace your sneakers each three hundred to four hundred miles. 

  • Start slowly. That applies to a new fitness program and each individual workout.

  • Cross-train. Alternating activities can prevent stress fractures. Rotate running with swimming or biking.

  • Build bone strength. Calcium-rich foods, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, really can do your body good. Taking vitamin D supplements also can help.

  • Use night lights. Many broken toes are the result of walking in the dark.

  • Declutter your house. Keeping clutter off the floor can help you to avoid trips and falls.

Diagnosis Broken foot

During the physical communication, your doctor can check for points of tenderness in your foot. The precise location of your pain will facilitate verifying its cause.

They may move your foot into totally different positions, to envision your vary of motion. you will be asked to run for a brief distance so your doctor will examine your gait.

Imaging tests

If your signs and symptoms suggest a break or fracture, your doctor may suggest one or more of the following imaging tests.

  • X-rays. Most foot fractures may be envisioned on X-rays. The technician might have to require X-rays from many completely different angles in order that the bone pictures will not overlap an excessive amount of. Stress fractures usually do not show informed X-rays till the break truly starts healing.

  • Bone scan. For a bone scan, a technician can inject atiny low quantity of stuff into a vein. The stuff is interested in your bones, particularly the components of your bones that are broken. broken areas, together with stress fractures, show up as bright spots on the ensuing image. 

  • Computerized tomography (CT). CT scans take X-rays from many different angles and combine them to make cross-sectional images of internal structures of your body. CT scans can reveal more detail about the bone and the soft tissues that surround it, which may help your doctor determine the best treatment.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI uses radio waves and a robust field to make terribly elaborate pictures of the ligaments that facilitate holding your foot and mortise joint along. This imaging helps to indicate ligaments and bones and may establish fractures not seen on X-rays. 

Treatment Broken foot

Treatment for a broken bone within the foot depends on that bone being broken and the way it's broken. Some broken bones within the foot may be treated with crutches and flat-bottom shoes, others need splints or casts, and still others need surgery to repair the bones.

Treatments for a broken foot will vary, depending on which bone has been broken and the severity of the injury.

Medications

Your doctor may recommend an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).

Therapy

After your bone has healed, you'll probably need to loosen up stiff muscles and ligaments in your feet. A physical therapist can teach you exercises to improve your flexibility and strength.

Surgical and other procedures

  • Reduction. If you've got a break, that means the 2 ends of the fracture aren't aligned, your doctor might have to control the items into their correct positions — a method known as reduction. counting on the quantity of pain and swelling you've got, you would like a relaxant, a sedative or maybe an anesthetic before this procedure. 

  • Immobilization. To heal, a broken bone should be immobilized so its ends will knit back along. In most cases, this needs to be solid.
    Minor foot fractures might solely would like a removable brace, boot or shoe with a stiff sole. A broken toe is typically taped to a neighboring toe, with a chunk of gauze between them. 

  • Surgery. In some cases, an orthopedic surgeon may need to use pins, plates or screws to maintain proper position of your bones during healing. These materials may be removed after the fracture has healed if they are prominent or painful.

Preparing for your appointment

You will seemingly at the start look for treatment for a broken foot in Associate in Nursing ER or imperative care clinic. If the items of broken bone are not lined up properly for healing, you'll be cited by a doctor specializing in orthopedic surgery.

What you can do

You may want to write a list that includes:

  • Detailed descriptions of your symptoms

  • Information about medical problems you've had

  • Information about the medical problems of your parents or siblings

  • All the medications and dietary supplements you take

  • Questions you want to ask the doctor

For a broken ankle or foot, basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What tests are needed?

  • What treatments are available, and which do you recommend?

  • If I need a cast, how long will I need to wear it?

  • Will I need surgery?

  • What activity restrictions will need to be followed?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • What pain medications do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask any other questions you have.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask some of the following questions:

  • Was there a specific injury that triggered your symptoms?

  • Did your symptoms come on suddenly?

  • Have you injured your feet in the past?

  • Have you recently begun or intensified an exercise program?

What to do in the meantime

If your injury isn't severe enough to warrant a trip to the emergency room, here are some things you can do at home to care for your injury until you can see your doctor:

  • Apply ice for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, every three to four hours to bring down the swelling.

  • Keep your foot elevated.

  • Don't put any weight on your injured foot.

  • Lightly wrap the injury in a soft bandage that provides slight compression.

General summary

syndrome A broken foot is a fracture of any one of the 26 bones in your foot Because there are so many bones in your foot it's possible to break more than one at once A "broken" foot may refer to specific bones such as a broken ankle or broken toe Or it may refer to all the bones of your feet and ankles A "fracture" occurs when there is too much force on a bone for that bone to withstand without breaking Fractures come in two types: open and closed An open (or compound) fracture means that a segment of bone protrudes through skin

broken heart : Why do we get verklempt of our toes? You've heard the saying "hurt feelings are more painful than broken bones." But does that statement ring true? According to a new study published in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience injured body parts trigger different emotional reactions The authors of this research assessed how participants responded to physical injuries in their hands or feet They found that people felt greater anxiety when they feared harm to their hands while they reported feeling the most grief and sadness when they were worried about foot injury

Can you walk on a fractured foot?

An ankle fracture is an injury that causes the fibula and tibia two of the largest bones in your lower leg to break Oftentimes this type of injury results from a fall or awkward twist If you are unlucky enough to suffer an ankle fracture consider these tips for moving around with a fractured foot Step 1 Do not put any weight on your injured foot until you have received medical care and been given specific instructions regarding what actions you can take without exacerbating your condition If you feel comfortable standing at first place all of your weight on one foot while keeping the other tucked underneath you

Can a broken foot heal on its own?

A broken foot can heal on its own or with the assistance of a physician depending on the severity of the break In most cases a foot that has been broken will need surgery to align and secure the bones into place However people who suffer from non-displaced fractures that have no displacement can often let their foot heal without surgery This is especially true if you don't have any complications like nerve damage or infections

Should I go to the doctor for a broken foot?

A broken foot may be the result of a severe injury or it can happen suddenly and seemingly without provocation Regardless of how your foot was broken consult your doctor right away to determine whether you need emergency care Also make sure to visit your doctor if you suspect you have a broken foot because there are some conditions that can mimic the symptoms of a fracture

How long does it take to heal a broken foot?

A doctor may prescribe one of several kinds of cast depending on the site and type of break For instance for a foot broken in multiple places he may choose to wrap it in fiberglass or plaster and then strap the foot from toes to ankle with Velcro straps The injured person can switch into a removable shoe after about eight weeks Later she's usually able to walk without crutches or a cane but still should wear an orthopedic shoe for support until permanent healing is complete

Can you break a bone in your foot and still move it?

Yes you can break a bone in your foot and still move it This is possible because most bones are made of several smaller pieces called “components” that enable the main part of the bone to move while being protected by the solid outer shell or cortex

Can you wiggle your toes with a broken foot?

Understanding the anatomy and physical fitness is paramount to any athlete Doctors can repair a broken foot but it will never be 100% again It's like having a damaged car that keeps breaking down The key is to fix the damage as soon as possible before it becomes irreparable in both cases

How do you tell if your foot is broken or just bruised?

Possible signs of a broken foot include but are not limited to: Your foot looks misshapen and/or appears different from the other foot There is visible deformity or swelling in your foot You can't wiggle your toes This indicates that a toe has been fractured or dislocated The injured digit(s) may also be numb or tingly though there may be no feeling at all This occurs due to the compression of the nerves in your toe when it breaks or is otherwise injured

How do you tell if a foot is fractured or sprained?

There are three classifications for the severity of a foot injury: sprain strain and fracture Foot injuries can range from moderate to severe in nature and some require immediate medical attention However most foot injuries can be treated with home remedies or by visiting your local Podiatrist for diagnosis and treatment

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Broken foot : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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