Dizziness :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Dizziness?

Dizziness is the feeling of being lightheaded, woozy, or unbalanced. It affects the sensory organs, specifically the eyes and ears, therefore it will generally cause fainting. symptom isn’t a malady, however rather an indication of assorted disorders.

Vertigo and situation could cause a sense of symptom, however those 2 terms describe completely different symptoms. giddiness is characterized by a spinning sensation, just like the space is moving.

What is Dizziness?

It may additionally want ill or as if you’re leaning to at least one facet. the situation could be a loss of balance or equilibrium. True symptom is the feeling of lightheadedness or nearly fainting.

Dizziness is common and its underlying cause sometimes isn’t serious. Occasional symptom isn't one thing to fret concerning. However, you must decide your doctor right away if you’re experiencing recurrent episodes of symptoms for no apparent reason or for a chronic amount.

  1. Brain

Medical terms

  • Dizziness may be a term accustomed to describe a spread of sensations, like feeling faint, woozy, weak or unsteady. a symptom that makes the false sense that you simply or your surroundings are spinning or moving is termed a symptom.

  • Dizziness is one amongst a lot of common reasons adults visit their doctors. Frequent dizzy spells or constant symptoms will considerably have an effect on your life. However, symptoms seldom signal a dangerous condition.

  • Treatment of symptoms depends on the cause and your symptoms. it's always effective, however the matter might recur.

 Does it want you to be spinning or the area is traveling towards you? That is a classic sign of a selected form of lightheadedness referred to as lightheadedness. It's quite feeling off-kilter and typically gets worse after you move your head. This is often an indication that there's a problem within the sensory receptor or a part of the neural structure governing balance. The foremost common kind is benign attack point lightheadedness, or BPPV.

Symptoms Dizziness

People experiencing dizziness may describe it as any of a number of sensations, such as:

  • A false sense of motion or spinning (vertigo)

  • Lightheadedness or feeling faint

  • Unsteadiness or a loss of balance

  • A feeling of floating, dizziness or heavy-headedness

These feelings may be triggered or worsened by walking, standing up or moving your head. Your dizziness may be accompanied by nausea or be so sudden or severe that you need to sit or lie down. The episode may last seconds or days and may recur.

When to see a doctor

Generally, see your doctor if you expertise any continual, sudden, severe, or prolonged and unexplained symptom or lightheadedness.

Get emergency treatment if you expertise new, severe symptom or lightheadedness beside any of the following:

  • Sudden, severe headache

  • Chest pain

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Numbness or paralysis of arms or legs

  • Fainting

  • Double vision

  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat

  • Confusion or slurred speech

  • Stumbling or difficulty walking

  • Ongoing vomiting

  • Seizures

  • A sudden change in hearing

  • Facial numbness or weakness

Causes Dizziness

Common causes of lightheadedness embody cephalalgia, medications, and alcohol. It may be caused by a tangle within the internal ear, wherever balance is regulated.

Dizziness is commonly a result of lightheadedness also. The foremost common reason behind lightheadedness and lightheadedness-related lightheadedness is benign point vertigo (BPV). This causes short-run lightheadedness once somebody changes positions quickly, like sitting up in bed once lying down.

Dizziness and lightheadedness may be triggered by Meniere’s unwellness. This causes fluid to make up within the ear with associated ear fullness, hearing disorder, and symptoms. Another doable cause for lightheadedness Associate in Nursing lightheadedness is an acoustic tumor. This can be a noncancerous neoplasm that forms on the nerve that connects the internal ear to the brain.

Dizziness has several doable causes, together with internal ear disturbance, ill and drug effects. Typically it's caused by Associate in Nursing underlying health conditions, like poor circulation, infection or injury.

The approach lightheadedness causes you to feel and your triggers give clues for doable causes. however long the lightheadedness lasts and the other symptoms you've got additionally facilitate pinpoint the cause.

  • sudden drop in blood pressure

  • heart muscle disease

  • decrease in blood volume

  • anxiety disorders

  • anemia (low iron)

  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

  • ear infection

  • dehydration

  • heat stroke

  • excessive exercise

  • motion sickness

Inner ear problems that cause dizziness (vertigo)

Your sense of balance depends on the combined input from the various parts of your sensory system. These include your:

  • Eyes, which help you determine where your body is in space and how it's moving

  • Sensory nerves, which send messages to your brain about body movements and positions

  • Inner ear, which homes sensors that facilitate find gravity and back-and-forth motion
    Vertigo is the false sense that your surroundings are unit spinning or moving. With labyrinth disorders, your brain receives signals from the labyrinth {that area unit not|that are not} in keeping with what your eyes and sensory nerves are receiving. Lightheadedness is what results as your brain works to delineate the confusion. 

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This condition causes an intense and temporary false sense that you are spinning or moving. These episodes are a unit triggered by a speedy modification in head movement, like once you flip over in bed, not sleep or experience a blow to the top. BPPV is the most typical reason for lightheadedness. 

  • Infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, called vestibular neuritis, can cause intense, constant vertigo. If you also have sudden hearing loss, you may have labyrinthitis.

  • Meniere's disease. This unwellness involves the excessive buildup of fluid in your labyrinth. It's characterized by sharp episodes of symptoms lasting as long as many hours. you'll additionally expertise unsteady hearing impairment, ringing within the ear and also the feeling of a blocked ear. 

  • Migraine. People who experience migraines may have episodes of vertigo or other types of dizziness even when they're not having a severe headache. Such vertigo episodes can last minutes to hours and may be associated with headache as well as light and noise sensitivity.

Circulation problems that cause dizziness

You may feel dizzy, faint or off balance if your heart isn't pumping enough blood to your brain. Causes include:

  • Drop in blood pressure. A dramatic drop by your pulsation force per unit area — the upper variety in your force per unit area reading — could end in temporary lightheadedness or a sense of faintness. It will occur once sitting up or standing too quickly. This condition is additionally known as hypotension. 

  • Poor blood circulation. Conditions such as cardiomyopathy, heart attack, heart arrhythmia and transient ischemic attack could cause dizziness. And a decrease in blood volume may cause inadequate blood flow to your brain or inner ear.

Other causes of dizziness

  • Neurological conditions. Some neurological disorders — such as Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis — can lead to progressive loss of balance.

  • Medications. Dizziness is a facet result of sure medications — like anti-seizure medication, antidepressants, sedatives and tranquilizers. especially, pressure lowering medications might cause faintness if they lower your pressure an excessive amount of. 

  • Anxiety disorders. Certain anxiety disorders may cause lightheadedness or a woozy feeling often referred to as dizziness. These include panic attacks and a fear of leaving home or being in large, open spaces (agoraphobia).

  • Low iron levels (anemia). Other signs and symptoms that may occur along with dizziness if you have anemia include fatigue, weakness and pale skin.

  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This condition generally occurs in people with diabetes who use insulin. Dizziness (lightheadedness) may be accompanied by sweating and anxiety.

  • Carbon monoxide poisoning. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are often described as "flu-like" and include headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain and confusion.

  • Overheating and dehydration. If you're active in hot weather or if you don't drink enough fluids, you may feel dizzy from overheating (hyperthermia) or from dehydration. This is especially true if you take certain heart medications.

Risk factors Dizziness

Factors that may increase your risk of getting dizzy include:

  • Age. Older adults are an additional unit seemingly to own medical conditions that cause symptoms, particularly a way of imbalance. They are conjointly additional seemingly to require medications which will cause symptoms. 

  • A past episode of dizziness. If you've experienced dizziness before, you're more likely to get dizzy in the future.

What relieves dizziness fast?

Taking a few steps to relieve dizziness can make your symptoms improve quickly. These steps include changing positions, sitting down, resting or lying down until you feel better and remaining still so your inner ear has time to adjust.

What is the home medicine for dizziness?

If you are experiencing dizziness at home try to stay calm A person who becomes anxious often gets dizzier faster than one who remains calm To combat dizziness maintain a consistent posture and remind yourself that the sensation will eventually pass Some people find it helpful to sit down in the same room where they are feeling dizzy until the episode passes then move into another room if necessary for comfort This is much safer than standing up and becoming disoriented if you feel light-headed or unable to stand easily.

Dizziness is a common complaint that can be attributed to many things. Our symptom checker finds the most likely causes of dizziness and helps you decide what to do next. Learn more about dizziness: what it is, why you get it and how to treat it.

When is dizziness serious?

You're at work when all of a sudden you feel like you are going to faint You've felt this way before but it scares you every time because your job involves using heavy machinery and operating in high places You know one or two episodes is not serious but your boss wants to make sure that it's not something serious What should you do?.

How long can dizziness last?

Dizziness is very common in the general population and it can involve many different causes Dizziness that lasts continuously for longer than eight hours may be serious In most cases dizziness does not result in a long-term loss of balance or other lasting effects If you have problems with your balance after experiencing dizziness speak to a doctor about treatment options.

Can High BP cause vertigo?

Yes high blood pressure (hypertension) can be the cause of vertigo However in most cases another medical condition is more likely to have caused it. As a result you may have hypertension without knowing it. If left untreated hypertension can lead to other serious health problems later on in life such as heart attack and stroke.

What's the difference between dizziness and vertigo?

Dizziness is a general term used to describe specific conditions that involve the loss of balance Dizziness encompasses several medical conditions including vertigo and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting Vertigo refers to spinning sensations in the head The difference between dizziness and vertigo lies in the root cause of each symptom.

Complications Dizziness

Dizziness will increase your risk of falling and injuring yourself. Experiencing giddiness whereas driving an automobile or operational significant machinery will increase the probability of an associated accident. you will conjointly experience long consequences if associate existing health conditions that will be inflicting your giddiness goes untreated.

Diagnosis Dizziness

If your doctor suspects you're having or could have had a stroke, are older or suffered a blow to the top, he or she could in real time order AN magnetic resonance imaging or CT scan.

Most people visiting their doctor thanks to vertigo can initially be asked concerning their symptoms and medications so learn a physical examination. Throughout this examination, your doctor can check however you walk and maintain your balance and the way the foremost nerves of your central systema nervosum are operating.

You may additionally would like a hearing take a look at and balance tests, including:

  • Eye movement testing. Your doctor may watch the path of your eyes when you track a moving object. And you may be given an eye motion test in which water or air is placed in your ear canal.

  • Head movement testing. If your doctor suspects your vertigo is caused by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, he or she may do a simple head movement test called the Dix-Hallpike maneuver to verify the diagnosis.

  • Posturography. This test tells your doctor which parts of the balance system you rely on the most and which parts may be giving you problems. You stand in your bare feet on a platform and try to keep your balance under various conditions.

  • Rotary chair testing. During this test you sit in a computer-controlled chair that moves very slowly in a full circle. At faster speeds, it moves back and forth in a very small arc.

In addition, you may be given blood tests to check for infection and other tests to check heart and blood vessel health.

Treatment Dizziness

Dizziness usually gets higher while not being treated. inside one or two weeks, the body sometimes adapts to no matter is inflicting it.

If you get treatment, your doctor can base it on the reason behind your condition and your symptoms. it should embody medications and balance exercises. Even though no cause is found or if your symptom persists, prescribed drugs and different treatments could create a lot of manageable symptoms.


  • Water pills. If you have Meniere's disease, your doctor may prescribe a water pill (diuretic). This along with a low-salt diet may help reduce how often you have dizziness episodes.

  • Medications that relieve dizziness and nausea. Your doctor could order medicine to produce immediate relief from symptom, symptom and nausea, together with prescription antihistamines and anticholinergics. Several of those medicines cause somnolence. 

  • Anti-anxiety medications. Diazepam (Valium) and alprazolam (Xanax) are in a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, which may cause addiction. They may also cause drowsiness.

  • Preventive medicine for migraine. Certain medicines may help prevent migraine attacks.


  • Head position maneuvers. A technique referred to as canalith position (or Epley maneuver) sometimes helps resolve benign attack point dizziness a lot more quickly than merely looking ahead to your symptom to travel away. It is often done by your doctor, Associate in Nursing audiologist or a therapist and involves maneuvering the position of your head. It is always effective when one or 2 treatments. Before undergoing this procedure, tell your care supplier if you have got a neck or back condition, a retinal detachment, or vessel issues. 

  • Balance therapy. You may learn specific exercises to assist build your balance system less sensitive to motion. This physiatrics technique is termed proprioception rehabilitation. It's used for folks with giddiness from receptor conditions like proprioception rubor. 

  • Psychotherapy. This type of therapy may help people whose dizziness is caused by anxiety disorders.

Surgical or other procedures

  • Injections. Your doctor may inject your inner ear with the antibiotic gentamicin to disable the balance function. The unaffected ear takes over that function.

  • Removal of the inner ear sense organ. A procedure that's rarely used is called labyrinthectomy. It disables the vestibular labyrinth in the affected ear. The other ear takes over the balance function. This technique may be used if you have serious hearing loss and your dizziness hasn't responded to other treatments.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you tend to experience repeated episodes of dizziness, consider these tips:

  • Be aware of the possibility of losing your balance, which can lead to falling and serious injury.

  • Avoid moving suddenly and walk with a cane for stability, if needed.

  • Fall-proof your home by removing tripping hazards such as area rugs and exposed electrical cords. Use non-slip mats on your bath and shower floors. Use good lighting.

  • Sit or lie down immediately when you feel dizzy. Lie still with your eyes closed in a darkened room if you're experiencing a severe episode of vertigo.

  • Avoid driving a car or operating heavy machinery if you experience frequent dizziness without warning.

  • Avoid using caffeine, alcohol, salt and tobacco. Excessive use of these substances can worsen your signs and symptoms.

  • Drink enough fluids, eat a healthy diet, get enough sleep and avoid stress.

  • If your dizziness is caused by a medication, talk with your doctor about discontinuing it or lowering the dose.

  • If your dizziness comes with nausea, try an over-the-counter (nonprescription) antihistamine, such as meclizine or dimenhydrinate (Dramamine). These may cause drowsiness. Non Drowsy antihistamines aren't as effective.

  • If your dizziness is caused by overheating or dehydration, rest in a cool place and drink water or a sports drink (Gatorade, Powerade, others).

Preparing for your appointment

Your general practitioner or medical aid supplier can most likely be ready to diagnose and treat the reason behind your symptom. He or she you'll refer you to an Associate in Nursing ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist or a doctor United Nations agency focuses on the brain and system (neurologist).

Here's some info to assist you prepare for your appointment.

What you can do

  • Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. At the time you create the appointment, make certain to raise if there is something you wish to try and do earlier, like limit your diet. If you are scheduled for proprioception testing, your doctor can offer directions relating to any medications to withhold the night before and what to eat the day of testing. 

  • Be prepared to describe your dizziness in specific terms. When you have an episode of dizziness, do you feel like the room is spinning, or like you are spinning in the room? Do you feel like you might pass out? Your description of these symptoms is crucial to helping your doctor make a diagnosis.

  • List any other health conditions or symptoms you have, including any that may seem unrelated to your dizziness. For example, if you have felt depressed or anxious recently, this is important information for your doctor.

  • List key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes.

  • Make a list of all prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins or supplements that you're taking.

  • List questions to ask your doctor.

Your time with your doctor is limited, so preparing a list of questions ahead of time will help you make the most of your time together. For dizziness, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What's the most likely cause of my symptoms?

  • Are there any other possible causes for my symptoms?

  • What tests do you recommend?

  • Is this problem likely temporary or long lasting?

  • Is it possible my symptoms will go away without treatment?

  • What treatment options might help?

  • Do I need to follow any restrictions? For example, is it safe for me to drive?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • Is there a generic alternative to the medicine you're prescribing?

  • Do you have any brochures or other printed material that I can take home with me? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor will likely ask you a number of questions about your dizziness, such as:

  • Can you describe what you felt the first time you had an episode of dizziness?

  • Is your dizziness continuous, or does it occur in spells or episodes?

  • If your dizziness occurs in episodes, how long do these episodes last?

  • How often do your dizziness episodes occur?

  • When do your dizzy spells seem to happen, and what triggers them?

  • Does your dizziness cause the room to spin or produce a sensation of motion?

  • When you feel dizzy, do you also feel faint or lightheaded?

  • Does your dizziness cause you to lose your balance?

  • Are your symptoms accompanied by a ringing or fullness in your ears (tinnitus) or trouble hearing?

  • Does your vision blur?

  • Is your dizziness made worse by moving your head?

  • What medications, vitamins or supplements are you taking?

What you can do in the meantime

If you tend to feel lightheaded when you stand up, take your time making changes in posture. If you have had episodes of dizziness while driving, arrange for alternate transportation while you're waiting to see your doctor.

If your dizziness causes you to feel like you might fall, take steps to reduce your risk. Keep your home well lighted and free of hazards that might cause you to trip. Avoid area rugs and exposed electrical cords. Place furniture where you're unlikely to bump into it, and use non-slip mats in the bathtub and on shower floors.

General summary

  • Dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or vertigo. It can be caused by a variety of things including injury or trauma to your head, blood pressure problems and even lack of sleep.

  • Dizziness is a common symptom particularly among the elderly It occurs when there is dysfunction of your inner ear and/or your brain's ability to process sensory information There are many possible causes of dizziness Here we present you with the most common ones: Motion sickness : this type of nausea occurs as a result of physical motion such as when traveling in an automobile or using a boat or airplane The cause is usually related to our vestibular system (the organs in the inner ear that help us keep our balance) which can be triggered by changes in movement position direction and speed If you experience this.

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