Foot drop :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Foot drop?

Foot drop may be a condition during which you can not raise the front a part of one or each foot. it's a signal of associate degree underlying downside, like muscular pathology or stroke. Foot drop is treated with exercises, electrical nerve stimulation, or surgery.

Foot drop, generally referred to as "drop foot," is the inability to elevate the front a part of the foot. This causes the toes to pull on the bottom whereas walking.

To avoid dragging the toes, individuals with foot drop might elevate their knee over traditional. Or they'll swing their legs during a wide arc.

Foot drop will happen to at least one foot or each foot at identical times. It will strike at any age.

What is Foot drop?
Foot drop

In general, foot drop stems from weakness or palsy of the muscles that elevate the foot. It will have many various causes. Treatments for foot drop vary in keeping with the cause.

 takes a glance at the foremost common causes and coverings for foot drop.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

  1. Human skeleton

  2. Joints

  3. Ligaments

  4. Muscular system

  5. Tendons

Medical terms

  • Foot drop, typically known as drop foot, could be a general term for lifting the front a part of the foot. If you have got foot drop, the front of your foot would possibly drag on the bottom once you walk.

  • Foot drop is not an unwellness. Rather, foot drop could be a sign of Associate in Nursing underlying medical specialty, muscular or anatomical downside.

  • Sometimes foot drop is temporary, however it may be permanent. If you have got foot drop, you may ought to wear a brace on your ankle joint and foot to carry your foot in an exceedingly traditional position.

  • a muscle weakness caused by nerve injury Foot drop also known as foot-drop is the weakening of muscles in and around the ankle The neurological disorder results from an impairment or cut in the sciatic nerve which runs down your leg behind your knee into your foot Foot drop can be painful and causes difficulty walking

  • is a condition in which the patient cannot lift their toes or dorsiflex their foot Foot drop is a condition in which the patient cannot lift their toes or dorsiflex their foot Also known as toe walking foot drop occurs for different reasons such as nerve injury muscle damage and spinal cord injuries Treatment differs depending on the cause of your foot drop; however there are common strategies to improve mobility and reduce pain If you need to learn how to walk with crutches after suffering from a stroke read our article called How To Walk With Crutches After Stroke( Paralysis )

Symptoms Foot drop

Foot drop makes it tough to raise the front a part of your foot, thus it'd drag on the ground after you walk. This will cause you to boost your thigh after you walk, as if you are climbing stairs (steppage gait), to assist your foot clear the ground. This uncommon gait may cause you to slap your foot down onto the ground with every step. In some cases, the skin on the highest part of your foot and toes feels numb.

Depending on the cause, foot drop will have an effect on one or each foot.

Foot drop makes it tough to raise the front a part of your foot, thus it'd drag on the ground after you walk. This will cause you to boost your thigh after you walk, as if you are climbing stairs (steppage gait), to assist your foot clear the ground. This uncommon gait may cause you to slap your foot down onto the ground with every step. In some cases, the skin on the highest part of your foot and toes feels numb.

Depending on the cause, foot drop will have an effect on one or each foot.

When to see a doctor

If your toes drag the floor when you walk, consult your doctor.

Causes Foot drop

Foot drop is caused by weakness or paralysis of the muscles involved in lifting the front part of the foot. Causes of foot drop might include:

  • Nerve injury. The most common reason for foot drop is compression of a nerve in your leg that controls the muscles concerned in lifting the foot (peroneal nerve). This nerve may be eviscerate throughout hip or knee replacement surgery, which can cause foot drop.
    A nerve root injury — "pinched nerve" — within the spine may cause foot drop. People that have polygenic disease square measure additional vulnerable to nerve disorders, that square measure related to foot drop. 

  • Muscle or nerve disorders. Various sorts of dystrophy, AN congenital disease that causes progressive muscle weakness, will contribute to foot drop. thus will alternative disorders, like infantile paralysis or neuropathy. 

  • Brain and spinal cord disorders. Disorders that affect the spinal cord or brain — such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis or stroke — may cause foot drop.

Can foot drop be corrected without surgery?

Foot drop is a common health problem that can occur after having surgery on the spine to treat back problems When the spinal cord or nerve roots are damaged they no longer transmit impulses from the brain to muscles in the arms and legs The nerves act as messengers relaying signals between your brain and your extremities telling them when to contract or relax When this occurs a person experiences foot drop -- their feet do not "drop" properly when walking It feels as if there is a weight attached to one foot and it drops when walking causing the patient to adjust by lifting their foot higher off of the ground Patients.

What medication helps foot drop?

There are many medication options for treating foot drop Botulinum toxin injections which paralyze the muscles involved in hyperactive dorsiflexion (pulling the toes up toward the body) are fairly common and effective and can be used to temporarily treat muscle weakness caused by a stroke or other medical condition These injections must be repeated every few months Muscle-strengthening exercises can also help strengthen the muscles that control dorsiflexion allowing for greater mobility Surgery may also be pursued if symptoms fail to improve through exercise and medication use.

Can foot drop Be Cured?

When it comes to foot drop a visit to your doctor is the best way to find out if you have this condition With early diagnosis and treatment nearly all cases of foot drop can be effectively treated If left untreated for too long however foot drop may develop into permanent muscle damage that leads to other complications including blood clots and leg ulcers.

Is foot drop serious?

Foot drop is a fairly common way to describe the inability of your foot muscles to correctly raise your foot If you experience foot drop you may notice that your ankles tend to rotate inward and your heels strike the front of the shoe first when walking You are probably developing foot drop if you have recently had surgery on one or both hips or if you have slipped capital femoral epiphysis a condition in which a portion of the ball-shaped joint at the head of your thigh bone does not properly fit into its socket.

Can you drive with foot drop?

Foot drop is a neurological condition resulting from an injury to the nerves in your lower leg causing weakness or paralysis of certain foot and ankle muscles If you experience sudden weakness in your ankles particularly with walking up and down stairs do not exercise them Instead seek medical attention right away as additional muscle injuries can occur if you continue to use them Never drive with foot drop – even if they are wearing special shoes that supports the heel on your weak side.

How do you repair peroneal nerve damage?

The peroneal nerve is located in the lower part of the leg near the fibula The nerve itself has two divisions: an anterior and posterior division During activities such as running kicking or simply striding along on a long walk tight hamstrings can cause stretching and rubbing of the nerve against bone and tissues within the leg -- resulting in compression and irritation of the nerve.

Is foot drop an emergency?

The answer is yes A foot drop is when you cannot raise your foot up and down easily at the ankle If you don't get treatment for a foot drop you can develop ulcers on your feet and will be in pain if you walk barefoot or wear shoes with high heels Gait abnormalities are also common and include limpness short steps or walking on your toes These abnormalities can lead to back problems as well as increase your risk of falls which could result in serious injury Foot drops are present early in about 50% of patients with paralysis of the lower extremities because of spinal cord injury multiple sclerosis.

Risk factors Foot drop

The leg bone nerve controls the muscles that carry your foot. This nerve runs close to the surface of your skin on the aspect of your knee highest to your hand. Activities that compress this nerve will increase your risk of foot drop. Examples include:

  • Crossing your legs. People who habitually cross their legs can compress the peroneal nerve on their uppermost leg.

  • Prolonged kneeling. Occupations that involve prolonged squatting or motion — like selecting strawberries or giving birth floor tile — may result in foot drop. 

  • Wearing a leg cast. Plaster casts that enclose the ankle and end just below the knee can exert pressure on the peroneal nerve.

Diagnosis Foot drop

To diagnose foot drop, the doctor can do a physical examination and raise you regarding your symptoms. The doctor will wish to ascertain however you walk, and can examine your leg muscles for any weakness or harm.

The doctor could order sure tests, together with the following:

Imaging tests, together with X-rays, ultrasound, and imaging and CT scans, to seem for injuries to the legs, neural structure, or brain

Blood tests to envision blood glucose levels, and to seem for any potential toxins (poisons) that might be inflicting the condition

Nerve conductivity tests to look at however the nerves square measure functioning

Electromyography, a check within which electrodes square measure placed within the muscles of the legs to live their electrical activity (how well they transmit signals and sensations).

Foot drop is sometimes diagnosed throughout a physical test. Your doctor can watch you walk and check your leg muscles for weakness. He or she may additionally check for symptoms on your shin and on the highest of your foot and toes.

Imaging tests

Foot drop is usually caused by associated overgrowth of bone within the canalis vertebralis or by a neoplasm or cyst pressing on the nerve within the knee or spine. Imaging tests will facilitate pinpoint these kinds of issues.

  • X-rays. Plain X-rays use a low level of radiation to visualize a soft tissue mass or a bone lesion that might be causing your symptoms.

  • Ultrasound. This technology, which uses sound waves to make pictures of internal structures, will check for cysts or tumors on the nerve or show swelling on the nerve from compression. 

  • CT scan. This combines X-ray images taken from many different angles to form cross-sectional views of structures within the body.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This takes a look at using radio waves and a robust flux to make elaborated pictures. Tomography is especially helpful in visualizing soft tissue lesions which will pressure a nerve. 

Nerve tests

Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conductivity studies live electrical activity within the muscles and nerves. These tests are often uncomfortable, however they are helpful in determining the situation of the injury on the affected nerve.

Treatment Foot drop

Treatment for foot drop depends on what's inflicting it. Exercises to strengthen the lower leg muscles

Orthotics: associate degree orthotic could be a light-weight device that's worn on the articulatio talocruralis and lower leg to stay them straight. The doctor may additionally suggest orthotic shoe inserts.

Electrical nerve stimulation: Electrodes are placed on the lower leg and connected to a little pack that the patient wears on his or her hip. The pack sends impulses to the electrodes to cause the nerves within the lower leg to shorten, which helps carry the leg. In some cases, the electrodes are constituted within the patient’s leg through surgery.

Surgery: A sinew will be transferred from the opposite leg to the muscle within the affected leg to assist it pull the foot. If foot drop is permanent, your doctor might suggest surgery to fuse your foot and ankle.

Treatment for foot drop depends on the cause. If the cause is with success treated, foot drop would possibly improve or maybe disappear. If the cause cannot be treated, foot drop will be permanent.

Treatment for foot drop would possibly include:

  • Braces or splints. A brace on your ankle and foot or splint that fits into your shoe can help hold your foot in a normal position.

  • Physical therapy. Exercises that strengthen your leg muscles and assist you maintain the vary of motion in your knee and mortise joint may improve gait issues related to foot drop. Stretching exercises are notably vital to stop the stiffness within the heel. 

  • Nerve stimulation. Sometimes stimulating the nerve that lifts the foot improves foot drop.

  • Surgery. Depending upon the cause, and if your foot drop is comparatively new, nerve surgery may well be useful. If foot drop is long-standing, your doctor would possibly recommend surgery that fuses articulatio plana or foot bones or a procedure that transfers an operating connective tissue and hooked up muscle to a distinct part of the foot. 

Lifestyle and home remedies

Because foot drop can increase your risk of tripping and falling, consider taking these precautions around your house:

  • Keep all floors clear of clutter.

  • Avoid the use of throw rugs.

  • Move electrical cords away from walkways.

  • Make sure rooms and stairways are well-lit.

  • Place fluorescent tape on the top and bottom steps of stairways.

Preparing for your appointment

You're seemingly beginning by seeing your GP. betting on the suspected reason behind foot drop, you'll be spoken to by a UN agency that specializes in brain and nerve disorders (neurologist).

Here's some data to assist you make preparations for your appointment.

What you can do

Make a list of:

  • Your symptoms, including ones that appear unrelated to the rationale that you scheduled the appointment, and once they began 

  • Key personal information, including major stresses or recent life changes

  • All medications, vitamins or supplements you take, including doses

  • Questions to ask your doctor

For foot drop, questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What's causing my symptoms?

  • What tests do I need?

  • Is my condition likely temporary or chronic?

  • What treatment do you recommend?

  • Do you have brochures or other printed material I can have?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask questions, such as:

  • Are your symptoms present all the time, or do they come and go?

  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms better?

  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms worse?

  • Do you notice weakness in your legs?

  • Does your foot slap the floor when you walk?

  • Do you have numbness or tingling in your foot or leg?

  • Do you have pain? If so, what is it like and where is it located?

  • Do you have a history of diabetes?

  • Do you have other muscle weakness?

General summary 

  1. It's hard to pinpoint an exact recovery time for foot drop because the level of impairment will vary from person to person Some people might regain function almost immediately while others may suffer permanent impairment if the damage is too severe Foot drop usually heals within six weeks after the stroke but some reported longer times as well until they regained mobility in their toes and feet Once motion returns physical therapy can be used to help restore strength back into the muscles that were affected by the stroke.

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