Kidney cysts :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What Is a Kidney Cyst?

Their square measures completely different varieties of urinary organ cysts. an easy urinary organ cyst could be a spherical pouch of sleek, thin-walled tissue or a closed pocket that's typically stuffed with fluid. One or a lot of could kind among the kidneys. straightforward cysts square measure the foremost common kind of urinary organ cyst, and that they most frequently don’t cause damage.

What Is a Kidney Cyst?
 Kidney Cyst

Simple urinary organ cysts aren’t associated with polycystic uropathy (PKD). Nephropathy runs in families and causes giant numbers of cysts to grow in your kidneys. This makes your kidneys get larger and damages their tissue.

Over time with nephropathy, your kidneys don’t work similarly, and also the malady will cause renal failure. generally nephropathy will cause cysts to make in your liver or in alternative elements of your body.

Acquired cystic uropathy (ACKD) is another condition that causes cysts to grow in your kidneys. It doesn’t run in families like nephropathy, however happens in adults and kids with chronic {kidney failure|renal failure|kidney malady|renal disorder|nephropathy|nephrosis|failure} and end-stage nephritic disease. ACKD doesn’t cause your kidneys to grow larger or cause cysts in alternative elements of the body. it always doesn’t cause symptoms or want treatment.

  1. Urinary system

  1. Kidneys

  2. Ureter

  3. Bladder

  4. Urethra

 Medical terms

Kidney cysts are round pouches of fluid that form on or in the kidneys Kidney cysts can be associated with serious disorders that may impair kidney function but more commonly they are a type called simple kidney cysts — noncancerous cysts that rarely cause complications.

  • There is a lot of uncertainty about what causes cysts on the surface of the kidney Some people have one cyst on their kidneys but other people develop multiple cysts However simple kidney cysts are not the same as those that result from polycystic kidney disease which affects many millions of people in the United States and elsewhere.

  • Kidney cysts that do not cause symptoms are usually not treated.

Symptoms Kidney cysts

Simple kidney cysts are typically not felt or noticed If a simple kidney cyst continues to grow it may become large enough to cause symptoms Symptoms include:

  • Pain in your side, back, or upper abdomen if they enlarge and press on other organs

  • Fever, chills, or other signs of infection

  • Blood in your urine

  • Blocked blood or urine flow through your kidneys (rare)

  • Impaired kidney function (rare)

  • Simple kidney cysts have been associated with high blood pressure, but it is unclear what the relationship is between the two.

  • PKD can cause symptoms including:

    • High blood pressure

    • Back or side pain

    • Blood in your urine

    • Headaches

    • Urinary tract infections

    • Kidney stones

When to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of a kidney cyst

Causes Kidney cysts

It's not clear what causes simple kidney cysts One theory suggests that kidney cysts develop when the surface layer of the kidney weakens and forms an outpouching (diverticulum) The outpouching then fills with fluid detaches and develops into a cyst

Risk factors Kidney cysts

The risk of simple kidney cysts increases as you get older though they can occur at any age Simple kidney cysts are more common in men

Is a cyst on the kidney serious?

Cysts on the kidney are noncancerous (benign) tumors that grow on the outside of a kidney While not usually serious they can be painful and uncomfortable says David Heber MD PhD Although there are many kinds of cysts that develop with different causes and symptoms they all will appear as fluid-filled growths on your body.

Are kidney cysts something to worry about?

Kidney cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the kidneys They can be present from birth and grow larger as you get older Most kidney cysts go away on their own but some need to be removed Talk to your doctor about any changes or concerns about your kidneys including pain or swelling in the back or side fever frequent urination or blood when you pee.

There's no cure for kidney cysts but there are treatments that can help manage their symptoms These include lifestyle changes and medications such as diuretics to reduce excess fluid and pain relievers for pain relief If the cyst gets infected or grows too large your doctor may recommend surgery to remove it.

The kidneys are bean shaped organs that are located on either side of the spine They have a number of functions including regulating electrolyte balance and maintaining blood pressure as well as producing urine and breaking down toxins in the body Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop inside the kidneys or urinary tract caused by an overgrowth of cells Some cysts can be very large when they occur on the kidney while others are very small Symptoms depend on whether they are cancerous or not and how big they get.

What can happen if a cyst is left untreated?

A cyst is a mass of collected fluid that forms in the human body When it expands it's called a "cyst," but when it contains air or gas it's referred to as a "pneumatocyst." Cysts can develop anywhere on the body and depending on what type they are they can be painful or non-painful Some common types of cysts include: Follicular cysts – These form around hair follicles near your skin's surface They're most often harmless until they burst causing pain and inflammation They typically contain sebum (oil) and.

Kidney cysts are saclike structures that form in or on the kidneys They're usually benign meaning they don't pose a threat to your health and often go undetected But in some cases kidney cysts cause symptoms such as flank pain or discomfort when you urinate If this occurs you'll likely visit your doctor for an evaluation.

Complications Kidney cysts

Kidney cysts sometimes lead to complications such as:

  • An infected cyst.A kidney cyst may become infected, causing fever and pain.

  • A burst cyst.A kidney cyst may become infected, causing fever and pain.

  • Urine obstruction.If a kidney cyst blocks the normal flow of urine this may cause swelling of the kidney (hydronephrosis)

Diagnosis Kidney cysts

Simple urinary organ cysts typically do not cause any symptoms. In fact, most UN agencies do not know they need them. The cysts become a haul if they rupture (break open) and begin to bleed, become infected, or grow so massive that they push against alternative organs among the abdomen.

When straightforward urinary organ cysts do cause symptoms, they could include:

  • Imaging tests. Imaging tests such as an ultrasound a computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are often used to investigate simple kidney cysts An ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to create pictures of body structures A CT scan uses X-rays to produce cross-sectional images of the inside of soft tissue and organs like the kidney An MRI uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of body tissues organs bones and blood vessels

  • Kidney function tests. Testing your blood may reveal whether a kidney cyst is impairing your kidney function

Treatment Kidney cysts

Treatment may not be necessary

If a simple kidney cyst does not cause symptoms and does not interfere with your kidney function you do not need treatment Your doctor may suggest that you have an imaging test such as ultrasound periodically to check whether the size of your cyst has changed If the cyst has grown in size you may need surgery to remove it Sometimes a simple kidney cyst will go away on its own and sometimes it won’t

There are many cysts that cause symptoms and signs

If your simple kidney cyst is causing symptoms you may want to consider a treatment option Your doctor can recommend either medication or surgery

  • Puncturing and draining the cyst then filling it with alcoholRarely your doctor may shrink the cyst by inserting a long thin needle through your skin and into the cyst Then the fluid inside is drained from the cyst Your doctor will then fill it with an alcohol solution to prevent it from reforming later

  • Surgery to remove the cyst. A large or symptomatic cyst may require surgery to drain and remove it It may be difficult to access the cyst but it is possible The surgeon makes several small incisions in your skin and inserts special tools and a small video camera while watching a video monitor in the operating room The surgeon guides these tools via an electronic system to the kidney which will make several smaller incisions The incisions are tiny enough that they can only be seen with a microscope or an He uses them to drain cyst fluid Then the walls of the cyst are cutaway or burned

Depending on the type of procedure your doctor recommends to treat your kidney cyst you may need to be hospitalized for a brief time

  1. Kidney transplant

Preparing for your appointment

A simple kidney cyst may concern you Talk with your doctor about what having a simple kidney cyst means for your health Gathering information may put your mind at ease and help you feel more in control of your situation

What you can do

Before meeting with your doctor prepare a list of questions to ask such as:

  • How big is the kidney cyst?

  • Is the kidney cyst new or has it been visible on other scans?

  • Is the kidney cyst likely to grow?

  • Can the kidney cyst hurt my kidney?

  • I have these unexplained symptoms Could they be caused by a kidney cyst?

  • Does the kidney cyst need to be removed?

  • What are my treatment options?

  • What are the possible risks of each treatment option?

  • What signs or symptoms will indicate the kidney cyst is growing?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • Are there any restrictions I need to follow?

  • Do you have any printed materials I can take with me? What websites do you recommend?

  • Will I need a follow-up visit?

Ask questions as they occur to you during your appointment

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask you questions to determine if your symptoms are serious enough to warrant medical attention

  • Do you have any symptoms?

  • At what point did you experience your symptoms?

  • Have your symptoms gotten worse over time?

  • Do you have any blood in your urine?

  • Have you had pain in your back or sides?

  • Have you had a fever or chills?

  • Are you on any other medications?

  • Please tell me what medications you take and whether they are vitamins or supplements

Does a simple kidney cyst need to be watched over time?

It is important that a specialist evaluate the kind and site of the excretory organ cysts. There square measure usually characteristics — like wall thickness, calcifications, fluid density, and irregular borders of the cyst — that will build it a lot of probably to be related to an excretory organ cancer. Urologists use a grading system for cysts known as the Bosniak classification system (named when the doctor UN agency 1st delineates it). Higher Bozniak grades square measure related to a bigger likelihood for excretory organ cancer. Bosniak grade one cysts square measure nearly continually benign (not cancer).

General summary

  1. pain Kidney cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow in the kidneys They don't usually cause any symptoms but occasionally people may develop pain on the side of their back or abdomen Kidney cysts can also rupture which causes sudden intense pain and bleeding in your urine There's no way to prevent kidney cysts from forming but you can help reduce your risk of rupture by avoiding some medications Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause inflammation in your kidneys and make them more prone to rupturing Other medications to avoid include diuretics blood pressure medication and.

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