Kyphosis : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Kyphosis?

A normal spine, once viewed from behind, seems straight. However, a spine littered with spinal curvature shows proof of a forward curvature of the rear bones (vertebrae) within the higher back space, giving an abnormally rounded or “humpback” look.

What is Kyphosis?

Kyphosis is outlined as a curvature of the spine mensuration fifty degrees or larger on associate degree X-ray, an assay that uses invisible magnetism energy beams to provide pictures of internal tissues, bones and organs onto film. The traditional spine will bend from twenty to forty five degrees of curvature within the higher back space. spinal curvature may be a form of spinal deformity.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

  1. Human skeleton

  2. Joints

  3. Ligaments

  4. Muscular system

  5. Tendons

Medical terms

  • Kyphosis is associate degree exaggerated, forward mis reckoning of the rear. It will occur at any age however is most typical in older ladies.

  • Age-related spinal curvature is commonly thanks to weakness within the spinal bones that causes them to compress or crack. different styles of spinal curvature will seem in infants or teens thanks to malformation of the spine or wedging of the spinal bones over time.

What are the types of kyphosis?

The 3 most typical sorts of spinal curvature square measure bodily property spinal curvature, Scheuermann’s spinal curvature and innate spinal curvature.

What is postural kyphosis?

The most common kind of hunchback, bodily property hunchback typically happens throughout the adolescent years. slumped or poor posture stretches the ligaments and muscles holding the vertebrae (spinal bones) in situ. That stretching pulls the vertebrae out of their traditional position, inflicting a rounded form within the spine.

Postural kyphosis:

  • Has a flexible curve — changing position changes the curvature.

  • Happens to teenagers and affects girls more than boys.

  • Doesn’t usually cause pain or problems.

What is Scheuermann’s kyphosis?

This type is called once the specialist WHO initially knows the condition. It happens once the vertebrae have a distinct form. rather than being rectangular, the vertebrae have a cuneus. The wedge-shaped bones curve forward, creating the spine look rounded.

Scheuermann’s kyphosis:

  • Appears more often in teens and affects boys more than girls.

  • Can be more severe than postural kyphosis, especially in people below average weight.

  • Causes a rigid, not flexible, curve — changing position won’t change the curve.

  • Can be painful, especially during activity or when standing or sitting for a long time.

What is congenital kyphosis?

Congeniality suggests a condition you're born with. folks with non heritable humpbacks were born with a spine that didn’t develop properly before birth.

Congenital kyphosis:

  • Can get worse as a child grows.

  • Typically needs surgery at a young age to stop the curve from getting worse.

  • May be present along with other birth defects that affect the heart and kidneys.

How common is kyphosis?

Kyphosis happens in approximately zero.04% to 100 percent of school-age youngsters (up to 1 in ten youngsters, or as several as five.6 million within the U.S.). Scheuermann’s hunchback makes up most of these cases. The majority with hunchbacks receive an identification once they are twelve to seventeen years old. Boys have Scheuermann’s hunchback concerning doubly as often as women do.

Symptoms Kyphosis

The main symptom of humpback has rounded shoulders or a hump within the higher back. Tight hamstrings (muscles within the back of the thigh) may be a symbol.

People who have a additional severe curve might produce other symptoms, including:

  • Pain or stiffness in the back and shoulder blades.

  • Numb, weak tingling legs.

  • Extreme fatigue.

  • Shortness of breath or other breathing trouble due to the spine pressing against the airways.

  • Balance problems.

  • Bladder incontinence or bowel incontinence.

When to see a doctor

Make an appointment with your doctor if you notice an increased curve in your upper back or in your child's spine.

If a hunchback causes severe pain or different symptoms that interfere together with your life, surgery will facilitate. A surgical treatment will scale back the curvature to alleviate symptoms. aid suppliers suggest spine surgery for individuals with: 

  • Congenital kyphosis.

  • Scheuermann’s kyphosis with a curve of more than 75 degrees.

  • Severe back pain, even after trying nonsurgical treatment.

Causes Kyphosis

The individual bones (vertebrae) that conjure a healthy spine appear as if cylinders stacked in a very column. spinal curvature happens once the vertebrae within the higher back become an additional wedge formed.

Abnormal vertebrae are often caused by:

  • Fractures. Broken or crushed vertebrae (compression fractures) can result in curvature of the spine. Mild compression fractures often don't produce noticeable signs or symptoms.

  • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder will cause abnormality, particularly if weakened vertebrae lead to compression fractures. Pathology is commonest in older girls and folks WHO have taken corticosteroids for long periods of your time. 

  • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae. With age, these disks dry out and shrink, which often worsens kyphosis.

  • Scheuermann's disease. Also known as Scheuermann's hunchback, this malady generally begins throughout the expansion spurt that happens before time of life. Boys area units affected a lot more typically than women. 

  • Birth defects. Spinal bones that don't develop properly before birth can cause kyphosis.

  • Syndromes. Kyphosis in children can also be associated with certain syndromes, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Marfan syndrome.

  • Cancer and cancer treatments. Cancer within the spine will weaken vertebrae and build them a lot more susceptible to compression fractures, as will therapy and radiation cancer treatments. 

Can kyphosis be reduced?

A kyphotic posture is more common in the older population but can be seen in younger populations as well A person who has a kyphotic posture may have rounded shoulders and appear to slump forward Kyphosis can be effectively treated with physical therapy and rehabilitation Treatment includes strengthening the surrounding muscles that hold the trunk of the body upright and improving one's posture through various exercises such as stretching and resistance training.

Can kyphosis be reversed in adults?

Kyphosis which means "hunchback," is a condition where the upper back in an S-curve It is different from scoliosis which describes an S-shaped curve in the spine that's normally caused by uneven development of the vertebrae as a result of poor posture or other influences when one is young Kyphosis can occur at any age but is more common in middle age and older people While there are many causes for kyphosis most cases aren't serious and can be treated through physical therapy to strengthen the muscles that support the spine and improve posture In some cases.

How can I fix kyphosis quickly?

Kyphosis is an abnormal curvature of your spine that causes the upper portion of your thoracic vertebrae to curve inward As you age kyphosis may become more pronounced if you don’t exercise often or maintain a healthy diet If you are at risk for developing kyphosis practicing yoga and strengthening your back with progressive muscle training can help you prevent the condition from worsening.

Can a brace fix kyphosis?

Kyphosis is a condition that results in an abnormally rounded back which can cause the affected person to appear hunched over There are several causes of kyphosis including congenital malformations and spondylolisthesis (a condition in which one of the vertebrae slips out of position) but there are ways to treat it Bracing can be one option for treating this medical condition but it's important to first determine if treatment is necessary before trying a brace.

Can a hunchback be reversed?

The answer to this question depends on what's causing the hunched back If you have scoliosis a curvature of the spine that generally runs down the back and can sometimes be seen as a "s" or "c" shape when looking at an x-ray it may be possible to reverse it with physical therapy and exercises or even surgery Whether surgery is an option will depend on your age how severe the curve is and if any other conditions are present If your hunchback is caused by osteoporosis the degeneration of bones in older adults that causes them to become brittle and break easily.

How do you train someone with kyphosis?

Step 1 Elevate your training bench so that when you lie on it the back pad is at chest height This will give you more traction and make the movement easier Do one set of 10 repetitions Rest for a minute then add five more pounds and do another set of 10 repetitions Once again rest for a minute and add five more pounds to your barbell weight for a final set of 10 repetitions If this doesn't exhaust you increase the weight on all subsequent sets by five pounds until you max out at 15 or 20 pounds above your bodyweight or are too exhausted to complete additional repeat.

Complications Kyphosis

In addition to causing back pain, kyphosis may cause:

  • Breathing problems. Severe kyphosis can put pressure on the lungs.

  • Limited physical functions.Kyphosis is related to weakened back muscles and problems doing tasks like walking and obtaining out of chairs. The abnormality also can make it troublesome to gaze upward or drive and might cause pain after you lie.

  • Digestive problems. Severe kyphosis can compress the digestive tract, causing problems such as acid reflux and difficulty with swallowing.

  • Body image problems. People with humpbacks, particularly adolescents, could develop a poor body image from having a rounded back or from carrying a brace to correct the condition. For older individuals, poor body image will cause social isolation. 

Diagnosis Kyphosis

Your doctor can typically conduct a radical physical examination, together with checking your height. you will be asked to bend forward from the waist whereas your doctor views your spine from the facet. Your doctor may also perform a medical specialty communicating to examine your reflexes and muscle strength.

After evaluating your signs and symptoms, your doctor might recommend:

  • X-rays or CT scans. X-rays can determine the degree of curvature and detect deformities of the vertebrae. A CT scan might be recommended if your doctor wants more-detailed images.

  • MRI. These images can detect infection or a tumor in your spine.

  • Nerve tests. If you're experiencing symptoms or muscle weakness, your doctor might advocate tests to see how well nerve impulses square measure traveling between your neural structure and your extremities. 

  • Bone density tests. Low-density bone can worsen kyphosis.

Treatment Kyphosis

Kyphosis treatment depends on the cause and severity of your condition.


Your doctor might suggest medication, including:

  • Pain relievers. If over-the-counter medicines — like Phenaphen (Tylenol, others), Nuprin (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (Aleve) — are not enough, stronger pain medications are unit-accessible by prescription. 

  • Osteoporosis medications. Bone-strengthening medications may help prevent additional spinal fractures that would worsen your kyphosis.


Therapy can help manage certain types of kyphosis. Your doctor might recommend:

  • Exercises. Stretching exercises may help improve spinal flexibility and relieve back pain.

  • Bracing. Children United Nations agency Scheuermann's unwellness is also ready to stop the progression of spinal curvature by sporting a body brace whereas their bones square measure still growing. 

Surgical and other procedures

Surgery may well be counseled for severe humpback that's pinching the medulla spinalis or nerve roots. Correction is the commonest procedure for reducing the degree of curvature. The doc inserts items of bone between the vertebrae and so fastens the vertebrae at the side of metal rods and screws till the spine heals along during a corrected position.

To help you maintain smart bone density, your doctor may recommend:

  • Eating a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D

  • Avoiding tobacco

  • Limiting alcohol consumption

Preparing for your appointment

You may be referred to a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of spine disorders (orthopedic surgeon).

What you can do

  • Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions, such as restricting your diet.

  • Write down your symptoms, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason you scheduled the appointment.

  • Make a list of medications, vitamins and supplements you're taking.

  • Write down your key medical information, including other conditions.

  • Write down key personal information, including any recent changes or stressors in your life.

  • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

  • Ask a relative or friend to accompany you to help you remember what the doctor says.

Questions to ask your doctor

  • What tests do I need? Is there any special preparation for them?

  • Will I need treatment? What are my options, and what are the benefits and risks of each?

  • I have other health problems. How can I best manage these conditions together?

In addition to the questions you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask other questions that occur to you during your appointment.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may leave time to go over other points in greater detail. You may be asked:

  • When did you begin experiencing symptoms? How severe are they?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • What, if anything, seems to improve or worsen your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Kyphosis is a medical term for a condition in which the spine has an abnormal curve that leads to a rounded back Kyphosis can occur at any age but it's most common in older adults Although this curvature does not cause pain it can lead to other health problems if left untreated Kyphosis often develops over time as you get older and your discs degenerate and lose fluid causing the vertebrae in your spine to become compressed against each other This pressure forces the vertebrae into an S-shaped or wedge-shaped formation Kyphosis can also result from scoliosis.

  2. Causes and Prevention Kyphosis is a postural curvature of the spine that causes a forward rounding of the upper back Kyphosis can be present from birth and may not cause any symptoms at all or it can develop as an adult In some cases sleeping with a pillow between your knees will provide proper support for your spine If you are suffering from kyphosis being careful to protect your back and keeping physically active are the best ways to prevent worsening conditions.

Next Post Previous Post