Pilonidal cyst :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What Is a Pilonidal cyst?

A pilonidal cyst could be a spherical sac of tissue that is stuffed with air or fluid. This common sort of cyst is found within the crease of the buttocks and is typically caused by a skin infection. Pilonidal cysts square measure a typical condition, with 70,000 cases reported within the U.S. every year.

A pilonidal cyst could be a spherical sac of tissue that is stuffed with air or fluid. This common sort of cyst is found within the crease of the buttocks and is typically caused by a skin infection. Pilonidal cysts square measure a typical condition, with 70,000 cases reported within the U.S. every year. however many folks feel too embarrassed to say it – even to their attention suppliers.

What Is a Pilonidal cyst?
Pilonidal cyst

Pilonidal cysts will cause pain and want to be treated. Pilonidal cysts are a one-time (acute) drawback otherwise you might have chronic (returning) cysts. If they’re not treated, chronic pilonidal cysts may also cause abscesses (swollen pockets of infection) and sinus cavities (empty areas beneath the skin).

A pilonidal cyst (also referred to as pilonidal cyst malady, intergluteal pilonidal malady or pilonidal sinus) could be a skin condition that happens within the crease of the buttocks — anyplace from the tailbone to the orifice. A pilonidal cyst is very painful particularly once sitting.

These cysts square measure sometimes caused by a skin infection and that they typically have ingrown hairs within. Throughout warfare II, pilonidal cysts were typically referred to as "Jeep driver's disease” as a result of they’re additional common in people that sit typically.

  1. Skin

  2. Subcutaneous tissue

Medical terms

There’s a kind of cyst you'll get at an all-time low of your tailbone, or coccyx. It’s referred to as a pilonidal cyst, and it will become infected and crammed with pus. Once infected, the technical term is “pilonidal symptom,” and it may be painful.

It looks sort of a giant symptom at the all-time low of your tailbone. It's more common in men than in girls. it always happens, usually in younger individuals.

  • People who sit loads, like truck drivers, have a better probability of obtaining one.

  • They can be treated. If your cyst becomes a retardant, your doctor will drain it or take it out through surgery.

  • A pilonidal (pie-low-NIE-dul) cyst is AN abnormal pocket within the skin that typically contains hair and skin dust. A pilonidal cyst is {nearly|is sort of} invariably set near the tailbone at the highest of the cleft of the buttocks.

Who can get a pilonidal cyst?

Anyone can get a pilonidal cyst, but certain people are at higher risk:

  • Men (men are three to four times more likely to be diagnosed with a pilonidal cyst than women)

  • People between puberty and age 40 (the average age is between 20 and 35).

  • Workers who sit all day (like truck drivers and office workers).

  • Overweight people (ranging from overweight to obese).

  • People with thick or rough body hair (this can run in your family).

  • People who wear tight clothing (this can worsen the skin condition).

Symptoms Pilonidal cyst

When it's infected, a pilonidal cyst becomes a swollen mass (abscess). Signs and symptoms of an infected pilonidal cyst include:

  • Pain

  • Reddening of the skin

  • Drainage of pus or blood from an opening in the skin

  • Foul smell from draining pus

When to see a doctor

If you notice any signs or symptoms of a pilonidal cyst, see your doctor. He or she can diagnose the condition by examining the lesion.

Causes Pilonidal cyst

Experts don’t however grasp all the causes of pilonidal cysts. However, they are grasping that ingrown hairs found within the crease of the buttocks lead to a skin infection that causes a pilonidal cyst to create. think about this condition like obtaining a sliver of wood stuck in your skin, except it’s Associate in Nursing pilus instead.

If it’s not treated, a pilonidal cyst will presumably result in Associate in Nursing symptom or a sinus cavity. Those at each sign that the skin infection is getting worse.

The exact reason behind pilonidal cysts is not clear. However most pilonidal cysts seem to be caused by loose hairs that penetrate the skin. Friction and pressure — skin rubbing against skin, tight consumer goods, bicycling, long periods of sitting or similar factors — force the hair down into skin. Responding to the hair as a far off substance, the body creates a cyst round the hair.

This rationalization accounts for rare cases of pilonidal cysts that occur in components of the body apart from close to the tailbone. For instance, barbers, dog groomers and sheep shearers have developed pilonidal cysts within the skin between fingers.

Risk factors Pilonidal cyst

Certain factors can make you more susceptible to developing pilonidal cysts, such as:

  • Male sex

  • Younger age (pilonidal cysts are most common in people in their 20s)

  • Obesity

  • Inactive lifestyle

  • Occupation requiring prolonged sitting

  • Excess body hair

  • Stiff or coarse hair

Complications Pilonidal cyst

If an inveterate infected pilonidal cyst is not treated properly, you will be at slightly enhanced risk of developing a sort of carcinoma known as epithelial cell malignant neoplastic disease.

What ointment is good for pilonidal cyst?

Pilonidal cysts are small soft bumps that grow just outside the anus in the cleft of two buttock cheeks They are often filled with debris sometimes pus and blood Most people experience only one Other symptoms include itching and swelling around the lump Left untreated a pilonidal cyst can form an abscess or become infected If these problems occur your doctor may recommend draining the cyst to get rid of any buildup within it Then she will prescribe an antibiotic for seven days to treat any infection that remains inside your body after this treatment is complete.

How can I permanently remove a pilonidal cyst?

While pilonidal cysts are benign they can be quite uncomfortable Sometimes a pilonidal cyst will appear alone and at other times it may be accompanied by an abscess The pressure of the lump on your skin might cause pain or discomfort and make it difficult to sit or lie down comfortably You can treat a pilonidal cyst either with surgery or nonsurgical methods such as carefully draining the pus out of the lesion.

How long do pilonidal cysts last?

A pilonidal cyst is a small chronic abscess that develops between the tailbone and the cleft of the buttocks It's an extremely painful medical condition but you can get treatment for it from your doctor For complete information about how long do pilonidal cysts last and their treatments continue reading.

What happens if you ignore a pilonidal cyst?

You might think that you can easily avoid a pilonidal cyst by ignoring it After all there is no guarantee that one will go away if you let an infection heal naturally But this is not the case because ignoring a pilonidal cyst can cause more health problems than the recurrence of a painful boil or abscess at the site irritated by sweat and dirt If you feel pain or notice any changes in the appearance of your tailbone see your doctor to have it checked out If you haven't been treated for one yet take care as follow-up to ensure that it does not reappear.

Are pilonidal cysts embarrassing?

Pilonidal Cysts are a persistent painful and embarrassing condition Everyone is curious as to what they are and how they are formed They are basically boils that develop under the skin at the top of the cleft of your buttocks where hair follicles reside The true cause of these cysts is unclear but it has been noted that this condition is more prevalent in people who engage in activities such as sitting for long periods of time (aircraft pilots) It's important to seek treatment from your medical provider so that you can feel better!.

Prevention Pilonidal cyst

To help prevent pilonidal cysts, try to:

  • Keep the area clean

  • Lose weight if needed

  • Avoid prolonged sitting

If you've had pilonidal cysts in the past, you might want to regularly shave the area or use hair removal products to reduce the risk of recurrence.

Diagnosis Pilonidal cyst

Your supplier can begin by providing you with a full physical examination. Throughout the examination they’ll check the crease of your buttocks for signs of a pilonidal cyst.

If you have got a pilonidal cyst, it ought to be visible to the optic. Your supplier may spot what feels like a hickey or oozing cyst. If so, they'll conjointly raise you many queries, including: 

  • Has the cyst changed in appearance?

  • Is it draining any fluid?

  • Do you have any other symptoms?

Very rarely, your provider may order a CT or MRI to look for any sinus cavities (little holes) which may have formed under the surface of your skin.

Treatment Pilonidal cyst

The initial treatment for Associate in Nursing infected pilonidal cyst is sometimes a procedure that may be performed in your doctor's workplace. Once desensitizing the realm with Associate in Nursing injection, your doctor makes a little incision to empty the cyst. If the cyst recurs, which frequently happens, you will want an additional intensive surgery that removes the cyst entirely.

After surgery, your doctor might opt for to:

  • Leave the wound open. In this option, the surgical wound is left open and packed with dressing to allow it to heal from the inside out. This process results in a longer healing time but usually a lower risk of a recurring pilonidal cyst infection.

  • Close the wound with stitches. While the healing time is shorter with this feature, there is a bigger risk of repetition. Some surgeons build the incision to the aspect of the cleft of the buttocks, wherever healing is especially tough.
    Wound care is very necessary when surgery. Your doctor or nurse can offer you elaborate directions on a way to modify dressings, what to expect of a standard healing method and once to decide the doctor. you'll additionally ought to shave round the surgical website to stop hairs from coming into the wound. 

Preparing for your appointment

You're able to start out by seeing your medical care doctor. In some cases after you decide to line up a meeting, you'll be referred directly to a skin doctor or a sawbones.

What you can do

Before your appointment, you may want to write a list that answers the following questions:

  • When did your symptoms begin?

  • Have you experienced this problem before?

  • Does anything improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

  • What medications or supplements do you take regularly?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, including:

  • Have you been running a fever?

  • Is the pain keeping you awake at night?

  • What is your occupation? Do you sit all day?

General summary

  1. A pilonidal cyst is a singular painless bump that appears at the top of the cleft or rear crease of your buttocks A pilonidal cyst can also be called a pilonidal sinus or an epidermal inclusion cyst Over time if left untreated it may cause abscesses and skin ulcers which could require surgery to correct While you may use topical treatments like hydrogen peroxide to disinfect the area and keep it clean you might also want to try treatment for more natural remedies for relief from symptoms and possibly cure of this irritating condition Continue reading below for some.

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