Placenta previa : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What Is Placenta previa?

Placenta previa happens once the placenta covers the gap of the cervix throughout the last months of physiological state. This condition will cause severe injury before or throughout labor.

The placenta develops during a pregnant person’s womb throughout the physiological state. This sac-like organ provides the developing baby with food and gas. It conjointly removes waste merchandise from the baby’s blood. The placenta is additionally observed as “afterbirth” as a result of it exiting the body when the baby is born.

What Is Placenta previa?
Placenta previa

During physiological state, the womb stretches and grows. It’s traditional for the placenta to be low within the womb in an early physiological state. Because the physiological state continues and also the womb stretches, a part of the female internal reproductive organ the placenta was stuck to moves, sometimes faraway from the cervical gap.

By the trimester, the placenta ought to be close to the highest of the uterus. This position permits the cervix, or the doorway to the uterus at the lowest of the womb, a transparent path for delivery.

If the placenta attaches instead to the lower part of the womb, it will cowl half or all of the inner gap or “os” of the cervix. Once the placenta covers the cervical os throughout the last months of physiological state, the condition is thought as maternity.

Most pregnant folks with maternity would force girdle rest. This usually includes abstaining from having sexual issues, limiting associate degreey procedures like an obstetric check for dilation, and probably proscribing any exercises which will strain the girdle floor.

  1. Female Reproductive System

  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

Medical terms

  • The placenta could be a structure that develops within your womb throughout gestation, providing chemical elements and nutrition to and removing wastes from your baby. The placenta connects to your baby through the epithelial duct. In most pregnancies, the placenta attaches at the highest or aspect of the womb.

  • Placenta previa (pluh-SEN-tuh PREH-vee-uh) happens once a baby's placenta partly or entirely covers the mother's cervix — the outlet for the womb. maternity will cause severe harm throughout gestation and delivery.

  • If you've got maternity, you may bleed throughout your gestation and through your delivery. Your health care supplier can suggest avoiding activities which may cause contractions, as well as having sex, douching, mistreatment tampons, or participating in activities that may increase your risk of harm, like running, squatting, and jumping.

  • You'll need a cesarean section to deliver your baby if the maternity does not resolve.

  • benefits Researchers from the Department of Neurosurgery University of Heidelberg-Mannheim Germany found that placenta can benefit various conditions ranging from preventing cancer to treating acne In a study published in 2012 in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology researchers explained how placenta could be used as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent; it also protected against diabetes and anxiety Other studies have linked placenta consumption with improvements in blood sugar levels lessening of depression and reduction of PMS symptoms in women

food predictions Black pudding was once made from the blood of a pig There is evidence that it was used as early as 1500 B.C. possibly by the ancient Egyptians who were known to have used it as part of religious ceremonies and offerings Blood sausage or black pudding later became popular in European countries particularly in Ireland and Scotland where it remains a breakfast staple today One reason for its popularity may be that blood contains more protein than other parts of an animal's body; another reason may be because fresh blood spoils quickly but dried blood can last for months without refrigeration

Symptoms Placenta previa

Bright red canal injury while not pain throughout the half of the physiological state is the main sign of gestation. Some girls even have contractions.

In many ladies diagnosed with gestation early in their pregnancies, the gestation resolves. because the female internal reproductive organ grows, it would increase the gap between the cervix and also the placenta. The a lot of the placenta covers the cervix and also the later within the physiological state that it remains over the cervix, the less probably it's to resolve.

The main symptom of gestation is sharp lightweight to serious injury from the channel. Any injury is representative of issues with the placenta and wishes investigation by a Dr.. Specific symptoms might include:

  • cramps or sharp pains

  • bleeding that starts, stops, and begins again days or weeks later

  • bleeding after intercourse

  • bleeding during the second half of pregnancy

When to see a doctor

If you have vaginal bleeding during your second or third trimester, call your doctor right away. If the bleeding is severe, seek emergency medical care.

Causes Placenta previa

During physiological condition, the placenta moves because the female internal reproductive organ stretches and grows. It's quite common for the placenta to be low within the female internal reproductive organ in early physiological conditions. However, because the physiological condition continues, the placenta moves to the highest of the female internal reproductive organs. By the trimester, the placenta ought to be close to the highest of the female internal reproductive organs, so that the cervix is open for delivery.

Sometimes, the placenta part or utterly covers the cervix. This is often known as a previa.

There are totally different kinds of placenta previa:


  • Marginal: The placenta is next to the cervix but does not cover the opening.

  • Partial: The placenta covers part of the cervical opening.

  • Complete: The placenta covers all of the cervical opening.

Placenta previa occurs in 1 out of 200 pregnancies. It is more common in women who have:

  • An abnormally shaped uterus

  • Had many pregnancies in the past

  • Had multiple pregnancies, such as twins or triplets

  • Scarring on the lining of the uterus due to a history of surgery, C-section, or abortion

  • In vitro fertilization

Women who smoke, use cocaine, or have their children at an older age may also have an increased risk.

Risk factors Placenta previa

Placenta previa is more common among women who:

  • Have had a baby

  • Have scars on the uterus, such as from previous surgery, including cesarean deliveries, uterine fibroid removal, and dilation and curettage

  • Had placenta previa with a previous pregnancy

  • Are carrying more than one fetus

  • Are age 35 or older

  • Are of a race other than white

  • Smoke

  • Use cocaine

Can a baby survive placenta previa?

Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta (pregnancy organ that provides nutrients to the fetus) covers or partially covers the cervix (birth canal opening) If left untreated it can cause bleeding and prevent the mother from giving birth vaginally It’s estimated that 1 percent to 5 percent of women will have this disorder at some point during their lives Most cases develop during late pregnancy but it may also occur during cervical preparation for artificial insemination or IVF The condition usually resolves on its own once a woman has her baby; however sometimes surgical intervention is required.

What should you not do with placenta previa?

Ideally you should avoid any activity that puts pressure on or moves your abdomen when you have placenta previa This includes doing crunches sit-ups and other abdominal exercises; riding a bicycle; dancing; running – even pelvic tilts can cause blood to flow through the retained placenta making it less likely to be delivered with the baby.

Is placenta previa harmful to the baby?

Placenta previa is when the placenta is low-lying covering or partially blocking the opening to your cervix It's a common complication of pregnancy that may be found during routine prenatal care While it doesn't always lead to complications for you or your baby there are situations where it can increase the risk of bleeding and affect the health of both you and your baby during labor If you're at risk of this condition (are pregnant with twins or more) you'll likely be closely monitored with regular ultrasounds and possibly an early ultrasound if bleeding occurs earlier in pregnancy Beyond this though most women won't.

In which week placenta moves up?

If you are pregnant by the end of the first month your baby will be the size of a lentil bean For most women the kicks and punches of their little one can’t be felt until this stage However if you are having twins or more babies then you may start to feel your baby kick as early as 16 to 18 weeks into your pregnancy By now all four chambers of your heart have begun to form and the embryo has grown from 3mm at conception to 18-20mm in length and weighs approximately 0.3oz (0.8g).

How can I move my placenta naturally?

You can try to move your placenta by using a special sea sponge which is available in most pharmacies Dampen (if necessary) the sponge with warm water and wring out until it is just damp not wet Place the sponge on top of your stomach over the location of your placenta Make sure that when you are lying down (with hips slightly elevated so that there is minimal pressure on the vena cava) that the umbilical cord (still attached to baby) does not get squished between your body and the bed or pillow because this will stop blood flow to baby!.

Can placenta previa correct itself?

According to research conducted by the National Institute of Health around 60 percent of placenta previa cases resolve on their own It is important for women who have a low-lying placenta to be monitored by their health care provider regularly until the danger period is over During this time it may be necessary for her to get hospitalized and deliver via cesarean section as soon as possible if there are any complications associated with the condition If you notice that your placenta has moved up into your uterus and appears to be in an earlier-pregnancy stage location notify your doctor right away You may only need an.

How can I make my placenta strong?

Placenta is the life-sustaining organ in pregnant women that provides nutrients and oxygen to the baby It helps maintain an optimum environment for fetal development and regulates a woman's physiological processes during and after pregnancy Although placentas don't have the same capabilities as human kidneys they can filter waste substances released by the fetus or maternal tissues.

Complications Placenta previa

If you have placenta previa, your health care provider will monitor you and your baby to reduce the risk of these serious complications:

  • Bleeding. Severe, possibly life-threatening vaginal bleeding (hemorrhage) can occur during labor, delivery or in the first few hours after delivery.

  • Preterm birth. Severe bleeding may prompt an emergency C-section before your baby is full term.

Diagnosis Placenta previa

Placenta previa is diagnosed through ultrasound, either throughout a routine antenatal appointment or once associate degree episode of epithelial duct hurt. Most cases of maternity are diagnosed throughout a trimester ultrasound communication.

Diagnosis would possibly need a mixture of abdominal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound, that is finished with a wandlike device placed within your canal. Your health care supplier can watch out with the position of the electrical device in your canal thus as to not disrupt the placenta or cause hurt.

If your health care supplier suspects maternity, he or she is going to avoid routine epithelial duct exams to cut back the chance of significant hurt. you would possibly want extra ultrasounds to envision the placement of your placenta throughout your maternity to envision if maternity resolves.

If you experience any bleeding in the second half of your pregnancy, doctors will monitor the position of the placenta using one of these preferred methods:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound. Your doctor places a search within the duct to produce an internal read of your canal canal and cervix. This can be the well-liked and most correct methodology for determinative gestation. 

  • Transabdominal ultrasound. A health care technician places gel on your abdomen and moves a hand-held unit referred to as an electrical device around your abdomen to look at the girdle organs. The sound waves create an image on a TV-like screen. 

  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). This imaging scan will help clearly determine the placenta’s location.

Treatment Placenta previa

There is no medical or surgery to cure pregnancy, however there are many choices to manage the hemorrhage caused by pregnancy.

Management of the hemorrhage depends on numerous factors, including:

  • The amount of bleeding

  • Whether the bleeding has stopped

  • How far along your pregnancy is

  • Your health

  • Your baby's health

  • The position of the placenta and the baby

If placenta previa doesn't resolve during your pregnancy, the goal of treatment is to help you get as close to your due date as possible. Almost all women with unresolved placenta previa require a cesarean delivery.

For little or no bleeding

Your health care supplier would possibly advocate rest, which suggests avoiding activities which will trigger haemorrhage, like sex and exercise.

Be ready to hunt for emergency treatment if you start to bleed. you'll have to be ready to get to the hospital quickly if the hemorrhage resumes or gets heavier.

If the placenta is low lying however does not cowl the cervix, you may be ready to have a duct delivery. Your health care supplier can discuss this feature with you.

For heavy bleeding

Heavy injury needs immediate medical attention at your nearest emergency consultation room. Severe injury may need an insertion.

Your health care supplier can seemingly set up a delivery shortly because the baby will be delivered safely, ideally once thirty six weeks of physiological condition. However, you may ought to have associated earlier delivery if significant injury persists or if you have got multiple injury episodes.

If your delivery is planned before thirty seven weeks, your doctor can give you corticosteroids to assist your baby's lungs develop.

For bleeding that won't stop

If your harm cannot be controlled or your baby is in distress, you will probably want to associate emergency cesarean section — although the baby is premature.

Coping and support

If you're diagnosed with placenta previa, you're sure to worry about how your condition will affect you, your baby and your family. Some of these strategies might help you cope:

  • Learn about placenta previa. Having data regarding your condition will ease your fears. confer with your health care supplier, analysis on your own and connect with different girls who've had maternity. 

  • Prepare for a C-section. Placenta previa might prevent you from delivering your baby vaginally. Remind yourself that you and your baby's health are more important than the method of delivery.

  • Make the best of rest. Although you won't be confined to bed, you will have to take it easy. Fill your days by planning for your baby's arrival. Read about newborn care or purchase newborn necessities, either online or by phone. Or use the time to catch up on thank-you notes or other non taxing tasks.

  • Take care of yourself. Surround yourself with things that comfort you, like smart books or music you like. offer your partner, friends and cherished ones suggestions for tactics to assist, like visiting or creating one in all your favorite foods. 

Preparing for your appointment

If you have been pregnant for quite twelve weeks and you develop duct harm, decide your maternity health care supplier. He or she might advocate immediate medical aid, reckoning on your symptoms, your case history and the way you're within the maternity.

What you can do

Before your appointment, you may want to:

  • Ask about pre-appointment restrictions. In most cases, you'll be seen quickly if you have a diagnosis of placenta previa. However, if your appointment will be delayed, ask whether you should restrict your activity in the meantime.

  • Arrange to bring a family member or friend. Someone who's with you can help you gather and remember information.

  • Write down your questions. Having a list of questions can help you make the most of your time with your healthcare provider.

Basic questions about placenta previa to ask your health care provider include:

  • If I have placenta previa, is there a chance it could resolve on its own?

  • How will my bleeding be managed?

  • What follow-up care will I need during the rest of my pregnancy?

  • What activity restrictions do I need? For how long?

  • What signs or symptoms should prompt me to call you?

  • What signs or symptoms should cause me to go to the hospital?

  • Will I be able to deliver vaginally?

  • Does this condition increase my risk of complications during future pregnancies?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions, including:

  • When did you notice vaginal bleeding?

  • Did you bleed only once, or has the bleeding come and gone?

  • How heavy is the bleeding?

  • Is the bleeding accompanied by pain or contractions?

  • Have you had previous pregnancies I'm not aware of?

  • Have you had uterine surgeries, including C-section, fibroid removal, or dilation and curettage after a miscarriage or abortion?

  • Do you or did you smoke? How much?

  • How far do you live from the hospital?

  • How long would it take to get to the hospital in an emergency, including time to arrange child care and transportation?

  • Do you have someone who could care for you if you need bed rest?

General summary

  1. There are several ways to treat placenta previa According to the American Pregnancy Association one option is having a cesarean section before going into labor This would be utilized if you were considered high-risk and there was any bleeding prior to delivery Another way in which women can deliver with placenta previa is vaginal birth if the woman has started bleeding or her water breaks during contractions.

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