Tinea versicolor : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is Tinea versicolor?

Tinea versicolor may be a plant skin infection. It's caused by associate degree overgrowth of yeast on the skin. Tinea versicolor isn't contagious and most of the people recover absolutely when treatment. Tinea versicolor is additionally known as dermatosis versicolor.

Tinea versicolor may be a superficial mycosis of the skin. It's caused by overgrowth of a yeast that's ordinarily a gift on the skin. It will cause skin discoloration and, sometimes, delicate cutaneous sensation. The infection is additionally called dermatosis versicolor.

For many individuals, doctors treat the condition with success with topical or oral antifungal medications. With treatment, most of the people recover absolutely from this infection.

What is Tinea versicolor?
Tinea versicolo

Tinea versicolor affects many folks worldwide. individuals living in tropical or subtropical regions square measure most in danger. It's common throughout summer months in temperate climates and around the time of life once the oil glands of the skin square measure a lot of activity.

You may be at higher risk if your system doesn't perform properly. This might occur if you're taking medications like corticosteroids, have had associate degree surgery, or have medical conditions like polygenic disorder. Pregnant girls square measure a lot of vulnerable to tinea versicolor.

  1. ntegumentary system

  1. Mammary glands

  2. Skin

  3. Subcutaneous tissue

Medical terms

  • Tinea versicolor may be a common zymosis of the skin. The plant interferes with the conventional pigmentation of the skin, leading to tiny, discolored patches. These patches could also be lighter or darker in color than the encompassing skin and most ordinarily have an effect on the trunk and shoulders.

  • Tinea versicolor (TIN-ee-uh vur-si-KUL-ur) happens most often in teens and young adults. Sun exposure could build tinea versicolor a lot of apparent. Tinea versicolor, that is additionally referred to as dermatosis versicolor, isn't painful or contagious. however it will result in emotional distress or self-consciousness.

  • Antifungal creams, lotions or shampoos will facilitate treat tinea versicolor. however even once prosperous treatment, coloring could stay uneven for many weeks or months. Tinea versicolor usually recurs, particularly in heat, wet weather.

Symptoms Tinea versicolor

Tinea versicolor signs and symptoms include:

  • Patches of skin discoloration, usually on the back, chest, neck and upper arms, which may appear lighter or darker than usual

  • Mild itching

  • Scaling

  • Have sharply defined edges

  • Are lighter or darker than normal skin and can be pink, yellow-brown or tan

  • May dry out and form scales

  • May not darken in the sun

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if:

  • Your skin doesn't improve with self-care measures

  • The fungal infection returns

  • The patches cover large areas of your body

Causes Tinea versicolor

An overgrowth of yeast on the skin surface causes tinea versicolor. If your skin is warm, moist, and oily enough, present yeast could grow in little colonies. These yeast colonies cause the symptoms of tinea versicolor.

The flora that causes tinea versicolor may be found on healthy skin. It solely starts inflicting issues once the flora overgrows. variety of things could trigger this growth, including:

  • Hot, humid weather

  • Oily skin

  • Hormonal changes

  • Weakened immune system

Prevention Tinea versicolor

To help stop tinea versicolor from returning, your doctor will bring down a skin or oral treatment that you just use once or double a month. you'll have to use these simply throughout the heat and wet months. Preventive treatments include:

  • Selenium sulfide (Selsun) 2.5 percent lotion or shampoo

  • Ketoconazole (Ketoconazole, Nizoral, others) cream, gel or shampoo

  • Itraconazole (Onmel, Sporanox) tablets, capsules or oral solution

  • Fluconazole (Diflucan) tablets or oral solution

How did I get tinea versicolor?

Tinea Versicolor (also called pityriasis versicolor) is a common skin disease that results in red and brown patches on the body Those with light complexions are most likely to get it because their skin has little pigment and is more sensitive to sunlight than darker-skinned people People between the ages of 12 and 35 tend to get tinea versicolor more often than other age groups Tinea versicolor isn't communicable meaning you can't "catch" the infection from someone else It's caused by an overgrowth of yeast or fungus known as Malassezia furfur.

How do you stop tinea versicolor from spreading?

The Tinea versicolor is a disease caused by fungus that affects the skin The color of Tinea Versicolor is unique The symptoms start with the sudden appearance of one or more flat thin light-colored patches on your body that are lighter than your normal skin color These patches may vary in size and usually appear on the neck back or chest area Sometimes they can also appear on arms and legs Tinea Versicolor can be treated with antifungal medications like ketoconazole cream or tablets—the most common ones used to treat this condition include FungiCare Itch.

What happens if tinea is left untreated?

Toenail fungus or tinea unguium can occur if you do not wear socks and shoes in public places like swimming pools gyms and showers Even if you only have one toenail affected all the toenails need treatment as they may later become infected The yellowing of nail is the tip-off that there is a problem with your feet and that you should see a podiatrist right away Untreated toenail fungus will get worse over time despite any home remedies or over-the-counter medications that may be recommended Left untreated the nails may separate from the nail bed.

Can tinea versicolor be cured permanently?

Tinea versicolor is a common skin fungus It causes small pale pink or white spots to appear on the skin These spots usually show up on the shoulders back and upper arms They can also appear around the neck chest and groin area It's possible for any healthy person of any age to get tinea versicolor but it usually shows up in people who are prone to heat rashes or yeast infections The fungus that causes tinea versicolor lives on everyone's skin but only appears in those with an underlying susceptibility to infection While some treatments may cure this condition completely within weeks there have.

Diagnosis Tinea versicolor

Doctors will diagnose tinea versicolor with straightforward skin tests. In one style of take a look at, your doctor scrapes off some loose skin cells he or she believes are area units infected with tinea versicolor. This skin sample is examined beneath a magnifier for the presence of yeast cells.

Your doctor might also examine your skin employing a Wood lamp. This device uses ultraviolet (UV) light-weight to illuminate your skin. Areas of skin wherever tinea versicolor is gift look chromatic beneath the {uv|ultraviolet|ultraviolet radiation|ultraviolet light-weight|ultraviolet illumination|UV|actinic radiation|actinic ray} light.

Your doctor will diagnose tinea versicolor by observing it. If there is any doubt, he or she might take skin scrapings from the infected space and think about them beneath a magnifier.

  1. Patch test

Treatment Tinea versicolor

If tinea versicolor is severe or does not answer over-the-counter antifungal medication, you'll want a prescription-strength medication. A number of these medications are topical preparations that you simply rub on your skin. Others are medicine that you simply swallow. Examples include:

  • Ketoconazole (Ketoconazole, Nizoral, others) cream, gel or shampoo

  • Ciclopirox (Loprox, Penlac) cream, gel or shampoo

  • Fluconazole (Diflucan) tablets or oral solution

  • Itraconazole (Onmel, Sporanox) tablets, capsules or oral solution

  • Selenium sulfide (Selsun) 2.5 percent lotion or shampoo

Even after successful treatment, your skin color may remain uneven for several weeks, or even months. Also, the infection may return in hot, humid weather. In persistent cases, you may need to take medication once or twice a month to prevent the infection from recurring.

Lifestyle and home remedies

For a light case of tinea versicolor, you'll be able to apply for Associate in Nursing over-the-counter antifungal lotion, cream, ointment or shampoo. Most plant life infections respond well to those topical agents, that include:

  • Clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF) cream or lotion

  • Miconazole (Micaderm) cream

  • Selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue) 1 percent lotion

  • Terbinafine (Lamisil AT) cream or gel

  • Zinc pyrithione soap

When victimization creams, ointments or lotions, wash and dry the affected space. Then apply a skinny layer of the merchandise once or doubly on a daily basis for a minimum of time period. If you are victimizing shampoo, rinse it off when waiting 5 to ten minutes. If you do not see an associate degree improvement in four weeks, see your doctor. you'll want stronger medication.

It additionally helps to safeguard your skin from the sun and artificial sources of ultraviolet {light|ultraviolet illumination|UV|actinic radiation|actinic ray} light. Usually, the skin tone evens out eventually.

  1. Skin grafting transplant

Preparing for your appointment

You're seemingly beginning by initially seeing your GP or a doc. He or she could treat you or refer you to a specialist in skin disorders (dermatologist).

What you can do

Preparing a list of questions beforehand can help you make the most of your time with your doctor. For tinea versicolor, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • How did I get tinea versicolor?

  • What are other possible causes?

  • Do I need any tests?

  • Is tinea versicolor temporary or long lasting?

  • What treatments are available, and which do you recommend?

  • What side effects can I expect from treatment?

  • How long will it take for my skin to return to normal?

  • Can I do anything to help, such as avoid the sun at certain times or wear a specific sunscreen?

  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?

  • Is there a generic alternative to the medicine you're prescribing me?

  • Do you have brochures or other printed material I can take home? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:

  • How long have you had these discolored areas on your skin?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • Have you had this or a similar condition in the past?

  • Do the affected areas itch?

  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Some of the fastest ways to get rid of tinea versicolor are: Vinegar - You can make a tea out of apple cider vinegar and apply it on your body Leave it like this overnight and then wipe it off after 20 minutes with a towel Repeat this procedure 2 times in one week until you see results Then continue using this remedy once every other day The acidity of the vinegar helps treat the fungus that causes tinea versicolor - You can make a tea out of apple cider vinegar and apply it on your body Leave it like this overnight and then wipe it off.

  2. Treatment for tinea versicolor involves both topical and oral medications Topical treatments include ivermectin and selenium sulfide which are usually prescribed if the condition is mild or moderate Oral medication is typically used when the condition is severe If you need to use antibiotics these must be taken for several weeks at a time to completely eradicate the fungus that causes the skin disorder; otherwise it will return.

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