Urethral stricture : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What is a urethral stricture?

A epithelial duct (u-REE-thrul) stricture involves scarring that narrows the tube that carries piss out of your body (urethra). A stricture restricts the flow of piss from the bladder and might cause a range of medical issues within the tract, as well as inflammation or infection.

What is a urethral stricture?
urethral stricture

Urethral stricture is scarring within the canal, the tube that moves piss out of your body. The scarring blocks or narrows your canal and makes it tough to urinate. It will cause pain.

If left untreated, epithelial duct strictures will result in excretory organ stones, infections, and tract complications.

Urethral strictures are seldom seen in girls. Men have longer urethras and piss needs to travel farther. This results in higher possibilities of epithelial duct illness.

  1. Urinary system

  1. Kidneys

  2. Ureter

  3. Bladder

  4. Urethra

Medical terms

  • The channel is the tube that carries water out of the body. This tube will become slim and cause problems and discomfort once a person urinates. This condition is named epithelial duct stricture. In some cases, an epithelial duct stricture might have immediate medical attention.

  • Urethral stricture could be a narrowing of the channel. Your channel is the tube that carries water from the bladder through the erectile organ and out the epithelial duct passage (the gap at the tip of the penis) throughout excreting.

  • Many men with a stricture can have increasing discomfort with urinating and a retardation of the urinary stream. This may develop bit by bit and cause pushing or straining to induce water out. In others, the matter can show up suddenly and while not a previous problem, requiring immediate care.

Anterior urethral stricture

Anterior epithelial duct strictures square measure the foremost common and occur anyplace on the channel from the epithelial duct passage at the tip of the erectile organ, within the pineal channel or within the neural structure channel, that is found behind the pouch. Anterior strictures square measure usually caused by reproductive organ injuries, together with straddle injuries wherever the legs fall on either aspect of AN object, like the crossbar on a bicycle.

Posterior urethral stricture

Scar tissue development and narrowing of the epithelial duct among 1-2 inches of the bladder is joined to additional severe injuries like girdle fracture or therapy. Posterior cases usually end in a whole blockage or a cut that separates one part of the epithelial duct from another, preventing water from passing.

Symptoms Urethral stricture

The most common causes appear to be chronic inflammation or injury. Scar tissue can gradually form from:

  • An injury to your penis or scrotum or a straddle injury to the scrotum or perineum.

  • An infection, most often sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia.

  • Placement of catheters or instruments into the urethra during surgery or procedures.

The connective tissue causes the duct to become slim, creating it harder for piddle to flow. Sometimes, the inflammation or injury to the duct happens long before the structure becomes noticeable. In alternative cases, the stricture happens before long once an epithelial duct injury.

Scar tissue, which can narrow the urethra, can be due to:

  • A medical procedure that involves inserting an instrument, such as an endoscope, into the urethra

  • Intermittent or long-term use of a tube inserted through the urethra to drain the bladder (catheter)

  • Trauma or injury to the urethra or pelvis

  • An enlarged prostate or previous surgery to remove or reduce an enlarged prostate gland

  • Cancer of the urethra or prostate

  • Sexually transmitted infections

  • Radiation therapy

Urethral stricture is much more common in males than in females. Often the cause is unknown.

Signs and signs and symptoms of urethral stricture encompass:

  • Decreased urine flow

  • Incomplete bladder emptying

  • Spraying of the urine move

  • Difficulty, straining or ache when urinating

  • Increased urge to urinate or more-common urination

  • Urinary tract contamination

The most obvious sign of urethral stricture is a weakened urinary system. Symptoms of this can include:

  • Straining to urinate.

  • Pain during urination.

  • Urinary tract infection.

  • Prostatitis.

Some patients with severe urethral strictures are completely unable to urinate. This is referred to as urinary retention, and is a medical emergency. Hydronephrosis and renal failure may also happen from backup of urine into the kidneys from a poorly draining bladder.

A urethral stricture can also cause inflammation of the prostate. Your urethra is surrounded by the prostate, just under the bladder. This inflammation of the prostate is known as prostatitis. Urinary backup can also cause complicated urinary tract infections. These can be managed with antibiotics and treatment of the urethral stricture.

Causes Urethral stricture

Scar tissue, that can slim the urethra, can be because of:

  • A scientific procedure that entails inserting an instrument, which includes an endoscope, into the urethra

  • Intermittent or lengthy-time period use of a tube inserted thru the urethra to empty the bladder (catheter)

  • Trauma or harm to the urethra or pelvis

  • An enlarged prostate or previous surgical procedure to put off or reduce an enlarged prostate gland

  • Cancer of the urethra or prostate

  • Sexually transmitted infections

  • Radiation therapy

How can I increase my urine flow?

To increase your urine flow drink a lot of water According to the American Academy of Family Physicians you should consume between six and eight glasses of water (eight ounces each) per day for men and about half that amount for women As well as flushing out toxins and keeping you hydrated this can help increase your urine flow However avoid excessive fluids after 6 PM in order to avoid waking up at night due to the need to urinate — another way that increased fluid consumption may cause sleep disruption You also may want to reduce fluid intake during meals as food may make you feel less thirsty or even delay the.

What foods are good for urine flow?

  • Foods That Can Help Treat and Relieve Bladder Irritation: Beans and Other Legumes Beans are good for the digestive tract and provide bulk to the stool Nuts Nuts also help alleviate constipation and improve stool consistency Water Drinking lots of water every day helps keep urinary flow at its healthy pace You should drink about eight glasses of liquid per day (including regular fluids) but you can count foods that have a high water content as well – like fruits vegetables soups and melon slices – toward your total intake figure.

  • options Urethral strictures are caused by scarring because of injury infection or inflammation The most common causes of urethral strictures are: Injury during a catheterization procedure; Male infants who have undescended testicles often develop a stricture if their scrotum is repeatedly irritated During operation to bring the testicles down damage to the urethra may occur It is therefore very important that doctors take great care while performing this operation on children; Cancer or radiation treatment for cancer in men can cause urethral damage leading to a stricture in as many as 30 percent of patients.

Prevention Urethral stricture

By avoiding injury to the girdle space of the body, there should be potential to forestall some sorts of epithelial duct stricture. Taking care to avoid infection might also facilitate forestall this condition.

Diagnosis Urethral stricture

Urethral strictures may be diagnosed via physical test, victimization X-ray or ultrasound technology, or employing a cystoscope, attiny low and versatile viewing instrument that's inserted into the duct.

One well-liked technique for diagnosing in males may be a retrograde urethrogram. Retrograde urethrography uses distinction dye inserted through the gap of the member and X-ray technology to find duct strictures and determine what proportion of the duct is suffering from scarred tissue.

Once the situation and severity of the structure are known, the doctor can discuss ways for relieving the blockage and restoring body waste flow. presently there aren't any medications out there to treat stricture. However, there is a variety of effective procedures which will treat stricture sickness betting on the situation of the connective tissue, what proportion of the duct is concerned, and what treatments are tried within the past.

  1. Urinalysis/uroscopy

Non-invasive testing could establish problems removing the bladder, however cannot definitively establish a stricture. The speed at which your body waste flows may be measured by urinating into a group device – slow flow on this take a look at may well be caused by blockage of the duct or a weak bladder. The post-void residual volume (the quantity of body waste left within the bladder after you square measure done urinating) may be measured by doing AN ultrasound scan of the bladder. Normally, the bladder is empty once urinating, however with a stricture, some body waste could be kept within the bladder. From non-invasive testing it isn’t doable to see if these problems may well be because of a stricture, enlarged prostate, weakened bladder or different drawbacks.

If a duct stricture is suspected, AN imaging procedure is going to be required to spot and live it. One procedure may be a retrograde urethrogram. This is often AN X-ray procedure that uses a distinction agent that's squirted into the gap of the member. The distinction shows au fait AN film to find the structure and its length. Sometimes, you may be asked to urinate once the bladder is full in order that the structure may be recognized throughout the excreting method.

Cystoscopy may be a procedure within which an attiny low, flexible, camera known as a cystoscope is inserted into the member. This procedure permits your doctor to check within the duct. it's exhausted the doctor’s workplace and it usually takes 5 to ten minutes. Before the procedure, topical anesthetic jelly (a desensitizing medication) is going to be inserted into your duct, permitting the doctor to pass the cystoscope into your bladder with less discomfort.

Treatment Urethral stricture

Urethral stricture treatments involve minor procedures, open surgery, or treating underlying conditions like tract infections or associate degree enlarged prostate. There aren't any medications to treat channel strictures.

Urethra dilation, a procedure to widen the canal

Urethrotomy, wherever they use a optical maser and scope to get rid of connective tissue

Urethral reconstruction, associate degree open surgery to chop out the scarring so reconnect the canal

Urethroplasty, a surgery to make the canal with tissue from the phallus or pouch

The treatment for urethral stricture will be decided by the findings on the imaging procedures. Treatment options include:

  • Urethral dilation.

  • Internal urethrotomy.

  • Urethral reconstruction.

With a brief stricture, channel dilatation or internal urethrotomy could also be tried initially. Below general anesthesia, the channel is widened employing a series of bit by bit larger dilating instruments and a cystoscope. A urethrotomy is once the cystoscope is employed with a special tool to chop the ring of connective tissue and open the realm of blockage.

After the procedure, a channel tube is sometimes left within the channel for 3 to 5 days. The foremost common drawback of dilation or urethrotomy is that the come of the stricture, however in some cases this procedure might correct the difficulty. you'll be able to expect blood within the excrement for a amount of your time once this or any procedure on the tract.

If dilation or urethrotomy fails and therefore the stricture returns, channel reconstruction could also be required to get a sturdy lead in terms of gap in the channel. In some cases, the channel is reconstructed by removing the connective tissue so stitching the ends of the channel back along, known as Associate in Nursing urethroplasty. Once this can be impractical, the channel could also be restored by mistreating the liner of the within of the cheek or skin flaps from the erectile organ or pouch. This procedure could be a completely different kind of urethroplasty. mistreatment these ways, the channels are often reconstructed in most cases with a decent semi permanent success rate.


Urethral stricture includes a typically positive outcome. It's a treatable condition. However, this condition will happen once more, requiring multiple procedures. Follow-up appointments along with your aid skills are going to be required once being treated for epithelial duct stricture.

General summary

  1. Stricture refers to a narrowing or obstruction in the urethra which is the tube that transports urine out of the body A structure can be caused by tissue growth inflammation and scarring of the urethra Strictures are most common in male dogs due to their shorter urethras These obstructions make it difficult for your pet to urinate leading to discomfort and even infection Treatments for urethral strictures include surgery -- which may involve removing and replacing portions of the urethra -- as well as natural remedies such as homeopathic treatments and dietary changes.

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