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Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly): Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What is Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly)?

What is the spleen associate degreed that causes an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)?

associate degree enlarged spleen, a condition referred to as splenomegaly, isn't in itself a disease. It's sometimes an indication of another problem.

The spleen sits below your skeletal structure within the higher left part of your abdomen toward your back. It's an organ that's part of the humor system and works as an emptying network that defends your body against infection.


White blood cells created in the spleen engulf bacteria, dead tissue, and foreign matter, removing them from the blood as blood passes through it. The spleen additionally maintains healthy red associate degreed white blood cells and platelets; platelets facilitate your blood clot. The spleen filters blood, removing abnormal blood cells from the bloodstream.


A spleen traditionally|is generally|is often} regarding the scale of your fist. A doctor sometimes will't feel it throughout an exam. However diseases can cause it to swell and become persistently its normal size. As a result of the spleen being concerned in several functions, many conditions could have an effect on it.


an associate degree enlarged spleen isn't continuously a symbol of a problem. Once a spleen becomes enlarged, though, it often means that it's been doing its job however has become hyperactive. For example, generally the spleen is overactive in removing and destroying blood cells. {this is|this is often|This will be} known as hypersplenism. It can happen for several reasons, as well as issues with too many platelets and alternative disorders of the blood.


What is Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly)


Explanation of medical terms and concept Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

Your spleen is an associate degree organ that sits slightly below your left rib cage. Several conditions — as well as infections, disease and a few willcers — can cause an enlarged spleen. an associate degree enlarged spleen is additionally referred to as hypertrophy (spleh-no-MEG-uh-lee).

an associate degree enlarged spleen typically doesn't cause symptoms. It' typically discovered throughout a routine physical exam. A doctor usually can't feel the spleen in an adult unless it's enlarged. Imaging and blood tests can facilitate establishing the reason behind an enlarged spleen.

Treatment for an enlarged spleen depends on what' inflicting it. Surgery to get rid of an enlarged spleen typically isn't needed, however typically it's recommended.

Enlarged spleen or splenomegaly is a condition that occurs when the spleen grows excessively large The spleen is normally about the size of a fist and located in the upper left side of the abdomen It performs several important functions including helping to fight infection removing old red blood cells from circulation and storing blood platelets When it becomes enlarged it may become firm to touch instead of soft and feel more like an egg than a fist-sized organ The speny can take up as much room as three or four times its normal size when it is enlarged.

Enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly) is a painful condition that may occur for several reasons It can be due to a genetic disorder namely the spherocytosis or the hemolytic anemias Splenomegaly can also be caused by trauma or infection of the spleen Finally it can be caused by splenic hypertrophy which is an enlarged spleen occurring in response to chronic antigenic stimulation.

Splenomegaly could be a condition that happens once your spleen becomes enlarged. It’s conjointly unremarkably cited as enlarged spleen or spleen enlargement.

The spleen is a part of your body fluid system. It helps the system by storing white blood cells and serving within the creation of antibodies.

This organ is found on the left facet of your body, below your rib cage. It’s accountable for:

  • filtering antibody-coated bacteria

  • reprocessing old red blood cells

  • recycling iron in hemoglobin

Your spleen is very vital in your body’s fight against infection as a result of it’s the supply of 2 sorts of white blood cells: B cells and T cells. White blood cells shield your body from bacteria and infections.

The spleen is typically concerning the dimensions of your fist, however once enlarged, it will become a lot bigger.

Symptoms Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

When someone has pain in their spleen, it will be difficult to work out the cause. Spleen pain can be caused by numerous things, from infection to injury. In some cases, the explanation for the pain isn't immediately apparent.

One common symptom of spleen pain is frequent hemorrhage. This might embrace bleeding from the nose, gums, or channel tract. individuals with spleen pain can also have anemia because of constant blood loss.

Additionally, many folks with spleen pain report feeling a way of fullness in their higher left abdomen. Sharp, dull, or no pain will accompany this sensation.

you'll additionally feel full once you don't eat or solely eat a little quantity because of the pressure from your spleen.

If you're experiencing any of those symptoms, it's crucial to hunt for medical attention right away. Spleen pain may result in additional health complications if untreated.

An enlarged spleen typically causes no signs or symptoms, but sometimes it causes:

  • Pain or fullness in the left upper belly that can spread to the left shoulder

  • A feeling of fullness without eating or after eating a small amount because the spleen is pressing on your stomach

  • Low red blood cells (anemia)

  • Frequent infections

  • Bleeding easily

When to see a doctor

See your doctor promptly if you've got pain in your left upper belly, particularly if it's severe or the pain gets worse once you take a deep breath.If you experience the symptoms of an enlarged spleen, it’s vital to create an arrangement along with your doctor. If you experience pain within the upper left aspect of your abdomen that's severe, or if the pain worsens when you breathe, see your doctor as presently as possible.

If you don’t have a medical care provider, you'll be able to browse doctors in your space through the Healthline FindCare tool.

Causes Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

A variety of diseases and conditions can cause an enlarged spleen. Infections, such as mononucleosis, are among the foremost common causes of hypertrophy. issues along with your liver, such as cirrhosis and cystic fibrosis, may also cause an enlarged spleen.

Another doable reason behind splenomegaly is juvenile unhealthy arthritis. This condition can cause inflammation of the bodily fluid system. As a result of the spleen being an element of the lymph system, this inflammation may result within the spleen changing into enlarged.A number of infections and diseases can cause an enlarged spleen. The enlargement may be temporary, counting on treatment. contributory factors include:

  • Viral infections, such as mononucleosis

  • Bacterial infections, such as syphilis or an infection of your heart's inner lining (endocarditis)

  • Parasitic infections, such as malaria

  • Cirrhosis and other diseases affecting the liver

  • Various types of hemolytic anemia — a condition characterized by early destruction of red blood cells

  • Blood cancers, such as leukemia and myeloproliferative neoplasms, and lymphomas, such as Hodgkin's disease

  • Metabolic disorders, such as Gaucher disease and Niemann-Pick disease

  • Pressure on the veins in the spleen or liver or a blood clot in these veins

  • Autoimmune conditions, such as lupus or sarcoidosis

How the spleen works

Your spleen is tucked below your skeletal structure next to your abdomen on the left aspect of your belly. Its size usually relates to your height, weight and sex.

This soft, spongy organ performs many important jobs, such as:

  • Filtering out and destroying old, damaged blood cells

  • Preventing infection by producing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and acting as a first line of defense against disease-causing organisms

  • Storing red blood cells and platelets, which help your blood clot

An enlarged spleen affects every of those jobs. Once it's enlarged, your spleen might not perform as usual.

Risk factors Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

Anyone will develop an enlarged spleen at any age, however sure teams are at higher risk, including:

  • Children and young adults with infections, such as mononucleosis

  • People who have Gaucher disease, Niemann-Pick disease, and several other inherited metabolic disorders affecting the liver and spleen

  • People who live in or travel to areas where malaria is common

Complications

Potential complications of an enlarged spleen are:

  • Infection. An enlarged spleen will cut back the amount of healthy red blood cells, platelets and white cells in your bloodstream, resulting in additional frequent infections. Associate in Nursing Anemia and enlarged harm are also possible.

  • Ruptured spleen. Even healthy spleens are soft and simply damaged, particularly in automotive crashes. The chance of rupture is way larger once your spleen is enlarged. A busted spleen will cause critical harm in your belly.

Diagnosis Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

Splenomegaly can sometimes be diagnosed through examination throughout a physical exam. In rare occasions a normal-sized, healthy spleen may also be felt during a physical exam. In large splenomegaly, the spleen may well be palpated across the plane of the abdomen and also touch the correct lower quadrant of the abdomen and within the pelvis. Additionally, blood tests can be administered to see the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, yet because of the form of red blood cells. CT scans may be wont to confirm the dimensions of the enlarged spleen. Associate in Nursing ultrasound can also be useful in diagnosis of splenomegaly. Finally, resonance imaging (MRI) is often wont to examine blood flow through the spleen. More medical diagnosis is important to determine the underlying causes of the splenomegaly. counting on the individual’s case history and physical exam, additional tests are also needed to diagnose underlying conditions.

Your doctor might order these tests to confirm the diagnosis of an enlarged spleen:

  • Blood tests, such as a complete blood count to check the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in your system and liver function

  • Ultrasound or CT scan to help determine the size of your spleen and whether it's crowding other organs

  • MRI to trace blood flow through the spleen

Finding the cause

Sometimes a lot of testing is required to search out the reason behind AN enlarged spleen, as well as a bone marrow diagnostic assay exam. A sample of solid bone marrow could also be removed in a very procedure referred to as a bone marrow biopsy. otherwise you might need a bone marrow aspiration, that removes the liquid portion of your marrow. Each procedure may well be done at an identical time. Liquid and solid bone marrow samples are sometimes taken from the pelvis. A needle is inserted into the bone through an incision. You'll receive either a general or a neighborhood anesthetic before the test to ease discomfort. A biopsy of the spleen is rare as a result of the danger of bleeding. Your doctor may advocate surgery to get rid of your spleen (splenectomy) for diagnostic functions once there's no knowledgeable cause for the enlargement. A lot of times, the spleen is removed as treatment. Once surgery to remove it, the spleen is examined beneath a magnifier to envision for attainable cancer of the spleen.

Treatment Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)

Treatment for spleen pain (splenomegaly) typically depends on the underlying condition. The spleen might have to be monitored periodically with blood tests associated with ultrasound to resolve the condition. In some cases, antibiotics conjointly be|is also} necessary to assist clear up any infection. It's also vital to avoid strenuous activities or contact sports whereas sick from spleen pain.Treatment for an enlarged spleen focuses on the 'what' inflicting it. For example, if you've got a microorganism infection, treatment can embrace antibiotics.

Watchful waiting

If you've got an associated enlarged spleen however don't have symptoms and therefore the cause can't be found, your doctor would possibly counsel watchful waiting. You see your doctor for a rating in half-dozen to twelve months or sooner if you develop symptoms.

Spleen removal surgery

If an enlarged spleen causes serious complications or the cause can't be known or treated, surgery to get rid of your spleen (splenectomy) could be an option. In chronic or important cases, surgery would possibly provide the most effective hope for recovery. Elective spleen removal needs careful consideration. you'll live a full life while not having a spleen, however you're much more likely to induce serious or perhaps severe infections when spleen removal.

Reducing infection risk after surgery

After spleen removal, certain steps can help reduce your risk of infection, including:

  • A series of vaccinations before and once the splenectomy. These embrace the diplococcus (Pneumovax 23), meningococcal and haemophilus influenzae B (Hib) vaccines, that defend against pneumonia, infectious disease and infections of the blood, bones and joints. You'll additionally like the Pneumovax each 5 years after surgery.

  • Taking penicillin or other antibiotics after your surgery and anytime you or your doctor suspects the possibility of an infection.

  • Calling your doctor at the first sign of a fever, which could indicate an infection.

  • Avoiding travel to parts of the world where certain diseases, such as malaria, are common.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Avoid contact sports — comparable to soccer, soccer and hockey — and limit alternative activities as counseled to scale back the chance of a damaged spleen. It's jointly necessary to wear a safety belt. If you're in a very automobile accident, a seat belt will facilitate shielding your spleen. Finally, make sure to stay your vaccinations up thus far as a result of your risk of infection is increased. meaning a minimum of an annual contagious disease shot, and a tetanus, contagion and whooping cough booster each ten years. raise your doctor if you would like other vaccines.

General summary

complications of enlarged spleen splenomegaly

Splenomegaly is an abnormal enlargement of the spleen The spleen is a small organ located in the upper left part of your abdomen just below your left rib cage It helps fight infection by destroying old red blood cells and producing white blood cells to fight infections An enlarged spleen can cause pain discomfort and general ill feeling It can become hard or rigid and may have a visible lump under your skin If the condition occurs suddenly or if you have significant symptoms see your doctor immediately because it could represent an emergency situation that requires immediate treatment in order to prevent serious complications from developing In some cases splenomegaly occurs temporarily because.

what are the dangers of an enlarged spleen

An enlarged spleen can be problematic Since the spleen is part of the immune system when it gets bigger it can result in an autoimmune response and cause other organs to become inflamed In addition an enlarged spleen can compress nearby organs causing pain and discomfort The risk of infections also increases if a person has an enlarged spleen; this is because the organ's ability to fight infection is weakened.

How do you treat an enlarged spleen?

An enlarged spleen is a fairly common medical condition that can be caused by a number of factors. It is important to find out what caused the spleen to enlarge so you can treat it properly and avoid further complications.

Can enlarged spleen be cured?

Spleen enlargement is usually not serious and is considered a nonspecific finding that can be caused by a number of factors The spleen may enlarge from diseases such as malaria amoeba parasitic infections autoimmune disorders (such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis) cancers or diseases affecting the kidneys.

How long does it take for an enlarged spleen to heal?

The spleen is an organ in the abdomen that aids with the formation of blood If your spleen becomes enlarged it may be because of an injury or trauma to the body Overuse or chronic infections can also cause your spleen to swell When this happens you may experience pain and tenderness in your right upper abdomen shortness of breath and fatigue It takes approximately one month for an enlarged spleen to heal completely on its own but if it hasn't gotten better after a month see your doctor for treatment options Treatment options include medication surgery and rest from activities that could cause further damage or injury to the area.

What foods to avoid if you have an enlarged spleen?

Anyone suffering from an enlarged spleen should avoid drinking alcohol as it increases the risk of rupture according to MedlinePlus Alcohol can also cause irritation and inflammation in people with an enlarged spleen which may cause tissue to die People with a distended spleen should also avoid certain foods that are high in protein and fat because they are hard to digest These include red meat pork and poultry as well as nuts and peanut butter People with an overactive immune system or autoimmune disease should also limit their intake of these foods because they have a high histamine content that can trigger reactions in some individuals Instead of eating these foods directly people with a distended.

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Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly): Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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