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Body lice : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What is Body Lice?

Body lice are parasitic bugs that stay on garb and bedding used by infested people. Body lice regularly lay their eggs on or close to the seams of garb. Body lice need to feed on blood and typically best move to the skin to feed. Body lice exist worldwide and infest people of all races. In the United States, actual infestation with body lice tends to occur simplest in folks that do not have access to ordinary (at least weekly) bathing and modifications of clean garments, which includes people experiencing homelessness or people dwelling in shelters.There are three kinds of lice that affect humans: body lice, head lice and pubic lice (crabs). Body lice are small, flat bugs. They’re parasites, because of this they live round your body and feed to your blood. They have an extended stomach, six legs, strong claws at the bottoms of their legs that allow them to maintain onto a number (you), and sharp mouthparts that could pierce your skin to feed to your blood. They can’t fly or bounce, so they journey by crawling.

What is Body Lice

Explanation of medical terms and concept Body lice

Body lice are tiny insects, approximately the scale of a sesame seed. Body lice stay in your clothing and bedding and travel in your pores and skin several times a day to feed on blood. The most not unusual websites for bites are across the neck, shoulders, armpits, waist and groin — locations in which clothing seams are most probably to the touch skin.

Body lice are most not unusual in crowded and unhygienic dwelling situations, together with refugee camps and shelters for homeless human beings. They can also unfold from contact with an infected character's clothes. Body lice bites can spread positive varieties of sicknesses and can even motive epidemics.

Clothing and bedding that have been infested with frame lice ought to be laundered in warm, soapy water and device dried by the use of the hot cycle.

There are three stages of body lice:

  • Nit: Nits are oval-fashioned, yellow-white lice eggs. They’re very small, and you may now not see them for your skin. You’re most likely to discover nits in the seams of your apparel. Nits hatch inside one to 2 weeks.

  • Nymph: A nymph is a young person louse (singular shape of lice) that hatches from a nit. Nymphs are smaller than adult lice however will mature into adults after feeding on blood for nine to 12 days.

  • Adult: A grownup louse appears yellow-gray or brown-purple. They’re approximately the dimensions of a sesame seed (three millimeters). Female lice are typically bigger than male lice, and they can lay over three hundred nits all through their lifespan. Body lice simplest stay for approximately 20 days. If a grownup louse can’t feed on blood, it’ll die inside one to 2 days.

Unlike head lice and public lice, frame lice don’t live in your body. They stay and reproduce to your garb.

are parasites that feed on human blood Body lice are parasites that feed on human blood; they do not live off of other animals Body lice typically lay their eggs (nits) in the seams of clothing but they can also be found in hair particularly around the shoulders and neckline Body lice infestations are passed from person to person via close contact with infested clothing and hair Although body lice can survive up to 30 days without feeding or breeding they cannot survive for long periods of time without a host.

Body lice are small wingless insects that feed on skin scales and blood found in hair Body lice are far more common than head lice and spread through contact with contaminated clothing, bedding or furniture The symptoms of body lice can be easily confused with the symptoms of other conditions such as ringworm and eczema.

Symptoms Body lice

Intense itching (“pruritus”) and rash as a result of an hypersensitivity to the louse bites are commonplace symptoms of frame lice infestation. When body lice infestation has been given for a long term, heavily bitten regions of the skin can emerge as thickened and discolored, in particular across the middle of the frame (waist, groin, upper thighs).

As with different lice infestations, excessive itching can cause scratching that may purpose sores at the frame; these sores every now and then can come to be infected with bacteria or fungi.Body lice bites can purpose severe itching, and you could observe small regions of blood and crust on your skin on the website of the bite marks.

See your health practitioner if advanced hygiene does not do away with the infestation, or if you broaden a skin contamination from scratching the bites.

Causes Body lice

The frame louse is larger than other styles of lice. They lay their eggs and depart waste on pores and skin and in clothing. Lice can crawl, however they can’t fly, hop, or jump.

Infestations arise worldwide and unfold through close person-to-character touch or through generally shared mattress linens, towels, and clothing. In general, infestations of frame lice are limited to folks that live in unhygienic or crowded dwelling conditions and who don’t have to get admission to easy garb.

Body lice are much like head lice but have one-of-a-kind conduct. While head lice live to your hair and feed for your scalp, body lice typically live in your clothes and bedding. They tour in your pores and skin numerous instances a day to feed on blood.

Your apparel seams are the most common places for body lice to put their eggs (nits). You can grow to be infested with body lice if you come into close contact with a person who has body lice, or with clothing or bedding that is infested with frame lice.

Risk factors Body lice

People who're at higher danger of body lice have a tendency to live in crowded, unclean situations. They consist of:

  • War refugees

  • Homeless people

  • People displaced by natural disasters

Dogs, cats and other pets do not spread body lice.

Complications

Body lice infestations typically cause minimal troubles. However, a body lice infestation on occasion leads to complications which includes:

  • Secondary infections. When frame lice scratch and dig to feed on your blood, they may irritate your pores and skin. If you scratch to alleviate itching, this also can worsen your pores and skin. If your skin becomes raw from these irritations, other infections might also increase.

  • Skin changes. If you're infested with frame lice for a long term, you may enjoy pores and skin changes along with thickening and discoloration — especially around your waist, groin or top thighs.

  • Spread of disease. Body lice can convey and spread some bacterial illnesses, which includes typhus, relapsing fever or trench fever.

Prevention

To save you frame lice infestation, keep away from having near bodily touch or sharing bedding or garb with all and sundry who has an infestation. Regular bathing and converting into smooth garb as a minimum once every week also may additionally assist save you and control the unfolding of frame lice.

Diagnosis Body lice

Body lice infestation is diagnosed via finding eggs and crawling lice in the seams of apparel. Sometimes a body louse may be visible at the pores and skin crawling or feeding. Although body lice and nits can be big enough to be visible with the naked eye, on occasion a magnifying lens can be important to discover lice or nits. Diagnosis should be made by a healthcare company in case you are unsure about an infestation.

You or your medical doctor can normally confirm a frame lice infestation through a visual exam of your frame and clothing gadgets. The presence of eggs and moving lice confirms infestation.

Treatment Body lice

Most people effectively do away with frame lice infestations by means of often bathing with soap and warm water and washing their clothes. Try to wash every day till you no longer see frame lice or nits on your frame, clothes, bedding or other cloth items, like towels.

To save your body lice from coming lower back, try to bathe and wash your garb, bedding and different material gadgets as a minimum as soon as every week.

Wash your apparel, bedding and some other fabric which have been in contact with the body lice in warm water (as a minimum 129 levels Fahrenheit or fifty four tiers Celsius). You might also want to adjust your water heater to get the right temperature. After you’ve washed your garments, place them in a garments dryer set to the freshest place for at least 30 minutes.

You can also help kill nits and frame lice via ironing your clothing. Turn your garb and bedding internal out and punctiliously iron the seams.

If you may not wash certain items or don’t have access to a washing machine and dryer, placing the items in a plastic bag and sealing the bag tightly for at least two weeks can also be powerful. If feasible, store them in a warm place.

Regularly vacuum your carpets, mattresses and furnishings. Immediately empty your vacuum right into a trash can outdoors after you’ve completed.

Body lice are often treated by means of washing yourself and any infected gadgets with soap and hot water and drying apparel and bedding in a system dryer using the hot cycle. Dry cleaning and ironing clothing that can't be washed is also effective.

If these measures do not work, you can attempt the use of an over-the-counter lotion or shampoo that has 1% permethrin (Nix) or pyrethrin. If that still would not work, your medical doctor can offer a prescription lotion. Lice-killing merchandise may be toxic to humans, so observe the guidelines cautiously.

Lifestyle and home remedies

You can normally dispose of frame lice by cleansing yourself and any non-public property that can be infected. Wash infested bedding, garb and towels with warm, soapy water — at least a hundred thirty F (54 C) — and system dry them on high heat for at least 20 minutes.

Clothing that can't be washed may be dry cleaned and ironed.

Items that can't be washed or dried ought to be sealed in a plastic bag and stored in a warm area for two weeks. Mattresses, couches and other upholstered furnishings items must be warm ironed or sprayed with lice-killing merchandise to put off eggs from seams. Exposure to infected objects has to be avoided for two weeks.

Preparing for your appointment

If you can't take away frame lice to your personal health, you could want to speak to your circle of relatives health practitioners.

What you can do

Before the appointment, you may want to write the answers to the following questions:

  • How long do you think you've had body lice?

  • What are your symptoms?

  • How were you infested with body lice?

  • Have you been in contact with others since noticing the body lice? What treatments have you tried?

  • Do you have any chronic health problems?

  • What medications and supplements do you take?

What to expect from your doctor

During the physical exam, your health practitioner will have a look at your pores and skin and the seams of your clothes.

General summary

treatments Body lice treatments using over-the-counter medications and removal by a professional are the two primary methods to eliminate body lice These treatments kill live body lice and nits but do not get rid of the eggs.

What home remedy kills body lice?

According to the University of Maryland Medical Center there are numerous home remedies for killing body lice Some home remedies are effective when used alone; others work better in combination with other remedies It is important to remember that all of these methods should be applied to clean dry skin 1) Tea tree oil: This is a good remedy for killing the lice and their eggs but it must be left on for at least 10 minutes before being rinsed off with water To use this remedy effectively you will need a bottle of 100 percent tea tree oil which can be found in most health food stores and some pharmacies However this remedy has not been tested.

Can you see body lice on your body?

Body lice are very tiny insects about the size of a sesame seed But unlike their cousins head and pubic lice body lice do not live in hair Instead they attach themselves to the body's clothing and feed on the skin So you can't see them walking around on your body or hair That doesn't mean that you won't notice their presence; you will feel them moving and biting--especially at night when they are most active.

What does a body lice rash look like?

Body lice are parasitic insects that feed on human blood They are usually spread by direct contact with infested people but can also be found on clothing bedding and other articles contaminated by these insects Body lice and their eggs (nits) can be found in seams folds of clothing hair and around the waistline in the pubic area Adult body lice (4 to 5 mm long) have six legs while nymphs have eight legs The female lays her eggs (up to 200 per day) close to the skin surface or directly on hair shafts near skin creases or under armpits Once the eggs hatch after about.

What is the fastest way to get rid of body lice?

Body lice are blood-sucking parasites that infect the body's hair and skin. Lice can be found in a variety of areas including homes, schools , playgrounds and daycare centers. Because lice spread so easily between people and because they lay eggs quickly it's important to get rid of them as soon as you discover them.

Where do body lice come from originally?

These tiny insects are a type of mites which means they are more closely related to ticks and spiders than regular lice and cannot fly or jump They don't survive for long away from the human body so it's rare for body lice to live for more than 24 hours away from a host During this time they can only survive in warm environments like on bedding or clothing Male lice can crawl up to five feet (1.5 meters) from the host but females can only crawl about one meter (39 inches).

How long does it take to get rid of body lice?

Body lice live on a person's body where they lay their eggs Adult body lice are brown or gray and they measure between 0.3 and 0.4 inches long They can crawl quickly over the skin surface to get from one part of the body to another To survive they must feast on blood from a live human host; otherwise they die within 24 hours of losing their source of food Body lice spread through close human contact like laying in bed together with an infected person or sharing clothing.

How long do body lice live off the body?

Body lice are parasitic insects that live on humans They are usually not found living on animals The female body louse lays eggs and the eggs hatch into nymphs within several days of being laid The nymphs go through five molts before becoming adults Body lice will survive off of a human host for up to 10 days if they don't feed during that time period but they most commonly die within three days due to starvation Body lice can also die from exposure to heat in excess of 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius).

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Body lice  : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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