Dumping syndrome :Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 What Is Dumping Syndrome?

Dumping syndrome is commonplace after gastric surgical procedure. It is a set of signs that can result from having part of your belly removed or from different surgical operations involving the stomach. The signs range from mild to intense and often subside with time. Although you could locate dumping syndrome alarming before everything, it isn't lifestyle threatening. You can control it by means of making changes in what and the way you consume. By controlling dumping syndrome, you'll additionally be warding off the ingredients that have a tendency to make you gain weight.

What Is Dumping Syndrome?
Dumping Syndrome

Dumping syndrome is a medical circumstance wherein your belly empties its contents into your small intestine more rapidly than it must. It’s also called speedy gastric emptying. When your stomach empties too quickly, your small gut receives uncomfortably massive quantities of poorly digested meals. This can cause signs of nausea, bloating, belly cramps and diarrhea. It can also cause sudden blood sugar modifications.

  1. Digestive system

Medical terms

  • Dumping syndrome is a condition in which meals, in particular meals excessive in sugar, actions out of your stomach into your small bowel too quickly once you devour. Sometimes called speedy gastric emptying, dumping syndrome most customarily occurs due to surgical operation in your stomach or esophagus.
  • Most human beings with dumping syndrome develop symptoms and signs and symptoms, consisting of stomach cramps and diarrhea, 10 to half-hour after ingesting. Other human beings have signs 1 to three hours after ingesting. And nevertheless others have both early and past due signs.
  • Generally, you can assist in preventing dumping syndrome with the aid of changing your food plan after surgical procedure. Changes might encompass eating smaller food and restricting high-sugar ingredients. In more-extreme instances of dumping syndrome, you may need medicinal drugs or surgical treatment.
  • Your belly typically releases digestive contents into your small gut in a sluggish, controlled way. The manner your belly actions meals along via the digestive manner is sometimes called your “gastric motility." Many matters are worried in gastric motility: muscle groups, nerves and hormone signals coordinate together to tell your stomach how and whilst to empty. If any of these things are impaired, it can throw this coordination off.
  • Uncontrolled gastric emptying means that the valve at the lowest of your stomach, the pyloric valve, without a doubt opens and dumps the whole thing out, before your stomach has finished digesting. When your small gut receives this mass of under-digested food, it makes adjustments to try to accommodate it. It attracts extra fluid volume and releases extra hormones. These modifications cause the symptoms that humans revel in rapidly after eating.
  • Some humans enjoy another set of signs and symptoms a few hours later. This happens due to blood sugar modifications. If your small intestine receives a concentrated serving of sugar content material, it may prompt alarms in your digestive device. Your small intestine might also sign your pancreas to launch greater insulin to manipulate your blood sugar. This can cause your blood sugar to drop sharply (reactive hypoglycemia). This drop can cause faintness, shakiness and coronary heart palpitations.

Dumping syndrome most typically occurs as a complication of surgical operation in your belly, or for your esophagus wherein it connects to your belly. An expected 20% to 50% of humans who have had stomach surgery expand a few signs and symptoms of dumping syndrome. It's most commonplace in people who have had surgeries that dispose of or skip large quantities of the belly, which include gastrectomy or gastric skip surgery. Occasionally, it is able to also arise with sure gastrointestinal diseases.

Symptoms Dumping syndrome

Early signs of dumping syndrome consist of nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, and diarrhea. These signs typically start 10 to 30 minutes after you consume.Signs and symptoms of dumping syndrome typically occur within minutes after consuming, particularly after a meal rich in table sugar (sucrose) or fruit sugar (fructose). They encompass:

  • Feeling bloated or too full after eating

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Abdominal cramps

  • Diarrhea

  • Flushing

  • Dizziness, lightheadedness

  • Rapid heart rate

Late dumping syndrome starts 1 to a few hours after you eat an excessive-sugar meal. It takes time for signs and signs to broaden because when you devour your frame releases massive quantities of insulin to take in the sugars coming into your small gut. The result is low blood sugar.

Signs and symptoms of late dumping syndrome can include:

  • Sweating

  • Flushing

  • Dizziness, lightheadedness

  • Weakness

  • Rapid heart rate

Some humans have early and overdue signs and signs and symptoms. And dumping syndrome can expand years after surgery.

When to see a doctor

Contact your health care provider if any of the following apply to you.

  • You develop signs and symptoms that might be due to dumping syndrome, even if you haven't had surgery.

  • Your symptoms are not controlled by dietary changes.

  • You are losing large amounts of weight due to dumping syndrome. Your doctor may refer you to a registered dietitian to help you create an eating plan.

Causes Dumping syndrome

Rapid gastric emptying, a condition wherein food actions too fast from your stomach for your duodenum, reasons dumping syndrome.

Your digestive tract makes and releases hormones that manage how your digestive gadget works. When meals move too quickly from your stomach to your duodenum, your digestive tract releases greater hormones than regular. Fluid also moves out of your bloodstream into your small gut. Experts think that the excess hormones and motion of fluid into your small intestine cause the signs of early dumping syndrome.

Experts also suppose that these excess hormones might also motive your pancreas to provide an excessive amount of insulin. Too much insulin can lead to low blood glucose 1 to 3 hours after a meal, inflicting the symptoms of late dumping syndrome.

In dumping syndrome, meals and gastric juices out of your stomach move to your small gut in an uncontrolled, abnormally rapid manner. This is most usually associated with adjustments in your belly related to surgery, including any belly surgery or main esophageal surgery, such as removal of the esophagus (esophagectomy). But in rare cases, dumping syndrome can increase without a record of surgical operation or different apparent causes.

How long does a dumping syndrome last?

The dumping syndrome is a characteristic of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa People who have anorexia or bulimia eat large amounts of food usually high-carbohydrate foods that are easy to digest then experience intense nausea often with vomiting The body interprets the rapid intake of carbohydrates as a signal that it needs energy quickly and releases insulin at a higher rate than usual to help the body absorb the extra sugar As soon as insulin begins to lower blood sugar levels the body realizes its mistake and signals for quick digestion of complex carbohydrates through increased production of two hormones: gastrin and glucagon Gastrin stimulates pe.

Can dumping syndrome be cured?

Dumping syndrome is a common occurrence in people who have undergone bariatric surgery It is a group of symptoms that occur shortly after eating and typically include abdominal pain nausea diarrhea and weakness The severity of each symptom varies from person to person Some people may only suffer from nausea while others may experience all three at once The good news is that there are steps you can take to prevent the onset of dumping syndrome or minimize the associated symptoms if they do occur While it can't be cured it can be managed through proper diet modification and medication use.

Can dumping syndrome happen without surgery?

Dumping syndrome is a common condition that occurs when the small intestine absorbs too much sugar or carbohydrates resulting in rapid and large amounts of sugar entering the bloodstream Other causes of dumping syndrome include infections, certain medications and intestinal diseases.

How do you treat rapid gastric emptying?

Rapid gastric emptying (GE) is a condition that results in food and fluids not staying in the stomach long enough to be digested properly Gastric emptying involves both peristalsis or wave-like muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract and the secretion of hormones in response to eating When people have rapid GE their stomachs empty quickly after eating As a result nutrients are not fully absorbed into the body and can cause malnutrition.

Risk factors Dumping syndrome

Surgery that alters your stomach can boost your risk of dumping syndrome. These surgical procedures are most commonly executed to treat obesity, but are also a part of treatment for belly cancer, esophageal cancer and other conditions. These surgical procedures encompass:

  • Bariatric surgery — Specifically gastric bypass surgical operation (Roux-en-Y operation) or sleeve gastrectomy — that is done to deal with morbid weight problems.

  • Gastrectomy, in which a portion or all of your stomach is removed.

  • Esophagectomy, in which all or part of the tube between the mouth and the stomach is removed.

  • Fundoplication, A system used to deal with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia

  • Vagotomy, a type of surgery to treat stomach ulcers.

  • Pyloroplasty, That is accomplished to widen the valve to the belly (pylorus), allowing food to bypass thru.

Diagnosis Dumping syndrome

The prognosis of dumping syndrome is based totally at the development of symptoms in a patient with a record of belly surgical treatment although checks may be had to exclude other situations which have comparable signs. These checks may additionally include blood exams, endoscopy, ultrasound (to rule out gallstones) and/or gastric emptying studies. The latter is executed by consuming a meal which has been tagged with a small quantity of radiation and measuring the rate at which it empties from the belly. If signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) are gift, this may be confirmed through a glucose tolerance test (when a glucose drink is given and blood sugar exams collected over some hours).Your health care provider may use a number of the following methods to decide if you have dumping syndrome.

  • Medical history and evaluation. Your health practitioner can frequently diagnose dumping syndrome by means of taking a clinical history, specifically in case you've had belly surgery, and evaluating your signs and symptoms.

  • Blood sugar test. Because low blood sugar is on occasion related to dumping syndrome, your health practitioner can also order a take a look at (oral glucose tolerance) to determine your blood sugar stage at the height time of your signs to assist verify the diagnosis.

  • Gastric emptying test. A radioactive cloth is brought to food to determine how fast food acts via your stomach.

Treatment Dumping syndrome

The primary treatment involves dietary adjustments as most patients have particularly moderate symptoms they reply properly to this method. In patients with low blood strain after meals (which can cause a sense of lightheadedness or sweating), mendacity down for 30 minutes might also assist. In cases wherein nutritional changes have not been a hit, or whilst symptoms are severe, medications are taken to slow the stomach emptying and movement of meals into the gut. Very rarely, if neither dietary adjustments nor medications are a success, surgery may be recommended. 

Early dumping syndrome is probably to clear up on its personal inside three months. In the interim, there's an awesome danger that nutritional changes will ease your signs and symptoms. If not, your health care issuer may additionally propose medicinal drugs or surgical procedures.


If modifications in your food plan don't enhance symptoms, your fitness care issuer can also prescribe octreotide (Sandostatin). This anti-diarrheal drug, administered by way of injection below your skin, can gradually empty meals into the gut. Possible side effects include nausea, diarrhea and fatty stools (steatorrhea).

Talk with your doctor approximately the right manner to self-administer the drug.


If conservative methods don't help, surgery can be encouraged. Depending on your situation, surgical techniques to deal with dumping syndrome may also encompass reconstructing the pylorus or surgical procedure to opposite gastric bypass surgical operation.

  1. Bowel transplant

Lifestyle and home remedies

Here are some dietary strategies that can help you maintain true nutrition and minimize your signs and symptoms.

  • Eat smaller meals. Try eating 5 or 6 small meals a day rather than three larger ones.

  • Lie down after meals. Try lying down for 30 minutes after you eat.

  • Drink most of your fluids between meals. First, do not drink anything for 30 to 60 mins before and after meals.

  • Drink 6 to 8 cups (1.4 to 1.9 liters) of fluids a day. At first, limit fluid with meals to 1/2 cup (118 milliliters). Increase fluid with meals as you tolerate it.

  • Change your diet. Eat extra protein, consisting of meat, chicken, creamy peanut butter and fish, and complex carbohydrates which include oatmeal and other whole-grain meals high in fiber. Limit high-sugar ingredients, including candy, desk sugar, syrup, sodas and juices.
    The natural sugar in dairy products (lactose) may worsen your symptoms. Try small amounts in the beginning, or eliminate them in case you suppose they are inflicting problems. You might need to see a registered dietitian for extra advice approximately what to devour.

  • Increase fiber intake. Guar gum and pectin in food or dietary supplements can put off the absorption of carbohydrates within the small gut.

  • Check with your doctor about drinking alcohol.

Alternative medicine

Some human beings use dietary supplements together with pectin and guar gum to thicken the digestive contents and sluggish its progress via the intestines. If making a decision to strive for a complement, talk it together with your doctor to study ability side consequences or interactions with other medicines you're taking.

Preparing for your appointment

If you have got signs and symptoms and symptoms of dumping syndrome, you're probable to first see your family health care company. You may then be cited as a physician who specializes in treating digestive gadget issues (gastroenterologist).

Here's a few statistics that will help you get prepared in your appointment.

What you can do

  • Be aware of pre-appointment restrictions. When you're making the appointment, ask if there is anything you need to do in advance, inclusive of restricting your weight loss program.

  • Write down your symptoms, Along with any which could appear unrelated to the cause for which you scheduled the appointment.

  • Write down key personal information, including major stresses or recent life changes.

  • List all medications, vitamins or other supplements you take, including dosage.

  • Take a family member or friend along to help you remember everything.

  • Bring your medical records about past treatment, especially stomach surgery.

  • Write down questions to ask your healthcare provider.

Questions to ask your doctor

For dumping syndrome, some basic questions to ask your health care provider include:

  • What is likely causing my symptoms?

  • What are other possible causes?

  • What tests do I need?

  • What is the best course of action?

  • Should I see a dietitian?

  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • Are there brochures or other printed material that I can take? What websites do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment.

What to expect from your doctor

Your health care provider is likely to ask you questions, including:

  • Have you had stomach surgery, and if so, what kind?

  • When did your symptoms begin?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • How long after eating do your symptoms begin?

  • Do certain foods make your symptoms worse?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

General summary

  1. Dumping syndrome occurs when a large amount of undigested food enters the small intestine resulting in a rapid increase in blood sugar levels The name comes from the notion that food is "dumped" into the small intestine causing symptoms like nausea and sweating Other symptoms may include bloating diarrhea and abdominal cramping.
  2. Dumping syndrome is a condition in which food passes through the small intestine too quickly and enters the colon without the proper nutrients being absorbed When undigested foods enter the colon they trigger contractions that cause nausea heartburn and diarrhea The treatment for dumping syndrome involves eating high-fiber foods such as fruits and vegetables to slow down digestion in the small intestines.

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