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Asthma Attack : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment

 What Is an Asthma Attack?

An allergies assault is a surprising worsening of bronchial asthma symptoms because of the tightening of muscle groups round your airways. This tightening is called a bronchospasm. During the bronchial asthma attack, the liner of the airlines also becomes swollen or inflamed and thicker mucus -- greater than normal -- is produced. All of these factors -- bronchospasm, infection, and mucus manufacturing -- cause signs and symptoms of an allergic attack including respiratory, wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and problem performing regular everyday sports.

An bronchial asthma assault can be a terrifying revel in. It can be experienced as though someone is sitting in your chest or there’s a cloud in your lungs. You conflict to attract in a complete breath. Your chest tightens. Your respiratory system hurries up.

It feels, as one asthma sufferer placed it, “like you’re drowning in the air.”

Asthma is an infection and obstruction of the bronchial tubes – the passages that allow air to enter and go away the lungs. During an asthma assault, the muscle groups that surround the bronchial tubes constrict, narrowing the air passages and making it extraordinarily hard to breathe. Other commonplace symptoms are wheezing and a rattling sound in the chest.

What Is an Asthma Attack?
Asthma Attack

The duration of an attack can vary, relying on what caused it and the way long the airways have been inflamed. Mild episodes may last just a few mins; more intense ones can last from hours to days. Mild attacks can resolve spontaneously or may require remedy, usually a brief-appearing inhaler. More intense allergies assaults may be shortened with suitable remedy.

  1. Respiratory system

    1. Nasal cavity

    2. Pharynx

    3. Larynx

    4. Trachea

    5. Bronchioles and smaller air passages

    6. Lungs

    7. Muscles of breathing

Medical terms

  • During an asthma attack, the airways become blocked, making it difficult to breathe. Symptoms can include wheezing, coughing, and difficulty inhaling and exhaling. Treatment of asthma usually involves avoiding triggers, using medications, and learning breathing techniques to help manage attacks.

  • During an asthma attack, the airways narrow due to inflammation, making it difficult for air to get in and out. This can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, and tightness in the chest. It is important to recognize the signs of an asthma attack and get treatment right away if one is suspected.

  • symptoms Wheezing is the most common symptom of asthma But it can be difficult to identify as a medical problem because it's also a symptom of allergies and respiratory infections So don't make a hasty diagnosis if your child wheezes from time to time A better approach is to watch his breathing closely particularly if he has a chronic cough or has recently been ill.

  • Asthma is a chronic condition in which the airways become inflamed and narrowed causing difficulty breathing During an asthma attack muscles around the bronchi tighten and swell making it difficult to move air into and out of your lungs There are two types of asthma: intermittent and persistent.

When you breathe typically, muscle mass around your airlines is secure, letting air flow easily and quietly. During an allergies assault, three things can manifest:

  • Bronchospasm: The muscle tissue around the airways constrict (tighten). When they tighten, it makes your airlines slim. Air can't flow freely through constricted airlines.

  • Inflammation: The lining of your airways turns swollen. Swollen airlines don’t allow as good a deal of air in or out of your lungs.

  • Mucus production: During the attack, your body creates extra mucus. This thick mucus clogs airlines.

Types Asthma Attack

Asthma is damaged down into sorts based on the motive and the severity of signs. Healthcare companies perceive allergies as:

  • Intermittent: This sort of allergy comes and goes so that you can sense normal in between asthma flares.

  • Persistent: Persistent allergies means you have got symptoms much of the time. Symptoms can be mild, mild or severe. Healthcare providers base bronchial asthma severity on how frequently you've got signs and symptoms. They also take into account how properly you can do things for the duration of an assault.

Asthma has multiple causes:

  • Allergic: Some people’s allergic reactions can motivate a bronchial asthma attack. Allergens consist of things like molds, pollens and puppy dander.

  • Non-allergic: Outside factors can cause allergies to flare up. Exercise, pressure, contamination and climate may motivate a flare.

Asthma can also be:

  • Adult-onset: This type of asthma starts after the age of 18.

  • Pediatric: Also known as childhood allergies, this type of asthma often starts off evolving before the age of five, and may occur in babies and toddlers. Children may additionally outgrow bronchial asthma. You ought to ensure that you talk it together with your company earlier than making a decision whether or not your infant wishes to have an inhaler available in case they've an asthma attack. Your toddler’s healthcare company can help you understand the risks.

In addition, there are these types of asthma:

  • Exercise-induced asthma: This kind is triggered by way of exercising and is likewise called exercise-caused bronchospasm.

  • Occupational asthma:This sort of bronchial asthma occurs mainly in people who paint around irritating materials.

  • Asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS): This type happens when you have both allergies and continual obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both diseases make it hard to breathe.

Triggers in Children

Some triggers specially have an effect on kids with asthma and might make the irritation in their lungs even worse. The not unusual bloodless is one of the most frequent triggers for allergies attacks in very young kids. Others encompass:

  • Smoke

  • Exposure to allergens (such as animal dander, dust mites or pollen)

  • Strong smells (perfumes or other odors)

  • Changes in weather; cold air

  • Running or playing hard

  • Crying or laughing

Symptoms Asthma Attack

When you have bronchial asthma, you need to paint with your medical doctor to broaden an Asthma Action Plan. An Asthma Action Plan is a record that tells you a way to control your asthma.

Asthma attack signs and symptoms include:

  • Severe shortness of breath, chest tightness or pain, and coughing or wheezing

  • Low peak expiratory flow (PEF) readings, if you use a peak flow meter

  • Symptoms that fail to respond to use of a quick-acting (rescue) inhaler

Signs and signs and symptoms of an allergy attack vary from man or woman to character. Work along with your physician to perceive your precise signs and signs and symptoms of worsening bronchial asthma — and what to do once they arise.

If your bronchial asthma signs and symptoms don't improve or get worse after you're taking medicine as your health practitioner directed, you can want emergency treatment. Your medical doctor will let you learn how to understand a bronchial asthma emergency so you'll know when to get help.

When to see a doctor

If your allergies flares up, immediately comply with the treatment steps you and your medical doctor worked out to your written bronchial asthma plan. If your symptoms and height expiratory drift (PEF) readings improve, domestic treatment may be all it is wished for. If your signs and symptoms do not improve with domestic remedy, you may need to try to find emergency care.

When your bronchial asthma symptoms flare up, follow your written bronchial asthma plan's instructions for the use of your quick-acting (rescue) inhaler. PEF readings ranging from fifty one% to 79% of your private exceptional are a signal you want to use the quick-acting (rescue) medicines prescribed by means of your physician.

Check asthma control steps with your doctor

Asthma can alternate through the years, so that you'll need periodic modifications on your treatment plan to preserve each day's symptoms beneath manipulation. If your allergies aren't always properly controlled, you're more likely to have an allergic assault. Lingering lung irritation method your asthma ought to flare up at any time.

Go to all scheduled medical doctor's appointments. If you have got ordinary asthma flare-ups, or when you have low height waft readings or other signs and symptoms your allergies aren't well controlled, make an appointment to look at your health practitioner.

When to seek emergency medical treatment

Seek scientific interest right away when you have signs or signs of a severe bronchial asthma assault, which include:

  • Severe breathlessness or wheezing, especially at night or in the early morning

  • The inability to speak more than short phrases due to shortness of breath

  • Having to strain your chest muscles to breathe

  • Low peak flow readings when you use a peak flow meter

  • No improvement after using a quick-acting (rescue) inhaler

Causes Asthma Attack

A bronchial asthma attack can be induced with the aid of exposure to an allergen, including tree, grass or weed pollen, dust mites, cockroaches or animal dander. Other commonplace triggers are irritants in the air, which includes smoke or chemical fumes, and robust odors, inclusive of fragrance.

Certain illnesses — particularly the flu, sinusitis or maybe a slightly higher breathing contamination — may trigger a bronchial asthma attack, as can strenuous exercise, intense climate situations and strong feelings that alternate everyday respiration styles.

Warning signs and symptoms of an allergy attack can include an increase in your need for rescue medication (especially albuterol), a worsening cough, shortness of breath (mainly if it wakes you up at night time) and dwindled tolerance for exercise.

An overly sensitive immune device makes your airlines (bronchial tubes) turn out to be inflamed and swollen while you're uncovered to positive triggers. Asthma triggers range from individual to person. Common allergies attack triggers consist of:

  • Pollen, pets, mold and dust mites

  • Upper respiratory infections

  • Tobacco smoke

  • Inhaling cold, dry air

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Stress

For many humans, asthma signs get worse with breathing infections, consisting of those resulting from the commonplace cold. Some human beings have bronchial asthma flare-u.S.Because of something in their work environment. Sometimes, there isn't always an apparent reason for an asthma assault.

Risk factors Asthma Attack

A quantity of factors can increase your possibilities of getting asthma.Anyone who has bronchial asthma is liable to an allergic attack. You may be at elevated risk of a serious bronchial asthma attack if:

  • You've had a severe asthma attack in the past

  • You've previously been admitted to the hospital or had to go to the emergency room for asthma

  • You've previously required intubation for an asthma attack

  • You use more than two quick-acting (rescue) inhalers a month

  • Your asthma attacks tend to sneak up on you before you notice symptoms have worsened

  • You have other chronic health conditions, such as sinusitis or nasal polyps, or cardiovascular or chronic lung disease

Complications Asthma Attack

Asthma attacks can be serious. They can:

  • Interrupt everyday activities such as sleep, school, work and exercise, causing a significant impact on your quality of life — and can disrupt the lives of those around you.

  • Send you to the emergency room, which can be stressful and costly.

  • Lead to respiratory arrest and death.

Prevention Asthma Attack

  • If your healthcare company says you have got allergies, you’ll need to determine what triggers an attack. Avoiding the triggers assists you to keep away from an attack. You can’t prevent yourself from getting allergies, though.
  • The best way to keep away from a bronchial asthma attack is to make certain your bronchial asthma is well managed within the first area. This means following a written bronchial asthma plan to music signs and modify your medicinal drug.
  • While you can now not be able to get rid of your threat of an allergies assault, you are less likely to have one in case your present day remedy keeps your allergies below manipulation. Take your inhaled medications as prescribed on your written allergies plan.
  • These preventive medicinal drugs deal with the airway irritation that causes bronchial asthma signs and symptoms and signs and symptoms. Taken on a daily basis, these medicines can lessen or remove bronchial asthma flare-ups — and your need to apply a brief-appearing inhaler.
  • See your doctor if you're following your allergies action plan but nevertheless have common or bothersome signs and symptoms or low peak drift readings. These are signs and symptoms that your allergies aren't well managed, and also you need to work with your doctor to exchange your remedy.
  • If your bronchial asthma signs flare up when you have a cold or the flu, take steps to keep away from an allergies assault by watching your lung characteristics and signs and adjusting your remedy as wanted. Be certain to reduce exposure to your allergic reaction triggers, and put on a face mask when exercising in a cold climate.

How do you calm an asthma attack at home?

If you have asthma you have probably had an attack or two. If your symptoms interfere with your day to day life it's time to see a doctor about getting some long-term treatment for your condition. But in the meantime you can at least know how to treat and prevent an asthma attack at home.

What drink is good for asthma?

Asthma is a respiratory disease that can be treated with several medications and self-care measures Although there is no cure for asthma symptoms can be controlled by identifying the triggers of your asthma monitoring your breathing and adjusting the medications you take regularly Drinking water or other drinks is one of the ways to keep your asthma under control Water is best because it helps to flush out allergens and viruses from your lungs If you have asthma however you should avoid drinking sugary drinks such as sodas fruit juices and sweetened iced teas Instead drink plain water to help prevent asthma attacks.

Is Vicks OK for asthma?

Vicks VapoRub a topical ointment containing camphor and eucalyptus oil was developed in 1894 by the founder of the Vicks company Lunsford Richardson He originally formulated it to treat muscle aches and joint pain and it has been used medicinally in China for more than 1,000 years In recent years people have also used Vicks to relieve symptoms of such respiratory conditions as coughs colds and asthma The question "Is Vicks OK for asthma?" can be answered with a qualified yes It may help relieve some symptoms associated with these conditions but there are risks involved.

Is ginger good for asthma?

Ginger is a delicious spicy root that comes in many forms Fresh ginger ginger juice and powdered ginger are all used extensively in Asia for their healing properties Ginger is most famous for helping to reduce nausea and vomiting For this reason it is often found in over the counter medications taken to stop morning sickness during pregnancy Ginger is also commonly used to treat cold symptoms because of its anti-inflammatory and decongestant properties There has been some evidence that ginger could help relieve asthma symptoms and be good for asthma.

How can I calm my asthma without an inhaler?

Asthma is a respiratory disease that makes it difficult to breathe It usually has no cure but symptoms can be controlled by using an inhaler An asthma attack occurs when airways narrow and swell causing a shortness of breath Asthma attacks may come and go or they may become chronic To control your asthma avoid allergens that trigger your symptoms Work with an allergist to determine the allergens that cause problems for you and develop a plan for how to deal with them This will help you prevent attacks If you do experience an asthma attack use your inhaler immediately Remember that you will not feel better until you take your medicine.

Diagnosis Asthma Attack

Your healthcare provider will evaluate your clinical history, consisting of data approximately your parents and siblings. Your issuer can even ask you approximately your signs and symptoms. Your company will want to realize any history of allergic reactions, eczema (a bumpy rash as a result of allergic reactions) and other lung diseases.

Your provider may also order spirometry. This check measures airflow thru your lungs and is used to diagnose and display your development with remedy. Your healthcare issuer might also order a chest X-ray, blood test or pores and skin test.

For adults and kids over five years antique, lung (pulmonary) feature assessments are used to check how well the lungs are working. Poor lung feature is an indication that your allergies are not properly controlled. In some instances, lung feature tests are also used in allergies emergencies to assist your physician in apprehending the severity of an bronchial asthma assault or how proper remedy is running.

Lung function tests include:

  • Peak flow. Your health practitioner may additionally take a height drift analysis while you are available for a scheduled go to or for emergency remedy at some stage in an asthma attack. This test measures how fast you could breathe out. You may also use a peak flow meter at home to reveal your lung feature.
    The effects of this take a look at are known as top expiratory waft (PEF). A peak drift take a look at is done through blowing right into a mouthpiece as hard and as speedy as you may with a single breath (expiration).

  • Spirometry. During spirometry, you are taking deep breaths and forcefully exhale into a hose related to a device referred to as a spirometer. A not unusual spirometry dimension is compelled expiratory quantity, which measures how many tons of air you may breathe out in one 2nd.
    The effects of this check are known as compelled expiratory extent (FEV). Spirometry can also measure how much air your lungs can keep and the price at which you can inhale and exhale.

  • Nitric oxide measurement. This examination measures the amount of nitric oxide gas you've got for your breath when you exhale. High nitric oxide readings imply infection of the bronchial tubes.

  • Pulse oximetry. This check measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. It's measured via your fingernail and most effectively takes seconds.

Treatment Asthma Attack

In wellknown, it's important to live calmly and use the medicinal drugs your allergist has prescribed. An updated allergies motion plan stuffed out by your health practitioner must continually be to be had to assist manual treatment whilst signs and symptoms arise.

Quick-remedy medicines – often administered via an inhaler – are used to treat bronchial asthma attacks as needed. They consist of brief-appearing, rapid-onset beta2-agonist and/or anticholinergic bronchodilators (which relax airway muscles). If signs and symptoms persist or develop, then systemic corticosteroids (which lessen airway irritation) may be necessary. If symptoms persist, see your allergist.

Seek instantaneous scientific remedy if coughing or shortness of breath persists or seems to be worsening.

If you and your physician have worked out an asthma plan, observe its directions at the first sign of an allergies assault.

This usually manner taking two to 6 puffs of a quick-performing (rescue) inhaler to get airway-increasing medication, such as albuterol (ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA, others) and levalbuterol (Xopenex), deep into your lungs. Small youngsters and people who have hassle with inhalers can use a nebulizer. After 20 mins, you may repeat the remedy one time if necessary. If you continue to wheeze or experience breathlessness after treatment, go to your physician or urgent care that day.

If you're having signs and symptoms of a severe bronchial asthma attack, which include trouble speaking due to the fact you're so short of breath, use your quick-appearing (rescue) medication and get to a physician's workplace or urgent care at once.

Your doctor can also recommend that you hold to apply short-acting medicine every 3 to 4 hours for a day or  after the attack. You may additionally need to take an oral corticosteroid medicinal drug for a quick time.

Emergency treatment

If you go to the emergency room for a bronchial asthma attack in progress, you will need medicines to get your bronchial asthma immediately managed. These can encompass:

  • Short-acting beta agonists, such as albuterol. These are the equal medications as those in your brief-acting (rescue) inhaler. You may want to use a machine called a nebulizer, which turns the medication right into a mist that may be inhaled deep into your lungs.

  • Oral corticosteroids. Taken in pill shape, those medicines help reduce lung inflammation and get your asthma signs and symptoms under control. Corticosteroids can also be administered intravenously, generally to sufferers who're vomiting or who're experiencing respiratory failure.

  • Ipratropium (Atrovent HFA). Ipratropium is sometimes used as a bronchodilator to deal with a severe asthma assault, especially if albuterol is not fully effective.

  • Intubation, mechanical ventilation and oxygen. If your bronchial asthma attack is life-threatening, your health practitioner may position a respiratory tube down your throat into your top airway. Using a machine that pumps oxygen into your lungs will help you breathe while your medical doctor offers you medicines to convey your bronchial asthma below.

After your allergies symptoms improve, your doctor may also want you to stay in the emergency room for a few hours or longer to ensure you do not have another allergies attack. When your physician feels your allergies are satisfactorily underneath management, you'll be capable of passing domestic. Your health practitioner will come up with instructions on what to do if you have any other assault.

If your allergy symptoms don't improve after an emergency remedy, your health practitioner may additionally admit you to the health facility and provide you with medications each hour or each few hours. If you are having severe bronchial asthma signs, you may need to respire oxygen through a mask. In a few instances, an extreme, persistent allergies assault requires a life inside the intensive care unit (ICU).

  1. lung transplant
  2. Child medical and psychological care

Lifestyle and home remedies

All bronchial asthma attacks require treatment with a quick-acting (rescue) inhaler inclusive of albuterol. One of the important steps in preventing an asthma attack is to avoid your triggers.

  • If your allergies seem to be prompt by means of outdoor triggers, your doctor allows you to discover ways to decrease your publicity. Allergy tests can help discover any allergic triggers.

  • Washing your hands frequently can help reduce your risk of catching a cold virus.

  • If your asthma flares up whilst you workout inside the cold, it is able to help to cover your face with a mask or headscarf until you get warmed up.

Preparing for your appointment

Be organized for your visit to your health practitioner so you can get the most from your appointment. At every go to:

  • Take your allergies action plan with you. If you haven't made one yet, paint along with your doctor to create one. This plan ought to discuss the way to deal with an asthma attack.

  • Bring your peak flow meter results and all of your medications.

  • Be organized to discuss your signs, and what kind of asthma has been bothering you. Often, periodic changes in treatment are had to keep bronchial asthma below control and to save you asthma assaults.

  • Be organized to illustrate the use of your metered-dose inhaler. Improper use can reduce an inhaler's effectiveness.

Your time along with your physician is limited, so preparing a listing of questions will help you make the maximum of your time together. Some precise questions to ask your doctor encompass:

  • Do my medications or treatment plan need to be changed?

  • What are the signs that I may be about to have an asthma attack?

  • What can I take to prevent an asthma attack when my symptoms get worse, or when I'm exposed to my triggers?

  • What steps do I need to take to stop an asthma attack in progress?

  • When do I need to go to the emergency room or seek other emergency treatment?

  • I'm having more heartburn. What can I do to prevent this?

  • Is it time for my flu shot? Am I due for a pneumonia shot?

  • What else can I do to protect my health during the cold and flu season?

In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, do not hesitate to ask questions all through your appointment.

What to expect from your doctor

Your physician is probably inviting you to ask a number of questions. Being equipped to answer them can also reserve time to move over any points you want to spend more time on. Your health practitioner might also ask:

  • Have you noticed anything that makes your asthma worse?

  • What medications are you taking?

  • How and when are you taking them?

  • Can you show me how you use your inhaled medication?

  • Are you having any problems with your medications?

  • Do you know when to call me or go to the hospital?

  • Do you have any questions about your asthma action plan?

  • Are you having any problems with your asthma action plan?

  • Is there anything you want to be able to do that you can't because of your asthma?

General summary

  1. An asthma attack is a life-threatening medical emergency An asthma attack can be triggered by exercise exposure to an allergen or irritant or by a viral infection This article discusses three things you should do if you think your child is having an asthma attack Step 1: If possible and safe to do so move your child away from the trigger Step 2: Identify your child's asthma triggers Step 3: Use a peak-flow meter to monitor your child's lung function Your child should use this tool at least every four hours during the day and once before bedtime.

  2. During an asthma attack, the airways become hypersensitive and respond to the trigger by narrowing, leading to difficulty breathing. It is important to recognize the signs of an asthma attack and seek proper medical treatment if needed.

  3. During an asthma attack, the airways become constricted and mucus is produced, which can lead to a person struggling to breathe. In severe cases, an asthma attack can be life-threatening, which is why it is important to take any necessary preventative steps and to get prompt medical attention if an attack does occur.

Asthma Attack : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment

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