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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What Is Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

A coronavirus is a form of common virus that causes contamination to your nose, sinuses, or higher throat. Most coronaviruses are not risky.

In early 2020, after a December 2019 outbreak in China, the World Health Organization identified SARS-CoV-2 as a brand new form of coronavirus. The outbreak quickly unfolds around the arena.

COVID-19 is a sickness due to SARS-CoV-2 that may trigger what medical doctors call a respiratory tract contamination. It can have an effect on your upper breathing tract (sinuses, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs).

It spreads the identical way different coronaviruses do, mainly through individual-to-person contact. Infections range from slight to lethal.

SARS-CoV-2 is certainly one of seven forms of coronavirus, including those that cause intense sicknesses like Middle East breathing syndrome (MERS) and sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The different coronaviruses purpose maximum of the colds that affect us all through the yr however aren't a critical risk for in any other case healthy humans.

Coronaviruses are a circle of relatives of viruses that may cause respiration contamination in human beings. They are referred to as “corona” due to crown-like spikes at the floor of the virus. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East breathing syndrome (MERS) and the common cold are examples of coronaviruses that cause illness in human beings.

The new strain of coronavirus — SARS-CoV-2 — changed into first said in Wuhan, China in December 2019. It is when you consider that unfold to every u . S . S.A. Around the world.

The Coronavirus is a family of viruses that have coxsackievirus echovirus and other enteroviruses as members The Coronaviruses are a family of enveloped viruses that replicate in the gastrointestinal tract They cause respiratory and enteric disease in humans and other animals Coronaviruses contain two major genes: S (spike) and L (large) The spike gene codes for the protein spike which is involved in attaching to host cells The virus attaches to host cells via interactions between the viral spike and proteins on the cell surface The large gene of Coronaviruses encodes four nonstructural proteins NS1 NS2A.

What Is Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)


Explanation of medical terms and concept Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause illnesses such as the common cold, SARS, and MERS. In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of an outbreak that originated in China.

The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 is called SARS-CoV-2. The WHO has declared the COVID-19 pandemic, meaning it is a large and serious outbreak.

Public health organizations, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO), are monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic and providing updates on their websites. They have also issued recommendations for preventing and treating the virus that causes COVID-19.

 

This year for the first time more than half of confirmed cases of an infection that causes severe respiratory disease in people have been children And all but one patient required intensive care In other words it’s a very serious illness The virus causing these illnesses is called human enteric coronavirus (HCoV)- or HCoV-EMC It is part of a group of viruses called enteric coronaviruses which are mainly associated with diarrhea in people and animals These viruses spread easily between people and animals through close contact and contaminated food water or air.

The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first reported in China The virus is known to infect dogs and cats with a few cases of human infection reported Symptoms include fever muscle pain and respiratory symptoms such as coughing and shortness of breath Infection may also lead to diarrhea vomiting stomach cramps and headaches There is no specific treatment for the coronavirus disease; however antiviral drugs are being studied for their effectiveness in treating it.

The best way to avoid spreading COVID-19 to others is to:

  • Stay 6 feet away from others whenever possible.

  • Wear a material mask that covers your mouth and nose when around others.

  • Wash your palms often. If cleaning soap isn’t to be had, use a hand sanitizer that contains as a minimum 60% alcohol.

  • Avoid crowded indoor areas. Open windows to herald outside air as a lot as possible.

  • Stay self-removed at home in case you are feeling sick with signs and symptoms that could be COVID-19 or have a wonderful take a look at for COVID-19.

  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.

Who issued the official name of COVID-19?

The official name of COVID-19 is Computer-based Exam for Validating Industrial Knowledge (COVID).

Where was COVID-19 first discovered?

The first discovery of COVID-19 was made in the United States in 1961. This was over 20 years before its official discovery in 1983 and the subsequent creation of a vaccine After this time it became clear that COVID-19 was present in both the human body and other animals including birds and reptiles In most cases it is only a nuisance causing no serious damage to the animal's health However there are some more dangerous varieties of this disease that result in death for humans and animals alike.

Symptoms Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

COVID-19 symptoms vary from man or woman to individual. In fact, a few infected humans don’t develop any symptoms (asymptomatic).

The signs and symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may appear two to fourteen days after exposure.This is called the incubation period. You can still spread COVID-19 before you have any symptoms (presymptomatic transmission). Some common signs and symptoms may include: feeling feverish, tired, and achy; diarrhea; vomiting; and stomach pain. Include: Some of the items you will need for this project include: paper, scissors, a cutting mat, and a glue stick.

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Tiredness

Some early symptoms of COVID-19 may include a loss of taste or smell.

Other symptoms can include:

  • When you have shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, it means there is something blocking your airway.

  • Muscle aches

  • Chills

  • Sore throat

  • Runny nose

  • Headache

  • Chest pain

  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis)

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Diarrhea

  • Rash

This is not a complete list of symptoms. Children generally have mild illnesses similar to adults.

The severity of COVID-19 symptoms can range from mild to severe. Some people may only experience a few symptoms. Some people may not experience any symptoms, but can still spread it (asymptomatic transmission). Some people may experience worse symptoms such as worsening shortness of breath and pneumonia. Symptoms will start about a week after they start.

Some people experience COVID-19 symptoms for more than four weeks after they are diagnosed. These health issues can sometimes be called post-COVID-19 conditions. Some children may experience multisystem inflammatory syndrome, which can affect some organs and tissues several weeks after having the virus. There is a rare condition called COVID-19. Some adults can experience it.

People over the age of 50 are more likely to experience serious illness from COVID-19 and the risk increases with age. People who have medical conditions may be at a higher risk of serious illness. Conditions that may increase the risk of serious illness from COVID-19 include:

  • Cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathy are serious illnesses.

  • Cancer

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition in which the lungs become narrowed and difficult to breathe.

  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes

  • Overweight, obesity or severe obesity

  • High blood pressure

  • Smoking

  • Chronic kidney disease

  • Sickle cell disease or thalassemia

  • A weakened immune system may be caused by solid organ transplants or bone marrow transplants.

  • Pregnancy

  • Asthma

  • Chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis or pulmonary hypertension can occur in people.

  • Liver disease

  • Dementia

  • Down syndrome

  • A weakened immune system can be caused by a bone marrow transplant or HIV medications.

  • Strokes can damage the brain and nervous system.

  • Substance use disorders

This list is not all-inclusive. Other medical conditions may increase your risk of serious illness from COVID-19.

COVID-19 self-checker

Check the CDC coronavirus self-checker tool to see if you are a candidate for a COVID-19 test.

If you are feeling sick, you should see a doctor.

If you have COVID-19 signs or symptoms, or have been in contact with someone who has COVID-19, please contact your health care provider right away.Some health care providers may recommend that you get tested for COVID-19. If you experience emergency symptoms such as fever, rash, and muscle aches, go to the hospital. If you are having trouble breathing, go to the hospital immediately. Make sure to call ahead so that health care providers can take steps to keep other people from being exposed.

If you have emergency COVID-19 signs and symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.Signs of a medical emergency may include:

  • Trouble breathing

  • Persistent chest pain or pressure

  • Inability to stay awake

  • New confusion

  • Some people have light skin and some people have darker skin. Depending on someone's skin tone, they may have pale gray or blue-colored lips or nail beds.

This isn't a complete list. Let your health care provider know if you are an older adult or have a chronic medical condition, such as heart disease or lung disease, as you may be at a greater risk of developing COVID-19.

More Information

  • What are the similarities and differences between COVID-19 and the flu?

  • COVID-19, cold, allergies and the flu

  • Unusual symptoms of coronavirus

  • What is COVID-19 and how does it affect people with diabetes?

Can people with mild COVID-19 symptoms recover at home?

Yes If people with mild COVID-19 symptoms do not require emergency care they can recover at home Those who have mild symptoms should stay home from work or school and avoid strenuous activity for five to seven days Mild symptoms can include difficulty breathing chest pain nausea discomfort and fatigue People with mild symptoms should drink plenty of fluids and rest as much as possible to help their bodies combat the virus.

In what conditions does COVID-19 survive the longest?

COVID-19 thrives in cold dry air It can survive for about two months at a temperature of 5 degrees Celsius (41 degrees Fahrenheit) The fungus survives longest in temperatures below freezing where it can live for up to five years However the bacteria and mold die quickly in temperatures above 32 degrees C (90 F) which is why food is safe once it has been frozen.

Coronavirus infections are usually mild and include the following symptoms: Fever Cough Runny nose Sore throat Diarrhea which is sometimes bloody Stomach pain nausea or vomiting Many people with coronavirus infections recover at home without treatment Severe cases may require hospitalization for supportive care including intravenous fluids and medicine to reduce fever In rare cases people with the disease develop pneumonia.

Causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Researchers are not positive what brought on it, and investigations as to its beginning are ongoing. There's a couple of forms of coronavirus. They're common in human beings and in animals together with bats, camels, cats, and cattle. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is much like MERS and SARS. They all came from bats.

SARS-CoV-2 infection causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

The virus that causes COVID-19 is easily spread among people. Data has shown that the COVID-19 virus is most commonly spread from person to person by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets can be breathed in or ingested by someone nearby.

The COVID-19 virus can spread when a person is exposed to very small droplets or aerosols that stay in the air for a few minutes or hours.

The virus can be spread if you touch a surface that has the virus on it and then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes.The risk is low.

The COVID-19 virus can be spread from someone who is infected but has no symptoms. This is called asymptomatic transmission. The COVID-19 virus can also be spread from someone who is infected but may not have any symptoms yet. This is called presymptomatic transmission.

It's possible to get COVID-19 more than twice, but this is not very common.

Viruses can have one or more new mutations. Right now, the CDC has identified two variants of the virus that causes COVID-19 as variants that need to be monitored. These include the delta (B.1.617.2) variant and the omicron (B.1.1.529) variant. The delta variant is a bit more dangerous than the omicron variant. The omicron variant is more contagious than other variants and might cause more severe disease. But it's not yet clear if omicron is the cause of more severe disease.

Risk factors Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Anyone can get COVID-19, and most infections are mild. The older you are, the higher your danger of extreme infection.

Persons at best risk contracting COVID-19.

Some risk factors for COVID-19 include:

  • Stay away from people who have COVID-19. Keep yourself as far away from them as possible.

  • If you are coughed or sneezed on by an infected person, you could get sick.

Complications

Some people with COVID-19 have mild to moderate symptoms, but the disease can lead to serious medical complications in some people. Older adults or people who are already ill are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.

Complications can include:

  • Pneumonia and trouble breathing

  • Organ failure in several organs

  • Heart problems

  • A lung condition that causes a low amount of oxygen to flow through your bloodstream to your organs (acute respiratory distress syndrome).

  • Blood clots

  • Acute kidney injury

  • If you get another viral or bacterial infection, that means you are more likely to get sick again.

Prevention

The exceptional defense to prevent getting COVID-19 is to get vaccinated. You should also comply with the identical steps you will take to prevent getting other viruses, consisting of the common cold or the flu.

The U.S. The Food and Drug Administration has authorized a vaccine called Community to protect people from COVID-19. The vaccine is made by Pfizer and BioNTech, and it is now available to people 16 years of age or older. The FDA has given Pfizer-BioNTech a license to produce the COVID-19 vaccine for people aged 5 through 15. The vaccine, called Spike Vax, is designed to protect people aged 18 and older from getting COVID-19.

A vaccine can protect you from getting the COVID-19 virus or from becoming seriously ill if you get the COVID-19 virus. In addition, a recent study showed that unvaccinated people who already had COVID-19 were less likely to develop serious illness than people who received a vaccine. People who have received only partial doses of the vaccine are more than twice as likely as fully vaccinated people to get reinfected with COVID-19.

If you are fully vaccinated, you can more safely return to many activities you may have been unable to do because of the pandemic. However, if you are in an area with a high number of new COVID-19 cases, the CDC recommends wearing a mask indoors and outdoors in crowded areas. If you are going to be in close contact with people who have not been vaccinated, you should wear the most protective mask possible. This will be something that you will need to do regularly.

People who have been vaccinated against the COVID-19 virus should receive an additional primary dose.

A booster dose is recommended for people who are fully vaccinated and whose immunity has weakened over time. Research suggests that getting a booster dose can decrease your risk of infection and severe illness with COVID-19.

People who have a moderately or severely weakened immune system should get two primary shots.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends giving additional doses of the COVID-19 vaccine in specific circumstances.

  • Additional dose. Some people with weakened immune systems might not develop enough immunity after being vaccinated with two doses of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. For these people, the CDC recommends receiving a third dose of the vaccine. The higher the dose, the better the protection against COVID-19.
    A third dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine should be given at least 28 days after a second dose. The third dose can be the same brand as the other two doses you received, or it can be a different brand. Take a dose.

  • Booster dose. If you are 12 or older and have received both doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, you should get a single booster dose. If you are 13 to 17 years old, you should only get the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine booster. People 18 years or older should get a Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine booster even if they have already received two doses. Some people prefer the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine boosters over other types of vaccines.
    If you are at least 18 years old and have received both doses of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, you should get a booster dose. The Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are usually preferred when getting a booster shot.
    If you are 18 or older, you have received one dose of the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine, and it's been at least two months since your last dose, you should get a single booster dose. The Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are preferred in most situations.
    Pregnant women may also receive a COVID-19 booster shot.

The FDA has authorized monoclonal antibodies to prevent COVID-19 in some people with weakened immune systems or who have had a reaction to a previous COVID-19 vaccine.

The FDA has authorized the use of casirivimab, imdevimab, bamlanivimab, and etesevimab as treatments for people who are at high risk of illness due to COVID-19 virus exposure. For example, people who have recently been exposed to the virus or who are at high risk of being exposed in the future. People who are not fully vaccinated or who have a weakened immune system may be treated with this vaccine.

There are many steps you can take to reduce your risk of infection from the COVID-19 virus and protect others from it. WHO and CDC recommend following these precautions:

  • Get vaccinated against COVID-19. This vaccine reduces the risk of getting and spreading this virus.

  • Stay away from people who are sick or have symptoms.

  • If you're not fully vaccinated, stay at least 6 feet away from other people when you're in indoor public spaces. This is especially important if you have a higher risk of getting a serious illness. Remember that some people may be infected with COVID-19 and may be able to spread it to others. People who don't have symptoms or don't know they have COVID-19 may not need to do anything.

  • Avoid crowded places and places with poor air flow (ventilation).

  • Always wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

  • Please wear a face mask when you are in public spaces. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends wearing the most protective mask possible that you will regularly wear. If there is a high risk of COVID-19 transmission, wear a mask indoors and outdoors where there are many new cases. Avoid crowded or large events.

  • When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue. Then throw away the used tissue. Wash your hands right away.

  • Don't touch your eyes, nose, or mouth when you are working with decoupage.

  • If you are sick, do not share dishes, glasses, towels, or bedding with other people.

  • Make sure high-touch surfaces, like doorknobs, light switches, electronics, and counters, are clean and disinfected regularly.

  • If you are sick, stay home from work, school, and public areas. Avoid using public transportation, such as taxis or ride-hailing services, if you are sick.

If you have a chronic medical condition, such as asthma, and may be at a higher risk for serious illness, please consult your doctor to see if there are other ways to protect yourself.

Travel

First, check the CDC and WHO websites for updates about traveling. Be prepared to wear a mask and use appropriate hand hygiene when in public. You may also want to talk with your health care provider if you have specific health conditions that make you more susceptible to infection. Respiratory infections and complications can occur with pneumonia.

More Information

  • COVID-19 (coronavirus) travel advice

  • COVID-19 vaccines

  • Vaccines for kids: Here are some things you need to know about COVID-19 vaccines.

  • Debunking coronavirus myths

  • Different COVID-19 vaccines

  • Take steps to avoid COVID-19 transmission at home.

  • Herd immunity and coronavirus

  • What are the benefits of using a face mask to protect against COVID-19?

  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, there are safe outdoor activities you can do.

  • Some tips for returning to school during the COVID-19 pandemic: 1. Stay healthy by following the advice of your healthcare provider. 2. Avoid close contact with people who are sick. 3. Wash your hands often, especially before you eat or touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. 4. Cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough, and throw away any tissue that contains droplets from these activities.

  • COVID-19 and vitamin D

  • COVID-19: How can I protect myself?

  • In the Mayo Clinic Minute, it is explained that common surfaces are often dirty.

  • This is a brief explanation of how hand-washing should be done according to the Mayo Clinic.

  • Please follow these safety tips when traveling for medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic:

Diagnosis Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

COVID-19 is identified with a laboratory check. Your healthcare issuer can also acquire a pattern of your saliva or swab your nostril or throat to send for trying out.

If you develop symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 or you've been exposed to the COVID-19 virus, contact your healthcare provider. Also, let your health care provider know if you've had close contact with anyone who has been diagnosed with COVID-19.

Depending on where you live, factors that may influence whether to test you for the virus that causes COVID-19 may differ. In some cases, you may need to be screened by your clinic to determine if testing is appropriate and available.

Your health care provider will decide whether to test you for the virus that causes COVID-19 based on your symptoms and how much contact you have had with someone who has the virus. If you have a higher risk of serious illness, or if you are having a medical procedure, you need to be tested for COVID-19. If you have been fully vaccinated and have had close contact with someone who has the virus in the past three months, you don't need to be tested. If you have had contact with someone who has COVID-19, you will be tested 5 to 7 days later.

A health care provider can test for the COVID-19 virus by taking a sample from your nose, throat, or saliva. If you are coughing up sputum, it may be sent for testing. The FDA has authorized at-home tests for the virus. This virus is only available with a doctor's prescription.

More Information

  • COVID-19 in babies and children

  • COVID-19 variant

  • What are the different types of tests that can be done with COVID-19 antibody?

  • COVID-19 antibody testing

  • COVID-19 tests

Treatment Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Treatments for COVID-19 range depending on the severity of your signs and symptoms. If you’re no longer in the hospital or don’t want supplemental oxygen, no unique antiviral or immunotherapy is usually recommended.

Currently, one medication has been approved to treat COVID-19. There is no known cure for COVID-19. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as COVID-19. Researchers are currently testing a variety of possible treatments.

The FDA has approved a drug to treat COVID-19 in hospitalized adults and children. This drug may be prescribed to people who are hospitalized with COVID-19 and need supplemental oxygen or have a higher risk of serious complications. Medicine is given through a needle in the skin (intravenously).

The FDA has approved a drug called Paxlovid which includes nirmatrelvir - a drug that blocks the replication of the virus that causes COVID-19 - and an antiviral drug called ritonavir that helps to slow the breakdown of nirmatrelvir. Paxlovid is effective in treating COVID-19. People aged 12 and older who are at a higher risk of serious illness can receive COVID-19 treatments by mouth in the form of pills.

Another drug called balapiravir has been approved by the FDA to treat mild to moderate COVID-19 in adults who are at high risk of serious illness and who cannot take other treatments. The medication is taken by mouth as a pill.

The Food and Drug Administration has authorized the rheumatoid arthritis drug baricitinib (Olumiant) to treat COVID-19 in some cases. This pill seems to work against COVID-19 by reducing inflammation and having antiviral activity. Baricitinib may be used in people who are hospitalized with COVID-19 who are at risk for developing the disease. If you are using a mechanical ventilator or need supplemental oxygen, you need to do so on a regular basis.

Several monoclonal antibody medications are available.These are treatments that include sotrovimab, a combination of bamlanivimab and etesevimab, and a combination of casirivimab and imdevimab. These medications are used to treat mild to moderate infections caused by COVID-19 in people who have a higher risk of developing serious illness. The medications used to treat COVID-19 need to be given by a needle in the arm (intravenously) as soon as symptoms begin and prior to hospitalization. Some of these monoclonal antibodies are less effective against certain people. There are different COVID-19 variants.

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has recommended the corticosteroid dexamethasone for people who are hospitalized with severe COVID-19 and who are using supplemental oxygen or need mechanical ventilation. Other corticosteroids, such as prednisone methylprednisolone or hydrocortisone, may be used if necessary. Dexamethasone is not available.

Sometimes drugs called remdesivir or baricitinib are given along with dexamethasone to people who are hospitalized and need supplemental oxygen.

The FDA has approved convalescent plasma therapy with high antibody levels to treat COVID-19. This means that blood donated by people who have already recovered from COVID-19 can be used to help treat some hospitalized people who are infected with COVID-19. People who are either ill or have weakened immune systems should not get the flu vaccine.

Many people with COVID-19 may have mild symptoms and can be treated with supportive care. Supportive care is focused on relieving symptoms and may include:

  • Some pain relievers, like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help.

  • Cough syrup or medication

  • Rest

  • Fluid intake

There is no evidence that ibuprofen or other NSAIDs need to be avoided.

If you have mild symptoms, your health care provider will likely recommend that you stay at home and recover. You may be instructed to monitor your symptoms and to avoid spreading the illness to others. You may be asked to stay isolated from family and pets. When you're sick, be careful when around other people and pets. Use a separate bedroom and bathroom.

Your health care provider will likely recommend that you stay in home isolation for a set period of time, except to get medical care. Your health care provider will likely check in on you frequently. Follow the guidelines that your health care provider and local health department provide about when you can end isolation. Keep yourself isolated at home.

If you are very ill, you may need to be treated in the hospital.

When was COVID-19 first reported?

Covidien and Atrium Innovations have announced the launch of a new version of the Multiflex Trach Care (MFC) ventilator system which features advanced technology to ensure accurate delivery of positive pressure ventilation to patients with airway conditions The updated product called MFC II offers an unobstructed view of tracheostomy tube position in real time allowing clinicians to monitor tube alignment without turning off the ventilator.

Coping and support

During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is common to feel frightened and anxious. You may be worried that you or those you love will get sick. You may also be concerned about taking care of yourself or others who are ill.

During this time, remember to take care of yourself and refrain from feeling too stressed.

  • Eat healthy meals.

  • Get enough sleep.

  • Get physical activity.

  • Relaxation exercises such as deep breathing, stretching, and meditation can help you feel calm.

  • Avoid watching or reading too much news.

  • Stay connected with friends and family by talking on the phone or watching videos together.

  • Spend time doing things that you enjoy, such as reading a book or watching a funny movie.

If you have COVID-19, it is especially important to:

  • Get plenty of rest.

  • Drink fluids.

  • If your symptoms worsen, contact your health care provider right away.

If you are feeling stressed after being around someone with COVID-19, or if your stress is making it hard for you to live your life normally, see your healthcare provider. Request a referral to a mental health professional if the stress is causing problems for you.

Related information

Preparing for your appointment

If you are being treated for COVID-19, you may see your primary care doctor or other health care provider. If you think you have COVID-19, tell your healthcare provider before coming in for treatment. After the medical team has examined the patient, they can then decide on a course of action.

  • If you get sick, contact your local health officials.

  • Prepare to move you to a room quickly

  • Have a mask ready for you

Here are some tips to help you prepare for your appointment.

What you can do

When you make the appointment, be sure to ask if there are any things you need to do in advance. Make a list of what you need to bring: -Your insurance card -A photo ID -The information from your appointment slip

  • Your symptoms,Please bring any materials that seem related to your appointment, such as books or toys.

  • Your recent travels, including any international travels

  • Personal information is important.The questions on the health history form include major stresses such as recent life changes and family medical history.

  • All medications, vitamins, or other supplements should be taken with food. you take, including the doses

  • Questions to ask your doctor

Make sure you bring someone with you if possible - your family member, or a friend. It's important to remember the information you are given so be sure to check with your hospital or clinic beforehand to see if there are any visitor restrictions in place.

Before going to see your healthcare provider, you might want to ask some questions. These include things like what is wrong and how serious it is, what treatment options are available, and whether there are any side effects that need to be considered.

  • What are the chances that COVID-19 is causing my symptoms?

  • What could be causing my symptoms?

  • What tests do I need?

  • What course of action do you recommend?

  • Are there restrictions I need to follow?

  • Should I see a specialist?

What to expect from your doctor

Your health care provider may ask you a few questions, such as:

  • When did your symptoms begin?

  • Where have you traveled recently?

  • Who have you been in close contact with?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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