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Ingrown hair : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors , Complications , Prevention

 What Is Ingrown Hair?

An ingrown hair is a strand of hair that grows back into your pores and skin after shaving, tweezing or waxing. They can be painful or itchy, and they are commonly seen around your face, legs, armpits and pubic vicinity.

An ingrown hair is one which grows back into your skin in preference to rising up from it.

Sometimes, lifeless skin can clog a hair follicle. That forces the hair to grow sideways below your skin, rather than up and out. Or in case you cut evidently curly hair too quickly, the sharpened give up of the hair can pierce your pores and skin, inflicting an ingrown hair.

What Is Ingrown Hair

Explanation of medical terms and concept Ingrown hair

Ingrown hair happens whilst a hair that has been removed starts to grow, returns and curves into the pores and skin. Shaving, tweezing or waxing can reason this to manifest. An ingrown hair can motivate tiny, swollen bumps at the pores and skin that may harm. The situation most usually influences Black people with curly hair who shave.

Most instances of ingrown hair get better without remedy. You can keep away from this condition via now not casting off hair or no longer shaving very near the skin. If it really is not an option, you might strive for different hair removal methods that reduce the hazard of developing ingrown hair.

You are much more likely to get ingrown hairs in areas you shave, along with:

  • face and neck

  • legs

  • armpits

  • chest

  • back

  • your pubic hair

on your legs Ingrown hairs on the legs are caused by hair that grows back into the skin after being shaved or waxed or from new growth of hair It’s important to identify whether you have an ingrown hair or a problem with bacterial or fungal skin infection before trying to treat it If you suspect a fungus or bacterial infection contact your doctor for treatment options If you have an ingrown hair the best ways to prevent this condition are to shave in the direction of hair growth use a sharp razor and exfoliate the area before shaving Apply a warm compress to the affected area after you shave to help prevent ingrown hair formation You can also use products designed specifically to reduce.

causes and treatments Ingrown hairs are a common condition that affects people with sensitive skin and curly coarse or thick hair These hairs often curl back and grow into the skin This can cause inflammation redness and irritation Ingrown hairs can be treated at home using over-the-counter medications and by exfoliating the skin regularly.

Symptoms Ingrown hair

Signs and symptoms of ingrown hair include:

  • Tiny, swollen bumps where you shave, tweeze or wax

  • Small bumps that look like blisters or are filled with pus

  • Small bumps that are darker than surrounding skin (hyperpigmentation)

  • Burning or stinging

  • Itching

  • Hair in the shape of a loop because the tip of the hair curves and grows into the skin

When to see a doctor

An occasional ingrown hair isn't cause for alarm. Seek hospital therapy if your condition does not remedy or if it causes problems frequently.

An occasional ingrown pubic hair is nothing to be alarmed about. Following the prevention steps discussed above may assist you avoid ingrown hair in the future.

Causes Ingrown hair

Most hair shafts will grow up through the pores and skin without causing any troubles. Other hairs may also grow beneath the skin. For example, when you shave, the shortened hair can curl again and develop into your pores and skin.

When hair grows back into the skin, the frame responds to the hair as if it were a foreign item. That’s when symptoms begin, including ache, itching, redness, or swelling.

Ingrown hair happens when a hair it has been removed begins to develop back and curves into the skin. This usually happens after shaving, tweezing or waxing.

Hair shape and course of increase play a function in ingrown hair. A curved hair follicle, which produces tightly curled hair, is believed to inspire the hair to reenter the skin as soon as the hair is cut and starts to develop. Shaving creates a pointy part on hair, making it simpler to pierce the pores and skin.

Ingrown hair might also be caused by:

  • Pulling your skin when you shave. This action causes hair to draw back into the skin.

  • Tweezing.

When a hair penetrates your skin, your skin reacts as it would to an overseas frame — it will become angry.

Risk factors Ingrown hair

The main risk factor for ingrown hair is having tightly curled hair.


Ingrown hair that doesn't clear up can lead to:

  • Bacterial infection (from scratching)

  • Patches of skin that are darker than usual (postinflammatory hyperpigmentation)

  • Raised scars that are darker than surrounding skin (keloids)

  • Pseudofolliculitis barbae, also known as razor bumps

  • Fine depressed scars (grooves)


The great way to save your ingrown hairs is to use the right hair removal strategies.To help save your ingrown hair, keep away from shaving, tweezing and waxing. If that is not an option, use these recommendations to make ingrown hair much less probable:

  • Before shaving, wash your skin with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.

  • Apply lubricating shaving cream or gel a few minutes before shaving to soften the hair. Or apply a warm, damp cloth.

  • Apply shaving cream and use a sharp, single-blade razor. This helps avoid a too-close shave.

  • Don't pull your skin while shaving.

  • Shave in the direction of hair growth.

  • Rinse the blade after each stroke.

  • Rinse your pores and skin and follow a fab, moist cloth for approximately 5 mins. Then use a relaxing after-shave product or a glycolic acid lotion to assist put off lifeless pores and skin cells (exfoliate).

The following hair removal methods also may help prevent ingrown hair:

  • Electric razor or clippers. With the razor, avoid the closest shave putting. Hold the razor or clippers slightly faraway from your skin.

  • Chemical hair remover (depilatory). The chemical compounds in hair elimination merchandise may irritate your skin, so check on a small patch of hair first.

Diagnosis Ingrown hair

Ingrown hairs are easy to apprehend, so you don’t necessarily need a healthcare company to diagnose them. However, your healthcare provider can verify them in the course of a physical examination. They’ll word your appearance and signs, and they may ask questions about your skin and pores and skin care routine.

Your health care company is probably to diagnose ingrown hair through searching at your pores and skin and asking about your hair elimination habits.


  • When did you first start noticing symptoms?

  • Do you have ingrown hair bumps all the time, or do they go away and come back?

  • Do you shave, wax or tweeze your hair?

  • How often do you shave?

  • What type of razor do you use to shave?

  • How often do you wax or tweeze?

  • How do you prepare your skin before you remove your hair?

Treatment Ingrown hair

In most instances, you don’t need to deal with ingrown pubic hairs. They’ll frequently clear up on their personal without treatment.

If the hairs don’t start to develop lower back up via the pores and skin, you could want to try one of the following remedy options.

To treat ingrown hair, forestall shaving, tweezing or waxing until the situation improves — commonly 1 to six months. If you desire, trim a beard with scissors or electric clippers. Don't start shaving again until all the pores and skin has cleared and ingrown hairs have gone. These steps help manage the circumstance. They may not make it depart permanently.

If you can not go that lengthy without doing away with your hair and other self-care strategies are not supported, your fitness care company may recommend medicines, laser-assisted hair removal or each.


Your health care company can also prescribe sure medicines to help manage your circumstance. They encompass:

  • Drugs that help remove dead skin cells. A nightly software of a retinoid cream consisting of tretinoin (Renova, Retin-A, others) facilitates to clean useless pores and skin cells (exfoliate). You might also start seeing consequences within  months. A retinoid may additionally assist repair any discoloration (postinflammatory hyperpigmentation). A lotion with glycolic acid reduces the curvature of the hair, which lessens the threat of hair developing into the pores and skin.

  • Creams to calm your skin. Steroid creams help reduce irritation and itching.

  • Creams or pills to control infection. Antibiotic creams treat mild infections due to scratching. Antibiotic drugs are probably wanted for a more serious infection.

  • Creams to decrease hair growth. A product called eflornithine (Vaniqa) is a prescription cream that decreases hair regrowth when combined with some other hair elimination technique, which includes laser therapy.

Laser hair removal and electrolysis

Your health care provider would possibly advocate laser-assisted hair removal, which removes hair at a deeper degree than does shaving, waxing, tweezing or electrolysis. Laser treatment slows regrowth and is a long run answer. Possible side effects of this approach are blistering, scarring and loss of skin color (dyspigmentation).

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you have got razor bumps however can't prevent shaving, develop a regular pores and skin care ordinary which includes the subsequent to help manage this circumstance:

  • Shave at least twice a week.

  • Don't tweeze ingrown hairs.

  • Before shaving, wash the affected place using a warm washcloth or soft-bristled toothbrush. Use a round movement for a few minutes.

  • Apply a warm, damp cloth for a few more minutes.

  • Apply shaving cream — don't let it dry out — and use a sharp, single-blade razor.

  • Don't pull your skin while shaving.

  • Shave in the direction of hair growth.

  • Rinse the blade after each stroke.

  • Release visible ingrown hairs by way of placing a sterile needle underneath every hair loop and lightly lifting the tip that has grown lower back into the pores and skin.

  • Rinse your pores and skin and practice a cool, wet fabric for a few minutes. Then use a calming after-shave product. If wanted, strive to use a 1% hydrocortisone cream for no extra than four weeks.

If you're able, keep away from close shaves. Try the usage of electric clippers. Set it to depart stubble. If shaving worsens your situation, you would possibly need to strive for a chemical hair removal product (depilatory), together with Nair, Magic, others. Test it on a small patch of hair first.

Preparing for your appointment

You're probably to begin by seeing your number one care issuer, who might also refer you to a medical doctor who specializes in pores and skin conditions (dermatologist).

To get the maximum out of your appointment, it is exact to prepare. Here's a few data that will help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

  • List any signs and symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may appear unrelated to the reason for that you scheduled the appointment.

  • List key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes.

  • Make a list of all medications, vitamins and supplements you're taking.

  • List questions to ask your healthcare provider.

For ingrown hair, a few basic questions to ask your health care issuer encompass:

  • What's the most likely cause of my condition?

  • What are other possible causes for my condition?

  • Do I need any tests?

  • Is my condition likely temporary or chronic?

  • What is the best course of action?

  • What are the alternatives to the primary approach you're suggesting?

  • Are there restrictions I need to follow?

  • Is there a generic alternative to the medicine you're prescribing?

  • Do you have any relevant brochures or other printed material that I can take home with me? What websites do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions, as well.

What to expect from your doctor

Your health care provider is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:

  • When did you begin experiencing symptoms?

  • Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?

  • Does anything make your symptoms worse?

  • What type of razor do you use?

  • How often do you shave?

  • What shaving or other hair removal technique do you use?

What you can do in the meantime

In the days before your clinical appointment, if possible, forestall shaving or the use of any shape of hair removal. Ingrown hair may get worse in the beginning as the hair grows. But in the end it improves.

General summary

removal tips How to Remove Ingrown Hairs Ingrown hairs are a common problem especially among African American men who have curlier hair follicles than Caucasians Ingrown hairs can also occur on any area of the body where hair grows in a curly pattern such as the beard or pubic region These hairs grow back into the skin instead of emerging at the surface If not removed properly ingrown hairs can lead to infection and scarring Use these tips for proper ingrown hair removal Wash regularly with a mild cleanser that does not contain harsh chemicals or perfume Avoid using bar soaps because they tend to be too drying for the skin and may irritate it further Apply a.

What is the best treatment for ingrown hairs?

Ingrown hairs are caused by a hair that grows back into the skin rather than out from it When you pull or tweeze an ingrown hair you may be pulling it back into your skin and causing pain and inflammation Ingrown hairs can be prevented with regular exfoliation which helps to soften up the skin before you shave so that hairs don't become ingrown as well as shaving in the direction of hair growth.

How do you draw out ingrown hair?

When you get an ingrown hair a layer of skin has become trapped underneath another layer of skin You should use tweezers to gently lift the ingrown hair and then use a sterile needle to open up the follicle Use a warm compress for about 15 minutes after you have opened up the follicle If this does not work go see your doctor.

What is the quickest way to get rid of ingrown hair?

Ingrown hairs are caused when the hair grows back into the follicle resulting in a pimple-like bump Ingrown hairs can be itchy and painful but they can easily be treated at home Treat them by applying warm compresses to the area for five to eight minutes followed by an exfoliating scrub containing salicylic acid glycolic acid or retinol This helps break up dead skin cells and lift the ingrown hair from its follicle After using one of these products apply a medicated acne cream containing benzoyl peroxide sulfur or resorcinol to help control inflammation and prevent infection.

How do you treat an ingrown hair cyst?

Ingrown hairs occur when a person's hair grows into the skin causing inflammation and pain While ingrowns are common they are not usually serious or painful They can be treated at home with over-the-counter remedies such as salicylic acid lotions and creams to dissolve the hair and break down the blockage If you experience severe pain or an infection see a dermatologist immediately.

How do I get rid of an ingrown hair cyst on my pubic area?

Ingrown hair cysts are the result of an ingrown hair that has become infected These infections can cause swelling pain and even the formation of pus The location of these cysts is on the hairy areas of your body such as your legs armpits face and pubic area Infected ingrown hair bumps can also occur in your eyebrows or eyelashes Although ingrown hairs are common if you notice a change in size or appearance on any of your hair follicles it's best to get checked by a doctor Signs of an infected ingrown hair cyst include pain and redness at the base of the bump There may be swelling around the cyst and drainage from the.

How do you get rid of an infected ingrown pubic hair?

Step 1 Wash the area with mild soap and warm water Do not use a washcloth because it can irritate the skin Use your hands to gently rub the area in a circular motion removing all of the bacteria that has built up around the hairs Rinse off any soap residue with warm water Take a clean towel and dry the area thoroughly Repeat three times daily until the infection clears up Step 2 Take an over-the-counter antibiotic to help speed up healing time and reduce pain and swelling If your infection is severe see your doctor for an antibiotic prescription as well as an injection of cortisone to reduce inflammation around the hair follicle The injection may hurt at first.

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Ingrown hair : Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis ,Treatment , Risk factors  , Complications , Prevention

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