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Hives and angioedema : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment

 What is Hives and angioedema?

Hives, also known as urticaria, is a skin reaction that can manifest in the form of red, itchy welts on the body. Angioedema is a condition that is similar to hives but involves swelling, which can be deeper under the skin. Both hives and angioedema can appear alone or together, and can be triggered by many different factors such as an allergic reaction or an infection. In some cases, the cause is unknown.

Hives and angioedema are two of the most common allergic reactions. They are both caused by an allergic reaction to substances in the environment or foods. Hives, also known as urticaria, is a red, raised, and itchy rash on the skin. Angioedema is a swelling of the shallow layers of the skin, often seen around the eyes, lips, and feet.

What is Hives and angioedema?
Hives and angioedema

  1. Integumentary system

  1. Mammary glands

  2. Skin

  3. Subcutaneous tissue

 medical terms

  • Hives and angioedema are chronic, recurrent skin conditions that can cause red, swollen, and itchy bumps to appear on the skin. These bumps typically appear suddenly and last for several hours or more, depending on the severity of the symptoms. Hives and angioedema can be both uncomfortable and embarrassing, making it difficult for those who suffer from them to enjoy everyday activities. In some cases, hives and angioedema can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, so it is important to talk to a doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms.

  • Hives and angioedema are skin conditions that are caused by an allergic reaction. They are often related and can be the result of an allergic reaction to a variety of substances, including foods, drugs, pet dander, and environmental pollutants. Symptoms include raised red skin welts that are itchy and can cause swelling in the skin. The swelling can be severe enough to cause difficulty with breathing if it affects the throat or tongue.

  • Hives, medically referred to as urticaria, is a common skin disorder characterized by raised, pale red, itchy areas on the skin. Angioedema is another skin disorder that is similar to hives, but involves a deeper layer of the skin and is more likely to cause swelling and last longer. Both of these conditions can be triggered by allergies or certain medications, and can sometimes be caused by illnesses such as thyroid disease or other auto-immune related illnesses. Treatment for hives and angioedema usually involves avoiding the triggers, taking antihistamines to reduce itching and swelling, and using topical steroids or other topical medications.

Symptoms Hives and angioedema

In many respects, persistent hives and acute hives might also appear alike: they may be itchy, swollen raised welts that flip lighter within the center and with pressure.


The welts related to hives can be:

  • Skin-coloured, reddish on white pores and skin, or purplish on black and brown skin

  • Itchy, starting from mild to intense

  • Round, oval or trojan horse-fashioned

  • As small as a pea or as huge as a dinner plate

  • Most hives appear speedy and go away within 24 hours. This is called acute hives. Chronic hives can last for months or years.


Angioedema is a response similar to hives that affects deeper layers of the skin. It can seem with hives or on my own. Signs and signs include:

  • Welts that shape in mins to hours

  • Swelling, mainly across the eyes, cheeks or lips

  • Mild pain and heat within the affected regions

When to see a physician

You can normally deal with slight cases of hives or angioedema at home. See your healthcare provider if your signs and symptoms retain for a variety of days.

If you believe you studied your hives or angioedema turned into as a result of a recognised hypersensitivity to meals or a medicinal drug, your signs and symptoms can be an early sign of an anaphylactic reaction. Seek emergency care in case you feel your tongue, lips, mouth or throat swelling or in case you're having trouble breathing.

Causes Hives and angioedema

For most people who revel in acute hives and angioedema, the exact purpose can not be diagnosed. The conditions are now and again caused by:

  • Foods. Many foods can cause reactions in humans with sensitivities. Shellfish, fish, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, eggs and milk are frequent offenders.

  • Medications. Many medicinal drugs may cause hives or angioedema, including penicillins, aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve) and blood stress medications.

  • Airborne allergens. Pollen and other allergens that you breathe in can cause hives, now and again followed via higher and lower breathing tract symptoms.

  • Insect bites and infections. Other causes of acute hives and angioedema are insect bites and infections.

Risk Hives and angioedema

Hives and angioedema are commonplace. You may be at improved threat of hives and angioedema in case you:

  • Have had hives or angioedema earlier than
  • Have had other allergies
  • Have a family history of hives, angioedema or hereditary angioedema

Complications Hives and angioedema

Severe angioedema can be existence-threatening if swelling of the tongue or in the throat blocks the airway.

Prevention Hives and angioedema

To lower your likelihood of experiencing hives or angioedema, take the following precautions:

  • Avoid recognised triggers. If you recognize what has induced your hives, try to keep away from that substance.

  • Bathe and change your garments. If pollen or animal contact has induced your hives inside the beyond, take a tub or bathe and change your clothes in case you're uncovered to pollen or animals.

What’s the difference Hives and angioedema?

  • Hives, also known as urticaria, and angioedema are two distinct medical conditions that are often confused with each other. Hives are raised, red bumps that appear on the surface of the skin and can be itchy, while angioedema is an allergic reaction that causes swelling on the skin or in the deeper layer of the skin. Hives usually appear in clusters and can come and go within a few hours, while angioedema usually takes longer to appear and can last for days or even weeks. They need to be treated differently, as they are caused by different triggers.

  • Hives and angioedema are both allergic reactions that cause swelling and redness on the skin, however, they differ in a few key ways. Hives are raised, itchy bumps that appear and disappear quickly, often in the same day. Angioedema is similar to hives but additionally involves deeper layers of the skin, resulting in more severe swelling and lasting longer than hives. Angioedema can also affect other areas of the body such as the eyes, tongue, or throat, making it potentially more dangerous than hives.

Diagnosis Hives and angioedema

To diagnose hives or angioedema, your medical doctor will possibly have a look at your welts or areas of swelling and ask approximately your scientific history. You may want blood assessments or an allergic reaction pores and skin check.

Allergy tests to diagnose hives encompass:

  • Skin tests: During this test, healthcare carriers check different allergens on your pores and skin. If your pores and skin turns pink or swells, it means you’re allergic to that substance. This type of allergic reaction test is likewise known as a pores and skin prick or scratch take a look at. Skin testing normally isn’t finished for persistent hives.

  • Blood checks: Blood takes a look at checks for specific antibodies in your blood. Your frame makes antibodies to combat off allergens. If your body makes too many antibodies, you could develop hives and swelling.

Treatment Hives and angioedema

If your symptoms are mild, you could no longer need treatment. Hives and angioedema frequently resolve on their own. But remedy can provide comfort from excessive itching, critical soreness or signs that persist.


Treatments for hives and angioedema may additionally include prescribed drugs:

  • Anti-itch pills. The standard remedy for hives and angioedema is antihistamines that don't make you drowsy. These medicinal drugs reduce itching, swelling and other hypersensitivity signs. They're to be had in nonprescription and prescription formulations.

  • Drugs that suppress the immune machine. If antihistamines are not effective, your doctor may prescribe a drug which can calm an overactive immune device.

  • Drugs for hereditary angioedema. If you have the type of angioedema that runs in families, you can take medication to alleviate symptoms and hold the levels of certain proteins on your blood at levels that don't motivate signs.

  • Anti-inflammatory capsules. For extreme hives or angioedema, docs may additionally prescribe a brief course of an oral corticosteroid drug — along with prednisone — to reduce swelling, infection and itching.

Emergency situations

For a severe assault of hives or angioedema, you can want a experience to the emergency room and an emergency injection of epinephrine — a form of adrenaline. If you have got had a serious assault or your assaults recur in spite of treatment, your doctor may additionally have you ever deliver a pen like tool so that it will assist you to self-inject epinephrine in emergencies.

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Lifestyle and domestic treatments

If you're experiencing slight hives or angioedema, those guidelines might also help relieve your signs and symptoms:

  • Avoid triggers. These can include meals, medicinal drugs, pollen, pet dander, latex and bug stings. If you suspect a medicine induced your rash, forestall the usage of it and make contact with your number one care provider. Some research proposes that pressure or fatigue can cause hives.

  • Use an anti-itch drug available without a prescription. A non prescription oral antihistamine, together with loratadine (Alavert, Claritin, others), cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy, others) or diphenhydramine (Benadryl Allergy, others), might also assist relieve itching. Consider whether you may prefer a type that does not cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist approximately alternatives.

  • Apply bloodless. Covering the affected vicinity with a cold washcloth or rubbing an ice dice over it for a couple of minutes can help soothe the pores and skin and save you from scratching.

  • Take a cool bath with ease. Find relief from itching in a cool bath or tub. Some humans might also benefit from bathing in cool water sprinkled with baking soda or oatmeal powder (Aveeno, others), but this is not a solution for long-time period control of persistent itching.

  • Wear unfastened, easy-textured cotton apparel. Avoid carrying clothing that is hard, tight, scratchy or made from wool.

  • Protect your pores and skin from the sun. Apply sunscreen liberally about a half of an hour earlier than going outside. When outside, we are searching for coloration to help relieve soreness.

Preparing on your appointment

You're probably to start by seeing your number one care medical doctor. In a few cases whilst you call to install an appointment, you will be referred immediately to a skin ailment expert (dermatologist) or to an allergic reaction professional.

What you could do

  • Here are a few guidelines that will help you get prepared for your appointment.

  • List your symptoms and symptoms, after they came about, and the way long they lasted.

  • List any medicinal drugs you take, including vitamins, herbs and dietary supplements. Even better, take the original bottles and a list of the doses and instructions.

  • List inquiries to ask your health practitioner.

For hives and angioedema, questions you can want to ask encompass:

  • What is probably causing my signs?

  • Do I need any assessments to verify the diagnosis?

  • What are different possible reasons for my symptoms?

  • Is my situation probably transient or continual?

  • What is the excellent direction of movement?

  • What are the alternatives to the primary approach which you're suggesting?

  • Do I want prescription medicinal drugs, or can I use nonprescription medications to deal with the situation?

  • What effects can I count on?

  • Can I wait to see if the circumstance is going away on its very own?

What to count on out of your doctor

Your health practitioner is probable to ask you a number of questions, which include:

  • When did you first start experiencing signs and symptoms?

  • What did your pores and skin response look like whilst it first appeared?

  • Have your signs changed over time?

  • Have you observed something that makes your symptoms worse or higher?

  • Do your pores and skin lesions particularly itch, or do they burn or sting?

  • Do your pores and skin lesions depart absolutely without leaving a bruise or a mark?

  • Do you have any recognized allergic reactions?

  • Have you ever had a comparable pores and skin response earlier than?

  • Have you attempted a brand new food for the first time, changed laundry products or adopted a new pet?

  • What prescriptions, nonprescription medicinal drugs and dietary supplements are you taking?

  • Have you commenced taking any new medicinal drugs or started out a new course of a remedy you have taken before?

  • Has your average fitness been modified recently? Have you had any fevers or have you lost weight?

  • Has each person else to your own family ever had this kind of skin response? Do different circles of relatives participants have any known hypersensitive reactions?

  • What at-home remedies have you ever used?

General summary

  • Hives and angioedema are two medical terms used to describe different types of skin conditions. Hives, or urticaria, are raised, red marks that can itch, burn or sting. They can appear anywhere on the body and are caused by an allergic response or an infection. Angioedema is a similar condition, but it occurs in the deeper layers of the skin and is caused by a reaction in the body's immune system.

  • Hives and angioedema are two separate conditions that can cause skin swelling and itching. Hives, also known as urticaria, are raised, red welts on the skin that can be itchy or burning. Angioedema is a deeper skin reaction with swelling that is often accompanied by hives. It is typically localized to the eyes and lips.

  • Hives and angioedema are two distinct conditions that can cause similar symptoms, though they are not the same thing. Hives, also known as urticaria, are raised, red welts on the skin that are often itchy and can sometimes cause burning or stinging. They usually appear suddenly, can last for hours or days, and can move around on the body. Angioedema, on the other hand, is deeper swelling in the skin or mucous membranes.

Hives and angioedema : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment

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