Ascending Colon : Detailed Explanation


 What Is Ascending Colon?

The ascending colon is the first part of the large intestine. It’s a thin, tube-like organ that starts at the cecum — which is the blind pouch where the small intestine joins the large intestine — and extends up to the transverse colon. The ascending colon goes across the abdomen from right to left. The ascending colon has a similar structure to the other parts of the large intestine, but it’s narrower and longer than the other sections.

The ascending colon is one of the four sections into which the colon (the main section of the large intestine) is divided. It is the first of these sections, and it extends upwards from the colic flexure (where the ascending colon meets the transverse colon) to the ascending colic artery (a branch of the iliac artery). The ascending colon is a retroperitoneal organ. This means that it is located behind the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.

The structure of the ascending colon

  • The ascending colon is the continuation of the caecum and the first part of the colon. It is a blind-ended pouch that is separated from the small intestine by the ileocecal valve. The valve is a muscular structure that opens to let chyme through and closes to prevent backflow of digested food. Above this valve, the ascending colon is attached to the posterior abdominal wall by the right colic (hepatic) flexure.

  • The ascending colon is set eight inches (20-25 centimeters) long and a couple of.Five inches in diameter.1 The interior of the ascending colon is covered with smooth muscular tissues that agree and move stool alongside its duration.

  • It’s held in an area via the tissues and membranes that line the abdominal wall. There are pouches within the length of the colon, which increases the floor area on the inside, taking into account extra absorption.

  • The innermost layer of the ascending colon is called the mucosa. It has goblet cells, which create the mucus needed to assist waste move alongside the duration of the colon.

  • The next layers are the sub-mucosa, which contains nerves and blood vessels, and the muscularis, which incorporates easy muscle. The outermost layer is the serosa, which secretes a fluid to reduce friction from smooth muscle contraction.

Ascending Colon function

When the waste passes from the small intestine and into the cecum, it is blended with numerous sorts of microorganisms. This microorganism in addition breaks down the waste and enables the absorption of some more vitamins, inclusive of nutrients K, B1, B2, and B12.

Water is absorbed from the waste cloth because it passes through the colon, turning it from in general liquid into strong stool.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine

There are many diseases that can affect the large intestine. One of the most common is Crohn’s disease.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine can be very serious and can lead to a lot of complications.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine can affect many different systems in the body, including the gastrointestinal system. These diseases can lead to a variety of symptoms, and can be difficult to diagnose.

Functional problems, structural disorders, infections and irritations can have an effect on the massive gut, along with the colon, rectum and anus. Some of those conditions include:

  • Diverticulitis.

  • Ulcerative colitis.

  • Microscopic colitis.

  • Pseudomembranous colitis.

  • Proctitis.

  • Appendicitis.

  • Necrotizing enterocolitis.

  • Malrotation.

  • Crohn’s disease.

  • Rectal ulcers.

  • Hemorrhoids.

  • Colorectal polyps.

  • Colorectal most cancers.

  • Hirschsprung ailment.

  • Large bowel obstruction.

  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome.

  • Rectal bleeding.

  • Rectal prolapse.

  • Rectocele.

  • Pelvic ground dysfunction.

  • Anal fistula.

  • Anal fissures.

  • Gas and gasoline ache.

  • Constipation.

  • Fecal incontinence.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

  • Obstructed defecation.

  • Anismus.

  • Paralytic ileus.

How is it diagnosed in the Large Intestine?

There are several conditions that can affect the large intestine (also known as the colon), such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, and more. The diagnostic process can vary depending on the specific condition.

For example, if you're referring to inflammatory bowel disease (which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), diagnosis often involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, blood tests, imaging studies (such as CT scans or MRIs), endoscopic procedures (colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy), and biopsy of the affected tissue. Doctors use these methods to assess the extent and severity of inflammation in the large intestine.

On the other hand, for colorectal cancer, diagnosis may involve a combination of screenings, such as fecal occult blood tests, colonoscopies, and imaging scans. Biopsies of suspicious tissue are typically taken during a colonoscopy to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

If you can provide more specific information about the condition you're asking about, I'd be happy to provide more detailed information about its diagnosis in the large intestine.

Maintaining the health of the large intestine

The large intestine is a very important part of the body. It helps to keep us healthy by absorbing food and water. If the large intestine is not functioning properly, it can lead to many problems. Problems with the large intestine can include: constipation, diarrhea, and colon cancer.

These preferred fitness guidelines will help you keep a healthy gut:


  • Eat extra fiber. Fiber triggers the muscle contractions that move meals via your colon and allows clean out residue there that might gradually matter. The satisfactory manner to get its miles by ingesting plants.

  • Eat better fat. Saturated fats, together with the ones discovered in beef, are related to higher quotes of colon diseases. On the other hand, healthy fat — the Omega-3s found specifically in oily fish — promote pleasant bacteria inside the intestine.

  • Drink extra water. The intestine uses a variety of water — for cleansing, for lubrication and absorption of vitamins — and most of us don’t drink enough of it.

  • Get your colonoscopy. Colon cancer is both not unusual and preventable. Anyone with a colon can get it, and by the time you have got signs and symptoms, it might be too late to deal with it. Regular screening is a nice way to prevent it and treat it in time.

Healthy foods

The purpose of this document is to provide readers with a basic understanding of what healthy foods for the large intestine can do for them. By aiding in the proper absorption of nutrients, these foods can help improve overall health.

The purpose of this document is to introduce the reader to the different types of healthy foods that can be eaten for the large intestine. There are many different types of foods that can be eaten, and the reader is encouraged to experiment and find what works best for them.


  • Fresh fish excessive in omega-three fatty acids can help lessen infection in the frame. In truth, a research group from Vanderbilt University found out that women who devour 3 servings of fish in line within a week decreased their chance of growing colon polyps at around 33 percent.

  • Your fine selections might be baked or smoked salmon, tuna and sardines as they may be additionally rich in vitamin D and calcium.


  • Fruits are usually rich in antioxidants, fiber and species-particular phytochemicals which could assist in shielding you from digestive troubles.

  • Apples, blackberries, bananas, blueberries, oranges, pear and raspberries are a number of the first-rate resources of fiber.

Non-starchy vegetables

  • For common fitness, the rule of thumb of thumb is to fill -thirds of your plate with plant-primarily based food as they may be wealthy in fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals. However, to decrease your chance of getting type 2 diabetes, any other factor that may result in colon most cancers, the American Diabetes Association shows that you emphasize non-starchy vegetables.

  • Try to consume at least three-five servings of non-starchy vegetables consistent with day, which includes lettuce, kale, cucumbers, artichokes, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, okra and spinach.

White Meat

  • Protein is essential for muscle improvement, tissue boom and extra. And since you need to limit your pork consumption, your more healthy options would be skinless chicken or turkey.. Eggs are a terrific alternative, too.

Whole grains

  • Whole grains are any other fiber-packed meals organization that you could flawlessly match with fish, eggs and chicken. Your healthiest alternatives might be brown rice, barley, oatmeal and quinoa.


  • Eating at least , one-ounce servings of nuts a week can help keep your blood sugar and insulin levels low, reducing your hazard of getting kind 2 diabetes. Since they're additionally full of healthful fatty acids, fiber and flavonoids, nuts also can help lower your probabilities of getting colon cancer.

  • Your satisfactory choices might be tree nuts which include almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, pecans, pistachios and macadamia nuts.

Beans and Legumes

  • Soybeans, lentils, peas, pinto beans, black beans and kidney beans are a terrific source of protein, fiber, nutrition B and diet E. Aside from the benefits and protection they offer to your colon, beans and legumes also can assist lessen ldl cholesterol and blood sugar ranges.

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