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Athlete's foot : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment


 What is Athlete's foot?

Athlete's foot, medically known as tinea pedis, is a common fungal infection that usually develops between the toes. It is caused by a fungus that lives on warm, moist surfaces and is highly contagious. Symptoms of an athlete's foot include redness and itching of the skin between the toes, as well as a rash that can spread to other areas of the foot. In some cases, an athlete's foot can also lead to painful cracking and blistering of the skin.

What is Athlete's foot?
Athlete's foot

  1. Integumentary system

    1. Skin

    2. Subcutaneous tissue

Medical terms

  • Athlete's foot is a contagious fungal infection that typically occurs on the feet. It is characterized by itchy, dry, scaly skin between the toes, on the bottoms of the feet and on the sides of the feet. The infection is spread through contact with an infected person, contact with contaminated surfaces, or contact with contaminated objects. In some instances, if left untreated, it may spread to other parts of the body, such as the hands and arms.

  • Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection of the skin that commonly affects athletes and people with active lifestyles. It typically appears between the toes and on the bottom of the feet. The infection is caused by moisture, which allows fungus to thrive and can lead to scaling, redness, and itchiness. To treat the infection, it is important to keep the feet dry and use an antifungal cream that is prescribed by a doctor.

Symptoms Athlete's foot

Your signs rely upon the form of athlete’s foot that you have.


  • Toe internet infection: A toe net infection is the maximum not unusual type of athlete’s foot. It usually impacts the pores and skin between your fourth toe (ring toe) and fifth toe (pinkie toe). Your skin may additionally exchange coloration, crack, peel or flake.

  • Moccasin-type contamination: A moccasin-type infection impacts the bottoms of your feet, your heels and the edges of your toes. Your fat can be sore for a few days. Then, the skin on the lowest of your feet thickens and cracks. In uncommon cases, your toenails may additionally get infected. They can thicken, destroy into small portions and fall out.

  • Vesicular-kind contamination: A vesicular-type infection commonly influences the bottom of your toes, but it could appear anywhere on them. A vesicular-kind contamination capabilities bumps or fluid-filled blisters (vesicles).

  • Ulcerative infection: An ulcerative infection is the rarest kind of athlete’s foot. Open sores (ulcers) often appear between your toes. Open sores may seem on the lowest of your feet.

When to see a doctor

If you have got a rash on your foot that doesn't improve within  weeks of beginning self-treatment with an over-the-counter antifungal product, see your physician.

If you have got diabetes, see your medical doctor in case you suspect that you have athlete's foot. Also see your medical doctor when you have signs of contamination — swelling of the affected region, pus, fever.

Causes Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot is caused by the equal kind of fungi (dermatophytes) that motivate ringworm and jock itch. Damp socks and shoes and warm, humid situations favor the organisms' boom.


Athlete's foot is contagious and can unfold through touch with an infected character or from touch with contaminated surfaces, including towels, flooring and shoes. You also can unfold it from the foot to other components of the frame, in particular in case you scratch or select the infected elements of your foot.

Risk factors Athlete's foot

You are at better hazard of athlete's foot in case you:

  • Frequently wear enclosed footwear

  • Sweat closely

  • Share mats, rugs, bed linens, garments or footwear with someone who has a fungal contamination

  • Walk barefoot in public regions wherein the contamination can unfold, inclusive of locker rooms, saunas, swimming swimming pools, communal baths and showers

Complications Athlete's foot

The athlete's foot infection can unfold to different warm, moist elements of the body. Jock itch is regular due to the equal fungus that results in an athlete's foot. It's commonplace for the contamination to unfold from the toes to the groin due to the fact the fungus can journey on arms or towels.


Athlete's feet can on occasion cause bacterial infections.

Prevention Athlete's foot

These recommendations can help you keep away from athlete's foot or keep away from spreading it to others:

  • Let your feet air out. When you may, wear sandals to allow your toes to air out as much as viable.

  • Wash your toes daily. Use heat, soapy water and rinse and dry your feet very well, mainly between the feet. Apply a medicated foot powder (Tinactin, Gold Bond, others) or different medicated powder (Lotrimin AF, Zeasorb, others) in case you're liable to athlete's foot.

  • Change socks regularly. Change your socks at least once an afternoon — greater regularly in case your feet get sweaty. Moisture-wicking socks, which include the ones made from cotton, assist holding your feet drier than do nylon socks.

  • Alternate pairs of footwear. Use specific shoes from day to day. This offers your footwear time to dry after every use.

  • Protect your toes in public places. Wear water-resistant sandals or shoes around public swimming pools, showers and lockers rooms.

  • Be aware of the hazard factors for spreading the circumstance. If you stay with others, do not proportion shoes or unwashed bedding and towels.

Does an athlete's foot go away on its own?

  • Athlete's foot is a common condition caused by a type of fungus that thrives in warm and moist environments. It's typically caused by wearing damp socks and shoes for extended periods, which can create a breeding ground for the fungus. While it can be uncomfortable, the good news is that an athlete's foot can usually be treated with over-the-counter medications, making it easy to get rid of the infection. In some cases, an athlete's foot may go away on its own, but it is always best to seek medical attention if the symptoms persist or worsen.

  • It is a common question: Does an athlete's foot go away on its own? The answer is not always clear cut since an athlete's foot can last anywhere from a few days to a few months, depending on the severity of the infection. Most cases of athlete's foot can be treated with over-the-counter medications and simple home remedies. However, more severe cases may require prescription-strength ointments or oral medications to effectively treat the infection and clear up the feet.

Diagnosis Athlete's foot

Your health practitioner may be capable of diagnosing an athlete's foot certainly by means of looking at it. Some types of athlete's foot appear to be dry skin or dermatitis. To assist confirm the diagnosis and rule out different situations, your medical doctor would possibly take a skin scraping from the affected region for testing in a lab.

  1. Skin test
  2. Blood analysis

Treatment Athlete's foot

If your athlete's foot would not respond to nonprescription merchandise and self-care, you can want to see a doctor to get a prescription-power cream or ointment, consisting of clotrimazole (Lotrisone), econazole (Ecoza, Spectazole) or ciclopirox (Loprox, Penlac). If you've got a more extreme infection, your physician may prescribe antifungal pills, along with terbinafine (Lamisil) or itraconazole (Sporanox, Tolsura). Or you might want both topical and oral medicine.

  1. Skin grafting transplant

Lifestyle and domestic treatments

These pointers allow you to ease the signs and symptoms of athlete's foot or keep away from a recurrence:

  • Keep your toes easy and dry. Wash your feet twice a day and gently towel-dry between the feet.

  • Use an antifungal product. After washing and drying your feet, observe an antifungal product. The antifungal terbinafine (Lamisil AT) has been proven to be very powerful. Another option is clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF). You may additionally need to experiment to locate the product and method — ointment, gel, cream, lotion, powder or spray — that give you the results you want. Apply the product to the affected pores and skin as directed — commonly twice an afternoon till a week after the rash clears up. It might take 2 to four weeks for peer results. If the circumstance comes lower back, you may want to begin making use of the product once more.

  • Change socks frequently. Change your socks as a minimum once an afternoon — extra regularly if your feet get without a doubt sweaty.

  • Wear light, properly-ventilated shoes. Avoid footwear manufactured from artificial fabric, along with vinyl or rubber. Wear sandals when viable to allow your feet air out.

  • Alternate pairs of footwear. Use distinctive shoes daily. This gives your footwear time to dry after every use.

  • Protect your toes in public places. Wear water-proof sandals or footwear round public pools, showers and lockers rooms.

  • Try no longer to scratch the rash. You can try soothing your itchy toes through soaking them in cool water.

  • Don't percentage footwear. Sharing risks spreading fungal contamination.

Preparing for your appointment

Your primary care medical doctor or a pores and skin specialist (dermatologist) can diagnose an athlete's foot. You do not want any unique arrangements for an appointment to diagnose an athlete's foot.

What you may do

Before your appointment, you may need to put in writing down a listing of inquiries to ask your health practitioner. Examples encompass:


  • What's the maximum probable cause of my symptoms?

  • Are tests needed to verify the diagnosis?

  • What treatments are to be had?

  • Is this circumstance brief or long lasting?

  • Is there an ordinary alternative to the medication you are prescribing?

  • Can I wait to look if the condition goes away on its very own?

  • What can I do to prevent the contamination from spreading?

  • What pores and skin care workouts do you advise while the circumstance heals?

What to expect from your health practitioner

Your doctor is probably to ask you some of questions, which include:

  • When did you first become aware of your signs and symptoms?

  • What did the rash appear like whilst it first started?

  • Is the rash painful or itchy?

  • Does whatever appear to make it better?

  • What, if anything, makes it worse?

  • Does a member of the family additionally have an athlete's foot?

  • Have you hung out at swimming pools, locker rooms, saunas or other places in which an athlete's foot is probably spread?

General summary

  1. Athletes foot is a common fungal infection of the skin, usually affecting the feet and toes. Characterized by itchy, red, scaly patches on the feet, athletes foot is an infection that's caused by a fungus. While it is not a serious condition, it is important to be aware of it and seek treatment if necessary. Luckily, many cases of athlete's feet will clear up on their own without any treatment.

  2. The question of whether or not an athlete's foot can go away on its own is a common one. To answer this question, one must first understand the cause of an athlete's foot and the potential treatments which may be used. Generally, an athlete's foot is caused by a fungus which resides in the warm, moist environment of a shoe. This fungus, when given the right conditions, can multiply and cause irritation and itching on the foot.


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