JavaScript is not enabled!...Please enable javascript in your browser

جافا سكريبت غير ممكن! ... الرجاء تفعيل الجافا سكريبت في متصفحك.


Baker's cyst : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment


 What Is Baker'S cyst?

A Baker’s cyst, additionally called a popliteal cyst or synovial cyst, is a smooth, fluid-stuffed lump that forms at the return of your knee. Like many illnesses and issues, this cyst is called after the doctor who first defined it. In the mid-1800s, Dr. William Morrant Baker concluded that these popliteal cysts resulted from fluid flowing out from a broken knee joint. When systems in or across the joint are broken, your knee produces more fluid which can best waft one way so it paperwork a cyst at the back of your knee.

What Is Baker'S cyst?
 Baker'S cyst

Medical terms

  • A Baker’s cyst, also known as a popliteal cyst, is a swelling that can occur behind the knee. It is usually a symptom of knee joint pain or swelling caused by an underlying condition such as arthritis, trauma, or a cartilage tear. This cyst is typically filled with fluid from the knee joint, which puts pressure on the surrounding tissue and causes discomfort. Often, the swelling can be observed as a visible lump on the back of the knee and further physical examination is necessary to determine the underlying cause.

  • Baker’s cysts generally result from a hassle within the knee joint, which includes osteoarthritis or a meniscus tear. These situations cause the joint to supply extra fluid that can result in the formation of a cyst.

  • Most Baker’s cysts will be enhanced with nonsurgical remedy that includes changes in pastime and anti inflammatory medicines. Some cysts may additionally even depart on their own, with no treatment at all.

  • The bursa is a small fluid-filled sac located at the point of tendon attachment This structure acts as a shock absorber between the tendon and bone preventing friction and protecting the tendons from microtrauma Baker's cysts are developmental in origin and most commonly occur at the Achilles tendon (heel cord) where they cause painless swelling of the upper ankle The incidence is approximately 1% They can be detected by ultrasound or MRI.

  • What is a Baker's cyst? A Baker's cyst also known as a popliteal (pah-plee-teel) cyst is a fluid-filled sac that arises from the back of the knee The medical term for this condition is synovial bursa of knee Baker's cysts are most common in middle-aged to older people who have been standing for long periods or have had knee injury or surgery They may be more common in women than men.

Symptoms Baker's cyst

Some Baker’s cysts have no signs and are handiest determined by the way throughout a physical exam or when an MRI scan is finished for some other motive. When signs and symptoms do arise,In some cases, a Baker cyst causes no ache, and you can not observe it. If you do have symptoms, they could encompass:

  • Swelling behind the knee, and sometimes in the leg

  • Knee pain

  • Stiffness and inability to fully flex the knee

The signs and symptoms can be worse after you've been lively or if you've been status for a long term.

When to see a doctor

Seek clinical interest when you have pain and swelling at the back of your knee. Though unlikely, those symptoms may be a signal of a blood clot in a leg vein.

Causes Baker's cyst

In adults, Baker’s cysts usually end result from an injury or situation that causes swelling and inflammation within the knee joint, A lubricating fluid known as synovial (sih-NO-vee-ul) fluid enables the leg swing smoothly and decreases friction between the transferring parts of the knee.

But on occasion underlying situations can reason the knee to produce an excessive amount of synovial fluid. When this occurs, fluid can increase inside the lower back of the knee, leading to a Baker cyst.

This can be caused by:

  • Inflammation of the knee joint, which can occur with various types of arthritis

  • A knee injury, such as a cartilage tear

  • Swelling in the knee. This happens while the fluid that lubricates your knee joint increases. When pressure builds up, fluid squeezes into the return of the knee and creates the cyst.

  • Arthritis. People with all forms of arthritis often have Baker’s cysts.

  • Injury. A sports-related damage or other blow to the knee can cause A Baker's cyst.

  • Gout. This form of arthritis, which ends up from the buildup of uric acid in the blood, can result in a Baker’s cyst.

Complications Baker's cyst

Rarely, a Baker cyst bursts and synovial fluid leaks into the calf region, causing:

  • Sharp pain in the knee

  • Swelling in the calf

  • Sometimes, redness of the calf or a feeling of water running down the calf

How long does it take a baker's cyst to disappear?

If you are experiencing discomfort or pain in your left arm you may have a baker's cyst This is a fluid-filled cyst that typically develops along the nerve on the inside of your arm Baker's cysts can be caused by repetitive motions and may also develop when a person has surgery to repair a hernia If your symptoms persist for more than two weeks it's important to seek medical attention from an orthopedist or neurosurgeon.

What causes a Baker's Cyst to flare up?

A baker's cyst is caused by a tear or weakness in the wall of one of the salivary glands The tear allows saliva to seep out and form a sac on the side of one of the jaws The sac often becomes quite large before it is noticed but will not go away without treatment If your dentist notices this cyst in you or your child he or she can often drain it with a small needle which should reduce swelling and pain for several months.

When should I worry about a baker's cyst?

Baker's cysts are fluid-filled noncancerous cysts They're caused by trauma to the lower back that ruptures a disc and pushes the soft material around between the vertebrae Typical signs and symptoms of baker's cysts include pain in the back or buttocks numbness in one leg or foot thinning of the muscle tissue in one leg or foot muscle weakness and tenderness near a vertebra If you notice any of these signs or symptoms consult your doctor for advice about treatment options.

Can a Baker's cyst cause a blood clot?

Yes a Baker's cyst can cause a blood clot The cysts are considered to be "pseudotumor" meaning they are not tumors but rather fluid-filled sacs They form when an area of inflammation occurs in the lining of the upper part of the stomach near where it attaches to the esophagus called the lesser curvature This inflammation typically occurs because of chronic irritation by stomach acids and digestive enzymes that back up into this area from reflux disease This condition is also referred to as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD.

Can Baker's cyst be cancerous?

Baker's cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the lining of the digestive tract usually on the small intestine They're most often caused by inflammation and scarring from previous intestinal surgery or other abdominal trauma They usually affect people who have Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis but they can also be found in people who've had their gallbladders removed Baker's cysts rarely cause symptoms and don't need treatment unless they get infected or inflamed causing pain and fever.

Is it painful to have a Baker's cyst drained?

A Baker's cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops behind the ears on the jaw or on the arms This type of cyst occurs when an opening in a joint becomes inflamed and fills with fluid It is not painful to have this type of cyst drained This procedure is simple usually taking less than an hour to complete The physician may use sedation during the procedure so patients are typically unaware that it is happening.

Does a knee brace help Baker's cyst?

Anyone who suffers from a Baker's cyst knows that nothing is more painful than the swelling that occurs as a result of this cyst There are many home remedies for treating this type of cyst although there are also many opinions on what to do and what not to do when it comes to treating them One thing that is absolutely true is that knee braces don't help with these types of cysts at all but they can be helpful in other ways.

Diagnosis Baker's cyst

You want a professional medical examination to diagnose a Baker’s cyst. During your appointment, your healthcare issuer may do several checks to verify the Baker’s cyst and parent out what might be inflicting it. A Baker cyst can regularly be diagnosed for the duration of a bodily examination. However, a number of the symptoms of a Baker cyst are just like the symptoms of more-critical conditions, which include a blood clot, aneurysm or tumor. To get more statistics, your fitness care provider may additionally order imaging checks, along with:

  • Ultrasound

  • X-ray

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • Taking a medical history: Your healthcare company will ask you approximately any preceding accidents you may have had to your knee and cross over your whole clinical records.

  • X-ray: This check does not necessarily show the Baker’s cyst itself, but it could be used to peer if you have arthritis in your knee. Arthritis is one of the viable reasons for a Baker’s cyst.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans: An MRI makes use of magnetic waves rather than X-rays to expose distinctive pictures within the body. This take a look at can provide your company even extra records approximately what is probably causing the Baker’s cyst.

  • Ultrasound: An easy and painless take a look at, an ultrasound uses sound waves to decide if the lump is stable or fluid.

Treatment Baker's cyst

Sometimes a Baker cyst will disappear on its own. Mild signs and symptoms can often be controlled with the aid of warding off activities that trigger them.

However, if the cyst is large and causes ache, you could want a remedy.


A nonprescription ache reliever, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) can reduce pain and irritation.

An injection of steroid remedy, inclusive of cortisone, into the knee can lessen infection. This may also reduce the scale of the cyst and relieve pain, however it would not usually forestall the cyst from coming again.


Gentle physical activities that enhance variety of movement and reinforce the muscle tissue around the knee may additionally help it sense higher and keep knee features.

Surgery or other procedures

To lessen the size of the cyst, your care issuer may additionally drain the fluid from the cyst using a needle. This is referred to as needle aspiration and is frequently carried out with ultrasound guidance.

If a joint trouble is inflicting the cyst, arthroscopic surgical procedure may be carried out to repair the hassle. For example, if a cartilage tear is inflicting synovial fluid to collect within the knee, the physician removes or maintains the torn cartilage. At the same time, the health care professional can also get rid of fluid from the cyst.

Rarely, surgery is wanted to remove the cyst. This technique is generally used simplest after other treatment alternatives have not helped the pain and the capability to stroll or perform other activities remains confined.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If arthritis is causing the cyst, your fitness care issuer may also propose you to take some or all of the following steps:

  • Follow the R.I.C.E. principles. These letters stand for rest, ice, compression and elevation. Rest your leg. Ice your knee. Compress your knee with a wrap, sleeve or brace. And raise your leg whilst viable, specifically at night.

  • Try over-the-counter pain-relieving medications. Drugs including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) and aspirin can help relieve ache. Follow the dosing instructions at the package. Don't take more than the advocate dosage.

  • Reduce your physical activity. Doing so will lessen inflammation of your knee joint. Your health care provider can offer you guidance on how long you need to reduce your interest tiers. Your company may be in a position to signify opportunity varieties of exercise you may do in the meantime.

Preparing for your appointment

Here's some information to help you prepare for your appointment.

What you can do

  • Write down symptoms you have, Along with any that may seem unrelated to the cause for which you scheduled the appointment.

  • Write down key personal information, including recent life changes.

  • List all medications, vitamins and supplements you're taking.

  • Write down questions to ask your healthcare provider.

Your time along with your care issuer can be restrained, so making ready a list of questions assists you to make the most of some time together. For a Baker cyst, a few basic questions to ask consist of:

  • What caused this cyst to develop?

  • What tests do I need? Do these tests require special preparation?

  • Is a Baker cyst temporary or long lasting?

  • What treatments are available, and which do you recommend?

  • What side effects can I expect from treatment?

  • What steps can I take on my own that might help?

  • Do I need to limit my activity? If so, how much and for how long?

  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage these conditions together?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your fitness care provider is in all likelihood to invite you a number of questions, together with:

  • When did your symptoms begin?

  • Do you feel pain or stiffness all the time, or does the pain come and go with activity?

  • Does your knee swell, feel unstable or locked?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

General summary

  1. A Baker's cyst, also known as a popliteal cyst, is a fluid-filled swelling that appears behind the knee. It is caused by excess fluid building up in the knee joint and is typically associated with other knee conditions, such as osteoarthritis or meniscal tears. It can cause pain and stiffness, making it difficult to move the knee. Treatment for a Baker’s cyst will depend on the underlying cause.

  2. Baker's cyst, also known as popliteal cyst, is a type of swelling that develops in the back of the knee. It is filled with synovial fluid, which is the same type of fluid found in the human joint. Generally, a Baker's cyst is caused by a buildup of this fluid due to an underlying knee problem, such as arthritis or a cartilage tear. The cyst can become uncomfortable if it swells and presses on the surrounding area.


usa-good- clinic

    No comments
    Post a Comment