Broken Ankle : Causes - Symptoms- Diagnosis -Treatment


 What is Broken Ankle?

Broken ankles , or ankle fracture, is one of the most commonplace reasons for ankle ache. An ankle fracture takes place whilst you wreck one or greater bones on your ankle joint.

Your ankle joint consists of your tibia, your fibula and your talus. Your tibia is the massive bone to your lower leg and is every so often called your shinbone. Your fibula is a smaller, thinner bone in your decreased leg. The decreased ends of your fibula and tibia come together and butt up towards your talus. Your talus is the primary hyperlink between your leg and your foot.

What is Broken Ankle?
Broken Ankle

You can wreck one or extra ankle joint bones at the identical time. The extra bones you ruin, the more critical the damage. Serious fractures require ankle surgery. It can take several weeks to two years to completely get over a damaged ankle.A damaged ankle is also known as an ankle "fracture." This way that one or greater of the bones that make up the ankle joint are broken.

A fractured ankle can range from an easy smash in one bone, which may not stop you from taking walks, to several fractures, which forces your ankle out of its vicinity and may require that you not put weight on it for a few months.

Simply put, the more bones which are broken, the more volatile the ankle will become. There can be ligaments broken as nicely. The ligaments of the ankle maintain the ankle bones and joint in function.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

  1. Human skeleton

  2. Joints

  3. Ligaments

  4. Muscular system

  5. Tendons

Medical terms

  • A broken or fractured ankle is a harm to the bone. You might also experience a damaged ankle from a twisting harm from a simple misstep or fall, or from direct trauma throughout a vehicle crash, for instance.

  • The seriousness of a broken ankle varies. Fractures can variety from tiny cracks on your bones to breaks that pierce your skin.

  • Treatment for a damaged ankle relies upon the precise web page and severity of the bone fracture. A severely damaged ankle may also require surgery to implant plates, rods or screws into the broken bone to hold a proper role in the course of recovery.

  • recovery timeline It's important to choose a doctor who has experience treating fractures in children Young bones heal very quickly so the sooner your child begins treatment the faster her ankle will heal If you cannot get your child to an orthopedic surgeon for at least two weeks ask for a referral to a pediatric orthopedist In most cases you will be referred to an orthopedic surgeon who treats children with broken ankles Your daughter may need surgery if her ankle is still swollen or deformed after two months of non-surgical treatment.

  • ligaments are one of the most common injuries particularly in sports Not only is this injury painful but also it can also cause a certain amount of embarrassment and humiliation because it makes you unable to walk normally The pain that results from this kind of injury is usually pretty intense because the ligaments are thick tissues that hold the bones together When they get damaged they become loose and allow bones to shift out of position To avoid ending up with an ankle sprain doctors recommend wearing appropriate shoes for each sport you play as well as making sure you warm up properly before engaging in any physical activity If your ankle has already been injured don’t try to exercise.

Symptoms Broken Ankle

The maximum not unusual signs and symptoms of an ankle fracture are ache and swelling, both of which may be best within the ankle region itself or spread to elements of the foot or up toward the knee. Any pain will commonly be more severe if the injured character attempts to put weight at the ankle.

If you have a broken ankle, you may experience some of the following signs and symptoms:

  • Immediate, throbbing pain

  • Swelling

  • Bruising

  • Tenderness

  • Deformity

  • Difficulty or pain with walking or bearing weight

When to see a doctor

See a health practitioner if there may be apparent deformity, if the pain and swelling don't get higher with self-care, or if the ache and swelling worsen over time. Also, see a physician if the injury interferes with walking.

Causes Broken Ankle

Broken ankles are typically as a result of a rotational injury, wherein the ankle becomes twisted, turned or rolled whilst taking walks or going for walks, which includes at some stage in sports activities pastime. But they can also be as a result of a high-pressure effect, along with from a fall or car collision.

Breaks that occur abruptly, for the duration of a particular incident or harm, are referred to as disturbing ankle fractures. But a bone inside the ankle can also spoil due to repetitive stress or impact over the years. These are known as pressure fractures.A broken ankle is usually a result of a twisting injury, but also can be caused by an immediate blow to the ankle.

The most common causes of a broken ankle include:

  • Car accidents. The crushing accidents common in car accidents may also cause breaks that require surgical restore.

  • Falls. Tripping and falling can spoil bones to your ankles, as can landing for your ft after jumping down from just a slight peak.

  • Missteps. Sometimes simply setting your foot down wrong can result in a twisting injury which could cause a broken bone.

Risk factors Broken Ankle

You may be at higher risk of a broken ankle if you:

  • Participate in high-impact sports. The stresses, direct blows and twisting injuries that arise in sports activities consisting of basketball, soccer, gymnastics, tennis and football can cause ankle fractures.

  • Use improper technique or sports equipment. Faulty systems, consisting of footwear that are too worn or now not nicely equipped, can contribute to stress fractures and falls. Improper education strategies, including not warming up and stretching, also can cause ankle accidents.

  • Suddenly increase your activity level. Whether you are a trained athlete or a person who's simply started exercise, abruptly boosting the frequency or duration of your exercise periods can increase your chance of a strain fracture.

  • Keep your home cluttered or poorly lit. Walking around in a house with an excessive amount of muddle or too little light might also result in falls and ankle accidents.

  • Have certain conditions. Having reduced bone density (osteoporosis) can position you at risk of accidents in your ankle bones.

  • Smoking. Cigarette smoking can increase your danger of developing osteoporosis. Studies additionally show that recuperation after a fracture may additionally take longer in folks who smoke.

Complications Broken Ankle

Complications of a broken ankle are uncommon but may include:

  • Arthritis. Fractures that make bigger into the joint can cause arthritis years later. If your ankle starts to hurt long after the damage, see your doctor for an assessment.

  • Bone infection (osteomyelitis). If you have an open fracture, that means one end of the bone protrudes via the skin, your bone can be uncovered to micro organisms that motivate contamination.

  • Compartment syndrome. This circumstance can not often arise with ankle fractures. It causes ache, swelling and on occasion incapacity in affected muscle groups of the legs.

  • Nerve or blood vessel damage. Trauma to the ankle can injure nerves and blood vessels, every so often genuinely tearing them. Seek on the spot attention in case you word any numbness or stream problems. Lack of blood flow can cause a bone to die and collapse.

Prevention Broken Ankle

These basic sports and safety tips may help prevent a broken ankle:

  • Wear proper shoes. Use hiking shoes on tough terrain. Choose suitable athletic shoes for your sport.

  • Replace athletic shoes regularly. Discard sneakers as soon as the tread or heel wears out or if the shoes are carrying inconsistently. If you are a runner, update your footwear every 300 to four hundred miles.

  • Start slowly. That applies to a new fitness program and each individual workout.

  • Cross-train. Alternating sports can save you pressure fractures. Rotate walking with swimming or biking.

  • Build bone strength. Get sufficient calcium and diet D. Calcium-wealthy foods include milk, yogurt and cheese. Ask your physician in case you need to take vitamin D supplements.

  • Declutter your house. Keeping clutter off the floor can help you to avoid trips and falls.

  • Strengthen your ankle muscles. If you're prone to twisting your ankle, ask your physician for exercises to assist toughen the supporting muscle tissues of your ankle.

How long does it take to walk properly after a broken ankle?

Time frame for healing a broken ankle depends greatly on the severity of the injury which is determined by how many bones are broken and how badly they are broken Some people heal in as little as six to eight weeks while others may take twice that long or longer In general a person can expect to walk with crutches for four to six weeks following a broken ankle After that time period has passed and once he feels ready to begin walking again it will take another two to four weeks before he's able to do so without crutches or any other assistive device It takes about this much time for the muscles around the healed fracture site to strengthen enough.

Can you walk on a broken ankle?

When you break an ankle the bones in your foot and lower leg become fractured Your doctor will call this a fracture The healing process usually takes several weeks but some fractures never heal as well as others do If you can walk on a broken ankle it may mean that the bones are not aligned correctly during healing or that there is internal bleeding in your ankle joint This can cause more damage to your bone and lead to more complications with healing In addition if you have difficulty walking on a broken ankle it may be because of a soft tissue injury (other than the damaged bone) If this happens you need to contact your doctor immediately so that he or she can.

Can you treat a broken ankle at home?

It is best to get a broken ankle treated by a doctor but if you are unable to do so there is an option for home treatment The biggest problem associated with trying to treat a broken ankle at home is the inability to keep it still If you are able to splint the foot and ankle securely then monitoring it every four hours should be enough In order to provide support and stabilization you can use either medical tape or first aid splints.

How painful is a broken ankle?

A broken ankle or “fracture” is when a bone in your foot or lower leg breaks The severity of the break depends on how much the bone was damaged Ankle fractures range from minor to severe A minor fracture is usually called a sprain and it can be treated at home with ice and over-the-counter pain relievers A more severe fracture may need surgery to stabilize and heal correctly.

A broken ankle is a common injury that usually results from a traumatic incident such as slipping down on an icy surface getting hit by a car or being involved in a severe fall The severity of the injury depends on the type of fracture and its location Most fractures can be treated with casting or surgery to stabilize the bones When casted you should follow your doctor's instructions regarding weight bearing and physical activity Surgery may be required in some cases to eliminate pain and swelling prevent serious complications or enhance function of the ankle joint.

Diagnosis Broken Ankle

Your health practitioner will examine your ankle to test for points of tenderness. The specific place of your pain can help decide its cause.

Your doctor may also pass your foot into one of a kind positions to check your range of motion. You can be requested to walk for a quick distance so that your medical doctor can study your gait.

X-rays are usually required to decide whether or not there's a broken bone in preference to a smooth-tissue injury like a sprain, given that ankle sprains and breaks have comparable signs. Other radiology imaging, along with a CT experiment or MRI, can be had to determine the total scope of the harm.

If the imaging indicates that someone has a fractured ankle, she or he needs to consult an orthopedic general practitioner as soon as feasible. There are several distinctive kinds of ankle breaks, and not all require surgical treatment. But once they do, it's crucial that they receive the appropriate surgical treatment by a professional foot and ankle professional. An beside the point or poorly completed surgical operation can lead a patient to require additional corrective surgeries and/or, years later, to develop ankle instability, arthritis or even the need for an ankle replacement operation. Early and correct intervention is the important thing to keeping the ankle joint over a long time.


If your signs and signs suggest a smash or fracture, your doctor may additionally propose one or extra of the subsequent imaging checks.

  1. Electromyography
  • X-rays. Most ankle fractures may be visualized on X-rays. The technician can also want to take X-rays from numerous one-of-a-kind angles in order that the bone pictures might not overlap an excessive amount of. Stress fractures often don't display up on X-rays until the damage certainly starts off evolved restoration.

  • Bone scan. A bone experiment can assist your health practitioner diagnose fractures that do not display up on X-rays. A technician will inject a small amount of radioactive fabric into a vein. The radioactive fabric is attracted to your bones, especially the parts of your bones which have been damaged. Damaged areas, inclusive of stress fractures, show up as brilliant spots at the resulting image.

  • Computerized tomography (CT). CT takes X-rays from many specific angles and combines them to make go-sectional photographs of internal systems of your frame. CT scans can reveal more detail approximately the injured bone and the smooth tissues that surround it. A CT scan might also help your physician determine the first-class remedy on your damaged ankle.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic area to create very distinctive pix of the ligaments that help preserve your ankle collectively. This imaging helps to expose ligaments and bones and may become aware of fractures no longer seen on X-rays.

Treatment Broken Ankle

Treatment is based on the alignment of the bones and the stability of the ankle joint. The purpose is to have the bones heal as closely to best as viable on the way to prevent any residual instability or malalignment of the bone. A malalignment of as little as two millimeters inside the ankle joint can cause arthritis. It is much easier to restore a fracture than to deal with arthritis. Certain mild ankle breaks (stable and and not using a displacement) may be treated nonsurgically with a splint, brief leg cast, or other protective device inclusive of a walking boot Some sufferers may be able to walk right away whilst sporting a help even as others can also should use crutches to restriction weight bearing.

For more critical fractures in which bones or bone fragments are misaligned, surgical intervention is important to save you incorrect healing (malunion) that could obstruct right movement in the ankle and possibly lead to other headaches.Treatments for a broken ankle will range, relying on which bone has been broken and the severity of the harm.


Your medical doctor may advise an over the counter ache reliever, which includes acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).


After your bone has healed, you may in all likelihood want to loosen up stiff muscle mass and ligaments in your ankles and feet. A bodily therapist can teach you sporting events to enhance your flexibility, stability and energy.

Surgical or other procedures

  • Reduction. If you've got a displaced fracture, that means the 2 ends of the fracture aren't aligned properly, your health practitioner can also want to manipulate the portions lower back into their proper positions. This method is known as reduction. Depending on the amount of ache and swelling you have got, you could want a muscle relaxant, a sedative or a local anesthetic to numb the region earlier than this manner.

  • Immobilization. A damaged bone ought to be immobilized so that it may heal. In maximum instances, this requires a special boot or a forge.

  • Surgery. In a few instances, an orthopedic surgeon may additionally want to apply pins, plates or screws to preserve the proper role of your bones throughout recuperation. These materials can be eliminated after the fracture has healed if they're distinguished or painful.

Preparing for your appointment

You will probably begin with seeking treatment for a damaged ankle in an emergency room or pressing care clinic. If the portions of broken bone aren't lined up properly for recovery, you may be cited by a health practitioner specializing in orthopedic surgical treatment.

What you can do

You may want to write a list that includes:

  • Detailed descriptions of your symptoms

  • Information about medical problems you've had

  • Information about the medical problems of your parents or siblings

  • All the medications and dietary supplements you take

  • Questions you want to ask the doctor

For a broken ankle, basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What tests will I need?

  • What treatments are available, and which do you recommend?

  • If I need a cast, how long will I need to wear it?

  • Will I need surgery?

  • What activity restrictions will I need to follow?

  • Should I see a specialist?

  • What pain medications do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask any other questions you have.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask some of the following questions:

  • Was there a specific injury that triggered your symptoms?

  • Did your symptoms come on suddenly?

  • Have you injured your ankles in the past?

  • Have you recently begun or intensified an exercise program?

What to do in the meantime

If your harm is not extreme sufficient to warrant a experience to the emergency room, here are some matters you could do at domestic to take care of your injury until you can see your health practitioner:

  • Apply ice for 15 to 20 minutes at a time, every three to four hours to bring down the swelling.

  • Keep your ankle elevated.

  • Don't put any weight on your injured ankle.

  • Lightly wrap the injury in a soft bandage that provides slight compression.

General summary

  1. symptoms A broken ankle is a serious injury that can lead to disability and poor health if not properly managed The severity of a broken ankle depends on the severity of the fracture According to MedicineNet 90 percent of all ankles fractures are caused by an inversion injury which involves turning the foot inward while walking or running An inversion injury most commonly occurs when a person rolls his foot over an uneven surface such as a curb or uneven pavement.

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