JavaScript is not enabled!...Please enable javascript in your browser

جافا سكريبت غير ممكن! ... الرجاء تفعيل الجافا سكريبت في متصفحك.


Endocrinology and Metabolism : What does the Endocrinology and Metabolism do?


 What Is Endocrinology And Metabolism?

You may have seen an endocrinologist only when you were a child and your doctor discovered that your thyroid gland wasn’t working properly But as you get older you will learn that this branch of medicine deals with more than just the thyroid gland and its regulation of metabolism Endocrinology also evaluates and treats problems with the adrenal glands pancreas ovaries testicles pituitary gland hypothalamus and parathyroid gland.
Endocrinology is the sector of hormone-associated illnesses. An endocrinologist can diagnose and treat hormone issues and the headaches that get up from them.
What Is Endocrinology And Metabolism
Endocrinology And Metabolism
Hormones adjust metabolism, respiration, growth, reproduction, sensory perception, and motion. Hormone imbalances are the underlying motive for a wide range of medical conditions.
Endocrinology focuses each on the hormones and the various glands and tissues that produce them.Humans have over 50 specific hormones. They can exist in very small quantities and now have a huge impact on physical characteristics and development.
Endocrinology is the subspecialty of inner medication that focuses on the prognosis and care of sicknesses associated with the endocrine glands, hormones, and metabolism. These diseases encompass type 1 and kind 2 diabetes; disorders of the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and different glands; and metabolic issues, regularly inherited conditions in which chemical approaches necessary for metabolism aren't functioning properly.

 Medical Term  Endocrinology and Metabolism

The medical specialty that deals with disorders of the endocrine and metabolic systems is called endocrinology Endocrinology deals with the hormones glands and tissues that produce store and break down the body's chemicals These chemicals are called hormones Hormones control many important body functions such as growth metabolism sexual development reproduction and mood.

Endocrinology and Metabolism is the department of clinical doctor specialties that focuses on the study of the illnesses of the endocrine organs, issues of hormone structures and their target organs, and metabolism disorders. The health practitioner who makes a speciality of this practice is able to check, diagnose, and deal with patients with sicknesses such as diabetes, menopause, high blood pressure, thyroid sicknesses, ldl cholesterol sicknesses, and more.

To become certified on this subject, you need a further 6 years of residency after finishing scientific faculty.Northwestern Medicine affords complete diagnosis and remedy of cancers and illnesses of the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal glands.

Specialized services are provided for prognosis and treatment of diabetes, thyroid, most cancers, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and osteoporosis.

A metabolic disease is a scientific disease that affects the production of strength inside character cells. The important conditions associated with metabolic problems include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood strain), cholesterol abnormalities and an extended risk for clotting.

  • Endocrinology involves a wide range of systems within the human body.

  • The endocrine tissues encompass the adrenal gland, hypothalamus, ovaries, and testes.

  • There are three broad groups of endocrine disorders.

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder in women.

Your endocrine device is a complicated device of hormones that regulates lots of your body’s capabilities. Your endocrine machine includes:

  • Pancreas

  • Thyroid

  • Pineal gland

  • Hypothalamus

  • Adrenal glands

  • Pituitary gland

  • Ovaries

  • Testes

  • Many other organs that respond to, change or metabolize hormones

Physician training

Endocrinologists are medical medical doctors (MDs) or doctors of osteopathic remedy (DOs) who treat humans with illnesses of the endocrine system. In addition to education in biochemistry and studies techniques, endocrinologists are frequently educated in pediatrics, inner medicine, or obstetrics and gynecology.
Generally, endocrinologists ought to complete a three-year residency in inner medicinal drugs, accompanied by three years of fellowship training in endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism. They can be certified through the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE).Pediatric endocrinologists should complete a residency in pediatrics earlier than an endocrinology fellowship.Reproductive endocrinologists, who specialize in treating infertility, usually complete a four-12 months residency in obstetrics and gynecology prior to a fellowship in reproductive endocrinology.Some endocrinologists obtain unique certification to apply to radiopharmaceutical sellers inside the prognosis and treatment of various endocrine conditions.Endocrinologists practice in each out-affected person and in-patient settings. As with medical doctors from each area of expertise, endocrinologists are required to participate in ongoing continuing medical education (CME) packages to preserve practicing.

Treating of Medical Conditions

Endocrinology and metabolism is the official journal of The Endocrine Society It publishes original peer-reviewed research and invited reviews on clinical and laboratory studies related to endocrine physiology Articles consider a broad spectrum of topics including diabetes growth hormone disorders thyroid disease and multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes Other articles focus on molecular mechanisms of hormone action molecular aspects of receptor biology gene expression profiling receptor signaling nuclear medicine imaging and drug development.

Disorders treated through endocrinologists make up a massive portion of scientific troubles and health demanding situations standard, in line with Castle Connolly Top Doctor John B. Buse, MD, PhD, leader of the Division of Endocrinology on the University of North Carolina and director of the North Carolina Translational and Clinical Sciences Institute. For example:

  • More than 70 percent of adults over the age of 20 are overweight or obese

  • More than 50 percent of adults have dyslipidemia

  • More than 40 percent of adults have diabetes or prediabetes

  • More than 20 percent of adults have calcium and metabolic bone disorders

  • More than 10 percent of adults have reproductive endocrine disorders

  • Approximately 8 percent of adults have thyroid disorders

Subspecialties within endocrinology include:

  • Diabetes

  • Lipid disorders

  • Nutrition

  • Osteoporosis-calcium disorders

  • Pediatric diabetes

  • Pituitary-gonad-adrenal (PGA)

  • Thyroid disorders

  • Transgender and intersex specialty care

Endocrine and metabolic disorders include:

  • Acromegaly

  • Addison's disease

  • Adrenal cancer

  • Adrenal disorders

  • Benign adrenal tumors

  • Carcinoid tumors

  • Chronic kidney disease

  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

  • Cushing’s syndrome

  • Diabetic nephropathy

  • Galactorrhea

  • Gestational diabetes

  • Goiter

  • Graves' disease

  • Hashimoto's disease

  • Hirsutism

  • Hurthle cell cancer

  • Hypercalcemia

  • Hyperparathyroidism

  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)

  • Hypoglycemia

  • Hypothalamic/pituitary disorders

  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)

  • Infertility

  • Insulinoma

  • Klinefelter syndrome

  • Male hypogonadism

  • Metabolic bone disease

  • Metabolic syndrome

  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN 1)

  • Neuroendocrine tumors

  • Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)

  • Obesity

  • Osteomalacia

  • Osteopetrosis

  • Osteoporosis

  • Pancreatic endocrine disorders

  • Pheochromocytoma

  • Pituitary tumors

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

  • Primary aldosteronism

  • Prolactinoma

  • Sex-hormone deficiencies

  • Sheehan's syndrome

  • Testosterone deficiency

  • Thyroid cancer

  • Thyroid disease

  • Thyroid nodules

  • Turner syndrome

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes

Endocrinology Tests, Procedures, and Surgeries

The tests, procedures, and surgeries performed within endocrinology depend on your exact endocrine problem. According to the American Medical Association, endocrinologists use laboratory procedures, tissue sampling, genetic analysis, and high-resolution medical imaging. In addition, they conduct simulations of hormonal mechanisms to establish the diagnosis of different ailments. They perform and interpret bone mineral density tests in the evaluation of people with metabolic bone disease and may perform thyroid ultrasonography and ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsies in the evaluation of people with thyroid conditions.

Tests and procedures

  • CT scan: A computed tomography (CT) scan uses multiple X-ray pixels received from different angles to generate pictures of bones, blood vessels, and smooth tissues. CT scanning permits doctors to visualize maximum components of the frame for diagnostic and treatment strategies using clinical, surgical, or radiation modalities.
    In endocrinology, CT scanning is used to create pictures of adrenal tumors and thyroid goiters, as an instance; to diagnose muscle and skeletal problems together with bone tumors and fractures; and to manual surgery, biopsies, and radiation therapy.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An imaging approach that makes use of a magnetic subject and computer-generated radio waves. Because MRI generates special images of organs and tissues in the body, it has a myriad of uses in remedy.
    In endocrinology, MRI is used to get a unique pix of neuroendocrine tumors on the pancreas. It is used to diagnose aneurysms of cerebral vessels, disorders of the eye and inner ear, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord problems, stroke, tumors, and annoying mind harm. It is likewise used to assess the scale and features of the coronary heart's chambers, different structural troubles related to the heart and blood vessels, organ defects, and bone and joint issues.

What are the reasons to see an endocrinologist?

If you have any of the following symptoms it's important to see an endocrinologist: Erectile dysfunction (ED) Inability to lose weight despite a healthy diet and exercise regimen Infertility issues associated with PCOS or hypothyroidism Hair loss that is not associated with menopause or pregnancy High cholesterol high blood pressure or other cardiac problems despite lifestyle changes and/or medications.

What Does a Family Practice Doctor Do?

An endocrinologist specializes within the analysis and treatment of a selection of situations associated with hormone imbalances and issues.
During the primary visit, the health practitioner will ask the patient a series of inquiries to assist reach a prognosis.These would possibly cover:
  • current medications

  • family history of hormonal problems

  • other medical conditions including allergies

  • dietary habits

It can assist to list any present symptoms before the visit.
The endocrinologist would possibly ask approximately for signs and symptoms that do not appear to be related, or that seem pointless.This is due to the fact hormone degrees have an effect on such a lot of specific systems in the body that simply small changes in one gland can affect parts of the body far from the web site of the glands themselves.They will check the patient’s heart rate and blood stress, and have a look at the condition in their pores and skin, hair, enamel, and mouth.Blood and urine samples can be taken.Following analysis, the endocrinologist will endorse a remedy plan. This will rely upon which underlying condition is causing the symptoms.

Is metabolism part of endocrinology?

Yes metabolism is part of endocrinology, a branch of internal medicine Endocrinologists are medical professionals who specialize in the study and treatment of all things to do with hormones These doctors provide care for patients with hormonal disorders that lead to problems such as infertility, diabetes and osteoporosis.

What do Endocrinology and metabolism doctors do?

Endocrinology is the study of hormones and the glands that produce them Endocrinologists diagnose and treat hormone-related conditions such as diabetes thyroid disorders obesity and growth abnormalities They also specialize in diseases caused by problems with the pituitary gland or hypothalamus For example an endocrinologist treats pituitary tumors and hormonal deficiencies.

How can endocrinologists help lose weight?

Endocrinologists are doctors who specialize in the body's hormones how these hormones are produced and how they act on the rest of the body They may prescribe medications to treat thyroid problems help someone lose weight or treat hormonal imbalances associated with menopause If you suffer from obesity or diabetes your endocrinologist can help determine if your thyroid is functioning properly Endocrine disorders like diabetes and obesity often go hand-in-hand so it is important to address both conditions at once.

What type of doctor works with metabolism?

A metabolism doctor focuses on the biochemical processes that take place within the body These doctors are interested in how the body converts food and drink into usable nutrients as well as how these nutrients affect the way the body functions Metabolism doctors work with patients who have metabolic disorders such as diabetes or thyroid disease or who have developed complications from high-risk conditions such as obesity and heart disease.


Endocrine surgery is a branch of surgery that deals with the endocrine system The endocrine system regulates metabolism growth and development It also controls mood sexual function temperature regulation and fluid balance Endocrine surgeons diagnose and treat disorders of the pituitary gland thyroid gland and adrenal glands In addition to treating endocrine disorders endocrine surgeons correct the effects of cancer treatments on the endocrine system Endocrine surgeons are often called upon to treat childhood growth delays adult growth hormone deficiency and other disorders of puberty.

The endocrine system an integral part of the body's regulation is a network of regulatory glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream Hormones produced by the pineal gland and pituitary gland control growth metabolism and sexual function The thyroid gland regulates metabolic rate body temperature and heart rate The pancreas secretes insulin which lowers blood sugar levels after a meal and glucagon which raises blood sugar levels when food is not present.

endocrine surgery types

Endocrine surgery is generally performed to remove destroy or reduce the size of an endocrine tumor which is a growth in one or more of the glands that make hormones If a tumor is endocrine in origin and has not spread to other tissues or organs it can be removed with surgery If your doctor feels that the cancer is too aggressive or invasive for removal he may recommend a different type of treatment such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

How serious is adrenal gland surgery?

It appears to be a relatively simple procedure and in many cases it is When the adrenal gland fails to produce enough cortisol or if the level fluctuates from day to day the person can experience symptoms of fatigue weakness dizziness and nausea If this continues for a long period of time a person can develop type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure The adrenal glands are located on top of each kidney In some cases both glands need to be surgically removed because one gland is not working correctly or may be producing too much cortisol The surgery involves making a small incision in the abdomen over the adrenal gland and removing the entire organ through the incision site It is possible to perform.

Can you live a normal life with one adrenal gland?

The adrenal glands are two small walnut-sized organs located on top of each kidney Their function is to regulate blood pressure and the production of important hormones such as glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids When you have only one adrenal gland it can cause a number of health problems including hypoadrenia (low cortisol) which affects your ability to respond to stress and sodium balance.

What is a disorder of the endocrine system?

The endocrine system is a collection of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream to regulate bodily processes such as metabolism and growth When these hormones are not created or released at the proper levels a person has a disorder of the endocrine system There are several different types of endocrine disorders This article will summarize two: diabetes and hypothyroidism.

What does endocrine mean in medical terms?

An endocrine gland is a group of cells that make hormones Hormones are chemicals that your body makes to control the way different systems in your body work For example your pituitary gland makes and releases hormones that tell other glands for instance the thyroid and adrenal glands how much hormone to make Also some endocrine glands make sex hormones such as estrogen and testosterone.

  1. Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment-A/Z
  2. Medical Specialties
  3. Organ surgery : Detailed explanation

Endocrinology and Metabolism : What does the Endocrinology and Metabolism do?

usa-good- clinic

    No comments
    Post a Comment