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Kidney : structure of the kidneys - role of the kidneys


 What Is a Kidney?

Kidney is the common name for a bean-shaped excretory organ in vertebrates. The kidneys are a pair of organs that filter your blood and remove excess fluid from your body in the form of urine. The main function of the kidneys is to regulate the composition of bodily fluids by selectively removing wastes, salts, and excess water while conserving useful substances. Kidney also helps to maintain the volume and composition of your blood. Kidney also helps to control blood pressure by secreting the hormone erythropoietin, which promotes the formation of red blood cells. When the kidneys are not functioning properly, wastes can build up in the blood, causing serious health problems.

Kidney is a bean-shaped excretory organ of the vertebrate animal that eliminates metabolic waste products from the blood and regulates fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. In humans, the kidneys are located in the posterior abdomen and are partially protected by the ribcage. Each kidney is about 12 cm (4.7 in) long, 6 cm (2.4 in) wide, and 3 cm (1.2 in) thick, roughly the size of an adult fist. They receive blood from the paired renal arteries and drain blood into the paired renal veins. Each kidney is surrounded by a layer of tough fibrous tissue, the renal capsule, which is itself surrounded by perirenal fat, renal fascia, and par.

What Is a Kidney

The kidneys are important organs that are located in the back of the abdomen. They are about the size of a fist and filter about 120 to 150 quarts of blood per day, making about 1 to 2 quarts of urine per day. The left kidney is usually slightly larger than the right one. The kidneys’ main job is to take waste out of the blood and make urine. Urine contains wastes and extra fluid that the body does not need. The kidneys also help control blood pressure, make red blood cells, and keep bones healthy. Kidney disease means your kidneys are damaged and they don’t work as well as they should. Kidney disease can get worse over time and eventually lead to kidney failure. Kidney failure-

What is the urinary system made of in the human body?

The kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra make up the urinary machine. They all work collectively to filter out, shop and put off liquid waste from your frame. Here’s what each organ does:

  1. Urinary system

  1. Kidneys

  2. Ureter

  3. Bladder

  4. Urethra

  • Kidneys: These organs work constantly. They filter your blood and make urine, which your body removes. You have two kidneys, one on either side of the again of your abdomen, just under your rib cage. Each kidney is about as huge as your fist.

  • Ureters: These two skinny tubes internal your pelvis deliver urine out of your kidneys in your bladder.

  • Bladder: Your bladder holds urine till you’re prepared to drain it (pee). It’s hole, made of muscle, and fashioned like a balloon. Your bladder expands as it fills up. Most bladders can maintain up to two cups of urine.

  • Urethra: This tube consists of urine from your bladder from your body. It results in an opening to the outside of your body inside the penis (in men) or in front of the vagina.

Parts of the kidneys in the human body

The kidneys are a pair of organs in the human body. There are many small parts to each kidney that are necessary for it to function. The different parts of the kidney work together to perform many important functions, including filtering waste and excess fluid from the body, regulating blood pressure, and producing hormones that help to control blood sugar levels. The kidneys are located in the lower back, just above the waist. Each kidney is about the size of a fist.

The primary elements of your kidney anatomy consist of:

  • Kidney pill

The renal capsule includes three layers of connective tissue or fats that cover your kidneys. It protects your kidneys from injury, will increase their stability and connects your kidneys to surrounding tissues.

  • Renal artery

The renal artery is a large blood vessel that controls blood circulation to your kidneys. For most of the people at relaxation, the renal kidneys pump a bit over 5 cups (1.2 liters) of blood for your kidneys each minute.

  • Renal cortex

The outer layer of your kidney, wherein the nephrons (blood-filtering units) start. The renal cortex also creates the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which facilitates making pink blood cells for your bone marrow.

  • Renal medulla

The renal medulla is the internal part of your kidney. It carries a maximum of the nephrons with their glomeruli and renal tubules. The renal tubules bring urine to the renal pelvis.

  • Renal papilla

These pyramid-fashioned systems switch urine to the ureters. Dehydration and certain medications — particularly nonsteroidal anti inflammatory capsules (NSAIDs) — may damage your renal papilla.

  • Renal pelvis

This funnel-fashioned shape collects urine and passes it down  ureters. Urine travels from the ureters to the bladder, in which it’s saved.

  • Renal vein

This vein is the primary blood vessel that consists of filtered blood from your kidneys and returned to your heart. Each of your kidneys has a renal vein.

The structure of the kidneys in the human body

The kidneys are located in the middle of the human body, just below the ribcage. Each kidney contains about 120,000 nephrons, which are tiny blood filtering organs. The kidneys are responsible for removing waste products and toxins from the blood.

In people, the kidneys are placed excessively inside the abdominal hollow space, one on each aspect of the backbone, and lie in a retroperitoneal role at a slightly oblique angle. The asymmetry in the belly hollow space, due to the placement of the liver, generally results in the proper kidney being slightly decreased and smaller than the left, and being located slightly extra to the middle than the left kidney. The left kidney is approximately on the vertebral degree T12 to L3, and the right is barely lower. The proper kidney sits simply beneath the diaphragm and posterior to the liver. The left kidney sits under the diaphragm and posterior to the spleen. On the pinnacle of every kidney is an adrenal gland. The higher parts of the kidneys are in part blanketed by the 11th and 12th ribs. Each kidney, with its adrenal gland is surrounded by using two layers of fats: the perirenal fats given among renal fascia and renal tablet and pararenal fats advanced to the renal fascia.

The human kidney is a bean-fashioned shape with a convex and a concave border. A recessed region at the concave border is the renal hilum, where the renal artery enters the kidney and the renal vein and ureter depart. The kidney is surrounded through hard fibrous tissue, the renal capsule, that is itself surrounded by perirenal fats, renal fascia, and pararenal fat. The anterior (front) floor of those tissues is the peritoneum, whilst the posterior (rear) surface is the transversalis fascia.


Weight, standard reference range

Right kidney

Left kidney


80–160 g (2




34 oz)

80–175 g (2




14 oz)


40–175 g (1




14 oz)

35–190 g (1




34 oz)


What is the role of the kidneys in the human body?

The kidneys play a vital role in the human body. They are responsible for removing waste from the blood and regulating fluid levels. Without them, the body would quickly become overrun with toxins and would eventually shut down. The kidneys are a pair of organs located near the middle of the back, just below the ribcage. Each one is about the size of a fist. They are made up of several different types of tissue, including: the renal cortex, renal medulla, and renal pelvis. The renal cortex is the outermost layer of tissue and is where most of the kidney’s blood vessels are located. The renal medulla is the innermost layer of tissue and contains the kidney’s filtration units, called.

In the method:

  • Blood flows into your kidneys through a huge blood vessel referred to as the renal artery.

  • Tiny blood vessels to your kidney filter out the blood.

  • The filtered blood returns to your bloodstream via a big blood vessel called the renal vein.

  • Pee travels through tubes of muscle referred to as ureters (yer-it-ter) for your bladder.

  • Your bladder shops pee till you launch it thru urination (peeing).

  • Control the acid-base stability (pH balance) of your blood.

  • Make sugar (glucose) if your blood doesn’t have sufficient sugar.

  • Make a protein known as renin that will increase blood strain.

  • Produce the hormones calcitriol and erythropoietin. Calcitriol is a form of diet D that helps your frame absorb calcium. Erythropoietin enables your frame to make red blood cells.

  • An adrenal gland sits on top of every kidney. It produces hormones, along with cortisol, which facilitates your frame reply to pressure.

  • Controlling metabolism.

  • Reducing irritation.

  • Regulating blood pressure.

  • Increasing blood sugar stages.

Kidney and blood filtration in the human body

  1. Our bodies are amazing machines. They can do many things including digest food, pump blood, and even breathe for us. Out of all these functions, filtration is one of the most important. Filtration is the process of removing particles from a liquid. In the human body, there are two types of filtration that occur: blood filtration and kidney filtration.  Blood filtration occurs mainly in the capillaries. The walls of the capillaries are very thin, so small particles can pass through them. These small particles include things like carbon dioxide and water. The larger particles, like red blood cells, cannot pass through the walls of the capillaries. Kidney filtration is a little

  2. The human body is a well-oiled machine, with many different organs and systems working together to maintain function and health. The kidneys play an important role in human health, acting as a filtration system for the blood. Kidneys remove waste from the blood and help to regulate blood pressure. They also produce hormones that help to regulate the body’s fluid levels and red blood cell production. without proper function, a person can become very ill.

Each kidney incorporates extra than a million filtering devices referred to as nephrons. Each nephron includes:

  • Glomeruli: Glomeruli are groups of tiny blood vessels that perform the first level of filtering your blood. They then bypass filtered substances to the renal tubules. The name for this technique is glomerular filtration.

  • Renal tubules: These tiny tubes reabsorb and return water, vitamins and minerals your body desires (which include sodium and potassium). The tubules cast off waste, along with extra acid and fluids through a procedure known as diffusion. Your frame sends the last waste through your kidneys’ amassing chambers. Eventually, it leaves your frame as pee.

Kidney symptoms in the human body

Symptoms of renal dysfunction can be discovered in many ways. Often, patients are asymptomatic and renal dysfunction is discovered through routine laboratory testing. However, patients may also present with nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, malaise, or weakness. More specific symptoms may be seen depending on the etiology of the renal dysfunction. For example, patients with acute renal failure may present with oliguria, edema, or hypertension. Patients with chronic renal failure may present with anorexia, weight loss, or pruritus. Finally, patients with uremia may present with anorexia, vomiting, lethargy, or coma. The following is a case study of a patient presenting with renal dysfunction.

Most kidney troubles don’t have signs of their early stages. As kidney harm progresses, you could notice:

  • Cramping muscle mass: Electrolyte imbalances cause your muscle mass to stiffen.

  • Dark urine or urine with blood in it: Damage to your kidneys’ filters shall we blood cells leak into your urine.

  • Foamy urine: Bubbles in your pee can signal extra protein.

  • Itchy, dry pores and skin: An imbalance of minerals and nutrients for your blood results in itchy pores and skin.

  • More frequent urination: Problems filtering waste purpose you to pee greater regularly.

  • Puffy eyes or swollen ankles and feet: Reduced kidney function can motivate your frame to maintain protein and sodium, ensuing in swelling.

  • Sleep issues, fatigue and lack of appetite: If pollution increases your blood, your sleep, urge for food and energy ranges may be off.

If you’ve ever had the pleasure of doing a kidney stone, then you know how painful they are. They form when there is an imbalance in urine production and they get stuck in your urinary tract. This can be incredibly painful – even more so if it happens to be your first time experiencing this condition. To make matters worse, kidney stones may come back over and over again! It’s no wonder why many people want to find out what the most common kidney diseases are.

What are the most common kidney diseases

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a group of diseases that affect your kidneys over time. The two most common types of CKD are: chronic glomerulonephritis, which means inflammation of the tiny filters in your kidneys that help remove waste products from your blood. It usually causes protein to leak into your urine, although it can also cause other symptoms such as swelling and fatigue. Chronic glomerulonephritis happens when the immune system causes damage.

The most common kidney diseases, which are those that affect the vast majority of people, fall into two different categories: chronic and acute. Chronic kidney disease can take place over a long period of time, while acute kidney disease is sudden. Both types of disorders have serious effects on one’s health and can often lead to even more serious consequences if left untreated. If you’re concerned about your kidneys or know someone who is suffering from chronic or acute kidney problems, learn these.

In the United States, kidney disease is the 9th most common cause of death. It also accounts for almost one-fifth of deaths from all forms of cardiovascular disease.

what are the most common infectious precursors to kidney-related diseases

? The most common infectious precursors to kidney-related diseases are the following: pyelonephritis, acute interstitial nephritis, cystitis and sepsis. These infections may have other complications such as abscess formation, ureteral obstruction or damage to other organs such as the heart and lungs.

? It is a common assumption that the most common infectious precursors to kidney-related diseases are E. coli, Salmonella and Shigella. However, the CDC estimates that there are in fact over 1 million cases of bloodstream infections caused by non-typhoid Salmonella in the United States each year.

Infections are one of the most common infectious precursors to kidney-related diseases. In this article, we’ll learn how infections can lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD), and how we can prevent them.

how many types of kidney diseases are there

? There are two types of kidney diseases. One type is called nephritis, which is inflammation of the kidneys. It can be caused by a number of different things, including infection (for example, bacterial infections or viral infections), injury, and certain medications. Nephritis can cause your kidneys to stop working properly and can even lead to kidney failure if it isn’t treated early on. The other type is called glomerulonephritis and occurs when the tiny filters in.

In the United States alone, there are more than twenty different types of kidney diseases. When your kidneys fail, they can cause a lot of problems to your body. Here are some of the conditions that you are likely to get if your kidney functions decrease: Ascites – Fluid buildup in your abdomen due to liver failure or liver fibrosis.

There are three main types of kidney diseases that affect the kidneys. These are acute kidney disease, chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. Acute kidney disease can occur suddenly and can be life threatening if you do not receive treatment. Chronic kidney disease is a different type of condition than acute kidney disease and develops slowly over time. The most serious form of a chronic kidney disease is end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in which your kidneys no longer function properly or at all.

list of common kidney diseases

Hypertension Problems with the blood vessels in your kidneys can lead to hypertension, or high blood pressure. Over time, this can cause the kidneys to fail from too much work. Most cases of hypertension are caused by an underlying condition that’s causing damage to your kidney tissue. Your doctor will conduct a physical exam and ask about your health history before diagnosing you with hypertension. They may also order lab tests such as a urinalysis and blood tests at this time.

Kidney Diseases People Might Suffer from but Aren't Aware Of

Kidney diseases do not only affect the people who have been diagnosed with kidney failure. There are many more people out there who are suffering from a lesser known kidney disease, but they may not even be aware of it. This is because their condition is mild and has no clear symptoms. Here are some of the common kidney diseases that you might suffer from if you don’t pay attention to your health:

There are many kidney diseases people might suffer from but aren’t aware of. These include acute and chronic kidney disease, kidney failure, hepatitis B and C and even high blood pressure. It is important to be aware of these conditions because they can have a significant impact on the quality of life for those who are affected.

What are the 5 stages of kidney disease

? Stage 1: People with healthy kidneys can filter and remove waste products from the body without any trouble. In these people, the kidneys have a normal size, shape and color. Wastes are removed in urine that's pale yellow in color. At this stage of kidney disease, the kidneys can still remove waste but at a slower rate than before. The urine may become darker or more concentrated, depending on how much fluid is being lost through urination. Aside from having to go to the.

The five stages of kidney disease are based on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which measures the flow of filtered fluid through the kidneys. GFR is a measure of how well your kidneys are functioning and is based on your.

Stage 1 - Asymptomatic Kidney Disease Stage 2 - Mild Chronic Renal Failure Stage 3 - Moderate Chronic Renal Failure Stage 4 - Severe Chronic Renal Failure Stage 5 - ESRD (End-Stage Renal Disease)

Kidney disease is a serious medical condition that can damage your kidneys.It is caused by many different factors, like high blood pressure and diabetes.People who have kidney disease may need to go on dialysis or get a kidney transplant.

Kidney disease is a common ailment affecting people of all ages.It can lead to serious health complications, and if not treated early, can result in death.It is therefore important for you to be aware of the symptoms of kidney disease so that you can seek medical attention from your doctor at the earliest.

:Dangers of High Blood Pressure Kidney disease can be caused by high blood pressure.The kidneys filter out waste products from the body.As waste increases in the blood, the kidneys get overworked and fail to do their job properly.This can lead to further complications with the heart and brain. If you are at risk of kidney disease, it is important to keep your blood pressure under control so that you avoid a debilitating illness or death.

:How does it affect quality of life? Kidney disease has a significant impact on the well-being of patients, their families and caregivers.It can also have economic impacts through high medical costs and loss of productivity.This article looks at the health impacts and patient experiences with kidney disease.

When you have kidney disease, the symptoms are usually not noticeable until later stages of the disease.This is because your kidneys are the most important organs in your body when it comes to filtering out waste and toxins.But, when they begin to deteriorate, they cannot perform all of their basic functions as well as they once did.If you notice any of these signs early on, contact a doctor right away so that you can take steps to diagnose and treat it before it gets worse.

Kidney disease is a condition that occurs when the kidneys become damaged and are no longer able to filter blood or remove harmful substances from it.When this happens, waste products start to build up in the body and usually cause problems such as high blood pressure, fluid retention and damage to other organs.This can lead to a range of symptoms such as tiredness, confusion, swelling and loss of appetite. Kidney disease can be caused by a number of factors including high blood pressure, diabetes or.

The kidney is one of the most important organs in the body and is responsible for a number of vital functions, including filtering waste products from the blood, regulating electrolytes and balancing hormones.When you have chronic kidney disease (CKD), your kidneys are not able to filter wastes as effectively as they should be.

kidney disease stages

There are several stages of kidney disease.Learn about the different stages of this common condition.

Stage 1 - Asymptomatic Kidney Disease Stage 2 - Mild Chronic Renal Failure Stage 3 - Moderate Chronic Renal Failure Stage 4 - Severe Chronic Renal Failure Stage 5 - ESRD (End-Stage Renal Disease)

kidney disease blood test

The blood test that is used to screen for kidney disease is called an albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR or ACR).This blood test measures the amount of albumin in the urine.Normally, proteins are filtered by the kidneys and are reabsorbed and returned to the bloodstream.In patients with kidney disease, however, these proteins can leak into the urine.When this happens, there will be a higher level of protein in your urine than your body normally produces. Album

A kidney disease blood test is a blood test that is used to detect and monitor kidney diseases.

As an illustration, let us consider the case of a patient being monitored for kidney function.If the urea level in blood is very high, then it means that there is some abnormality in kidney function.However, a high level of urea can also be due to dehydration or if a person has just been exercising and sweating after not having done so for a long time.Hence, it becomes important to evaluate other parameters like potassium levels and serum creatinine levels as well. For

What affects the health of the kidneys in the human body?

Human kidneys are essential for human health. They are responsible for filtering the blood and removing toxins. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, it can have serious consequences for the health of the individual.

In order to properly understand the effects that can have on the health of the kidneys in the human body, it is important to first understand the organ itself. The kidneys are located in the lower right side of the body and are responsible for filtering out impurities from the blood. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, the individual may experience a number of health problems, some of which are listed below.     The most common problems associated with the kidneys are hypertension, diabetes, and renal failure.

Your kidneys carry out numerous crucial features inside your body. Many extraordinary problems can affect them. Common conditions that affect your kidneys encompass:

  • Chronic kidney disorder: Chronic kidney ailment (CKD) may additionally lessen your kidney characteristic. Diabetes or excessive blood strain normally causes CKD.

  • Kidney most cancers: Renal cell carcinoma is the most commonplace kind of kidney cancer.

  • Kidney failure (renal failure): Kidney failure can be acute (get worse unexpectedly) or continual (a permanent lessening of how nicely your kidneys work). End-level renal sickness is a whole lack of kidney function. It requires dialysis (a remedy to clear out your blood in the location of your kidneys).

  • Kidney contamination (pyelonephritis): A kidney contamination can arise if microorganisms input your kidneys by traveling up your ureters. These infections motive unexpected signs. Healthcare carriers deal with them with antibiotics.

  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones purpose crystals to form in your urine and can block urine float. Sometimes these stones bypass them. In other cases, healthcare companies can offer remedies to interrupt them or get rid of them.

  • Kidney (renal) cysts: Fluid-crammed sacs called kidney cysts grow on your kidneys. These cysts can cause kidney damage. Healthcare companies can do away with them.

  • Polycystic kidney disease: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) reasons cysts to form on your kidneys. PKD is a genetic circumstance. It can also cause high blood stress and kidney failure. People with PKD want everyday scientific tracking.

  • Acidosis: Excess acid accumulates for your kidneys, which might also motive many health troubles. It can be life-threatening.

  • Acute or interstitial nephritis: Your kidneys become inflamed, from time to time after publicity to sure antibiotics, which may additionally cause kidney failure.

  • Azotemia: Nitrogen waste builds up on your kidneys. Without remedy, azotemia can be deadly.

  • Caliectasis: Excess fluid causes your calyces (wherein urine series begins) to swell. Without remedy, caliectasis may additionally bring about kidney failure.

  • Diabetes-related nephropathy or hypertensive nephropathy: Uncontrolled diabetes or chronically excessive blood pressure reasons kidney harm.

  • Glomerular sicknesses: Glomerular diseases cause irritation or harm to your glomeruli. Glomerular illnesses might also cause kidney failure.

  • Minimal alternate disease and nephrotic syndrome: Minimal alternate sickness and nephrotic syndrome cause your kidneys to release the excess protein in your pee.

  • Papillary necrosis: Chunks of kidney tissue die in the medulla and papilla. The tissue can ruin off and clog your kidneys, leading to kidney failure.

  • Proteinuria: Proteinuria approach you have got excessive ranges of protein on your kidneys. It can be a sign of kidney damage.

  • Pyelonephritis: This sudden kidney contamination causes edema (swelling) on your kidneys. It can be existence-threatening.

  • Uremia: Toxins that typically leave your body via your pee come to be on your bloodstream. Without treatment, uremia can be fatal.

Can kidney disease be cured?

Kidney disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. It affects the kidneys, which are responsible for filtering the blood. If your kidneys aren’t working properly, your body cannot get rid of waste or regulate fluid levels in the body properly. This can lead to a host of other health problems that are both dangerous and difficult to treat. When you have kidney disease, there is no cure but it can be managed well with proper care.

Yes, kidney disease can be cured. For example, if you have type 1 diabetes and are on dialysis, your kidneys will fail to work normally and you need to receive a kidney transplant. Different medicines can also help you decrease the levels of creatinine in your bloodstream.

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs, one on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. One kidney sits slightly lower than the other. The kidneys filter out waste products from the blood and regulate fluid balance in the body. They also secrete hormones that help control blood pressure and red blood cell production.

Maintaining the health of the kidneys in the human body

The most important thing you can do if you have kidney disease is avoid dehydration by drinking lots of water, especially when you exercise.Your doctor or dietitian may recommend certain foods and fluids to help prevent dehydration and control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.If you’re on dialysis, talk with your doctor about foods that are safe for you to eat while maintaining a healthy diet.

This is an interesting topic and people should read this article to know more about it.Here are some important kidney disease diet tips:

As it is well known, kidney disease diet requires people to be aware of the kinds of food that they eat.This is because certain foods may cause harm to their kidneys and can even lead to kidney failure.Foods that are rich in salt or sodium need to be avoided altogether as people with kidney disease are highly advised not to consume too much sodium.

You can reduce your risk of developing a kidney trouble by means of:

  • Avoiding or quitting smoking and using tobacco products. Your company can help you find ways to end.

  • Cutting out excess salt, that can affect the balance of minerals to your blood.

  • Drinking water.

  • Increasing day by day exercising, that may reduce excessive blood strain.

  • Limiting your use of NSAIDs. NSAIDs can cause kidney harm in case you take them too much.

  • Maintaining a healthy weight.

  • Monitoring your blood strain levels.

  • Watching your blood sugar stages when you have diabetes.

Why is kidney disease so serious

? The kidneys are an organ that is essential for life.The kidneys filter out waste products and excess fluid from the blood, which makes urine.When your kidneys are not working properly, they will produce too much fluid, causing swelling in the body known as edema and can cause you to experience confusion and a decrease in appetite.They also help regulate blood pressure and balance the level of electrolytes such as potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium found in your bloodstream.

? Kidney disease is serious because it damages the kidneys that filter wastes and excess fluid from the body and produces urine.If kidney function is reduced, wastes and fluid accumulate in the body, leading to potentially life-threatening complications.However, early detection of kidney disease has been shown to decrease the risk of complications and death.

? Kidney disease is serious because it can lead to a condition called end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which occurs when your kidneys have lost their ability to function normally.When that happens, you need dialysis or kidney transplantation to stay alive.

kidney disease treatment

A patient with kidney disease may require one or more of the following treatments:

One of the most common type of kidney disease is called Nephropathy, it is known as the most common cause of kidney failure.This form of kidney disease involves a long-lasting injury to the kidneys that leads to a gradual loss of functioning renal tissue.When this happens, the kidneys are no longer able to filter blood and remove excess fluid, waste products and other toxins from it. The end result is that harmful substances build up in your body over time, causing them to have serious

Nowadays, modern medical technology is able to make the lives of those people who suffer from kidney disease considerably easier.One of the most common treatments for chronic kidney disease is dialysis.This treatment consists of a blood filtration procedure that removes waste products and extra fluid from a patient’s blood.

Kidney transplantation

A kidney transplant is a surgical operation in which one person’s healthy kidney is put into the body of someone who has kidney failure. This procedure can be done to treat end-stage renal disease, when the patient has lost most of his or her kidney function and no longer has enough healthy tissue to keep going. When that happens, dialysis or a transplant may be needed as there are no treatments available that can restore the kidneys back to full health.

Kidney : structure of the kidneys - role of the kidneys

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