Doctor Obstetrics and Gynecology


What Is Obstetrics Gynecology?

Obstetricians focus on caring for human beings throughout preconception, being pregnant, childbirth and the primary several weeks postpartum (after childbirth). They control and treat fitness situations related to pregnancy to make sure each of you and your child are wholesome.

Obstetrics and gynecology are clinical specialties that focus on two special factors of the female reproductive device. At Virginia Beach OBGYN we provide care to ladies in all levels of their lives whether they may be having a child or are past menopause.

Obstetrics offers with the care of the pregnant ladies, the unborn baby, hard work and transport and the instantaneous length following childbirth. The obstetrician guarantees that mom and toddler get the quality prenatal care to make sure exertions and delivery is executed without complications and that need intervention be wanted, it's miles carried out fast and thoroughly.

Gynecology deals with any disease regarding the reproductive organs; uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. A gynecologist may treat associated troubles in the bowel, bladder and urinary device seeing that these are intently related to women's reproductive organs.

To be certified as an obstetrician or a gynecologist calls for at least four years residency training after achieving a popular clinical diploma. The  specialties are carefully associated and most of those professionals offer care in each region. This is why we see OB/GYN at the office door of those medical doctors. While 90% of gynecologists also supply toddlers, obstetricians limit their exercise to pregnancy and childbirth.

Medical term

Obstetrics and Gynecology (often abbreviated as OB-GYN) is a medical specialty that focuses on the care of the female reproductive system, pregnancy, childbirth, and the overall health and well-being of women. It encompasses two main areas:

  • Obstetrics: Obstetrics deals with the management of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians are specialized medical doctors who provide care to pregnant women, monitor the health of both the mother and the developing fetus, and oversee the process of labor and delivery. They may also manage high-risk pregnancies and perform medical interventions as needed during childbirth.

  • Gynecology: Gynecology focuses on the health of the female reproductive organs outside of pregnancy. Gynecologists diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases that affect the female reproductive system, such as menstrual disorders, hormonal imbalances, infections, fertility issues, and gynecological cancers. They also provide preventive care, perform routine screenings like Pap smears, and offer family planning and contraceptive counseling.

Many medical professionals choose to specialize in both obstetrics and gynecology, becoming OB-GYNs. This allows them to provide comprehensive care to women throughout all stages of life, from adolescence to menopause and beyond. OB-GYNs are trained to address a wide range of women's health concerns, from routine check-ups and wellness exams to complex medical and surgical interventions.

In summary, obstetrics and gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on the reproductive health and well-being of women, encompassing both pregnancy and childbirth (obstetrics) and the broader spectrum of female reproductive health (gynecology).

This is a aggregate of two specialties:

  1. Obstetrics focuses on providing care at some stage in being pregnant, labor, and the time directly after childbirth.

  2. Gynecology makes a speciality of the health of the woman reproductive machine, together with the diagnosis and remedy of numerous disorders and illnesses.


Obstetrics specifically deals with the welfare of the pregnant lady and her child. During pregnancy some of complications can rise up together with ectopic being pregnant, that's a situation where the embryo is in a fallopian tube, fetal misery due to compression , issues with the placenta or high blood strain which can be a forerunner of a critical illness called pre-eclampsia.

The obstetrician is trained in those and plenty of other complications of childbirth and ensures both mom and infant are properly guided via all the levels of being pregnant and childbirth. Whether the toddler is introduced vaginally or through a deliberate or emergency caesarian phase an obstetrician is skilled to address any change this is offered in the course of the natural, but occasionally complicated technique of childbirth.

Following transport, an obstetrician is focused at the health of the mom and child making sure that both make the transition into routine daily life without the lethal headaches that were commonplace 100 years in the past and unluckily are still occurring in third global nations.

The medical uniqueness of obstetrics has made pregnancy and childbirth a life changing occasion to be embraced with self belief, understanding that cutting-edge medicinal drugs have made the process safe and predictable.


While maximum gynecologists also are obstetricians, the sphere of gynecology makes a speciality of all different components of a woman’s reproductive health from the onset of puberty via menopause and beyond.

Women see their gynecologist for their annual Pap check and pelvic exam. Other motives a girl might see her gynecologist are for infections or any ache or soreness inside the uterus, genitals or breasts. Gynecologists also assist with infertility troubles and contraception.

Gynecology diagnoses and treats illnesses of the reproductive organs which include most cancers of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a circumstance typically present in postmenopausal girls with weakened pelvic muscle tissue that cannot help the uterus or bladder well.

Other diseases dealt with are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful sex and different illnesses associated with menopause which might also require surgical treatment.

Surgical methods

Gynecology encompasses particular surgical processes related to women's reproductive organs. The most not unusual approaches are:

  • Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control

  • Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus

  • Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries

  • Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes

  • Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test

Education and Training

Gynecologists and obstetricians are each scientific docs who are in particular trained inside the treatment of the uterus, vagina, and general reproductive machine. Gynecologists specialize within the preferred take care of the reproductive system. Obstetricians, on the other hand, focus on all factors of being pregnant, from prenatal to after shipping. As with most physicians, those docs attend clinical faculty to get hold of their certification in Internal Medicine or Pediatrics.

After graduating from scientific college, OB/GYNs then whole:

  • An exam to end up licensed through the American Board of Internal Medicine.

  • A 4- or 5-year residency period in which the doctor researches gynecology and obstetrics specially.

  • An exam to be licensed by means of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology of their chosen strong point.

What Do Obstetricians and Gynecologists Do?

Obstetricians and gynecologists are qualified to do different things. Obstetricians are licensed to handle:

  • Fertility treatment

  • Pregnancy healthcare

  • NICU care

  • Vaginal and cesarean section births

  • General post-natal care

Meanwhile, gynecologists handle healthcare including:

Doctors with each qualification can select to take on both units of duties for his or her sufferers. Not each obstetrician additionally acts as a gynecologist, and vice versa. If you're uncertain of what your medical doctor can treat, ask them or take a look at their certifications at the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology internet site.

What to Expect at the Obstetrician or Gynecologist?

A visit to the gynecologist will begin with a fitness take a look at (blood pressure, weight, temperature). You may additionally have blood and urine checks.

The gynecologist will ask approximately your fitness records after which you perform a breast exam in addition to a pelvic examination. If you want a pap smear, the gynecologist will use a special swab to take a sample of your cervical tissue. 

When you are pregnant, a visit to the obstetrician can even start with a fitness test (blood pressure, weight, and a urine sample to check for signs and symptoms of preeclampsia or gestational diabetes). The medical doctor will pay attention to your child’s heartbeat and experience your stomach to test the child’s size and function. You can also produce other tests depending on your health records and any conditions you may have.

What situations do Obstetrics Gynecology treat?

OB-GYNs evaluate and treat a huge sort of situation. What you notice them for might also rely upon your age, fitness, and reproductive goals.

You may see an OB-GYN about:

  • abnormal bleeding

  • pelvic pain

  • genital itching

  • urinary incontinence

  • urinary tract or vaginal infections

  • endometriosis

  • breast disorders

  • hormonal disorders

  • infertility

When do you need to see an Obstetrics Gynecology?

The fine manner to deal with health and clinical problems is with preventive care. Women who're healthy and aren’t experiencing any reproductive health problems must get a preventive checkup once in line with the year.

During this go, your health practitioner may additionally conduct critiques, immunizations, or lab assessments for certain illnesses. Your age organization typically enables your physician to decide which exams to order. Your doctor will even perform a pelvic exam. Depending on your age and health, your physician may additionally request additional assessments or screenings.

In addition to your annual checkup, you have to visit your OB-GYN while changes for your reproductive cycle occur. These adjustments can be habitual, planned, or anticipated. These adjustments encompass:

These changes can also be strange, unusual, or unexpected. This includes:

  • changes in the volume or frequency of menstrual bleeding

  • unusual cramping

  • pain during urination

  • pain during intercourse

When identifying whether to visit your OB-GYN, remember your age and reproductive goals. If you don’t already have an OB-GYN, you can browse medical doctors for your location through the device.

For instance, if you’re sexually energetic, you can visit your OB-GYN for:

If you are or wish to get pregnant, you may visit your OB-GYN for:

If you experience ache or issue before or at some point of menstruation, you may go to an OB-GYN with questions about:

  • easing cramps

  • irregular or abnormal bleeding

  • mood swings

  • advice about premenstrual syndrome

  • cysts and fibroids

  • pelvic support problems

If you’re going through menopause or you’ve gone through menopause, you can go to your OB-GYN to address:

  • a low libido

  • vaginal dryness

  • hot flashes

  • bone loss

  • incontinence

  • hormone replacement therapy

Some women select to visit their OB-GYN in lieu of a primary care medical doctor. Not all OB-GYNs are relaxed serving in this capacity, though. You have to communicate with your medical doctor about whether they feel they’re the right character to serve your trendy health desires.

Gynecological Surgery

Gynecological surgery is a term that refers to any procedure performed on a woman’s reproductive system which includes the uterus (womb) , fallopian tubes, ovaries and cervix. The word “gynecology” comes from the Greek word for “woman.” Some common procedures to treat gynecological conditions include: Hysterectomy : Removal of the uterus (womb) with or without the cervix (neck of the womb) A hysterectomy can be done by itself or in combination with removal of other reproductive organs (ovaries fallopian tubes) : Removal of the uterus (womb) with or without the cervix.

Gynecological surgery also known as gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the female reproductive organs The term "gynecological surgery" can refer to both benign and malignant tumors of the female reproductive tract and associated structures Surgery involves removing or repairing diseased tissue in the pelvic region including the uterus (womb) ovaries (with fallopian tubes and appendages) and vagina The most common operations are hysterectomy (removal of uterus) myomectomy (surgical removal of uterine fibroids) oophorectomy (surgical removal of ovaries) tubal ligation (surgical closure or tying of fallopian tubes).

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