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Obstetrics and Gynecology: What does an obstetrician-gynecologist do?


What Is Obstetrics Gynecology?

Obstetricians focus on caring for human beings throughout preconception, being pregnant, childbirth and the primary several weeks postpartum (after childbirth). They control and treat fitness situations related to pregnancy to make sure each of you and your child are wholesome.

Obstetrics and gynecology are clinical specialties that focus on two special factors of the female reproductive device. At Virginia Beach OBGYN we provide care to ladies in all levels of their lives whether they may be having a child or are past menopause.

Obstetrics offers with the care of the pregnant ladies, the unborn baby, hard work and transport and the instantaneous length following childbirth. The obstetrician guarantees that mom and toddler get the quality prenatal care to make sure exertions and delivery is executed without complications and that need intervention be wanted, it's miles carried out fast and thoroughly.

Gynecology deals with any disease regarding the reproductive organs; uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. A gynecologist may treat associated troubles in the bowel, bladder and urinary device seeing that these are intently related to women's reproductive organs.

To be certified as an obstetrician or a gynecologist calls for at least four years residency training after achieving a popular clinical diploma. The  specialties are carefully associated and most of those professionals offer care in each region. This is why we see OB/GYN at the office door of those medical doctors. While 90% of gynecologists also supply toddlers, obstetricians limit their exercise to pregnancy and childbirth.

What Is Obstetrics Gynecology
Obstetrics Gynecology

medical term Obstetrics Gynecology

Obstetrics/gynecology is a doctor area of expertise that carries medical, surgical, and obstetrical and gynecologic competency and talents for the prevention, analysis, and management of an extensive sort of conditions affecting women’s general and reproductive fitness. This is a aggregate of two specialties:

  1. Obstetrics focuses on providing care at some stage in being pregnant, labor, and the time directly after childbirth.

  2. Gynecology makes a speciality of the health of the woman reproductive machine, together with the diagnosis and remedy of numerous disorders and illnesses.


Obstetrics specifically deals with the welfare of the pregnant lady and her child. During pregnancy some of complications can rise up together with ectopic being pregnant, that's a situation where the embryo is in a fallopian tube, fetal misery due to compression , issues with the placenta or high blood strain which can be a forerunner of a critical illness called pre-eclampsia.

The obstetrician is trained in those and plenty of other complications of childbirth and ensures both mom and infant are properly guided via all the levels of being pregnant and childbirth. Whether the toddler is introduced vaginally or through a deliberate or emergency caesarian phase an obstetrician is skilled to address any change this is offered in the course of the natural, but occasionally complicated technique of childbirth.

Following transport, an obstetrician is focused at the health of the mom and child making sure that both make the transition into routine daily life without the lethal headaches that were commonplace 100 years in the past and unluckily are still occurring in third global nations.

The medical uniqueness of obstetrics has made pregnancy and childbirth a life changing occasion to be embraced with self belief, understanding that cutting-edge medicinal drugs have made the process safe and predictable.


While maximum gynecologists also are obstetricians, the sphere of gynecology makes a speciality of all different components of a woman’s reproductive health from the onset of puberty via menopause and beyond.

Women see their gynecologist for their annual Pap check and pelvic exam. Other motives a girl might see her gynecologist are for infections or any ache or soreness inside the uterus, genitals or breasts. Gynecologists also assist with infertility troubles and contraception.

Gynecology diagnoses and treats illnesses of the reproductive organs which include most cancers of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. A gynecologist also treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a circumstance typically present in postmenopausal girls with weakened pelvic muscle tissue that cannot help the uterus or bladder well.

Other diseases dealt with are yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, painful sex and different illnesses associated with menopause which might also require surgical treatment.

Surgical methods

Gynecology encompasses particular surgical processes related to women's reproductive organs. The most not unusual approaches are:

  • Tubal ligation – a permanent form of birth control

  • Hysterectomy- removal of the uterus

  • Oophorectomy – removal of the ovaries

  • Salpingectomy – removal of the fallopian tubes

  • Cone biopsy -remove precancerous cells in the cervix identified during a pap test

Obstetrics- gynecology

Obstetrics/gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with the care of women from pregnancy through the childbearing years and also includes the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive organs and breasts.

Obstetrics & gynecology associates

Obstetrics is a medical specialty that focuses on care of the female reproductive system and its associated disorders Gynecology is a related subspecialty that focuses on the health and disease of the reproductive organs Both are practiced by obstetricians-gynecologists who are physicians with board certification in obstetrics and gynecology after completing four years of residency training (like internal medicine) and three years of additional fellowship training (like surgery).
Obstetrics/gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with the care of women prior to and throughout childbearing years including the diagnosis and treatment of gynecological problems As an obstetrician-gynecologist you will examine patients perform surgeries prescribe medications and counsel patients on birth control and pregnancy prevention.

Difference between Obstetrician and gynecologist

Obstetricians are doctors who specialize in pregnancy childbirth and the female reproductive system They care for pregnant women throughout their entire pregnancy and often assist with labor and delivery of the baby Obstetricians provide care throughout the pregnancy and are present at the birth of a child Gynecologists specialize in diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the female reproductive system Gynecologists do not generally provide care for women during their pregnancy or attend the labor and delivery of a baby.

What Do Obstetricians and Gynecologists Do?

Obstetricians and gynecologists are qualified to do different things. Obstetricians are licensed to handle:

  • Fertility treatment

  • Pregnancy healthcare

  • NICU care

  • Vaginal and cesarean section births

  • General post-natal care

Meanwhile, gynecologists handle healthcare including:

  • Reproductive wellness checks

  • Cervical and breast cancer screenings

  • Urinary tract problems

  • STI treatment

  • Treatment for uterine conditions

Doctors with each qualification can select to take on both units of duties for his or her sufferers. Not each obstetrician additionally acts as a gynecologist, and vice versa. If you're uncertain of what your medical doctor can treat, ask them or take a look at their certifications at the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology internet site.

Education and Training

Gynecologists and obstetricians are each scientific docs who are in particular trained inside the treatment of the uterus, vagina, and general reproductive machine. Gynecologists specialize within the preferred take care of the reproductive system. Obstetricians, on the other hand, focus on all factors of being pregnant, from prenatal to after shipping. As with most physicians, those docs attend clinical faculty to get hold of their certification in Internal Medicine or Pediatrics.

After graduating from scientific college, OB/GYNs then whole:

  • An exam to end up licensed through the American Board of Internal Medicine.

  • A 4- or 5-year residency period in which the doctor researches gynecology and obstetrics specially.

  • An exam to be licensed by means of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology of their chosen strong point.

Reasons to See a Gynecologist or Obstetrician

How often you want to see a gynecologist is determined via several factors which include age, health history, and whether or not you're pregnant.  You can also go to this sort of doctor for:

Pap Smears

In most cases, people with a cervix should begin getting pap smears at age 21. Every 3 years afterwards, you ought to get to know each other. A gynecologist is maximum probable to be trained to administer this critical cancer screening. 

A gynecologist can help make a decision about proper birth control based totally on your health records and way of life, and can write a prescription if wanted.


A gynecologist can help diagnose and treat sexually transmitted sicknesses, or STDs. If you have any odd pain or unusual discharge after sexual hobby, a gynecologist let you discover the cause and help resolve the hassle.


OB/GYNs and obstetricians are mainly trained to assist handle the unique health concerns of being pregnant.

What to Expect at the Obstetrician or Gynecologist

A visit to the gynecologist will begin with a fitness take a look at (blood pressure, weight, temperature). You may additionally have blood and urine checks.

The gynecologist will ask approximately your fitness records after which you perform a breast exam in addition to a pelvic examination. If you want a pap smear, the gynecologist will use a special swab to take a sample of your cervical tissue. 

When you are pregnant, a visit to the obstetrician can even start with a fitness test (blood pressure, weight, and a urine sample to check for signs and symptoms of preeclampsia or gestational diabetes). The medical doctor will pay attention to your child’s heartbeat and experience your stomach to test the child’s size and function. You can also produce other tests depending on your health records and any conditions you may have.

What situations do Obstetrics Gynecology treat?

OB-GYNs evaluate and treat a huge sort of situation. What you notice them for might also rely upon your age, fitness, and reproductive goals.

You may see an OB-GYN about:

  • abnormal bleeding

  • pelvic pain

  • genital itching

  • urinary incontinence

  • urinary tract or vaginal infections

  • endometriosis

  • breast disorders

  • hormonal disorders

  • infertility

When do you need to see an Obstetrics Gynecology?

The fine manner to deal with health and clinical problems is with preventive care. Women who're healthy and aren’t experiencing any reproductive health problems must get a preventive checkup once in line with the year.

During this go, your health practitioner may additionally conduct critiques, immunizations, or lab assessments for certain illnesses. Your age organization typically enables your physician to decide which exams to order. Your doctor will even perform a pelvic exam. Depending on your age and health, your physician may additionally request additional assessments or screenings.

In addition to your annual checkup, you have to visit your OB-GYN while changes for your reproductive cycle occur. These adjustments can be habitual, planned, or anticipated. These adjustments encompass:

  • your first menstrual cycle

  • pregnancy

  • perimenopause

  • menopause

These changes can also be strange, unusual, or unexpected. This includes:

  • changes in the volume or frequency of menstrual bleeding

  • unusual cramping

  • pain during urination

  • pain during intercourse

When identifying whether to visit your OB-GYN, remember your age and reproductive goals. If you don’t already have an OB-GYN, you can browse medical doctors for your location through the device.

For instance, if you’re sexually energetic, you can visit your OB-GYN for:

  • birth control, contraception, or sterilization

  • safe sex tips

  • advice on preventing or treating sexually transmitted infections or HIV

  • vaccination against the human papilloma virus

  • treatment and prevention of pain during sex

  • abnormal vaginal discharge

  • urinary tract infections

If you are or wish to get pregnant, you may visit your OB-GYN for:

  • help planning for your pregnancy

  • prenatal care

  • infertility treatment

  • advice on diet

  • labor and birthing options

  • genetic testing and screenings

  • advice on breast-feeding

  • postpartum depression

If you experience ache or issue before or at some point of menstruation, you may go to an OB-GYN with questions about:

  • easing cramps

  • irregular or abnormal bleeding

  • mood swings

  • advice about premenstrual syndrome

  • cysts and fibroids

  • pelvic support problems

If you’re going through menopause or you’ve gone through menopause, you can go to your OB-GYN to address:

  • a low libido

  • vaginal dryness

  • hot flashes

  • bone loss

  • incontinence

  • hormone replacement therapy

Some women select to visit their OB-GYN in lieu of a primary care medical doctor. Not all OB-GYNs are relaxed serving in this capacity, though. You have to communicate with your medical doctor about whether they feel they’re the right character to serve your trendy health desires.

Gynecological Surgery

Gynecological surgery is a term that refers to any procedure performed on a woman’s reproductive system which includes the uterus (womb) , fallopian tubes, ovaries and cervix. The word “gynecology” comes from the Greek word for “woman.” Some common procedures to treat gynecological conditions include: Hysterectomy : Removal of the uterus (womb) with or without the cervix (neck of the womb) A hysterectomy can be done by itself or in combination with removal of other reproductive organs (ovaries fallopian tubes) : Removal of the uterus (womb) with or without the cervix.

Gynecological surgery also known as gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on diseases of the female reproductive organs The term "gynecological surgery" can refer to both benign and malignant tumors of the female reproductive tract and associated structures Surgery involves removing or repairing diseased tissue in the pelvic region including the uterus (womb) ovaries (with fallopian tubes and appendages) and vagina The most common operations are hysterectomy (removal of uterus) myomectomy (surgical removal of uterine fibroids) oophorectomy (surgical removal of ovaries) tubal ligation (surgical closure or tying of fallopian tubes).

What are the most common gynecological surgeries?

Most common surgeries for gynecological disorders include hysterectomy myomectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy Gynecologists also perform many non-surgical procedures including endometrial ablation polypectomy and hysteroscopy.

What is minor Gynecological surgery?

A minor gynecological surgery is a procedure that treats or diagnoses female disorders The woman can be awake and/or asleep during the procedure which may be performed in a hospital or an outpatient clinic The type of surgery depends on the condition being treated.

What is a gynecological patient?

A gynecological patient is someone who has a medical condition related to or occurring in the female reproductive system A gynecologist is an MD who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the female reproductive system Women make up the vast majority of patients seen by gynecologists though men with reproductive issues also see these doctors.

Which is a possible complication of abdominal gynecological surgery?

Incisional hernia intraoperative hemorrhage and adhesion of the bowel to the intestine are some of the most common complications of abdominal gynecological surgery A patient's risk for developing these complications is determined largely by age, medical history and the type of procedure performed.

What is the recovery time for laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed through small incisions within the abdomen Recovery time for laparoscopic surgery depends on the extent of the surgery and the patient's individual condition although most patients require at least two weeks to completely recover Patients who have undergone laparoscopic surgery may experience some discomfort throughout their recovery period.

Is laparoscopic surgery painful?

Laparoscopic surgery is done using a small telescopic camera that sends images of the inside of the body to a video monitor This means that the surgeon can see the area of the body being worked on and operate tools outside of your body Patients who choose laparoscopic surgery often want it because they want to avoid having large incisions; this way the scars are smaller and heal faster.

Is a laparoscopy a major surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is a type of minimally invasive surgery The procedure involves the insertion of a small tube-like instrument called a laparoscope into the body through a small incision in the abdomen The laparoscope is inserted for viewing and movement of instruments to guide small surgical tools during the procedure.

What are the risks of laparoscopic surgery?

Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique that is used to perform operations inside the abdomen It involves the surgeon inserting several small incisions in the abdominal wall and inserting a small camera into one of these so that they can look around the abdomen and see what they are doing They then insert small devices through other incisions to perform the actual operation.

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Obstetrics and Gynecology: What does an obstetrician-gynecologist do?

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