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Otolaryngology: What does the Otolaryngology do?


What Is Otolaryngology?

If you have a health problem along with your head or neck, your doctor may endorse that you see an otolaryngologist. That's someone who treats issues on your ears, nostril, or throat in addition to associated areas for your head and neck. They're known as ENT's for quick.

In the 19th century, medical doctors figured out that the ears, nose, and throat are carefully linked via a system of tubes and passages. They made unique equipment to take a closer look at the areas and got up with approaches to deal with troubles. A new medical strong point was born.

An Otolaryngologist is a physician trained within the clinical and surgical care of head and neck issues. Commonly known as an “ear, nostril and throat medical doctor,” an Otolaryngologist should complete four years of scientific school and then at least 5 years of head and neck surgical and medical residency training to be eligible for the American Board of Otolaryngology exam. To emerge as board certified, the otolaryngologist must bypass a written exam as well as a rigorous oral exam. Board Certified Otolaryngologists have confirmed the desired competency in otology (ear disorders), rhinology (nasal and sinus disorders), hypersensitivity, head and neck surgical operation (thyroid and parathyroid surgical treatment, throat cancer, salivary gland surgery, sleep apnea surgical treatment, neck tumors), pediatric ear, nose and throat issues, laryngology (voice and swallowing problems) and facial plastic surgical procedure. Otolaryngologists serve as network resources for public health problems inclusive of listening to impairment, oral and skin most cancers prevention, obstructive sleep apnea and air first-rate.

What Is Otolaryngology

medical term Otolaryngology

Otolaryngology is one of the slightly special medical doctor specialties that is commonly concerned with the screening, analysis, and treatment of scientific and surgical disorders of the ear, the upper respiration and upper alimentary structures, and related structures of the head and neck. Certified otolaryngologists have to possess a thorough information of the overall concepts of medication and surgical procedure.

To end up certified as an otolaryngologist, you want to complete an extra five years of training in Royal College-accepted packages after finishing scientific school.

An otolaryngologist is a health practitioner that specializes in treating situations that affect the ears, nostril, and throat, in addition to head and neck surgical operation. Specialists in otolaryngology (now and again also referred to as otorhinolaryngology) were prepared on the grounds that 1896, making it the oldest scientific forte within the United States.

In addition to being a clinical medical doctor, an otolaryngologist is likewise a physician. That method that they can perform operations to assist deal with conditions affecting the sensitive tissues of the ears, nose, and throat.

Seeing an otolaryngologist isn’t unusual. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there have been approximately 20 million visitsTrusted Source to otolaryngologists in 2010. One 5th of those involved humans below the age of 15. The numbers are higher when together with veterans and army practices.

Otolaryngologists can deal with an extensive type of conditions. Examples include continual or fungal sinusitis, hearing loss, oropharyngeal cancer, and obstructive sleep apnea. Keep studying to study more about this numerous clinical uniqueness.

Procedures Otolaryngology is the medical specialty concerned with diseases and conditions of the ear nose and throat This includes everything from hearing loss to chronic sinus infections voice disorders sleep apnea head injuries and more The otolaryngologist can also provide a wide variety of procedures for cosmetic purposes Learn more about common otolaryngology procedures below.

vs ENT Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that focuses on disorders of the ears nose and throat (ENT) Otolaryngologists commonly referred to as ENT physicians or ENTs are physicians who have completed four years of medical school and then completed three to seven years of advanced training in head and neck surgery If you suffer from hearing loss nasal congestion snoring sleep apnea frequent ear infections or chronic sinusitis you may benefit from an evaluation by an otolaryngologist.

Related sub-specialties:

  • Head and neck surgery

  • Otology

  • Neurotology

  • Thyroid surgery

  • Rhinology and Sinus Disease

  • Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery 

  • Pediatric Otolaryngology

  • Sleep medicine

What Conditions Do Otolaryngologists Treat?

ENT's can do surgical treatment and deal with many different clinical situations. You would see one if you have a trouble concerning:

  • An ear circumstance, together with an infection, listening to loss, or hassle with stability

  • Nose and nasal issues like allergic reactions, sinusitis, or growths

  • Throat troubles like tonsillitis, trouble swallowing, and voice issues

  • Sleep hassle like loud night breathing or obstructive sleep apnea, wherein your airway is narrow or blocked and it interrupts your respiration even as you sleep

  • Infections or tumors (cancerous or not) of your head or neck

Some areas of your head are handled by using other kinds of doctors. For instance, neurologists address problems along with your brain or worried machine, and ophthalmologists care for your eyes and vision.

treat include:

  • chronic ear infections

  • ear pain

  • impacted earwax

  • dizziness or vertigo

  • tinnitus

  • hearing loss

  • ruptured eardrum

  • inner ear conditions, such as Meniere’s disease

  • ear tumors

  • eustachian tube dysfunction

  • middle ear fluid

  • otosclerosis

  • temporal bone fractures


We use our noses for breathing in addition to taking in specific smells from our surroundings. Nasal conditions that an otolaryngologist treats include:

  • allergies

  • rhinitis

  • sinusitis

  • postnasal drip

  • nosebleeds

  • nasal polyps

  • deviated septum

  • smell disorders

  • nasally obstructed breathing


The tissues of our throats help us to breathe, speak, and swallow. Throat conditions that an otolaryngologist treats include:

  • hoarseness

  • sore throat

  • gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • swallowing disorders

  • vocal cord disorders

  • laryngitis

  • conditions affecting the tonsils and adenoids

  • throat tumors

  • snoring

  • sleep apnea

  • airway issues like subglottic stenosis

Head and neck

In addition to treating conditions of the ears, nose, and throat, otolaryngologists can also help with conditions impacting the head and neck. These can include:

  • infections of the head or neck

  • tumors in the head or neck

  • facial injuries or deformities, including reconstructive or plastic surgery

  • thyroid conditions

  • congenital neck masses

  • free flap reconstruction

How Are ENT Doctors Trained?

Otolaryngologists visit 4 years of scientific school. They then have at least 5 years of special training. Finally, they want to skip an examination to be certified by way of the American Board of Otolaryngology.

Some additionally get 1 or 2 years of education in a subspecialty:

  • Allergy: These medical doctors deal with environmental allergic reactions (like pollen or pet dander) with medicine or a series of pictures referred to as immunology. They additionally permit you to find out when you have an allergic reaction.

  • Facial and reconstructive surgery:These medical doctors do beauty surgery like face lifts and nose jobs. They additionally help people whose looks had been modified by an accident or who had been born with troubles that need to be fixed.

  • Head and neck:If you have got a tumor on your nostril, sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box, or top esophagus, this kind of specialist can help you.

  • Laryngology:These medical doctors treat diseases and accidents that affect your voice container (larynx) and vocal cords. They can also assist diagnose and treat swallowing troubles.

  • Otology and neurotology:If you've got any kind of issue together with your ears, these specialists can assist. They deal with situations like infections, listening to loss, dizziness, and ringing or humming to your ears (tinnitus).

  • Pediatric ENT: Your baby may not have the ability to tell their doctor what's bothering them. Pediatric ENTs are in particular trained to deal with children, and they have tools and exam rooms designed to position youngsters comfortably.

Common issues include ear infections, tonsillitis, asthma, and allergies. Pediatric ENT is also care for kids with beginning defects of the top and neck. They can also assist in determining if your child has a speech or language problem.

  • Rhinology: These medical doctors pay attention to your nostrils and sinuses. They deal with sinusitis, nostril bleeds, loss of odor, stuffy nostril, and uncommon growths.

  • Sleep medicine: Some ENT's concentrate on sleep issues that involve your breathing, for instance loud night breathing or sleep apnea. Your physician can also order a snooze look to see if you have problems breathing at times for the duration of the night.

When to see an otolaryngologist

A number one care medical doctor can regularly help with situations that affect your ears, nose, and throat. This is typically the case if you’re experiencing an acute (brief-term) condition like a sinus infection, ear contamination, or sore throat.

However, occasionally it’s a good idea to see an otolaryngologist as an alternative. Examples encompass:

  • frequent instances of runny nose, nasal congestion, or sinus pressure

  • recurring infections, including sinus infections, ear infections, or strep throat

  • repeated episodes of dizziness or vertigo

  • changes in hearing

  • hoarseness or wheezing that doesn’t go away

  • difficulty swallowing

  • a noticeable lump or bump that develops in your face or neck and doesn’t go away or gets larger

  • conditions that affect your ability to sleep, such as snoring or sleep apnea

Otolaryngology head and neck surgery

Otolaryngology is the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the ears, nose and throat.

Otolaryngology procedures

Otolaryngology procedures treat a variety of diseases and conditions including: Ears Otolaryngologists treat infections hearing loss and other ear problems They also perform plastic surgery on the ear Nose and sinuses Otolaryngologists diagnose and treat diseases of the nose and sinuses Throat (pharynx) Otolaryngologists diagnose and treat disorders of the throat and voice box They also remove tumors from this area as well as perform plastic surgery to rebuild or straighten the throat after injury or disease.

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Otolaryngology: What does the Otolaryngology do?

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