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Ovary : The structure of the ovary , role of the ovaries


What Is Ovary?

The ovary is one of the main reproductive organs of the female body. It is located in the pelvis, on each side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs or ova, which travel through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. The ovaries also produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which control the menstrual cycle and pregnancy.

What Is Ovary

The ovary is one of the two main reproductive organs in the female body (the other being the uterus). These organs are responsible for the creation, development, and eventual release of eggs (ova) in the female reproductive cycle. The ovaries are also responsible for the production of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones play an important role in regulating the menstrual cycle, as well as other aspects of female physiology such as bone health and fertility.

  1. Female Reproductive System

  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

The structure of the ovary in the reproductive system

The ovaries are two small, egg-shaped organs located near the uterus, on each side of the pelvis. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce the eggs (ova) that travel through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. They also produce female hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, which control the development of sexual characteristics and the menstrual cycle.

Your ovaries are on the right and left aspects of the uterus in your decreased abdomen. Your ovaries are held in location by way of numerous muscle tissue and ligaments on your pelvis. The ovarian ligament connects your ovaries to your uterus; but, your uterus and ovaries don't touch.

Your ovaries are oval-formed and firm with a mild texture. They range in coloration from light gray to white.

The length of your ovaries is associated with your age. Your ovaries may be as huge as a kiwi (around 6 centimeters) before menopause. Your ovaries get smaller as you age and may be as small as 2 centimeters (or the size of a kidney bean) after menopause. The average length of an ovary is around 4 centimeters. Studies show that the size of your ovaries declines each decade of existence as soon as you turn 30.

What is the role of the ovaries in the reproductive system?

The ovaries have  major reproductive functions inside the body. They produce oocytes (eggs) for fertilization and that they produce the reproductive hormones, estrogen, progesterone and androgens. The characteristic of the ovaries is managed by way of gonadotropin-freeing hormone (GnRH) released from the hypothalamus which in turn stimulates the pituitary gland to produce luteinising hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). These hormones are carried inside the bloodstream to the ovary to regulate the menstrual cycle.


The ovaries launch an egg (oocyte) at the midway factor of each menstrual cycle. Usually, most effectively an unmarried oocyte from one ovary is launched all through each menstrual cycle, referred to as ovulation. A girl baby is born with all the eggs that she will be able to ever have. This is predicted to be around two million, but by the time a girl reaches puberty, this range has reduced to about four hundred,000. From puberty to the menopause, only about three hundred - 400 eggs may be released thru ovulation.

In the ovary, all eggs are to start with enclosed in a single layer of cells known as a follicle, which helps the egg. During the follicular segment (first part of the menstrual cycle), one or two ovarian follicles grow because of the movement of FSH. As the follicle grows it produces oestradiol. As oestradiol levels upward thrust this induces the hypothalamus and pituitary gland to make excessive ranges of LH (and some FSH) on the midpoint of the cycle to induce ovulation. During ovulation, the egg is released from the follicle in the ovary into the fallopian tube.


Once the egg has been released at ovulation, the empty follicle that stays turns into the corpus luteum (CL). The CL produces the hormones progesterone (in a better amount) and estrogen (in a smaller amount). These hormones prepare the lining of the uterus for a capacity pregnancy (in the case that the released egg is fertilized with the aid of sperm within the lady reproductive tract). If the released egg isn't fertilized and pregnancy does not occur during a menstrual cycle, the corpus luteum breaks down and the secretion of estrogen and progesterone stops. Due to the autumn in tiers of progesterone, the lining of the womb starts to fall away and is misplaced from the frame through menstruation, or a ‘length’. Menstruation normally lasts around three – five days. Day 1 of menstruation signals the beginning of a brand new menstrual cycle.


The menopause refers back to the finishing of a girl's reproductive years following her remaining menstruation, and is around 51 years of age. This is resulting from lack of the closing follicles within the ovary. When there aren't any greater follicles (which ever contain an egg), the ovary also no longer makes the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which regulate the menstrual cycle. As a result, the prevalence of menstrual cycles and monthly durations ceases.

  • The ovaries are responsible for producing eggs androgens and estrogens. They also produce the female sex hormones progesterone and testosterone.

  • The ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and hormones that regulate the reproductive system. These hormones help to control ovulation and fertilization, as well as the growth and development of the embryo.

The hormones produced by the ovaries

The ovaries produce the two main female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. The ovaries are also the main source of androgens, although some androgens are also produced by the adrenal glands. Androgens are involved in the development of the reproductive organs, secondary sex characteristics, and the regulation of the menstrual cycle. Estrogen and progesterone are involved in the development and maintenance of the reproductive organs and secondary sex characteristics, and they regulate the menstrual cycle.

What are the symptoms of ovaries in the reproductive system?

The symptoms of ovaries in the reproductive system are both physical and emotional. The physical symptoms can include: bloating, pelvic pain, and difficulty eating or feeling full. The emotional symptoms can include: anxiety, irritability, and mood swings. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor to rule out any other possible causes.

Symptoms of ovaries in the reproductive system can include pelvic pain, bloating, and irregular periods. However, some of these symptoms can also be indicative of other conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids. As such, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the cause of the symptoms.

If you have a hassle with your ovaries, you could enjoy:

  • Pelvic ache or bloating.

  • Abdominal pressure or tenderness.

  • Nausea or diarrhea.

  • Irregular vaginal bleeding.

  • Vaginal discharge.

  • Period pain (dysmenorrhea).

  • Irregular menstrual cycles (intervals).

  • Anovulation (ovaries won't launch an egg mid-cycle).

What affects the health of the ovaries in the reproductive system?

The ovaries are the reproductive organs that produce the eggs in women. The health of the ovaries is important for the reproductive system. There are many things that can affect the health of the ovaries. The following paragraphs will discuss some of these things.

There are several diseases and situations associated with your ovaries. Some of the maximum not unusual ones are:

  • Ovarian cysts.

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

  • Ovarian most cancers.

  • Primary ovarian insufficiency.

  • Pelvic inflammatory ailment.

  • Ovarian tumors.

  • Endometriosis.

Maintaining the health of the ovaries in the reproductive system

A miscarriage occurs when a baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy.It is common, occurring in 15 to 20 percent of known pregnancies.Many miscarriages go unnoticed and are not confirmed as miscarriages until a routine ultrasound or other tests are performed.

What is the difference between the female reproductive system and the male reproductive system?

Recently, the subject of reproduction has been in the news a lot.From human fertility and preimplantation genetic diagnosis to stem cells, it seems like science is making great strides towards allowing infertile couples to have children of their own.However, there are many other areas of medicine that affect reproductive systems and they aren’t always as positive.In fact, many diseases can cause problems with sexual function or (in some cases) render people completely infertile. Here

  1. The male and female reproductive systems are both necessary for sexual reproduction. The male reproductive system produces sperm, while the female reproductive system produces eggs. The sperm must fertilize an egg in order for pregnancy to occur. Both systems are made up of several different organs that work together to achieve this goal.

  2. The male reproductive system and the female reproductive system are both very different in many ways. The female reproductive system is made up of many different parts, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the vagina, while the male reproductive system is made up of the testicles, seminal vesicles, and the penis. The ovaries produce the eggs that are fertilized by the sperm from the testicles, and the fertilized egg then implants itself in the lining of the uterus. The fallopian tubes transport the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

  1. Healthy Sexual Relations : Sperm revitalization

Ovary : The structure of the ovary , role of the ovaries

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