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Parotid Gland : role of the parotid gland


 What Is Parotid Gland?

The Parotid gland is a small gland located in the neck just below the Adam’s apple. It is responsible for producing saliva and producing a hormone called oxytocin. Oxytocin is sometimes called the “cuddle hormone” because it is believed to be responsible for promoting maternal behaviors and social attachments.
Your parotid glands are predominant salivary glands. You have them, and they’re positioned simply in front of and below every ear.
Like your other essential salivary glands (submandibular and sublingual), your parotid glands produce saliva (spit) to preserve your mouth lubrication, and to aid in chewing and digestion.
Some humans expand parotid gland infections or swelling (parotitis). When this takes place, endorsed remedies may also include antibiotics, warm compresses or parotid gland rubdown.

What Is Parotid Gland
Parotid Gland

Some human beings develop parotid gland tumors. Treatments may additionally include surgical operation to cast off all or a part of your parotid gland, radiation remedy or chemotherapy.

wing and grinding food.


Tooth, plural teeth, any of the difficult, resistant structures happening at the jaws and in or across the mouth and pharynx areas of vertebrates. Teeth are used for catching and masticating food, for defense, and for different specialized purposes.

What Is Human Teeth
Human Teeth

The enamel of vertebrates represent the changed descendants of bony dermal (pores and skin) plates that armored ancestral fishes. An enamel consists of a crown and one or greater roots. The crown is the purposeful component that is seen above the gum. The root is the unseen element that supports and fastens the teeth in the jawbone. The root is hooked up to the tooth-bearing bone—the alveolar methods—of the jaws by means of a fibrous ligament called the periodontal ligament or membrane. The “neck” of the foundation is embraced by using the fleshy gum tissue (a specialized vicinity of connective tissue covered with mucous membrane that lines the mouth hollow space). The shape of the crown and root vary among exclusive enamel and among distinct species of animals.

Digestive system

The role of the parotid gland

The parotid gland is a small, brown, conical gland located on the side of the neck just below the ear. It secretes saliva, which helps to dissolve food in the mouth. The parotid gland is important because it helps to start the digestive process by breaking down food into smaller parts.

The parotid gland is an important gland in the body that is responsible for producing saliva. This gland is located in the neck just below the ears. It is responsible for helping to clean the mouth and kill bacteria.

Your parotid glands produce a particular type of saliva that’s skinny and watery. They also release amylase — a protein that helps jumpstart starch digestion.

Saliva performs a key function in oral and overall health. For instance, the saliva produced via your parotid glands

  • Keep your mouth lubricated.

  • Helps with digestion.

  • Reduces dangerous bacteria in your mouth.

  • Helps protect your teeth from cavities.

Cause of swollen parotid glands

  1. Swollen parotid glands are often the result of a viral infection, such as mumps, or an inflammation of the salivary glands, such as sialadenitis. Other possible causes include cysts, tumors, stones in the duct of the gland, or blockage of the gland by food debris. Injury to the area, such as from dental work, can also cause swelling.

  2. One possible reason for your clogged tear duct or swollen parotid gland is an infection. It is common for newborns to get an infection in their tear ducts, which can cause a blockage. If you have an infection, you may also have swollen lymph nodes in your neck. The lymph nodes are part of the body's immune system.

  3. Swollen parotid glands can be caused by a number of things, including: dehydration, tumors, and mumps. Mumps is an infection of the parotid gland and is the most common cause of swollen parotid glands in children. Other causes of swollen parotid glands include: salivary gland stones, viral infections, and bacterial infections. Treatment for swollen parotid glands depends on the underlying cause.

  4. “The parotid gland is located at the base of the ear and is responsible for producing saliva. When the parotid gland is swollen, it can cause pain and difficulty swallowing. There are many different causes of swollen parotid glands, including infections, stones, and tumors. Treatment for swollen parotid glands will vary depending on the underlying cause.”

Several fitness conditions can motive pain and parotid gland swelling, such as

  • Sialolithiasis. This is the scientific time period for calcified stones (calculi) which can expand and block your parotid gland ducts. Sialolithiasis results in painful swelling that worsens while you eat.

  • Sialadenitis. This refers to parotid gland contamination as a result of blockages, bacteria or viruses. Culprits consist of staph infections and the mumps virus.

  • Parotid gland tumors. These can increase in either lobe, causing swelling of your jaw and face. Most parotid gland tumors are noncancerous. But it’s viable to broaden cancerous parotid gland tumors.

  • Parotid gland most cancers. Salivary gland cancers — such as mucoepidermoid carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma — aren’t very common. In truth, they make up about 6% to eight% of all head and neck cancers. But in case you increase parotid gland cancer, prompt treatment is vital to prevent most cancer cells from spreading to your lymph nodes.

Maintaining the health of the parotid glands

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of maintaining the health of the parotid glands. Parotid glands are responsible for secreting saliva. If they are not healthy, it can lead to a number of problems, including tooth decay and gum disease.

The parotid glands are essential for maintaining oral health. They secrete saliva, which helps to break down food and protect the teeth. If the parotid glands are not functioning correctly, it can lead to a number of problems, including tooth decay, gingivitis, and bad breath.

Keeping your parotid gland healthy involves making sure you have sufficient saliva to preserve your mouth. Here are some tips to assist:

  • Drink lots of water.

  • Chew sugarless gum.

  • Suck on sugarless candy.

  • Avoid smoking.

  • Reduce your caffeine and alcohol intake.

  • Ask your healthcare company approximately saliva substitutes.

Key records approximately the parotid gland

Parotid gland cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of the major salivary glands, representing 65% of all salivary gland malignancies. It usually arises from the parotid gland parenchyma, arising most commonly in the superficial lobe. Less commonly, it may arise in the deep lobe or in the parotid duct. The most common clinical presentation of parotid gland cancer is a slow-growing mass in the parotid gland, which may or may not be accompanied by a local neck mass.

The parotid gland is located in the posterior cheek and is the largest of the salivary glands. The parotid gland is also the most common site for salivary gland tumors. Salivary gland tumors are rare, accounting for only about four percent of all head and neck tumors. There are two types of salivary gland tumors, benign and malignant.

Gross anatomy:

  • Largest of the salivary glands 

  • Paired organ

  • Irregular in form, but more or less pyramidal

  • Divided into superficial and deep lobes

Anatomical relations:

  • The facial nerve (CN VII), external carotid artery, retromandibular vein all pierce the parotid gland

  • Drains via the parotid duct of Stensen

  • Accessory parotid gland associated superiorly to the duct


  • Superior – zygomatic arch

  • Posterior – outside acoustic meatus and sternocleidomastoid muscle

  • Anterior – sternocleidomastoid muscle inferiorly, masseter muscle


  • Serous cells

  • Serous acini

Neurovascular supply and lymphatic drainage:

  • Arterial Supply – superficial temporal artery, maxillary artery, transverse facial artery branches of the outside carotid artery

  • Venous Drainage – retromandibular vein

  • Lymphatic Drainage – deep cervical lymph nodes

  • Innervation – glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX) and auriculotemporal nerves


  • Ectodermal myoepithelial origin

  • sixth gestational week – improvement starts

  • tenth gestational week – arborization and canalization starts off evolved

  • 18th gestational week – early secretions

  • twenty eighth gestational week – the maturation of the acini and ducts

Parotid gland disorders:

  • Sialolithiasis (parotid gland stones)

  • Parotitis

  • Suppurative sialadenitis

Parotid Gland :  role of the parotid gland

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