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Pharynx : structure of the pharynx - role of the pharynx


 What Is Pharynx?

Pharynx is a part of the respiratory system. It's responsible for helping to move air in and out of the lungs.

Pharynx is a structure in the neck that helps in breathing and swallowing.

Pharynx is the organ of voice production and swallowing. It is located in the neck just below the trachea. It is made up of two parts: the larynx, which is the part that you use to produce sound, and the epiglottis, which is a flap of tissue that helps protect the entrance to the larynx.

What Is Pharynx

Pharynx, (Greek: “throat”) cone-shaped passageway leading from the oral and nasal cavities inside the head to the esophagus and larynx. The pharynx chamber serves each respiratory and digestive features. Thick fibers of muscle and connective tissue connect the pharynx to the bottom of the skull and surrounding systems. Both round and longitudinal muscle tissues occur in the partitions of the pharynx; the circular muscle groups form constrictions that assist push meals to the esophagus and save you air from being swallowed, while the longitudinal fibers lift the walls of the pharynx all through swallowing.
The pharynx consists of three predominant divisions. The anterior element is the nasopharynx, the back section of the nasal cavity. The nasal pharynx connects to the second location, the oropharynx, with the aid of a passage known as an isthmus. The oral pharynx begins in the back of the mouth cavity and keeps down the throat to the epiglottis, a flap of tissue that covers the air passage to the lungs and that channels food to the esophagus. Triangular-shaped recesses within the walls of this vicinity house the palatine tonsils,  loads of lymphatic tissue at risk of contamination. The isthmus connecting the oral and nasal areas is extremely beneficial in humans. It permits them to respire via either the nose or the mouth and, whilst medically essential, allows meals to be surpassed to the esophagus via nasal tubes. The third region is the laryngeal pharynx, which starts on the epiglottis and leads right down to the esophagus. Its feature is to alter the passage of air to the lungs and meals to the esophagus.
Two small tubes (eustachian tubes) connect the center ears to the pharynx and allow air strain at the eardrum to be equalized. Head colds every so often inflame the tubes, inflicting earaches and hearing difficulties. Other medical afflictions related to the pharynx include tonsillitis, cancer, and various kinds of throat paralysis because of polio, diphtheria, rabies, or nervous-system injuries.
The term pharynx can also be used to explain a differentiated part of the invertebrate alimentary canal. In some invertebrate species, the shape is thick and muscular. It is once in a while eversible (circled or turned outward) and might have more than one function—as an instance, being each suctorial and peristaltic in nature.

What is the structure of the pharynx?

  • Pharynx is a part of the respiratory system. It's responsible for helping to move air in and out of the lungs. Pharynx is a tube that starts behind the nose and goes down the throat. It's about 5 inches long in adults. The pharynx has three parts: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx.

  • Pharynx is a muscular tube that is about 5 inches long. It starts at the base of the skull and goes down to the esophagus. There are three parts to the pharynx: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.

  • The pharynx is also known as the throat. The pharynx is a long, tube-like structure that starts behind the nose and ends at the base of the neck. It's about 5 inches long in adults. The pharynx has three parts: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx.

  • It's made up of three sections: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx. It's behind the nose and above the soft palate. The oropharynx is the middle part of the pharynx.

The pharynx anatomy consists of:

  • Nasopharynx: The top part of the throat connects to the nasal cavities (nose) and lets air skip through.

  • Oropharynx: The middle part of the throat connects to the oral hollow space (mouth). It allows air, food and fluid to skip via.

  • Laryngopharynx (or hypopharynx): The backside of a part of the throat is near the larynx (or voice container). It regulates the passage of air to the lungs and meals and

The pharynx also consists of:

  • Tonsils: There are 3 units of tonsils. They are placed behind the throat and base of the tongue. Tonsils are the frame’s first defense towards infection.

  • Auditory (eustachian) tubes: These two tubes join the ears to the throat. They equalize strain and assist drain fluid.

What is the role of the pharynx?

The pharynx is a tubular structure that serves to connect the nasal cavity and the mouth to the esophagus. It is made of three main sections: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. Each of these sections is lined with a mucous membrane. The pharynx plays an important role in the act of swallowing.

The pharynx is an important organ that aids in humans' respiration, digestion and communication. It is a hollow tube that is about 5 inches long and is located behind the nose and mouth. The upper part of the pharynx is connected to the nasal cavity while the lower part is connected to the esophagus and larynx. The pharynx plays an important role in respiration by helping to move air from the nose and mouth to the lungs.

The pharynx is an airway that connects the mouth and the nose to the esophagus and the larynx. Its main purpose is to bring air into the lungs, but it also plays a role in swallowing and speech. The pharynx is divided into three sections: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx that sits behind the nose.

The pharynx has several important jobs. It:

  • Carries air to the respiration machine.

  • Delivers meals and liquid to the digestive system.

  • Pushes food into the esophagus so it’s no longer breathed in.

  • Equalizes pressure within the ears and drains fluid from the ears.

What does the pharynx affect?

The pharynx is a key area of the respiratory system, and its function is crucial in the process of breathing. The pharynx filters and cleans food and air before it enters the lungs, and it also helps to produce saliva.

The pharynx may be laid low with sure fitness situations. The most common are:

  • Cancer: Types of throat most cancers consist of nasopharyngeal cancer, oropharyngeal cancer and hypopharyngeal most cancers.

  • Dysphagia: Dysphagia is trouble swallowing because of muscle weakness, nerve damage or sickness.

  • Infections: Bacterial and viral infections can cause pain and infection within the throat (for example, the commonplace bloodless, flu, strep throat and mononucleosis).

  • Inflammation inside the auditory tubes: This can motivate earaches and hassle listening to.

  • Pharyngitis: Otherwise called a sore throat, pharyngitis is an infection of the pharynx.

  • Sleep apnea: Sleep apnea is a dozing disorder that can be resulting from abnormalities inside the pharynx.

  • Tonsillitis: Tonsillitis is an infection in the tonsils.

Maintaining the health of the pharynx

Aspiration occurs when liquids, food, or vomit are brought up from the stomach and then breathed in (inhaled). A common cause of aspiration is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This is when the acid from the stomach comes up into the throat. Other causes are stroke, a head injury, or a problem with the nerves or muscles in the throat or chest.

Some techniques can assist shield your pharynx, which includes:

  • Avoid extreme temperatures, like very bloodless or hot drinks or food.

  • Avoid smoking and inhaling secondhand smoke.

  • Don’t share items that could spread oral germs and lead to contamination (as an example, a toothbrush).

  • Drink masses of water.

  • Use a humidifier, specifically in winter or in dry climates.

Tips before treating the pharynx

If you have signs that don’t go away or preserve coming lower back, you have to communicate to a healthcare issuer. They consist of:

  • Ear ache.

  • Fever better than 103°F, which will be a sign of infection.

  • Lump within the neck or throat.

  • Sore throat that doesn’t leave after some days.

  • Trouble swallowing.

  • Weakness or stiffness within the neck.

  • Your healthcare company can also refer you to a consultant in otolaryngology

  1. Before you treat the pharynx, be aware of some important tips. First, never give the patient anything to drink or eat before the procedure. Secondly, make sure that they are completely relaxed by administering a muscle relaxant before the procedure. Finally, do not put any fingers in the patient’s throat.

  2. Pharyngeal cancer has been on the rise in recent years and there are a few things that can be done to help reduce the risk of developing it. Tips before treating the pharynx can include not smoking, maintaining a healthy diet, and staying hydrated.

  3. While the pharynx is an important organ, it is often ignored and can be easily damaged. There are a few things that you can do to prevent this from happening.

  4. Most people know that the pharynx is a part of the throat, but few people know what it does. The pharynx is responsible for swallowing and breathing, among other things. If you have a cold, the pharynx can become inflamed, which can make breathing difficult. In order to treat a cold, it is important to take steps to prevent it from getting worse.

Intestine transplantation

Intestine transplantation (intestinal transplantation, or small bowel transplantation) is the surgical alternative of the small gut for continual and acute instances of intestinal failure. While intestinal failure can usually be handled with opportunity healing procedures consisting of parenteral vitamins (PN), headaches together with PN-associated liver ailment and brief bowel syndrome may also make transplantation the best feasible choice. One of the rarest sorts of organ transplantation performed, intestine transplantation is becoming increasingly everyday as a healing choice because of upgrades in immunosuppressive regimens, surgical technique, PN, and the scientific management of pre and publish-transplant sufferers.

Intestine transplantation can be done in isolation, with liver transplant, or as part of a multivisceral transplant inclusive of any combination of liver, stomach, pancreas, and/or colon. There are excellent differences in affected person and transplant outcomes for gut transplants with and without liver.

  1.  Medical And Anatomical Concept Of The Human Body
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Pharynx : structure of the pharynx - role of the pharynx

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