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Placenta : structure of the placenta


 What Is Placenta?

The placenta is an organ that develops in your uterus during pregnancy. It provides oxygen and nutrients to your growing baby and removes waste products from your baby's blood. The placenta also produces hormones that support your pregnancy.  A complication of pregnancy is when the placenta partially or completely separates from the uterine wall before delivery.

What Is Placenta

 The placenta is an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy. It provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing baby and removes waste products from the baby's blood. The placenta also produces hormones that help to maintain the pregnancy.  Placenta is Latin for cake.

  1. Female Reproductive System

  • Internal reproductive organs

  1. Ovaries

  2. Fallopian tubes

  3. Uterus

  4. Cervix

  5. Placenta

  • External reproductive organs

  1. Vulva

  2. Clitoris

  3. Vagina

The structure of the placenta in the reproductive system

The placenta is a special type of organ that is found in the reproductive system of many mammals. It is important for the mother to have a healthy placenta so that her baby can get the nutrients it needs. The placenta is also responsible for releasing hormones into the mother’s bloodstream that help her to feel relaxed and stimulated during labor and childbirth.

The placenta begins to expand while the fertilized egg implants into your uterine wall. The placenta incorporates in the main blood vessels contained within systems referred to as “villi.” The blood vessels connect with the child’s bloodstream through the umbilical wire. The relaxation of the placental tissues specifically join the villi to the umbilical wire and permit your blood to bathe the villi, offering the infant with oxygen and vitamins.

The placenta is 10 inches long and 1 inch thick at its center. It weighs around 16 ounces (1 pound) by the time your toddler is born.

The placenta has  sides: the aspect attached for your uterus and the aspect closest for your toddler. The aspect connected in your uterine wall is a deep reddish blue color, at the same time as the facet dealing with your toddler is gray.

The placenta seems like a disc of bumpy tissue rich in blood vessels, making it appear darkish purple at term. Most of the mature placental tissue is made up of blood vessels. They connect with the baby through the umbilical wire and branch at some stage in the placenta disc just like the limbs of a tree.

Some of the positions of the placenta are:

  • Posterior placenta: The placenta grows on the returned wall of your uterus.

  • Anterior placenta: The placenta grows at the front wall of your uterus closest to your stomach.

  • Fundal placenta: The placenta grows at the top of your uterus.

  • Lateral placenta: The placenta grows at the proper or left wall of your uterus.

The placenta can flow up until about 32 weeks of being pregnant. It's commonplace to have a placenta that acts upwards and far from your cervix as your toddler receives bigger.

How is the placenta delivered?

  • Delivery of the placenta is a complex process that can be explained in detail in a number of ways. The traditional method, which is still the most common method, is for the mother to deliver the placenta herself. This can be done through a Cesarean section, in which the doctor makes a large incision in the mother’s abdomen and pulls out the baby and the placenta. There are other methods as well, such as delivering the placenta through a general anesthetic.

  • The placenta is delivered in a variety of ways. Some women receive a traditional C-section delivery and some opt for a water birth. Whichever route is taken, both mother and baby will be in close proximity to the placenta.   Some believe that the placenta has spiritual properties and can help to enhance the bond between mother and baby.

  • The placenta is delivered through the vagina by the mother.  The father’s sperm will fertilize the egg in the mother’s ovary and create the new baby.

What affects the health of the placenta in the reproductive system?

Maternal obesity and diabetes are becoming increasingly common in the United States and are known to adversely affect the developing fetus. The placenta is a temporary organ that develops during pregnancy and provides the fetus with oxygen and nutrients from the mother. Poor health of the placenta is a major contributor to adverse outcomes in pregnancy, including preterm birth and macrosomia. Maternal obesity and diabetes are associated with an increased risk of placental dysfunction.

Various elements can have an effect on the fitness of the placenta during pregnancy. For instance:

  • Maternal age. Some issues with the placenta are more commonplace in older people, mainly after age forty.

  • A break on your water before hard work. During being pregnant, the infant is surrounded and cushioned with the aid of a fluid-filled membrane referred to as the amniotic sac. If the sac leaks or breaks earlier than exertions start, also known as water breaking, the hazard of sure issues with the placenta increases.

  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure can have an effect on the placenta.

  • Twin or other multiple pregnancies. Being pregnant with multiple babies, would possibly increase the chance of sure troubles with the placenta.

  • Blood-clotting problems. Any circumstance that both impairs the blood's potential to clot or increases its chance of clotting will increase the chance of positive placental problems.

  • Previous uterine surgical procedure. Previous surgical treatment on the uterus, consisting of a C-segment or surgical procedure to take away fibroids, will increase the risk of sure problems with the placenta.

  • Previous placental troubles. The threat of getting problems with the placenta is probably better if placental issues occurred in the course of a preceding being pregnant.

  • Substance use. Certain placental issues are greater commonplace in girls who smoke or use cocaine for the duration of pregnancy.

  • Abdominal trauma. Trauma on your stomach — together with from a fall, car twist of fate or different type of blow — will increase the risk of the placenta upfront keeping apart from the uterus (placenta abruption).

Complications associated with the placenta in the reproductive system

The reproductive system is made up of a number of different organs, all of which work together to ensure successful fertilization and pregnancy. One of the most important organs in the reproductive system is the placenta, which is a temporary organ that develops during pregnancy and provides nutrients and oxygen to the developing fetus. The placenta also helps to remove waste products from the fetal blood.  Placental complications are one of the most common problems that can occur during pregnancy, and can lead to serious health problems for both the mother and the baby.

An issue along with your placenta may be risky for each of you and your child. Some of the complications related to the placenta are:

  • Placenta previa: The placenta covers all or part of the cervix. It's occasionally called a low-mendacity placenta.

  • Placenta accreta: The placenta attaches too deeply to the wall of your uterus.

  • Placental abruption: A circumstance during pregnancy whilst the placenta separates from the uterus too early.

  • Placental insufficiency: When the placenta is not imparting sufficient nutrients or oxygen in your toddler.

  • Retained placenta: When a part of the placenta remains inside your uterus after being pregnant.

Symptoms associated with the placenta in the reproductive system

  • There are typically many symptoms associated with the placenta in the reproductive system. Some of these may include: cramps, heavy bleeding, and fatigue. It is important to get checked out if any of these symptoms occur during your pregnancy, as there may be a problem that needs to be addressed.

  • The placenta is an organ that develops in the uterus after the fertilized egg implants in the uterine wall. This organ helps in the process of giving birth. It performs a variety of functions, including providing oxygen and nutrients to the baby, removing toxins and waste products, and moderating the mother’s immune system. There are different symptoms associated with the placenta, and a doctor will be able to determine which one is causing the problem.

  • The placenta is a special organ that is found in the reproductive system of a mammal. It is responsible for providing oxygen and nutrients to the fetus while it is in the mother’s womb. When the placenta forms early in a pregnancy, it is called an at-risk pregnancy. This means that there is a higher chance of having a birth defect or low birth weight baby.

  • The placenta is a unique organ that develops in the second half of the pregnancy and supplies oxygen and other nutrients to the developing fetus. In some cases, the placenta can cause problems, including pre-eclampsia, which is a condition that can lead to serious complications for the mother and her baby.

Consult your health care provider during pregnancy if you have:

  • Vaginal bleeding

  • Abdominal pain

  • Back pain

  • Uterine contractions

Maintaining the health of the placenta in the reproductive system

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major cause of stillbirth and neonatal death, and is associated with long-term adverse cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The placenta is a key organ in the development of IUGR, and its function is essential for ensuring fetal growth and development. The purpose of this review is to discuss the role of the placenta in the development of IUGR and the potential mechanisms by which placental dysfunction contributes to this condition.

Most placental problems can not be avoided without delay. However, you could take steps to sell a healthful being pregnant:

  • Visit your health care issuer regularly at some stage in your being pregnant.

  • Work with your health care provider to manage any fitness conditions, which includes high blood pressure.

  • Don't smoke or use tablets.

  • Talk with your doctor approximately the capability dangers earlier than deciding to pursue an elective C-phase.

What is the difference between the female reproductive system and the male reproductive system?

Recently, the subject of reproduction has been in the news a lot.From human fertility and preimplantation genetic diagnosis to stem cells, it seems like science is making great strides towards allowing infertile couples to have children of their own.However, there are many other areas of medicine that affect reproductive systems and they aren’t always as positive.In fact, many diseases can cause problems with sexual function or (in some cases) render people completely infertile. Here

  1. The male and female reproductive systems are both necessary for sexual reproduction. The male reproductive system produces sperm, while the female reproductive system produces eggs. The sperm must fertilize an egg in order for pregnancy to occur. Both systems are made up of several different organs that work together to achieve this goal.

  2. The male reproductive system and the female reproductive system are both very different in many ways. The female reproductive system is made up of many different parts, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the vagina, while the male reproductive system is made up of the testicles, seminal vesicles, and the penis. The ovaries produce the eggs that are fertilized by the sperm from the testicles, and the fertilized egg then implants itself in the lining of the uterus. The fallopian tubes transport the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

  1. Healthy Sexual Relations : Sperm revitalization

Placenta : structure of the placenta

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