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Pons : The structure of Pons in the human body


 What is Pons?

Pons is a neural bridge that connects the left and right hemispheres of the brain. It is named after its discoverer, Rene Descartes. The pons is located in the brainstem, just rostral (anterior) to the medulla oblongata. The pons is a major component of the brainstem, and it is involved in a variety of motor, autonomic, and reflexive functions.

What is Pons

Nervous system

  1. Nervous system
  1. Brain

  2. Cerebral hemispheres

  3. Diencephalon or interbrain

  4. Thalamus

  5. Hypothalamus

  6. Midbrain

  7. Cerebellum

  8. Pons

  9. Medulla oblongata

  10. The spinal cord

  11. The ventricular system

  12. Choroid plexus

List of nerves of the human body

The human nervous system is an amazingly complex network of nerve cells (neurons) that carry messages back and forth between the brain and spinal cord and the rest of the body. The nervous system is made up of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which includes all the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord.  The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a part of the PNS that controls the body's involuntary functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and respiration.


  • Structure of the nervous system

  • Development of the nervous system

  • The spinal cord or medulla spinalis

  • The brain or encephalon

  • The hindbrain or rhombencephalon

  • The midbrain or mesencephalon

  • The forebrain or prosencephalon

  • Composition and central connections of the spinal nerves

  • Pathways from the brain to the spinal cord

  • The meninges of the brain and medulla spinalis

  • The cerebrospinal fluid

  • The cranial nerves

  • The olfactory nerves

  • The optic nerve

  • The oculomotor nerve

  • The trochlear nerve

  • The trigeminal nerve

  • The abducens nerve

  • The facial nerve

  • The vestibulocochlear nerve

  • The glossopharyngeal nerve

  • The vagus nerve

  • The accessory nerve

  • The hypoglossal nerve

  • The spinal nerves

  • The posterior divisions

  • The anterior divisions

  • The thoracic nerves

  • The lumbosacral plexus

  • The sacral and coccygeal nerves

  • The sympathetic nerves

  • The cephalic portion of the sympathetic system

  • The cervical portion of the sympathetic system

  • The thoracic portion of the sympathetic system

  • The abdominal portion of the sympathetic system

  • The pelvic portion of the sympathetic system

  • The great plexuses of the sympathetic system

The structure of Pons in the human body

  • Pons are a bridge-like structure in the human brain that connects the medulla oblongata to the midbrain. Pons are also responsible for a variety of critical functions in the human body, including respiration, facial expressions, and posture. Additionally, the pons are involved in a number of reflexes, including the patellar reflex, which is also known as the knee-jerk reflex.

  • The pons is located in the brainstem and is divided into several regions. The tegmentum is the most posterior (back) part of the pons. The basilar part of the pons is the portion of the brainstem that gives rise to the basilar artery. The pontine nuclei are a pair of small round masses of gray matter located within the pons.

Your pons is one of the lowermost systems on your mind, located close to the bottom of your cranium. It’s simply above your medulla oblongata, which then connects for your spinal twine through the hole at the bottom of your cranium.

Ons’ dimensions are:

  • Height: 1.06 inches tall (27 millimeters [mm]).

  • Width: 1.49 inches (38 mm).

  • Depth: 0.98 inches (25 mm).

Your pons is a beige or off-white coloration. Its form is just like the top stem of a department of cauliflower.

What is the role of Pons in the human body?

Pons is a bridge between the brainstem and the cerebellum. It coordinates movement and balance. Pons also contains the respiratory center, which controls the rhythm of breathing. Pons is located in the brainstem, just above the medulla oblongata.

Your pons handle several important jobs on their own.

  • It influences your sleep cycle. Your pons set your body’s degree of alertness while you wake up.

  • It manages ache indicators. Your pons relays and regulates the indicators that come up with the sensation of pain from anywhere on your body under your neck.

  • It works with other brain systems. Your pons is a key connection factor in your cerebellum, another key part of your mind that handles stability and movement. It also works cooperatively with different components of your brainstem that manipulate your respiratory.

Symptoms of Pons in the human body

Symptoms of Pons brain injury can vary depending on how the injury occurred and the severity of the injury. Generally, individuals with pons brain injury can experience a range of problems with movement, sensation, and/or reflexes. In some cases, individuals may also experience changes in their ability to breathe, swallow, or speak. Some individuals may also experience problems with vision, hearing, or balance.

Signs and symptoms consist of:

  • Ataxia (lack of coordination).

  • Deafness.

  • Double vision (diplopia).

  • Loss of experience of contact (including the ability to experience vibration, temperature or pain).

  • Nystagmus.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Paralysis (affects components of your head, face, or precise elements of your frame; sizable damage to the pons will cause paralysis on your entire frame — aside from your eye motion — in a circumstance called locked-in syndrome).

  • Vertigo.

  • Tinnitus (ringing to your ears).

What affects the health of Pons in the human body?

The health of pons in the human body is affected by a variety of factors. These can include anything from diet and exercise to exposure to toxins and stress levels. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to keep the pons healthy and functioning properly.

Examples consist of :

  • Brain tumors (inclusive of most cancers).

  • Central pontine myelinolysis.

  • Concussions and different demanding mind injuries.

  • Congenital issues (conditions you have at beginning), such as genetic issues (situations you inherited from one or both parents).

  • Heavy steel poisoning or different pollution.

  • Immune and inflammatory situations (consisting of more than one sclerosis).

  • Infections (these can take place due to microorganism, viruses, parasites and fungi).

  • Locked-in syndrome from trauma or stroke.

  • Multiple system atrophy.

  • Olivopontocerebellar atrophy.

  • Stroke.

Maintaining the health of bridges in the human body

Maintaining the health of bridges in the human body is crucial for overall health and wellbeing. The bridge metaphorically connects different parts of the body, and if one bridge is not maintained, the rest of the body will suffer. This is why it is important to keep all bridges in the human body healthy.

In recent years, the health of bridges has become an important topic in the United States. The federal government has taken steps to improve the condition of bridges, but there is still much work to be done. The purpose of this paper is to explore the health of bridges in the human body and to suggest ways to improve their condition.  The first step in this process is to understand the function of bridges in the human body.

The great preventive actions you can take encompass:

  • Eat a balanced weight-reduction plan. Unusually excessive or low nutrition levels can have an effect on your mind and fearful machine. Managing your weight-reduction plan also can help your circulatory fitness, which impacts the fitness of your mind.

  • Stay physically lively and preserve a healthy weight. Your weight and hobby level can save you or delay situations that affect your mind, especially heart and circulatory troubles that would result in issues like stroke.

  • Use a safety gadget. Head accidents, in particular concussions and worrying mind injuries, can damage your brain. In a few cases, the harm is everlasting. Safety devices like helmets permit you to avoid head injuries whether you’re at paintings or enjoying your day without work.

  • Take care of chronic situations. Many situations that have an effect on your brain worsen over the years, specifically out of control excessive blood pressure. Treating those situations can every so often stop them or slow them down, assisting you prevent greater severe mind injury.

Maintaining a healthy nervous system

  • The nervous system is the master controlling and communicating system of the body. Every thought, feeling, and action is generated by the nervous system. Maintaining a healthy nervous system is essential for optimal health and functioning. This paper will explore the role of the nervous system in maintaining health and homeostasis.

  • Though vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients, they each play different roles in your body. One of the jobs of vitamin B-12 is to keep your nervous system functioning properly. A lack of B-12 can cause neurological problems, such as memory loss and problems with balancing and walking. Vitamin B-12 is found naturally in animal foods, such as meat, poultry, shellfish, eggs and milk.

Call your doctor properly away when you have any surprising adjustments in your fitness, such as losing coordination or noticing excessive muscle weak spots. You must also see your medical doctor when you have:

  • Vision troubles or headaches.

  • Slurred speech.

  • Numbness, tingling, or lack of sensation for your fingers or legs.

  • Tremors or tics (random muscle movements).

  • Changes in behavior or reminiscence.

  • Problems with coordination or transferring your muscle groups.

Pons : The structure of Pons in the human body

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