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Schick Test : Diagnosis-Benefits-Types-Symptoms


 What Is a Schick Test?

Schick Test, approach for determining susceptibility to diphtheria; it laid the premise for inoculation in opposition to the disorder. A minute quantity of diphtheria toxin is injected into the pores and skin of the forearm. Redness on the injection after 3 days shows a positive reaction (absence of circulating antibody) or a false effective reaction (allergic reaction to the toxin). A fantastic reaction can be outstanding with the aid of use of a control injection of the equal amount of heated toxin (toxoid) into the other forearm. The Schick took a look and was brought in 1913 with the aid of Bela Schick (1877–1967), an Austrian pediatrician.

The Schick test detects immunity to diphtheria, both received through previous infection or vaccination.

What Is a Schick Test
Schick Test

A small amount of diphtheria toxin in 0.2ml is injected intradermally into the left forearm. An equivalent quantity of warmth-inactivated toxin in 0.2ml is injected into the right forearm. The test is studied at 1-four days, the maximal reaction going on on day four.

Those who're Schick negative will haven't any pores and skin reaction. This is because of enough antitoxin being present in the movement to neutralize the toxin. A sick man or woman is immune and need now not be immunized or strengthened. At worst, if they come to be inflamed, they will most effectively suffer a mild assault.

A Schick advantageous check is an erythematous response growing on the website online of the toxin injection after a day or  and persisting for seven or more days before fading. Schick superb individuals are liable to diphtheria.

Occasionally, a mild response may occur in the right arm handiest. This is a non-precise response to bacterial protein. It disappears by way of day four. The person is Schick terrible.

Take a check test

The test is easy manner. A small quantity (zero.1 ml) of diluted (1/50 MLD) diphtheria toxin is injected intradermally into one arm of the character and a warmness inactivated toxin on the opposite as a manipulate. If someone no longer has sufficient antibodies to fight it off, the skin across the injection turns purple and swollen, indicating a fine result. This swelling disappears after a few days. If the individual has an immunity, then very little swelling and redness will arise, indicating a poor end result.

Results may be interpreted as:

  1. Positive: when the test results in a wheal of five–10 mm diameter, attaining its peak in 4–7 days. The control arm shows no response. This shows that the situation lacks antibodies against the toxin and consequently is prone to the disorder.

  2. Pseudo-effective: when there's only a crimson-coloured infection (erythema) and it disappears within four days. This takes place on both the fingers because the problem is immune but hypersensitive to the toxin.

  3. Negative reaction: Indicates that the man or woman is immune.

  4. Combined response: Initial photo is like that of the pseudo-response but the erythema fades off after 4 days simplest inside the control arm. It progresses at the check arm to a standard wonderful. The problem is interpreted to be both susceptible and hypersensitive.

The check was created while immunizing marketers were scarce and now not very secure; however, as newer and safer toxoids have become available, susceptibility exams have been now not required.

List of diagnostic procedures


  1. Cellular and chemical analysis
  2. Diagnostic imaging
  3. Genetic testing
  4. Measurement
  5. Physical And Visual Examination
  6. Definition Of Diagnosing In Medicine
  7. Stages Of Diagnosis And Medical Examinations - Tests

Schick Test : Diagnosis-Benefits-Types-Symptoms

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