Transverse Colon : Detailed Explanation


 What Is Transverse Colon?

The transverse colon is the longest and widest part of the colon. It crosses the abdomen from the right upper quadrant to the left upper quadrant. The transverse colon is about 12 inches (30 cm) long, and it makes up about one-third of the length of the colon. The transverse colon begins at the hepatic (right) flexure and ends at the splenic (left) flexure.

Transverse colon is the longest and most movable section of the large intestine. It is a part of the digestive system and its main function is to absorb water and electrolytes from digested food and help in the formation of feces. Transverse colon is a C-shaped hollow organ that starts at the lower right side of the abdomen and extends across to the lower left side. It lies in front of the stomach and behind the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.

The digestive technique is what breaks down food into smaller molecules for the frame to apply. When meals are ingested, chewing, saliva, and enzymes assist start to break down the fabric. After chewing, the meal travels down the esophagus to the belly, where it's temporarily stored. The belly churns to combine the meals with acids to interrupt it down and kill potential pathogens. The liquid food combination is then surpassed to the small gut in which it's miles further broken down with enzymes, even as the majority of vitamins and vitamins are absorbed into the bloodstream. Contents are in addition combined with mucus to help them circulate along the intestines extra effortlessly. The digested food aggregate is handed to the colon, frequently referred to as the bowels. The function of the colon is to absorb water and electrolytes from the waste cloth to help keep away from dehydration. It also moves waste alongside to the rectum, in which its miles are stored till excretion as a stool through the anus.

Structure of the transverse colon

The transverse colon is a coil-shaped section of the large intestine that extends across the abdomen from the upper right to the lower left. It is the longest and second-most voluminous section of the large intestine. The transverse colon is attached to the abdominal wall by a peritoneal fold, the greater omentum, which consists of two layers of peritoneum (the serosa and subserosa); these layers are separated by a layer of adipose tissue. The omentum is attached to the stomach, liver, and transverse colon.

Transverse Colon function

  • The transverse colon is responsible for connecting the right and left sides of the abdomen. It begins at the lower right side of the abdomen, where it is attached to the ascending colon. The transverse colon then runs horizontally across the abdomen to the lower left side, where it is attached to the descending colon. The transverse colon is the longest and widest part of the colon.

  • The transverse colon is likewise referred to as the huge gut, because it's far the longest part of the colon. It runs horizontally from proper to left and connects the ascending and descending colon. As fecal be counted actions via the transverse colon, water and electrolyte salts consisting of sodium and potassium are absorbed into the body, to save you dehydration. The transverse colon is also domestic to a diverse microbiome, which incorporates micro organisms, and different microbes that paint collectively to synthesize nutrients from the waste merchandise within the stool. The microbiome helps synthesize B vitamins along with B2, B3, and folic acid, as well as nutrition K. These newly synthesized vitamins are then absorbed by way of the transverse colon. The microbiome of the transverse colon also breaks down bilirubin, which is the waste product that results from the breakdown of old crimson blood cells. Bilirubin is the compound that makes fecal count appear brown in coloration.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine

There are many diseases that can affect the large intestine. One of the most common is Crohn’s disease.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine can be very serious and can lead to a lot of complications.

Diseases that can affect the large intestine can affect many different systems in the body, including the gastrointestinal system. These diseases can lead to a variety of symptoms, and can be difficult to diagnose.

Functional problems, structural disorders, infections and irritations can have an effect on the massive gut, along with the colon, rectum and anus. Some of those conditions include:

  • Diverticulitis.

  • Ulcerative colitis.

  • Microscopic colitis.

  • Pseudomembranous colitis.

  • Proctitis.

  • Appendicitis.

  • Necrotizing enterocolitis.

  • Malrotation.

  • Crohn’s disease.

  • Rectal ulcers.

  • Hemorrhoids.

  • Colorectal polyps.

  • Colorectal most cancers.

  • Hirschsprung ailment.

  • Large bowel obstruction.

  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

  • Intestinal ischemic syndrome.

  • Rectal bleeding.

  • Rectal prolapse.

  • Rectocele.

  • Pelvic ground dysfunction.

  • Anal fistula.

  • Anal fissures.

  • Gas and gasoline ache.

  • Constipation.

  • Fecal incontinence.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

  • Obstructed defecation.

  • Anismus.

  • Paralytic ileus.

How is it diagnosed in the Large Intestine?

There are several conditions that can affect the large intestine (also known as the colon), such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, and more. The diagnostic process can vary depending on the specific condition.

For example, if you're referring to inflammatory bowel disease (which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), diagnosis often involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, blood tests, imaging studies (such as CT scans or MRIs), endoscopic procedures (colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy), and biopsy of the affected tissue. Doctors use these methods to assess the extent and severity of inflammation in the large intestine.

On the other hand, for colorectal cancer, diagnosis may involve a combination of screenings, such as fecal occult blood tests, colonoscopies, and imaging scans. Biopsies of suspicious tissue are typically taken during a colonoscopy to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

If you can provide more specific information about the condition you're asking about, I'd be happy to provide more detailed information about its diagnosis in the large intestine.

Maintaining the health of the large intestine

The large intestine is a very important part of the body. It helps to keep us healthy by absorbing food and water. If the large intestine is not functioning properly, it can lead to many problems. Problems with the large intestine can include: constipation, diarrhea, and colon cancer.

These preferred fitness guidelines will help you keep a healthy gut:


  • Eat extra fiber. Fiber triggers the muscle contractions that move meals via your colon and allows clean out residue there that might gradually matter. The satisfactory manner to get its miles by ingesting plants.

  • Eat better fat. Saturated fats, together with the ones discovered in beef, are related to higher quotes of colon diseases. On the other hand, healthy fat — the Omega-3s found specifically in oily fish — promote pleasant bacteria inside the intestine.

  • Drink extra water. The intestine uses a variety of water — for cleansing, for lubrication and absorption of vitamins — and most of us don’t drink enough of it.

  • Get your colonoscopy. Colon cancer is both not unusual and preventable. Anyone with a colon can get it, and by the time you have got signs and symptoms, it might be too late to deal with it. Regular screening is a nice way to prevent it and treat it in time.

Healthy foods

The purpose of this document is to provide readers with a basic understanding of what healthy foods for the large intestine can do for them. By aiding in the proper absorption of nutrients, these foods can help improve overall health.

The purpose of this document is to introduce the reader to the different types of healthy foods that can be eaten for the large intestine. There are many different types of foods that can be eaten, and the reader is encouraged to experiment and find what works best for them.


  • Fresh fish excessive in omega-three fatty acids can help lessen infection in the frame. In truth, a research group from Vanderbilt University found out that women who devour 3 servings of fish in line within a week decreased their chance of growing colon polyps at around 33 percent.

  • Your fine selections might be baked or smoked salmon, tuna and sardines as they may be additionally rich in vitamin D and calcium.


  • Fruits are usually rich in antioxidants, fiber and species-particular phytochemicals which could assist in shielding you from digestive troubles.

  • Apples, blackberries, bananas, blueberries, oranges, pear and raspberries are a number of the first-rate resources of fiber.

Non-starchy vegetables

  • For common fitness, the rule of thumb of thumb is to fill -thirds of your plate with plant-primarily based food as they may be wealthy in fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals. However, to decrease your chance of getting type 2 diabetes, any other factor that may result in colon most cancers, the American Diabetes Association shows that you emphasize non-starchy vegetables.

  • Try to consume at least three-five servings of non-starchy vegetables consistent with day, which includes lettuce, kale, cucumbers, artichokes, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, okra and spinach.

White Meat

  • Protein is essential for muscle improvement, tissue boom and extra. And since you need to limit your pork consumption, your more healthy options would be skinless chicken or turkey.. Eggs are a terrific alternative, too.

Whole grains

  • Whole grains are any other fiber-packed meals organization that you could flawlessly match with fish, eggs and chicken. Your healthiest alternatives might be brown rice, barley, oatmeal and quinoa.


  • Eating at least , one-ounce servings of nuts a week can help keep your blood sugar and insulin levels low, reducing your hazard of getting kind 2 diabetes. Since they're additionally full of healthful fatty acids, fiber and flavonoids, nuts also can help lower your probabilities of getting colon cancer.

  • Your satisfactory choices might be tree nuts which include almonds, cashews, hazelnuts, pecans, pistachios and macadamia nuts.

Beans and Legumes

  • Soybeans, lentils, peas, pinto beans, black beans and kidney beans are a terrific source of protein, fiber, nutrition B and diet E. Aside from the benefits and protection they offer to your colon, beans and legumes also can assist lessen ldl cholesterol and blood sugar ranges.

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