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Ureter : What is the role of the ureter in the human body


 What Is Ureter?

In this paper, I will be discussing the Ureter in the human body. There are a few things that you should keep in mind when it comes to this organ.  First and foremost, the Ureter is important for the proper function of the kidneys. If it is damaged, it can lead to a lot of problems. This is why it is important to keep it healthy. Additionally, the Ureter helps with the elimination of waste from the body. Lastly, it is important to keep in mind that the Ureter can become blocked if it is not treated properly.

The ureter is a kidney-shaped tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside world. Ureters are located on either side of the bladder and are about 12-15 cm long. They come out of the bladder at the front and merge into the renal pelvis.

Ureter, a tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder, is a common site of infection. Many infections are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by viruses. Viruses are small, rod-shaped creatures that can live in the air, on food, or in water. They can cause diseases like the common cold, flu, and RSV.

The ureters are tubes manufactured from easy muscle that propel urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. In a human adult, the ureters are typically 20–30 cm (8–12 in) long and round three–4 mm (zero.12–0.16 in) in diameter. The ureter is lined by urothelial cells, a type of transitional epithelium, and has an additional clean muscle layer that assists with peristalsis in its lowest third.

What Is Ureter

The ureters can be affected by some illnesses, along with urinary tract infections and kidney stones. Stenosis is while a ureter is narrowed, because of for instance chronic inflammation. Congenital abnormalities that affect the ureters can include the improvement of  ureters at the identical aspect or abnormally located ureters. Additionally, reflux of urine from the bladder lower back up the ureters is a condition usually visible in kids.

The ureters have been diagnosed for at least  a thousand years, with the word "ureter" stemming from the stem uro- referring to urinating and visible in written facts when you consider that at the time of Hippocrates. It is, however, only because the 1500s that the term "ureter" has been continually used to consult the contemporary shape, and handiest since the development of scientific imaging within the 1900s that strategies including X-ray, CT, and ultrasound were capable of viewing the ureters. The ureters also are visible from the inner using a flexible digital camera, referred to as ureteroscopy, which became first defined in 1964.

What is the urinary system made of in the human body?

The kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra make up the urinary machine. They all work collectively to filter out, shop and put off liquid waste from your frame. Here’s what each organ does:

  1. Urinary system

  1. Kidneys

  2. Ureter

  3. Bladder

  4. Urethra

  • Kidneys: These organs work constantly. They filter your blood and make urine, which your body removes. You have two kidneys, one on either side of the again of your abdomen, just under your rib cage. Each kidney is about as huge as your fist.

  • Ureters: These two skinny tubes internal your pelvis deliver urine out of your kidneys in your bladder.

  • Bladder: Your bladder holds urine till you’re prepared to drain it (pee). It’s hole, made of muscle, and fashioned like a balloon. Your bladder expands as it fills up. Most bladders can maintain up to two cups of urine.

  • Urethra: This tube consists of urine from your bladder from your body. It results in an opening to the outside of your body inside the penis (in men) or in front of the vagina.

The structure of the ureter in the human body

The ureter is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside world. It begins near the bladder, in the lower part of the urethra, and passes through the penis and the rectum before entering the bladder.

The ureters are tubular structures, about 20–30 cm (7.Nine–11.Eight in) in adults,that pass from the pelvis of each kidney into the bladder. From the renal pelvis, they descend on the pinnacle of the psoas main muscle to attain the brim of the pelvis. Here, they pass in front of the not unusual iliac arteries. They then bypass down alongside the sides of the pelvis and finally curve ahead and input the bladder from its left and proper aspects at the back of the bladder.The ureters are 1.5–6 mm (0.059–zero.236 in) in diameter and surrounded by using a layer of easy muscle for 1–2 cm (0.39–zero.79 in) near their ends simply before they enter the bladder.

The ureters input the bladder from its back surface, journeying 1.Five–2 cm (zero.Fifty nine–zero.Seventy nine in) earlier than starting into the bladder at an attitude on its outer returned surface at the slit-like ureteric orifices.This vicinity is also called the vesicoureteric junction.[4] In the contracted bladder, they're about 25 mm (1 in) apart and about the same distance from the internal urethral orifice; in the distended bladder, these measurements may be increased to approximately 50 mm (2 in).

A quantity of structures pass by, above, and across the ureters in their direction down from the kidneys to the bladder.In its higher part, the ureter travels at the psoas fundamental muscle and sits simply at the back of the peritoneum. As it passes down the muscle, it travels over the genitofemoral nerve. The inferior vena cava and the belly aorta sit to the midline of the proper and left ureters, respectively.In the decrease part of the abdomen, the proper ureter sits at the back of the lower mesentery and the terminal ileum, and the left ureter sits at the back of the jejunum and the sigmoid colon. As the ureters enter the pelvis, they're surrounded by a way of connective tissue, and journey backward and outward, passing in front of the inner iliac arteries and internal iliac veins. They then journey inward and forward, crossing the umbilical, inferior vesical, and center rectal arteries.From here, in males, they cross below the vas deferens and in the front of the seminal vesicles to go into the bladder near the trigone.In females, the ureters bypass behind the ovaries after which tour within the decrease midline phase of the extensive ligament of the uterus. For a short element, the uterine arteries journey on pinnacle for a quick (2.Five cm (zero.98 in)) duration. They then pass through the cervix, visiting inward towards the bladder.

What is the role of the ureter in the human body?

Regardless of its location within the body, the ureter is a vital part of the system that transports urine from the bladder to the outside world. The ureter starts just below the bladder and travels down on either side of the pelvis. It then turns and enters the bladder through the urethra.

What affects the health of the ureter in the human body?

The ureter is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside world. It starts out as the lower part of the bladder and ends up above the stomach. The ureter is a delicate organ, and anything that can harm it can have a big impact on the health of the person.

There are four main types of ureteral stones, including:

  • Calcium stones. Calcium stones are the most common type of ureteral stone. Types of calcium stones include calcium oxalate stones and calcium phosphate stones.

  • Uric acid stones. Uric acid stones form when there’s too much uric acid in your pee.

  • Struvite stones. Struvite stones sometimes form after you’ve had a urinary tract infection (UTI). Magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite) and calcium carbon-apatite are the main components of struvite stones.

  • Cystine stones. The genetic disorder cystinuria (pronounced “sis-tah-nuhr-ee-ah”) causes cystine stones. Cystinuria causes the amino acid cystine to leak out of your kidneys into your pee.

Anyone can broaden a ureteral stone. However, you’re much more likely to get a ureteral stone in case you:

  • Are a man or had been assigned male at start.

  • Are white.

  • Are between the ages of 40 and 60.

  • Have had ureteral stones before.

  • Have a circle of relatives records of ureteral stones.

  • Don’t drink too much water.

  • Have diabetes.

  • Have polycystic kidney disease.

Maintaining the health of the ureter in the human body

In the 1800s, surgeons discovered that they could improve the health of the ureter by performing a surgery on a patient’s bladder neck. This procedure would remove part of the bladder and attach it to the ureter. This operation was first done on a dog and was successful. Over time, this surgery was refined and became known as ureteral reconstruction surgery. Ureteral reconstruction surgery is a common procedure and is currently used to treat a variety of conditions, including bladder problems, kidney problems, and obstructions.

  1.  Medical And Anatomical Concept Of The Human Body
  2.  Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment-A/Z
  3. Medical Specialties
  4. Organ surgery : Detailed explanation
  5. Diagnosis And Medical Examinations
Ureter : What is the role of the ureter in the human body

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