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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

 

 What Is Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)?

An abdominal aneurysm (AAA) may be a bulge or swelling within the artery, the most vase that runs from the center down through the chest and tummy.

An abdominal aortic aneurysm is dangerous if it's not noticed too soon.

It will get larger over time and will burst (rupture), inflicting grievous injury.

Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm is habitually offered by the NHS to any or all men aged sixty five and over.

Women aged seventy or over, World Health Organization have underlying risk factors like high force per unit area, may be suggested to attend screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm.


What Is Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)?
Abdominal aortic aneurysm


An abdominal aneurysm (AAA) may be a weakened space within the main artery that provides blood to your lower body that causes a bulge or swell. If it’s not treated early enough, arteria aneurysms will rupture, resulting in grievous internal injury.

An abdominal aneurysm (AAA) may be a doubtless grievous condition. It’s a bulge within the main artery that provides blood to your belly, pelvis and legs. The aneurysm may be a weak part within the vas wall, in danger of rupturing (breaking open) and inflicting a hemorrhage (severe bleeding). generally folks decision {aaa|abdominal aortic aneurysm|AAA|aortic aneurysm} a abdomen aneurysm.

AAA may be a common condition. care suppliers diagnose concerning two hundred,000 folks within the U.S. with the condition every year. It’s the tenth leading explanation for death in men over fifty five.

  1. Circulatory system

  1. Heart

  2. Arteries

  3. Veins

  4. Capillaries

Medical terms

  • An abdominal Associate in Nursing Aneurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} is an enlarged space within the lower part of the main vessel that provides blood to the body (aorta). The arteria runs from the guts through the middle of the chest and abdomen.

  • The arteria is that the largest vas within the body, therefore a busted abdominal aneurysm will cause serious harm.

  • Depending on the dimensions of the aneurysm and the way quick it's growing, treatment varies from watchful waiting to emergency surgery.

  •  (AAA) An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a serious medical condition that affects the aorta which is the largest artery in your body An AAA occurs when an area of the wall of the aorta becomes stretched and weak This causes it to balloon out If this ballooning does not get treated it can burst or rupture causing life-threatening bleeding into the abdomen Why does this happen? As you age your blood pressure goes up and so do the pressures inside your arteries The walls of your arteries then become weaker and less flexible from having too much "wear. 

  • symptoms The symptoms of abdominal aortic aneurysm can mimic many other medical conditions such as chronic back pain lower back pain hernia and cardiac chest pains In fact abdominal aortic aneurysms are often misdiagnosed when the patient visits their primary care doctor or cardiologist It is essential that you understand the signs and symptoms of this disease so you can see your doctor immediately if you experience any of them.

Symptoms Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms often grow slowly without noticeable symptoms, making them difficult to detect. Some aneurysms never rupture. Many start small and stay small. Others grow larger over time, sometimes quickly.

If you have an enlarging abdominal aortic aneurysm, you might notice:

  • Clammy, sweaty skin.

  • Dizziness.

  • Fainting.

  • Fast heartbeat.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Shortness of breath.

  • Sudden, severe pain in your belly, lower back or legs.

  • Deep, constant pain in the belly area or side of the belly (abdomen)

  • Back pain

  • A pulse near the belly button

When to see a doctor

If you have pain, especially if pain is sudden and severe, seek immediate medical help.

Causes Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

Aneurysms will develop anyplace on the artery, however most aortic aneurysms occur within the a part of the artery that is within the belly space (abdomen). many things will play a task within the development of AN abdominal aneurysm, including:

Atherosclerosis (plaque buildup within your arteries).

Cardiovascular illness.

Peripheral artery illness (PAD).

Traumatic injuries that cause tears within the artery wall.

Tobacco use causes loss of structural proteins within the artery wall, resulting in reduced wall strength.

Vasculitis (blood vessel inflammation).

Research suggests aortic aneurysm might also relate to genes you inherit from your folks. Some genetic diseases that have an effect on connective tissues, like Marfan syndrome or Ehlers Danlos sort IV, also can cause vessel weakness or harm. These conditions additionally ordinarily have an effect on the artery within the chest however conjointly the aorta.

  • Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Atherosclerosis occurs when fat and other substances build up on the lining of a blood vessel.

  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure can damage and weaken the aorta's walls.

  • Blood vessel diseases. These are diseases that cause blood vessels to become inflamed.

  • Infection in the aorta. Rarely, a bacterial or fungal infection might cause abdominal aortic aneurysms.

  • Trauma. For example, being injured in a car accident can cause abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Risk factors Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm risk factors include:

  • Tobacco use. Smoking is the strongest risk issue for arterial aneurysms. Smoking will weaken the walls of the arterial blood vessel, increasing the chance of aneurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} and aneurysm rupture. The longer and additional you smoke or chew tobacco, the bigger the possibilities of developing associate aneurysm. Doctors suggest a one-time abdominal ultrasound to screen for associate abdominal aneurysm in men aged sixty five to seventy five United Nations agency square measure current or former roll of tobacco smokers. 

  • Age. Abdominal aortic aneurysms occur most often in people aged 65 and older.

  • Being male. Men develop abdominal aortic aneurysms much more often than women do.

  • Being white. People who are white are at higher risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

  • Family history. Having a family history of abdominal aortic aneurysms increases the risk of having the condition.

  • Other aneurysms. Having an aneurysm in another large blood vessel, such as the artery behind the knee or the aorta in the chest (thoracic aortic aneurysm), 

  • might increase the risk of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.

If you're at risk of an aortic aneurysm, your doctor might recommend other measures, such as medications to lower your blood pressure and relieve stress on weakened arteries.

Complications Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Tears in one or additional of the layers of the wall of the arterial blood vessel (aortic dissection) or a burst aneurysm area unit the most complications. A rupture will cause severe internal hemorrhage. In general, the larger the aneurysm and therefore the quicker it grows, the larger the danger of rupture.

Signs associated symptoms that an aneurysm has burst will include:

  • Sudden, intense and persistent abdominal or back pain, which can be described as a tearing sensation

  • Low blood pressure

  • Fast pulse

Aortic aneurysms additionally increase the danger of developing blood clots within the space. If a grume breaks loose from the within wall of Associate in Nursing cardiovascular disease and blocks a vessel elsewhere in your body, it will cause pain or block blood flow to the legs, toes, kidneys or abdominal organs.

Prevention Abdominal aortic aneurysm

To prevent Associate in Nursing {aortic Associate in Nursing Aneurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} or keep an aneurysm from worsening, do the following:

  • Don't smoke or use tobacco products. Quit smoking or change of state tobacco and avoid secondhand smoke. If you wish to facilitate quitting, consult with your doctor regarding medications and therapies that will facilitate. 

  • Eat a healthy diet. Focus on eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, poultry, fish, and low-fat dairy products. Avoid saturated and trans fats and limit salt.

  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control. If your doctor has prescribed medications, take them as instructed.

  • Get regular exercise. Try to get a minimum of one hundred fifty minutes every week of moderate aerobic activity. If you haven't been active, begin slowly and build up. discuss with your doctor regarding what types of activities are right for you. 

Are there any warning signs of an aortic aneurysm?

An aortic aneurysm is a dilatation or swelling of the main artery in your abdomen as well as other parts of the body Symptoms associated with this disorder may include chest pain abdominal pain and shoulder tip pain However most people who are afflicted by this medical condition do not experience any warning signs that it is developing and notice no symptoms until complications occur If you believe you are experiencing any of these symptoms and are concerned about an aortic aneurysm developing contact your doctor for further examination.

How do you stop an aortic aneurysm from growing?

There is no way to prevent an aneurysm but it may be possible to stop it from growing or expanding If a doctor finds a substantial bulge on the inside of your chest or abdomen area he/she will likely recommend surgery as soon as possible in order to avoid any ruptures During surgery the surgeon will place a device called a stent into the weakened blood vessel and thread it through to where the weakness exists The stent helps hold the weakened portion open until tissue can grow back in its place Aneurysms are still considered unpredictable and risky procedures; however recovery time.

Diagnosis Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

Abdominal artery aneurysms area unit usually found once a physical test is finished for an additional reason or throughout routine medical tests, like Associate in Nursing ultrasound of the center or abdomen.

To diagnose Associate in Nursing abdominal aneurysm, a doctor can examine you and review your medical and case history. If your doctor thinks that you just might have an Associate in Nursing aneurysm, imaging tests are done to substantiate the designation.

Abdominal ultrasound: Associate in Nursing ultrasound could be a fast, painless take a look at that uses sound waves to form period pictures of the within of your belly. Your tending supplier is also ready to see Associate in Nursing cardiovascular disease on Associate in Nursing abdominal ultrasound.

Computed tomography X-ray photography (CTA): Your tending supplier might do a CTA if they see Associate in Nursing cardiovascular disease on your ultrasound. You receive Associate in Nursing injection of a distinction dye before a CT scan. X-ray photography helps your supplier see the precise location, size and severity of the cardiovascular disease.

Tests to diagnose an abdominal aortic aneurysm include:

  • Abdominal ultrasound. This is the foremost common take a look at to diagnose abdominal artery aneurysms. associate abdominal ultrasound may be a painless take a look at that uses sound waves to point out however blood flows through the structures within the belly space, together with the artery.
    During associate abdominal ultrasound, a technician gently presses the associate ultrasound wand (transducer) against the belly space, moving it back and forth. The device sends signals to a pc that creates pictures. 

  • Abdominal CT scan. This painless check uses X-rays to form cross-sectional pictures of the structures within the belly space. It's wont to produce clear pictures of the artery. Associate degree abdominal CT scan can even discover the scale associate degreed form of an aneurysm.
    During a CT scan, you lie on a table that slides into a ringed machine. Sometimes, dye (contrast material) is given through a vein to form your blood vessels that show up additionally clearly in the pictures. 

  • Abdominal MRI. This imaging technique uses magnetic flux and computer-generated radio waves to make elaborate pictures of the structures within your belly space. Sometimes, dye (contrast material) is given through a vein to form your blood vessels. 

Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm

Being male and smoking considerably increase the chance of abdominal aneurysm. Screening recommendations vary, however in general:

  • Men ages 65 to 75 who have ever smoked cigarettes should have a one-time screening using abdominal ultrasound.

  • For men ages 65 to 75 who have never smoked, a doctor will decide on the need for an abdominal ultrasound based on other risk factors, such as a family history of aneurysm.

There isn't enough proof to see whether or not girls ages sixty five to seventy five UN agencies ever preserved cigarettes or have a case history of abdominal aneurysm would like abdominal aneurysm screening. raise your doctor if you wish to possess associate degree ultrasound screening supporting your risk factors. UN agency girls usually do not have to be compelled to be screened for the condition.

  1. Angiocardiography

  2. Angiography

Treatment Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)

The treatment for AN abdominal aneurysm (AAA) largely depends on how massive it's.

AAAs area unit sorted into three sizes:

small aortic aneurysm – 3cm to four.4cm across

medium aortic aneurysm – four.5cm to 5.4cm across

large aortic aneurysm – five.5cm or additional across

Large AAAs area unit additional seemingly to burst (rupture), therefore surgery to prevent this happening is sometimes suggested.

The risk of atiny low or medium aortic aneurysm detonating is way lower, therefore you will usually be suggested to possess regular scans to envision its size and build healthy mode changes to assist stop it obtaining larger.

Ask your doctor if you are not certain what size your cardiovascular disease is.

The goal of abdominal {aortic ANeurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} treatment is to stop cardiovascular disease from rupturing. Treatment might involve careful observance or surgery. That treatment you have got depends on the scale of the aneurysm and the way it's growing quickly.

Medical monitoring

A doctor may suggest this feature, conjointly known as watchful waiting, if the abdominal aneurysm is little and is not inflicting symptoms. Observance needs regular doctor's checkups and imaging tests to see if the cardiovascular disease is growing and to manage alternative conditions, like high force per unit area, that might worsen the cardiovascular disease.

Typically, an individual World Health Organization includes a little, asymptomatic abdominal ANeurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} wants an abdominal ultrasound a minimum of six months once designation and at regular follow-up appointments.

Surgery and other procedures

Surgery to repair associate abdominal aneurysm|aneurysm|aneurysm} is mostly suggested if the aneurysm is one.9 to 2.2 inches (4.8 to 5.6 centimeters) or larger, or if it's growing quickly.

Also, a doctor may suggest abdominal aneurysm repair surgery if you've got symptoms like abdomen pain otherwise you have a leaky, tender or painful aneurysm.

The type of surgery performed depends on the dimensions and placement of the aneurism, your age, and your overall health. Abdominal aneurysm surgery choices might include:

  • Endovascular repair. This procedure is employed most frequently to repair Associate in Nursing abdominal aneurysm. A medico inserts a skinny, versatile tube (catheter) through the Associate in Nursing artery within the leg and gently guides it to the arterial blood vessel. A metal mesh tube (graft) on the top of the tube is placed at the positioning of the cardiovascular disease, expanded and fixed in situ. The graft strengthens the weakened section of the arterial blood vessel to forestall rupture of the cardiovascular disease.
    Endovascular surgery is not Associate in Nursing choice for everybody with Associate in Nursing abdominal aneurysm. You and your doctor can discuss the most effective repair choice for you. When endovascular surgery, you will need regular imaging tests to make sure that the grafted space is not unseaworthy. 

  • Open abdominal surgery. This involves removing the damaged part of the aorta and replacing it with a graft, which is sewn into place. Full recovery may take a month or more.

Long-term survival rates are similar for both endovascular surgery and open surgery.

  1. heart transplant
  2. Heart valve transplantation

Lifestyle and home remedies

For associate degree abdominal aneurysm, a doctor can seemingly recommend avoiding work and vigorous physical activity to forestall extremes will increase in pressure, which may place additional pressure on associate degree aneurysm.

Emotional stress will raise pressure, therefore attempt to avoid conflict and nerve-wracking things. If you feel stressed or anxious, let your doctor grasp in order that along you'll come back up with the simplest treatment arrangement.

Preparing for your appointment

If you're in danger of an associate degree abdominal aneurysm or having signs and symptoms of the condition, build a briefing along with your general practitioner. If you are having severe pain, get emergency medical relief.

Here's some data to assist you make preparations for your appointment.

What you can do

When you create the appointment, raise if there is something you wish to try and do before, like prohibit your diet. Before bound tests, you may have to avoid drinking or consumption for a brief time.

Make an inventory of:

  • Your symptoms, including any that may seem unrelated to an abdominal aortic aneurysm, and when they began

  • Key personal information, including a family history of heart disease or aneurysms

  • All medications, vitamins or other supplements you take, including how much you take and when

  • Questions to ask your doctor

For an abdominal aortic aneurysm, questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What's the most likely cause of my symptoms?

  • What tests will I need?

  • What treatments are available, and which do you think would be the best treatment for me?

  • Do I need regular screenings, and if so, how often?

  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage these conditions together?

  • Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have? What websites do you recommend?

Don't hesitate to ask other questions.

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you questions, including:

  • Do your symptoms come and go, or do you always feel them?

  • How severe are your symptoms?

  • Does anything seem to improve your symptoms?

  • What, if anything, appears to worsen your symptoms?

  • Have you ever smoked?

General summary

  1. Abdominal aortic aneurysms typically develop in the section of the aorta that passes through the abdomen Although these bulges can be diagnosed using x-rays CT scans or ultrasounds most people do not have symptoms as a result of them However it is important to monitor abdominal aortic aneurysm growth over time so that treatment can be obtained early enough to avert complications and surgery performed if necessary People should seek medical attention immediately if they experience pain redness or swelling around the abdominal area when they have this condition.

  2. An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an enlargement of the abdominal aorta, the major blood vessel that runs from the heart through the abdomen. This can cause a weakened blood vessel wall, leading to a bulge in the aorta which can eventually burst if left untreated. AAAs are most common in people over the age of 65 and can be caused by high blood pressure, smoking, atherosclerosis, as well as genetic factors. Over time, the aneurysm can grow, making it more likely to rupture and causing serious complications, so it’s important to consult with a doctor if you are at risk for AAA.

  3. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition in which the wall of the aorta, the main artery that leads away from the heart, becomes weak and bulges outward. If left untreated, AAA can be life-threatening as it can burst and cause internal bleeding. AAA affects eight percent of men over 65 and is often asymptomatic until it is too late. Early and routine screening for AAA is essential for preventing life-threatening complications.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment

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