broken nos : Causes-Symptoms-Diagnosis-Treatment


 What is a broken nose?

A broken nose, conjointly referred to as a nasal fracture, could be a break or crack in a very bone in your nose — usually the bone over the bridge of your nose.

Common causes of a broken nose embody contact sports, physical fights, falls and motorized vehicle accidents that end in facial trauma.

What is a broken nose?
broken nose

A broken nose will cause pain, together with swelling and bruising around your nose and underneath your eyes. Your nose may look crooked, and you'll have trouble breathing.

Treatment for a broken nose may include procedures that adjust your nose. Surgery typically isn't necessary for a broken nose.

  1. Musculoskeletal system

Medical terms

A broken nose is once a bone in your nose, sometimes the one over the bridge of your nose, gets cracked or broken. additionally referred to as a nasal fracture, it’s the foremost common variety of face injury.

  • you may not make certain if it's broken. Once in doubt, see a doctor. It's better to travel sooner instead of later to avoid problems.

  • A broken nose is a common injury that occurs when the nasal bones or cartilage have been fractured. This can occur due to a fall, a car accident, a sports injury, or even a physical altercation. The symptoms of a broken nose usually include pain, swelling, bruising, and in some cases, difficulty breathing. In most cases, an x-ray may be needed to confirm the diagnosis and determine the extent of the injury.

  • A broken nose is a fracture of the nasal bones. It can be the result of an injury to the face, a blow to the nose or even a medical procedure. The general symptoms of a broken nose include swelling, pain and bruising, as well as difficulty breathing through the nose. In some cases, a broken nose can also cause a deviated septum, which is when the nasal septum (the wall of tissue between the nostrils) gets pushed out of place.

Symptoms Broken nose

A broken nose happens once you have important harm to the bridge of your nose (the bony section at the highest of your nose), the gristle in your septum that divides your bodily cavity into 2 sections and also the mucous secretion membrane that lines the within of your nose. once you break your nose, you might:

  • Bruising around your nose or eyes

  • Crooked or misshapen nose

  • Difficulty breathing through your nose

  • Discharge of mucus from your nose

  • Feeling that one or both of your nasal passages are blocked

  • Pain or tenderness, especially when touching your nose

  • Swelling of your nose and surrounding areas

  • Bleeding from your nose

When to see a doctor

Seek emergency medical attention if you expertise a nose injury attended by:

  • A noticeable change in the shape of your nose that isn't related to swelling, such as a crooked or twisted appearance

  • Clear, watery fluid draining from your nose

  • A head or neck injury, which may be marked by severe headache, neck pain, vomiting or loss of consciousness

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Bleeding you can't stop

Causes Broken nose

Given that your nose stands out from the middle of your face and it doesn’t take a lot of force to interrupt it, it is smart that your nose bears the force anytime your face connects with a tough surface. folks will break their noses by:

  • Injury from contact sports, such as football or hockey

  • Physical altercations

  • Motor vehicle accidents

  • Falls

A broken nose will even be caused by walking into a set object, reminiscent of a door or wall, or by rough, wrestling-type play.

Risk factors Broken nose

Any activity that increases your risk of a facial injury increases your risk of a broken nose. Such activities may include:

  • Playing contact sports, such as football and hockey, especially without a helmet that has a face mask

  • Engaging in a physical fight

  • Riding a bicycle

  • Lifting weights, especially if you don't use a spotter

  • Riding in a motor vehicle, especially without a seat belt

Complications broken nos

Complications or injuries related to a broken nose may include:

  • Deviated septum. A nose fracture might cause a deviated septum, a condition that happens once the skinny wall dividing the 2 sides of your nose (nasal septum) is displaced, narrowing your nasal passage. Medications, resembling decongestants and antihistamines, will assist you manage a deviated septum, however surgery is needed to correct the condition.

  • Collection of blood. Sometimes, pools of clogged blood type during a broken nose, making a condition known as a body part intumescence. A septal hematoma will block one or each nostrils. body part hematoma needs prompt surgical voidance to stop gristle damage.

  • Cartilage fracture.If your fracture is because of a forceful blow, comparable to from an associate automobile accident, you furthermore may may experience an animal tissue fracture. If your injury is severe enough to warrant surgical treatment, the sawbones ought to address each of your bone and cartilage injuries.

Prevention broken nos

You can help prevent a nose fracture with these guidelines:

  • Wear your seat belt when traveling in a motorized vehicle, and keep children restrained in age-appropriate child safety seats.

  • Wear the recommended safety equipment, such as a helmet with a face mask, when playing hockey, football or other contact sports.

  • Wear a helmet during bicycle or motorcycle rides.

Does a broken nose heal on its own?

No broken nose does not heal on its own It needs to be treated for the best results When a person gets injured in a car accident or boxing match the bone may break and the skin over it get fractured as well The facial bones are very delicate and so getting them aligned straight is necessary in order to avoid any further complications like breathing difficulties deviation of eye line or squinting eyes because of this injury.

Do they do anything for a broken nose?

Yes there are a few things you can do at home to help relieve the pain and swelling of a broken nose A broken nose may result from an accident or trauma but it can also happen over time due to poor posture or repeated sneezing Once you have experienced a broken nose your body is more susceptible to recurring breakages The best way to treat a new injury is to rest the area as much as possible applying ice packs and taking anti-inflammatory drugs With older injuries retire from contact sports for several weeks until the swelling reduces by at least 50 percent.

Should I go to the ER for a broken nose?

Typically no Most broken noses can be treated with painkillers and ice compresses at home Simply pushing the bone back into place may give the nose some relief from pain If you find that you are still experiencing pain for more than a few days after your injury consult a doctor to determine whether something is wrong that requires medical attention.

What happens if you leave a broken nose untreated?

If you leave your nose broken the bone fragments can move and cause deformation of your nose This abnormal growth of bone fragments causes unevenness in the shape of the nose The cartilage may also be broken due to a sudden injury Such mechanical damage to cartilage leads to difficulty breathing through the nose Untreated nasal fractures heal very slowly over several months if at all which leaves patients vulnerable to repeated sinus infections that can lead to permanent facial disfigurement or chronic pain.

How do you know if you break your nose?

If you suspect a nose injury seek medical care You should have your nose checked out if either it looks crooked or you have difficulty breathing or swallowing because of your injury If the doctor suspects that cartilage in the nasal septum has been damaged he may order an imaging test such as a computed tomography (CT) scan to detect bone displacement and concussion injuries.

There are about 12,000 different injuries to the nose every year The most common injuries occur from sports and traffic accidents but any fall or trauma to the face can cause a broken nose as well as fistfighting However all is not lost if you have suffered a broken nose or other injury Consult your physician immediately after an accident or injury to properly assess and treat your condition If caught early on there are many things you can do at home to get over that bump in the road.

Diagnosis Broken nose

Your doctor may press gently on the outside of your nose and its surrounding areas He or she may look inside your nasal passage to check for obstruction and further signs of broken bones Your doctor may use anesthetics — either a nasal spray or local injections — to make you more comfortable during testing It’s important to feel comfortable during the exam

X-rays and other imaging studies are usually unnecessary except in severe injuries or if your doctor suspects you may have other injuries

  1. Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy

Treatment Broken nose

If you have a minor fracture that has not resulted in your nose being crooked or otherwise misshapen you may not need to see your doctor Your doctor might recommend simple self-care measures such as using ice on the area and taking over-the-counter pain medications

Fixing displacements and breaks

Your doctor may be able to realign your nose manually or you may need surgery

Manual realignment

If the break has displaced the bones and cartilage in your nose your doctor may be able to realign them This needs to be done within 14 days from when the fracture occurred You should see a doctor as soon as possible

During this procedure, your doctor:

  • Medication is administered by injection or nasal spray to relieve discomfort

  • Opens your nose with a nasal speculum

  • X-rays are used to realign broken bones and cartilage

Your doctor will apply a splint to your nose using packing and a dressing on the outside Sometimes an internal splint is also necessary for a short time The packing usually needs to stay in for one week You will be given a prescription for antibiotics to prevent infection with the bacteria that cause strep throat bacteria that normally reside in your nose


Severe breaks that are more than 14 days old may not be candidates for manual realignment In these cases surgery to realign the bones and reshape your nose may be necessary

If the break has damaged your nose causing blockage or breathing problem you may need surgical reconstruction to fix the problem If a broken nose can be fixed through surgery it is typically performed on an outpatient basis

  1. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation -(PM & R)

  1. Healthy foods for the musculoskeletal system
  2. Rehabilitation program and health tips for the musculoskeletal system

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you think that you have broken your nose take these steps to reduce pain and swelling before seeing your doctor

  • Act quickly.When the break first occurs breathe through your mouth and lean forward to reduce the amount of blood that drains into your throat

  • Use ice. Apply ice packs or cold compresses immediately to reduce swelling Keep the ice or cold compress on for 10 to 15 minutes at a time Wrap the ice in a washcloth to prevent frostbite Do not apply too much pressure when you wrap it in a cloth Nasal congestion can cause additional pain or damage to your nose

  • Relieve pain.When on painkillers such as Tylenol Advil Motrin IB or Aleve take as needed

  • Keep your head up.Elevate your head when sleeping This is particularly important when you have headaches or any other type of head pain

  • Limit your activities.Avoid contact sports for at least six weeks after an injury

Preparing for your appointment

If your injury is severe you will need to go to the doctor immediately The sooner you see a doctor about it the better But if the injury involves only mild swelling and moderate pain you may be able to wait until later Your injury will give your doctor time to evaluate it

It’s best to see a doctor if you have the symptoms for more than a couple days and don’t improve within this timeframe It is also important to get medical attention if:

  • The pain or swelling does not improve over time

  • When the bump’s gone you can see the scar Your nose looks different and it’s not straight

  • You can't breathe efficiently through your nose after the swelling goes away

  • You experience frequent nosebleeds

  • You're running a fever

When you go for a checkup you'll probably start by seeing your primary care doctor However he or she may refer you to a doctor who specializes in disorders of the ear nose and throat

Here are some things you can do to prepare for your appointment and know what to expect from your doctor

What you can do

  • Write down any symptoms you are experiencingIt is important to tell your doctor what you were doing at the time of the injury

  • Make a list of all medications,Vitamins and supplements you take in your diet

  • Bring a photo of yourself before the injury for comparison if possible.

  • Write down questions to ask your doctor.

Preparing a list of questions helps you make the most of your time with your doctor For a broken nose some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • Do I need any tests, such as X-rays?

  • How long will the swelling and bruising last?

  • Will my nose look the same?

  • Do I need surgery?

  • Do I need to restrict my activity?

  • What type of pain medication can I take?

  • Do you have any brochures or printed material that I can take home? What websites do you recommend for additional information?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor may ask:

  • How and when did your injury occur?

  • Has your condition improved at all since the time of the injury?

  • Does your nose look normal to you?

  • Can you breathe through your nose?

  • Do you participate in contact sports? If so, how long do you plan to participate in this sport?

General summary

  1. A broken nose is a nasal fracture, or break, of the bone and cartilage in the nose. It's caused by a direct blow or trauma to the face, and may be accompanied by swelling and bruising. It is necessary to see a doctor if you suspect you have a broken nose, as they may need to set or reset the bones. After the initial diagnosis, treatment usually consists of pain relief medications and icing the nose.

  2. here are about 12,000 different injuries to the nose every year The most common injuries occur from sports and traffic accidents but any fall or trauma to the face can cause a broken nose as well as fistfighting However all is not lost if you have suffered a broken nose or other injury Consult your physician immediately after an accident or injury to properly assess and treat your condition If caught early on there are many things you can do at home to get over that bump in the road.

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